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Study of IoT in energy source system

by rupesh for college seminar

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Study of IoT in energy source system

  1. 1. A Seminar Presentation on STUDY OF INTERNET OF THING IN ENERGY SOURCE SYSTEM submitted in partial fulfillment of requirements for the award of the degree of BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY in ELECTRICALAND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING by V.RUPESH 17125A0250 DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING (Autonomous) SREE SAINATH NAGAR, TIRUPATI – 517 102 INDIA 2018 - 2019
  2. 2. CONTENTS  OBJECTIVES  INTRODUCTION  DEFINTION OF IOT  BENEFIT OF IOT IN ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEM  NEED & TYPES OF SENSORS USED IN IOT  IMPACT OF IOT IN EPES  IOT CHALLEGES AND PROPOSED SOLUTION IN EPES  APPLICATIONS OF IOT  BULIDING AUTOMATION-ARCHITECTURE OF IOT IN EPES  ADVANTAGES &DISADVATAGES OF IOT  CONCLUSION  REFERNCES May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 2
  3. 3. OBJECTIVE The main objective is to study the role of Internet of Thing (IOT) in Electric Power & Energy System for reduction of energy wastage, improve efficiency and to improve economic growth. May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 3
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION  Concept of IOT became popular in the 1999 by A.Kelvin, who was the Father Of IOT.  Day to day ,the growth of Internet connections increased as well as IOT devices increased.(nearly at present 35 billon devices connected to internet)  Implementation IOT in Electric Power system for the purpose of power mana -gement, reduction of energy wastage and to improve efficiency of system.  IOT play an important role in Electric Power and Energy System in economic growth and in pollution reduction. May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 4
  5. 5. Definition of IOT May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 5  Internet Of Thing is simply “ a network of internet connected objects able to collect and exchange data”.  Internet Of Thing deals with embedded processor, sensor and communication hardware to collect, send and act on data that acquire form environment and sometime these devices communicate with other related device and act on it. Fig .1. IOT DEVICES
  6. 6. Working of IOT May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 6 Fig .2. Simple layout of IOT
  7. 7. BENEFIT OF IOT IN ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEM May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 7 Fig.3. Layout of Electrical Power system
  8. 8. NEED OF SENSORS IN IOT Sensors itself able to detect change in environment and measure a physical phenomenon (like temperature, pressure, and so on) and transform it into an electric signal. Sensors help IOT by colleting data to make smart decisions Features should be at the base of a good sensor: It should be sensitive to the phenomenon that it measures. It should not modify the measured phenomenon during the measurement process. May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 8
  9. 9. TYPES OF SENSORS USED IN IOT Lets assume a smart home environment The types of sensors are A. IOT smart home occupancy sensors B. IOT smart home environmental sensors C. Special IOT smart home sensors May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 9
  10. 10. IOT SMART HOME OCCUPANCY SENSORS This sensors reduce energy wastage and helps owner to monitor the movements in and around the house. The different type of sensors are 1. Motion sensors This sensors monitor movements inside the house. They are I. Passive Infrared sensor(PIR) II. ultrasonic sensor May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 10
  11. 11. PIR SENSOR May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 11  It allows you to sense motion ,always used to detect whether a human has moved in out of the sensor range. Fig.4. PIR sensor Fig.5. Sensing of PIR
  12. 12. ULTRASONIC SENSOR May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 12  Ultrasonic sensors measure distance by using ultrasonic waves.  The sensor head emits an ultrasonic wave and receives the wave reflected back from the target. Fig.6.Ultrasonic sensor
  13. 13. The distance can be calculated with the following formula: Distance L = 1/2 × T × C where L is the distance, T is the time between the emission and reception and C is the sonic speed. (The value is multiplied by 1/2 because T is the time for go-and-return distance.) May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 13 Contd…. Fig.7.Working of Ultrasonic sensor
