DNA mutations have been implicated in several diseases, particularly cancer. NGS presents an ideal technology to efficiently profile the multitude of mutations in a high throughput manner. In 2001 the first draft of human genome was published. Since then many major milestones have been reached. Do you know when PIK3CA was identified in colon cancer? When was Olaparib for ovarian cancer treatment? This infographic traces the major clinical research milestones starting from the first draft of the human genome.