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How to study lobbying with crowdsourced OpenData?

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How to study lobbying with crowdsourced OpenData?

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Presentation of a study by Regards Citoyens and Transparency International France on lobbying within the french parliament. By Benjamin Ooghe-Tabanou at OKCon 2011 in Berlin on 07/01/11

http://okcon.org/2011/programme/how-to-study-lobbying-with-crowdsourced-opendata

Presentation of a study by Regards Citoyens and Transparency International France on lobbying within the french parliament. By Benjamin Ooghe-Tabanou at OKCon 2011 in Berlin on 07/01/11

http://okcon.org/2011/programme/how-to-study-lobbying-with-crowdsourced-opendata

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How to study lobbying with crowdsourced OpenData?

  1. 1. How to study lobbying with crowdsourced OpenData? Benjamin Ooghe-Tabanou – Open Knowledge Conference Berlin – July 1st 2011
  2. 2. Working together with TI France ● Regards Citoyens: MPs monitoring & OpenData ● TI France: Corruption & Lobbying → Study lobbying transparency within the French Parliament Regards Citoyens – Benjamin Ooghe-Tabanou Open Knowledge Conference Berlin 2011 2
  3. 3. What data and how to exploit it MPs reports may have list of hearings: 1) Find the lists within 1174 reports → Only 38% have such lists... 2) Identify and collect lines by names Regards Citoyens – Benjamin Ooghe-Tabanou Open Knowledge Conference Berlin 2011 3
  4. 4. Generating data: crowdsourcing ● 15000 audition lines ● We need information such as : ● Sex ● Full name ● Function ● Organisation Too much work for our organisations http://regardscitoyens.org/lobbyistes/ → Crowdsourcing Regards Citoyens – Benjamin Ooghe-Tabanou Open Knowledge Conference Berlin 2011 4
  5. 5. Great participation Each line treated at least by 3 different people → 45000 actions 3214 people in only 10 days when expecting 2 months Regards Citoyens – Benjamin Ooghe-Tabanou Open Knowledge Conference Berlin 2011 5
  6. 6. Resulting data consolidation The work was not over, need to : ● Assemble common auditions and regroup ● Group same organisations with different names ● Categorise organisations along new typology inspired by EU's Parliament lobbyists registry: – Public sector – Individuals – Unions – Lobbyists & councils – Private companies – Think-tanks – Civil Society – Religious organisations → Freebase Gridworks + homemade app used Regards Citoyens – Benjamin Ooghe-Tabanou Open Knowledge Conference Berlin 2011 6
  7. 7. First results : lack in transparency ● Official Parliament's register: only 124 organisations ● Our study: ● 15451 people heared ● 9304 grouped hearings ● 4635 heared organisations ● Only 24% women Regards Citoyens – Benjamin Ooghe-Tabanou Open Knowledge Conference Berlin 2011 7
  8. 8. Browsing the results by themes ● Globally: 1) Public sector: 48% 2) Unions: 21% 3) Private sector: 16% 4) Civil society: 7% ● Thematic specificities: ● economy, energy culture, internet, … ● women, society, http://regardscitoyens.org/etude-lobbying/ development help, ... Regards Citoyens – Benjamin Ooghe-Tabanou Open Knowledge Conference Berlin 2011 8
  9. 9. Conclusions ● Serious lack in transparency ● Missing list in reports (62% don't list the hearings) ● Misrepresentation of the official registry 4635 organisations found vs. 120 officially published ● The emerged part of the iceberg Hearing is one of the 5 tools used by lobbyists ● Need for better registry and rules → Alter-EU.org initiative Regards Citoyens – Benjamin Ooghe-Tabanou Open Knowledge Conference Berlin 2011 9

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