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Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker                                                                       ...
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Renewable Energy Capacity in the EU: The current market, drivers to growth, future capacity forecasts

Executive SummaryElectrical production capacity has had historically an energy mix consisting primarily of fossil fuels including gas, coal and oil, backed up with a volume of nuclear and hydro power. The EU-27 countries are trying to lower carbon emissions, and build an interconnected, efficient energy system. New targets have been created by the EC that request that by 2020 the EU-27 countries reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 20% (compared with 1990 levels) by 2020; improve energy efficiency by 20% by 2020; raise the share of renewable energy to 20 % by 2020; increase the level of biofuels in transport fuel to 10% by 2020. In trying to meet these objectives, a new energy market is beginning to evolve. Recent addition has been made to the energy mix by way of renewable energy technologies which include power from the wind - wind turbines, and power from the sun - solar cells, and geothermal ' relying on the heat that can be found at varying degrees of depth into the Earth's surface. In the last decade newly installed renewable energy technologies are starting to gain a notable share of the market.Key findings ' Germany has the largest volume of installed renewable energy technology topping the market in wind and solar, the two field leading technologies. Germany has installed around 2 GW of grid connected solar photovoltaics annually for the last two years.' Hydroelectric power makes up almost two thirds of the current renewable energy electrical generation market. ' Geothermal energy only utilized for electricity generation in Italy, Iceland, Portugal and Turkey. The market share of geothermal capacity only accounts for 1% of the total installed capacity. Iceland makes up 61% of the geothermal market share. ' In terms of market share, the annual installed capacity of wind has grown from 0% in 1995 to 30% in 2007.Key features of this report' Analysis of energy type volumes, capacity installed and generation output across European countries.' Market projections to 2020, including an evaluation of energy type and national and international growth potential.' Overview of trends impacting on and shaping innovation in the energy market.' New renewable energy technology analysis including innovation, capacity investment.Use this report to' Achieve a quick and comprehensive understanding of how European market trends and legislation are influencing the development of the renewable energy market.' Realize up to date competitive intelligence through a comprehensive review of European markets in the renewable energy market between 1990 and 2008. ' Assess the emerging trends in renewable energy technology ' wind, solar, geothermal, hydroelectric, tidal, wave - capacity and generation.Discover' What are the drivers shaping and influencing new capacity installed in the energy industry' ' How will renewable energy technologies capacity share perform to 2020' What are the opportunities'' What are the forecast market growth rates 2008-2030' Which markets will see the highest value growth and which the highest volume growth'' Which regions and countries offer the greatest opportunity for growth'

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Renewable Energy Capacity in the EU: The current market, drivers to growth, future capacity forecasts

  1. 1. Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker and Market Statistics >> Get this Report Now by email!Renewable Energy Capacity in the EU: The current market, drivers togrowth, future capacity forecastsPublished on July 2009 Report SummaryExecutive SummaryElectrical production capacity has had historically an energy mix consisting primarily of fossil fuels including gas, coal and oil, backedup with a volume of nuclear and hydro power.The EU-27 countries are trying to lower carbon emissions, and build an interconnected, efficient energy system. New targets havebeen created by the EC that request that by 2020 the EU-27 countries reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 20% (comparedwith 1990 levels) by 2020; improve energy efficiency by 20% by 2020; raise the share of renewable energy to 20 % by 2020; increasethe level of biofuels in transport fuel to 10% by 2020.In trying to meet these objectives, a new energy market is beginning to evolve. Recent addition has been made to the energy mix byway of renewable energy technologies which include power from the wind - wind turbines, and power from the sun - solar cells, andgeothermal relying on the heat that can be found at varying degrees of depth into the Earths surface. In the last decade newlyinstalled renewable energy technologies are starting to gain a notable share of the market.Key findings Germany has the largest volume of installed renewable energy technology topping the market in wind and solar, the two field leadingtechnologies. Germany has installed around 2 GW of grid connected solar photovoltaics annually for the last two years. Hydroelectric power makes up almost two thirds of the current renewable energy electrical generation market. Geothermal energy only utilized for electricity generation in Italy, Iceland, Portugal and Turkey. The market share of geothermalcapacity only accounts for 1% of the total installed capacity. Iceland makes up 61% of the geothermal market share. In terms of market share, the annual installed capacity of wind has grown from 0% in 1995 to 30% in 2007.Key features of this report Analysis of energy type volumes, capacity installed and generation output across European countries. Market projections to 2020, including an evaluation of energy type and national and international growth potential. Overview of trends impacting on and shaping innovation in the energy market. New renewable energy technology analysis including innovation, capacity investment.Use this report to Achieve a quick and comprehensive understanding of how European market trends and legislation are influencing the developmentRenewable Energy Capacity in the EU: The current market, drivers to growth, future capacity forecasts (From Slideshare) Page 1/8
  2. 2. Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker and Market Statisticsof the renewable energy market. Realize up to date competitive intelligence through a comprehensive review of European markets in the renewable energy marketbetween 1990 and 2008. Assess the emerging trends in renewable energy technology wind, solar, geothermal, hydroelectric, tidal, wave - capacity andgeneration.Discover What are the drivers shaping and influencing new capacity installed in the energy industry How will renewable energy technologies capacity share perform to 2020 What are the opportunities What are the forecast market growth rates 2008-2030 Which markets will see the highest value growth and which the highestvolume growth Which regions and countries offer the greatest opportunity for growth Table of ContentTable of ContentsRenewable Energy Capacity in the EUExecutive summary 10Energy security and environmental drivers 10Infrastructure 11Current state of EU energy market 12Wind capacity in the EU 13Solar capacity in the EU 14Future outlook for the renewable energy market 15Chapter 1 Introduction 18Report introduction 18Chapter 2 Energy security and environmental drivers 22Summary 22Introduction 23Energy security 23Fossil fuel generation and emissions 28Resource depletion and alternatives to oil 29The pace of resource depletion 29Liquid alternatives to oil 30Replacing existing capacity 32Environmental concerns 35Population growth 36CO2 emissions by country 38Global warming 42Renewable energy and energy efficiency targets in the EU 42Chapter 3 Infrastructure 46Summary 46Introduction 46Interconnections 47Energy networks 47Current international interconnections 48Renewable Energy Capacity in the EU: The current market, drivers to growth, future capacity forecasts (From Slideshare) Page 2/8
