2. WIPO ( World Intellectual Property
Organization ) was established by the
WIPO Convention in 1967
The WIPO is a specialized agency of
the United Nations.
3. It promote the protection of IP
throughout the world.
Its headquarters are in Geneva,
What is intellectual property?
Intellectual property (IP) refers to the
ownership of an idea or design by the person
who came up with it.
It gives a person certain exclusive rights to a
distinct type of creative design, meaning that
nobody else can copy or reuse that creation
without the owner's permission.
7. Definition of intellectual
Intellectual property rights refers to the
general term for the assignment of
property rights through patents,
copyrights and trade marks. These
property rights allow the holder to
exercise a monopoly on the use of the
item for a specified period.
• It is covered under the Act called the Patents Act,
1970 [Amended by Patents Act, 2005]
• It is a monopoly right granted to a person, who invented a
new product or process of making an article, for 20years
under the Indian Patens Act, 1970,
• It can be renewed after expiration of period.
10. • A patent has to be applied in each country by the
inventor, to claim his rights in that country.
An exclusive right granted by a country to the
owner of an invention to make, use, manufacture
and market the invention
11. Patent Offices are located at Kolkata,
Mumbai, Chennai and Delhi to deal with
the applications for patents.
Patent Information System (PIS) &
Intellectual Property Training Institute
(IPTI) located at Nagpur.
12. JAIPUR: Drawing
here has invented a
game of six-player
circular chess. The
Singh Bhati has got
the game's design
patented in his name.
• Copyright is a legal concept, enacted by most
governments, that grants the creator of an original
work exclusive rights to its use and distribution.
A right, which is available for creating an original
literary or dramatic or musical or artistic work.
15. Copyright refers to the legal right of the owner of
In simpler terms, copyright is the right to copy.
This means that the original creator of a product
and anyone he gives authorization to are the
only ones with the exclusive right to reproduce
16. Examples of unique creations include computer
software, art, poetry, graphic designs, musical
lyrics and compositions, novels, film, original
architectural designs, website content, etc.
One safeguard that can be used to protect an
original creation is copyright.
17. In India, The Copyright Act, 1957 as amended in
1983, 1984, 1992, 1994 and 1999 is available
Registration can be done at the Office of the
Registrar of Copyrights in New Delhi.
Protection for the expression of an idea and not
for the idea itself.
18. How Long Does Copyright
In the U.S., an original owner is protected by
copyright laws all his life until 70 years after his
But copyright protection varies from country to
country, and can stand for 50 to 100 years after
the individual’s death, depending on the country.
Does copyright protect ideas,
discoveries, concepts and theories.
Does Brand names, logos, slogans,
names can be protected under copyright
21. Case Studies
• Bangalore Aug 10, 2003: Banashankari police arrested three
software engineers for illegally copying software from a
company they were working for.
• Chennai, February 2000: Pirated software worth Rs.1.11 crore
(US$ 253,200) was seized by the Chennai police. A total of 6
employees were arrested which included the Managing
Director of one outlet and proprietors of each of the outlets.
Trademark can be a word, name, brand, symbol,
label etc., used by a company to create a unique
identity for their product.
Trademark can be registered, and then use
The registration validity is for 10 years and
renewable after expiry.
23. It is covered under the Act called the
Trade Marks Act, 1999.
The Act came into effect on September
It replaced the Trade and Merchandise
Marks Act, 1958.
It extends to the whole of India.
24. Different Symbols are :
™ - Intent to use application filed for
SM - Intent to use application filed for
® -Registered trademark
25. Trademark is valid for 10 years & it can
also be renewed.
Service mark Rights are reserved exclusively
for owners for 17 year & it can also be
A trade mark is used as a marketing tool so that
customers can recognize the product of a particular
27. Industrial design
Design deals with features, shapes, patterns,
etc., applied to an article by an industrial
process, manual or mechanical.
Designs can be registered based on its
originality, henceforth they can use ® or
registered, with registration number.
29. It makes an article attractive and appealing;
hence, they add to the commercial value of a
product and increase its marketability
Applicants can file a single international
application either with WIPO or the national or
regional office of a country.
30. The design should be new or original, not
previously published or used in any country
Total term of a registered design is 10 years + 5
years Extended Period.
31. Geographical Indication
A sign used on goods that have a specific
geographical origin and possess qualities or a
reputation due to that place of origin.
Registration of a GI: 10 years & renewable.
32. The Geographical Indication of Goods
(Registration and Protection) Act came into being
Imprisonment for a term between 6 months to 3
years and a fine between 50000 rupees to 2 lakh
rupees in Act.
33. Geographical Indication of Goods (Registration and
It is typically used for agricultural products, food
and wine, handicrafts.
Eg : Mysore silk, Darjeeling tea etc
35. Trade secret
It refers to any valuable information not known to
the society or the competitors.
Eg: method of manufacturing, receipies
It need not be anything unique or complex. But
must give a competitive advantage over others.
36. There is no formalities required to get the trade
It is protected by contractual agreements between
A typical example is Coca-Cola. This soft drink
was invented in 1886 and was never protected
by a patent, only by a trademark (for the name
Coca-Cola) and by an industrial design (for this
very special design of the Coca-Cola bottle,
supposed to be in the shape of a woman wearing
a long skin-tight dress).
The process of the Coca-Cola drink is secret and
is only known by two persons in the world. They
are not allowed to travel together, so that there is
no chance of them dying at the same time in an
accident. The secret of the Coca-Cola process
was well kept during all these years, and nobody
is able to produce a drink with exactly the same
taste still today. You all know that Pepsi Cola, its
biggest competitor, has a different taste.
What is Intellectual Property
Intellectual Property Right
not to be confused with IP
it is a right vested in the asset, not the asset itself
an idea / invention is IP, a patent registration is an IPR
a customer / price list is IP, a right of confidentiality is an IPR
a secret production method is IP, a right to a trade secret is an IPR
a particular way of representation is IP, copyright or a design registration
is an IPR
a brand / trade name is IP, a trade mark registration is an IPR