Ce diaporama a bien été signalé.
Nous utilisons votre profil LinkedIn et vos données d’activité pour vous proposer des publicités personnalisées et pertinentes. Vous pouvez changer vos préférences de publicités à tout moment.
Prochain SlideShare
What to Upload to SlideShare
Suivant
Télécharger pour lire hors ligne et voir en mode plein écran

10

Partager

Télécharger pour lire hors ligne

Social stratification

Télécharger pour lire hors ligne

Issues of of Social stratification

Livres associés

Gratuit avec un essai de 30 jours de Scribd

Tout voir

Social stratification

  1. 1. SOCIAL STRATIFICATION Meaning, Nature and role of Education Role of teacher in Society by:- Dr. Satish Kumar Assistant Professor Lovely school of Education Lovely Professional University Phagwara, Punjab, India satishnurpur@gmail.com
  2. 2. .
  3. 3. .
  4. 4. .
  5. 5. Social Stratification
  6. 6. MEANING OF SOCIAL STRATIFICATION: The term stratification is derived from the geological concept of „Strata‟ which means rock layers created by natural processes. Stratification is a hierarchy of positions with regard to economic production which influences the social rewards to those in the positions.
  7. 7. DEFINITION___________ According Raymond W. Murray; “Social Stratification is horizontal division of society into „higher‟ and „lower‟ social units.” Every society is divided into more or less distinct groups. Even the most primitive societies had some form of social stratification
  8. 8. Stratification describes the way in which different groups of people are placed within society The status of people is often determined by how society is stratified - the basis of which can include; * Wealth and income - This is the most common basis of stratification * Social class: Low, Middle, High * Ethnicity: is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common origin, language, history, culture * Gender * Political status * Religion *Caste system
  9. 9. .
  10. 10. Social stratification • classification of persons into groups based on shared socio-economic conditions ... a relational set of inequalities with economic, social, political and ideological dimensions. • It is a system by which society ranks categories of people in different strata
  11. 11. Basic principles • 1. Social stratification is a trait of society, not simply a reflection of individual differences; 2. Social stratification carries over from generation to generation; 3. Social stratification is universal but variable; 4. Social stratification involves not just inequality but beliefs as well.
  12. 12. THE CATEGORIES OF SOCIAL STRATIFICATION:  a) Social Class:- Rich-poor, b) Gender c) