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A Seminar Presentation on
STUDY OF INTERNET OF THING IN ENERGY SOURCE SYSTEM
submitted in partial fulfillment of requirements
for the award of the degree of
BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY
ELECTRICALAND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING
DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING
SREE SAINATH NAGAR, TIRUPATI – 517 102
2018 - 2019
DEFINTION OF IOT
BENEFIT OF IOT IN ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEM
NEED & TYPES OF SENSORS USED IN IOT
IMPACT OF IOT IN EPES
IOT CHALLEGES AND PROPOSED SOLUTION IN EPES
APPLICATIONS OF IOT
BULIDING AUTOMATION-ARCHITECTURE OF IOT IN EPES
ADVANTAGES &DISADVATAGES OF IOT
May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 2
The main objective is to study the role of Internet of
Thing (IOT) in Electric Power & Energy System for
reduction of energy wastage, improve efficiency and
to improve economic growth.
May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 3
Concept of IOT became popular in the 1999 by A.Kelvin, who was the Father
Day to day ,the growth of Internet connections increased as well as IOT devices
increased.(nearly at present 35 billon devices connected to internet)
Implementation IOT in Electric Power system for the purpose of power mana
-gement, reduction of energy wastage and to improve efficiency of system.
IOT play an important role in Electric Power and Energy System in economic
growth and in pollution reduction.
May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 4
Definition of IOT
May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 5
Internet Of Thing is simply “ a network of
internet connected objects able to collect
and exchange data”.
Internet Of Thing deals with embedded processor, sensor and
communication hardware to collect, send and act on data that
acquire form environment and sometime these devices
communicate with other related device and act on it.
Fig .1. IOT DEVICES
Working of IOT
May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 6
Fig .2. Simple layout of IOT
BENEFIT OF IOT IN ELECTRIC
May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 7
Fig.3. Layout of Electrical Power system
NEED OF SENSORS IN IOT
Sensors itself able to detect change in environment and
measure a physical phenomenon (like temperature, pressure,
and so on) and transform it into an electric signal.
Sensors help IOT by colleting data to make smart decisions
Features should be at the base of a good sensor:
It should be sensitive to the phenomenon that it measures.
It should not modify the measured phenomenon during the
May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 8
TYPES OF SENSORS USED IN IOT
Lets assume a smart home environment
The types of sensors are
A. IOT smart home occupancy sensors
B. IOT smart home environmental sensors
C. Special IOT smart home sensors
May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 9
IOT SMART HOME OCCUPANCY SENSORS
This sensors reduce energy wastage and helps owner to
monitor the movements in and around the house.
The different type of sensors are
1. Motion sensors
This sensors monitor movements inside the house.
I. Passive Infrared sensor(PIR)
II. ultrasonic sensor
May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 10
May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 11
It allows you to sense motion ,always used to detect whether a
human has moved in out of the sensor range.
Fig.4. PIR sensor Fig.5. Sensing of PIR
May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 12
Ultrasonic sensors measure distance by using ultrasonic waves.
The sensor head emits an ultrasonic wave and receives the wave
reflected back from the target.
The distance can be calculated with the following formula:
Distance L = 1/2 × T × C
where L is the distance,
T is the time between the emission and reception and
C is the sonic speed.
(The value is multiplied by 1/2 because T is the time for go-and-return distance.)
May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 13
Fig.7.Working of Ultrasonic sensor
IOT SMART HOME ENVIRONMENTAL SENSORS
This sensors can create a comfortable living environment inside the
home form temperature, humidity, smoke and lighting.
May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 14
1. Temperature & humidity sensor
These sensors monitor unexpected
changes in heating ,cooling and amount
of water vapor in the room.
May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 15
2. Smoke and Air sensor
These sensor monitors the air quality inside
Fig.9.smoke &gas sensor
3. Light sensor
These sensor monitor the lighting level
inside the room.
Automatically adjust light inside house
depending on sun light.
SPECIAL IOT SMART HOME SENSORS
1. CURRENT TRANSFORMER
Monitors the electricity flow inside the house.
2. AC/DC VOLTAGE SENSOR
It alerts if the voltage level exceeds the device rating.
3. SMART PLUGS
It is used to turn on/off device remotely.
4. DRY CONTACT SENORS
Detect contact between two wired contact points.
May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 16
IMPACT OF IOT IN EPES
A. Economic Impact of IOT on EPES
May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 17
Fig.11. Economic impact of IOT
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
IOT CHALLEGES AND PROPOSED
SOLUTION IN EPES
CHALLENGES PROPOSED SOLUTION
CONNECTIVITY Comprehensive connectivity standards(Eg.5G)
SENSING Innovative ways to sense and deliver
information from Physical environment.
Power management To have quality power we need to replace
Security To protect users privacy by making block code
for IP detecting
May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 18
Table.1. Challenges & proposed solutions
APPLICATIONS OF IOT
1. Home & Building Automation
2. Medical &healthcare system
May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 19
2. SMART METERING
3. STREET LIGHTING
4. SMART GIRD
5. SMART INVERTER
6. SMART TRANSFORMER
May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 20
APPLICATIONS IN ELECTRIC
Fig.13. SMART GIRD
BULIDING AUTOMATION-ARCHITECTURE OF
IOT IN EPES
May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 21
Fig.14.Architecture of building automation
ADVANTAGES OF IOT IN EPES
Real time monitoring
Eliminates energy wastage
System efficiency will improve
Time reduction & easy control
May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 22
DISADVATAGES OF IOT IN EPES
Lack of security
Skilled workers required
May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 23
IOT is at the stage where disparate networks combination
of sensors and Embedded processor for a particular operation.
By this process we can satisfy our main objective i.e.
economic growth, reduction of energy wastage and efficiency
IOT as a potential direction to handle complexity of
future with automation
May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 24
May 5, 2019 Department of EEE
 Guneet Bedi , Graduate Student Member, IEEE, Ganesh Kumar Venayagamoorthy, Senior Member,
IEEE , Rajendra Singh, Life Fellow, IEEE, Richard R. Brooks, Senior Member, IEEE and Kuang
Ching Wang, Member, IEEE,” Review of Internet of Things (IOT) in Electric Power and Energy
Systems”, IEEE IOT Journal, Vol. 5, No. 2, April 2018.
 Y. Liu et al., “Chapter 9—Smart home cybersecurity considering the integration of renewable energy,”
in Smart Cities and Homes, M. S. Obaidat and P. Nicopolitidis, Eds. Boston, MA, USA: Morgan
Kaufmann, 2016, pp. 173–189.
[Online]. Available: http:// www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128034545000092
 V. Gazis, “A survey of standards for machine-to-machine and the Internet of Things,” IEEE Commun.
Surveys Tuts., vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 482–511, 1st Quart., 2017.
 A. Bader, H. Ghazzai, A. Kadri, and M. S. Alouini, “Front-end intelligence for large-scale application-
oriented Internet-of-Things,” IEEE Access, vol. 4, pp. 3257–3272, 2016.
 S. Sarkar and S. Misra, “Theoretical modelling of fog computing: A green computing paradigm to
support IoT applications,” IET Network,vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 23–29, Mar. 2016.