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ENT OSPE (2)
By
Dr. Sajid Ali Talpur
1. Identify the object.
2. How Achlasia cardia appears in the radiographic
film?
3. Define Achlasia cardia
4. Give two sur...
1.Barium swallow X-Ray
2. It give rat tail or bird beak appearance
3. It is hypomotility diorder of esophagus charachteriz...
1.Name the extracranial complications of CSOM
attico antral type
2. Name the most common extracranial and
intracrial compl...
1. Mastoiditis, thrombosis of internal jugular vein,
facial nerve paralysis, labyrinthitis, petrositis, otitis
externa, ch...
1. Name various unpaired laryngeal cartilages
2. Which structure acts as the only complete ring
in the whole tracheobronci...
1. epilottis, throid and cricoid cartilages
2. Cricoid cartilage
3. Cricothyroid
4. The anterior meeting point of true voc...
1. Name the instrument used in the above procedure.
2. Name any three structures seen through the
procedure.
3. In which p...
1. Posterior rhinoscopy mirror
2. 1) posterior nares 2) adenoids 3) opening of
eustachian tube
3) nasopharynx
4) The metho...
1. Name the condition shown in the diagram.
2. What is its other name?
3. Give any three clinical features.
4. Can tonsile...
1. Quinsy
2. Peritonsillar abscess
3. 1) sore throat 2) hot potato voice 3) odynophagia
4. No
1. How will you differentiate CSOM atticoantral
type and tubotympanic type on the basis of
discharge?
2. Give various symp...
1. The dischare in tubotympanic type is thin, profuse,
mucopurulent neither blood stained nor foul smelling
while in attic...
1. Identify the picture.
2. What is the cause?
3. What are various complications?
4. How will you treat saddle nose deform...
1. Give the indications of tracheostomy in infants.
2. Give the immediate complications of tracheostomy.
3. Can tracheosto...
1. Subglottic hemangioma, subglottic
stenosis, laryngeal cyst, glottic web, bilateral
vocal cord paralysis.
2. bleeding, a...
1. Name the procedure in which above
instrument is used.
2. Write any three diagnostic indications.
3. How will you differ...
1. ESOPHAGOSCOPY
2. 1) TO FIND THE CAUSE OF DYSPHAGIA
2) TO FIND THE CAUSE OF HEMPTYSIS
3) TO FIND THE CAUSE OF RETROSTERN...
Diseases of Nose
1. Give the differential diagnosis of Watery rhinorreha.
2. How will you clinically differentiate septal ...
1. Allergic rhinitis, vasomotor rhinitis, viral rhinitis,
CSF rhinorhea.
2. Septal abscess produces fever whereas it is
ab...
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ENT OSPE (2)

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ENT OSPE (2)

  1. 1. ENT OSPE (2) By Dr. Sajid Ali Talpur
  2. 2. 1. Identify the object. 2. How Achlasia cardia appears in the radiographic film? 3. Define Achlasia cardia 4. Give two surgical procedures for Achlasia cardia
  3. 3. 1.Barium swallow X-Ray 2. It give rat tail or bird beak appearance 3. It is hypomotility diorder of esophagus charachterized by aperistalsis, increases LES tone and decreased LES relaxation. 4. 1) Modified Heller’s operation 2) Forceful pneumatic dialatation
  4. 4. 1.Name the extracranial complications of CSOM attico antral type 2. Name the most common extracranial and intracrial complications of CSOM 3. What do you mean by Citelli’s abscess? 4. Define Gardenigo syndrome?
  5. 5. 1. Mastoiditis, thrombosis of internal jugular vein, facial nerve paralysis, labyrinthitis, petrositis, otitis externa, chronic adhesive otitis media 2. Mastoiditis (extra cranial), Brain abscess (intracranial) 3. The abscess in the sheath of post. Belly of digastric muscle. 4. It is a syndrome characterized by the discharging ear, diplopia and severe retro orbital pain (headache)
  6. 6. 1. Name various unpaired laryngeal cartilages 2. Which structure acts as the only complete ring in the whole tracheobroncial tree? 3. Name the intrisic muscle not innervated by recurrent laryngeal nerve. 4. Define anterior commisure in the larynx.
  7. 7. 1. epilottis, throid and cricoid cartilages 2. Cricoid cartilage 3. Cricothyroid 4. The anterior meeting point of true vocal cords
  8. 8. 1. Name the instrument used in the above procedure. 2. Name any three structures seen through the procedure. 3. In which part of pharynx this procedure is being performed? 4. Define anteror rhinoscopy.
  9. 9. 1. Posterior rhinoscopy mirror 2. 1) posterior nares 2) adenoids 3) opening of eustachian tube 3) nasopharynx 4) The method of examination of anterior part of nasal cavity with the speculum:
  10. 10. 1. Name the condition shown in the diagram. 2. What is its other name? 3. Give any three clinical features. 4. Can tonsilectomy be done in quinsy with upperR.T infcction?
  11. 11. 1. Quinsy 2. Peritonsillar abscess 3. 1) sore throat 2) hot potato voice 3) odynophagia 4. No
  12. 12. 1. How will you differentiate CSOM atticoantral type and tubotympanic type on the basis of discharge? 2. Give various symptoms of attico antral type 3. Define cholesteatoma. 4. What are various theories for cholesteatoma formation?
  13. 13. 1. The dischare in tubotympanic type is thin, profuse, mucopurulent neither blood stained nor foul smelling while in atticoantral type it is thick, scanty, purulent, blood stained and foul smelling 2. deafness, discharge, fever, malaise 3. It is a bag of stratified squamous epithelium containing keratin debris and shed epithelium 4. mtaplasia theory, basal hyperplasia theory, congenital cell rest theory, ingrowth of squamous cell theory and retraction pocket theory
  14. 14. 1. Identify the picture. 2. What is the cause? 3. What are various complications? 4. How will you treat saddle nose deformity?
  15. 15. 1. Give the indications of tracheostomy in infants. 2. Give the immediate complications of tracheostomy. 3. Can tracheostomy be life long? 4. What are contraindications of tracheostomy in the emergency?
  16. 16. 1. Subglottic hemangioma, subglottic stenosis, laryngeal cyst, glottic web, bilateral vocal cord paralysis. 2. bleeding, aspiration of blood, damage to esophagus, damage to R.L nerve, apnea and pnemothorax 3. Yes. Permanent tracheostomy
  17. 17. 1. Name the procedure in which above instrument is used. 2. Write any three diagnostic indications. 3. How will you differentiate b/w bronchoscope and esophagoscope?
  18. 18. 1. ESOPHAGOSCOPY 2. 1) TO FIND THE CAUSE OF DYSPHAGIA 2) TO FIND THE CAUSE OF HEMPTYSIS 3) TO FIND THE CAUSE OF RETROSTERNAL PAI 3. BRONCHOSCOPE HAS HOLES AT THE END WHILE ESOPHAGOSCOPE HAS MARKINGS.
  19. 19. Diseases of Nose 1. Give the differential diagnosis of Watery rhinorreha. 2. How will you clinically differentiate septal hematoma from septal abscess? 3. Name various diagnositic tests for congenital conal atresia. 4. how will you differentiate coryza from allergic rhinitis and other forms of rhinitis?
  20. 20. 1. Allergic rhinitis, vasomotor rhinitis, viral rhinitis, CSF rhinorhea. 2. Septal abscess produces fever whereas it is absent in septal hematoma 3. nasal patency test, catheter test, dye test, nasal endoscopy, imaging studies 4. In allergic and vasomotor rhinitis the symptoms appear in paroxysms and fever Is absent.

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