  14. 14. IOT SMART HOME ENVIRONMENTAL SENSORS This sensors can create a comfortable living environment inside the home form temperature, humidity, smoke and lighting. May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 14 1. Temperature & humidity sensor These sensors monitor unexpected changes in heating ,cooling and amount of water vapor in the room. Fig.8.temperature &humidity sensor
  15. 15. May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 15 2. Smoke and Air sensor These sensor monitors the air quality inside the house. Fig.9.smoke &gas sensor 3. Light sensor  These sensor monitor the lighting level inside the room.  Automatically adjust light inside house depending on sun light. Fig.10.LDR
  16. 16. SPECIAL IOT SMART HOME SENSORS 1. CURRENT TRANSFORMER Monitors the electricity flow inside the house. 2. AC/DC VOLTAGE SENSOR It alerts if the voltage level exceeds the device rating. 3. SMART PLUGS It is used to turn on/off device remotely. 4. DRY CONTACT SENORS Detect contact between two wired contact points. May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 16
  17. 17. IMPACT OF IOT IN EPES A. Economic Impact of IOT on EPES May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 17 Fig.11. Economic impact of IOT 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 billion dollors
  18. 18. IOT CHALLEGES AND PROPOSED SOLUTION IN EPES CHALLENGES PROPOSED SOLUTION CONNECTIVITY Comprehensive connectivity standards(Eg.5G) SENSING Innovative ways to sense and deliver information from Physical environment. Power management To have quality power we need to replace batteries Security To protect users privacy by making block code for IP detecting May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 18 Table.1. Challenges & proposed solutions
  19. 19. APPLICATIONS OF IOT 1. Home & Building Automation 2. Medical &healthcare system 3. Transportation 4. Environment 5. Retail 6. Agriculture May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 19 FIG.12.SMART TRANSPORATION
  20. 20. Contd.. 1. SCADA 2. SMART METERING 3. STREET LIGHTING 4. SMART GIRD 5. SMART INVERTER 6. SMART TRANSFORMER May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 20 APPLICATIONS IN ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEM Fig.13. SMART GIRD
  21. 21. BULIDING AUTOMATION-ARCHITECTURE OF IOT IN EPES May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 21 Fig.14.Architecture of building automation
  22. 22. ADVANTAGES OF IOT IN EPES Real time monitoring Eliminates energy wastage Automation System efficiency will improve Economic growth Time reduction & easy control May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 22
  23. 23. DISADVATAGES OF IOT IN EPES Lack of security Complexity increases Connectivity problems Employment reduces Skilled workers required May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 23
  24. 24. CONCLUSION IOT is at the stage where disparate networks combination of sensors and Embedded processor for a particular operation. By this process we can satisfy our main objective i.e. economic growth, reduction of energy wastage and efficiency improvement. IOT as a potential direction to handle complexity of future with automation May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 24
  25. 25. REFERENCES May 5, 2019 Department of EEE [1] Guneet Bedi , Graduate Student Member, IEEE, Ganesh Kumar Venayagamoorthy, Senior Member, IEEE , Rajendra Singh, Life Fellow, IEEE, Richard R. Brooks, Senior Member, IEEE and Kuang Ching Wang, Member, IEEE,” Review of Internet of Things (IOT) in Electric Power and Energy Systems”, IEEE IOT Journal, Vol. 5, No. 2, April 2018. [2] Y. Liu et al., “Chapter 9—Smart home cybersecurity considering the integration of renewable energy,” in Smart Cities and Homes, M. S. Obaidat and P. Nicopolitidis, Eds. Boston, MA, USA: Morgan Kaufmann, 2016, pp. 173–189. [Online]. Available: http:// www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128034545000092 [3] V. Gazis, “A survey of standards for machine-to-machine and the Internet of Things,” IEEE Commun. Surveys Tuts., vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 482–511, 1st Quart., 2017. [4] A. Bader, H. Ghazzai, A. Kadri, and M. S. Alouini, “Front-end intelligence for large-scale application- oriented Internet-of-Things,” IEEE Access, vol. 4, pp. 3257–3272, 2016. [5] S. Sarkar and S. Misra, “Theoretical modelling of fog computing: A green computing paradigm to support IoT applications,” IET Network,vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 23–29, Mar. 2016.
  26. 26. May 5, 2019 Department of EEE 26 IOT

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