  3. 3. Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker and Market StatisticsPlanned international interconnections 50Grid extension to accommodate renewables 53Grid infrastructure 53Grid connection issues 54Grid connection costs 55Intelligent grid management 56Grid upgrades 56Future renewable infrastructure/ grid requirements 57Med Ring 59African connection 59Intercontinental HVDC interconnection 60Super Grid 61EU wind map 63EU solar map 64Chapter 4 Current state of the EU energy market 68Summary 68Introduction 68Energy demand in the EU (consumption) 69Total energy consumption 69Final energy consumption 73EU-27 electricity capacity 75Capacity factor 76Electricity installed capacity mix 79Wind capacity 84Solar capacity 84Geothermal capacity 84Hydropower capacity 85EU-27 electricity generation 85Gross electricity generation 85Recent installed energy capacity summary 88Percentage mix of what has been recently installed in Europe 88Chapter 5 Wind capacity in the EU 92Summary 92Introduction 92The European wind market 93Leading countries 93Cumulative wind power 96New installed wind 98Installed capacity dominating the market 98Electricity production from installed wind power 101Wind capacity planned and under construction 102Drivers of European wind power market capacity 103The cost of wind power 103Wind capital costs 103Wind integration costs 104Government legislation effecting the wind market in Europe 105Regulatory price-driven mechanisms 105Quantity-based market schemes 106Voluntary approaches 107Indirect strategies 107Renewable Energy Capacity in the EU: The current market, drivers to growth, future capacity forecasts (From Slideshare) Page 3/8
  4. 4. Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker and Market StatisticsCurrent wind support mechanisms in the EU 108Chapter 6 Solar capacity in the EU 110Summary 110Introduction 110The European solar market 111Leading countries 111Cumulative solar capacity 114New installed solar capacity 115Solar capacity planned and under construction 116Drivers of European solar market capacity 117The cost of solar power 117Competitiveness of grid-connected applications 117Factors affecting PV cost reductions 118Government legislation effecting the solar PV market in Europe 119Renewable energy Feed-in-Tariff (REFIT) 119Financing 119Administration 120Guaranteed grid access 120Government and industry commitment 120Chapter 7 Future outlook for the European renewable energy market 124Summary 124Introduction 124Future energy consumption 125Population growth 125Population forecasts 125Increased electrical generation capacity based on population growth 126Energy consumption and its impact 127Overall energy consumption 127Oil consumption 129Future carbon emissions 129Oil price rises 130Future energy consumption by type to 2020 131Renewable energy percentage mix to 2020 132Scenarios for implementation of renewable electricity generation capacity 132Wind growth to 2020 133Onshore wind 133Offshore wind 134Solar power growth to 2020 135Wind and solar cumulative capacity by 2020 137Other renewables 138Problems with increasing mass hydropower capacity 138Other renewable energy growth to 2020 138Issues with switching to renewable technologies 140Capacity factor 140Efficiency 140Conclusions 142Summary of issues 142Gross electricity production supplied by renewables 144Electricity generation by type 144Current generation mix 145Renewable Energy Capacity in the EU: The current market, drivers to growth, future capacity forecasts (From Slideshare) Page 4/8
  5. 5. Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker and Market StatisticsFuture final energy supplied by renewables 146Future European electricity generation scenarios 148Reference scenario 149High scenario 151Low scenario 153Appendix 158Bibliography 158References 158Primary and secondary data sources 158Index 159List of FiguresFigure 2.1: CO2 emissions by fuel (CO2/GJ), 2007 28Figure 2.2: Non renewable resources depletion (years), 2009 30Figure 2.3: Changing UK generation capacity format (MW), 2003-2007 32Figure 2.4: Replacing old capacity with renewables (MW), 2003-2007 33Figure 2.5: EU-27 Population growth (millions of people), 1998 to 2008 36Figure 2.6: EU-27 Population growth projection (millions of people), 2010-2060 37Figure 2.7: EU generated carbon emissions (Million Metric tonnes of Carbon), 2006 38Figure 2.8: EU 27 CO2 emissions by sector, 1990-2006 40Figure 2.9: CO2 levels in the atmosphere (PPM), 1959-2008 41Figure 3.10: Interconnectors in Europe, 2009 50Figure 3.11: Interconnectors in the North Sea, 2008 52Figure 3.12: The Mediterranean Ring, 2005 59Figure 3.13: European wind speed map 63Figure 3.14: EU Solar map, 2006 64Figure 4.15: Gross inland consumption - EU27 by fuel (in Mtoe), 2006 69Figure 4.16: Total EU-27 energy consumption by fuel (Mtoe), 2006 70Figure 4.17: EU-27 Energy consumption by fuel (% usage compared to 1990), 2006 71Figure 4.18: Explanation of capacity factor 76Figure 4.19: Energy capacity mix in Europe (GW), end 2008 79Figure 4.20: Installed power capacity in the EU (MW), 1990-2008 80Figure 4.21: New installed capacity in Europe by type (MW), 2008 81Figure 4.22: EU net increase/decrease in power capacity (MW), 2000-2008 82Figure 4.23: Annual installed capacity in the EU by type (% share), 1995 and 2007 83Figure 4.24: EU-27 electricity generation growth (%), 1990-2006 88Figure 4.25: New power capacity installed in 2008 (MW) 89Figure 5.26: Cumulative wind power installed in the EU (MW), 2008 97Figure 5.27: Life cycle carbon emissions (CO2 equivalent/GW) 98Figure 5.28: Additional installed wind capacity by year (MW), 1995-2008 99Figure 5.29: Germany, Spain and Denmarks share of EU market for wind power (MW), 2000- 2008 100Figure 7.30: Population growth forecast (billions of people), 1990-2030 126Figure 7.31: World market energy consumption (Btu), 1990-2008 128Figure 7.32: Primary energy consumption in the EU by fuel (Mtoe), 2008 128Figure 7.33: Population and oil consumption growth (bn), 1965-2007 129Figure 7.34: Global CO2 emissions growth (Million Metric Tonnes CO2), 1990-2030 130Figure 7.35: Europe energy consumption by type (Btu), 1990-2030 131Figure 7.36: High, reference and low onshore wind power scenarios for EU, (GW), 2010 to 2030 133Figure 7.37: Three offshore wind power scenarios for EU, (GW), 2010 to 2030 134Figure 7.38: EPIA EU Solar projection (GW), 2008-2013 135Figure 7.39: EurObservER EU Solar projection (MW), 2006 to 2010 136Renewable Energy Capacity in the EU: The current market, drivers to growth, future capacity forecasts (From Slideshare) Page 5/8
  6. 6. Find Industry reports, Company profilesReportLinker and Market StatisticsFigure 7.40: Increasing solar cell efficiency (%), 1975-2008 141Figure 7.41: Generation technology comparison 148Figure 7.42: Share of generation in Europe by energy type (%), 2020 155List of TablesTable 2.1: EU-27 energy dependency (consumption v imports Mtoe), 2008 25Table 2.2: Non renewable resources depletion, 2009 29Table 2.3: Biofuels comparison (Liters of Oil Yields), to 2009 31Table 2.4: EU renewable energy targets for 2020 (%) 43Table 3.5: Electricity consumption and exchanges in regions in Europe (TWh), 2006 49Table 4.6: Gross inland consumption (Mtoe), 2006 72Table 4.7: EU-27 final energy consumption (TWh), 2006 74Table 4.8: Typical capacity factors for power generating plants (%) 78Table 4.9: Gross electricity generation in EU-27 by type (GWh), 2006 86Table 4.10: EU-27 electricity production by source (%), 2006 86Table 4.11: Gross electricity generation from renewables in EU-27 (GWh), 2006 87Table 5.12: Wind power total and newly installed (MW), 2009 94Table 5.13: Wind offshore* power total installed capacity (MW), 2007 and 2008 96Table 5.14: EU27 Electricity production from wind power (MW), 2008 101Table 5.15: Wind power constructions and planning until 2015, Jan 2009 102Table 5.16: Comparison of capital cost estimates ($/KW), 2003 and 2007 104Table 5.17: Wind support schemes for EU-27 countries, 2008 108Table 6.18: Total cumulative solar photovoltaic installed (MW), ending 2008 114Table 6.19: Additional photovoltaic capacity installed in the EU (MW), 2008 115Table 7.20: Oil price per barrel (), 2000-2030 130Table 7.21: Wind electricity production forecast to 2030 (TWh), 2008 135Table 7.22: Electricity generation matrix, 2006 144Table 7.23: EU electricity generation capacity (GW), 2006-2008 146Table 7.24: Energy consumption (TWh) and capacity growth (GW), 2008-2020 147Table 7.25: Reference EU future electrical generation scenarios (TWh), 2008-2020 150Table 7.26: High EU future electrical generation scenarios (TWh), 2008-2020 152Table 7.27: Low EU future electrical generation scenarios (TWh), 2008-2020 153Renewable Energy Capacity in the EU: The current market, drivers to growth, future capacity forecasts (From Slideshare) Page 6/8
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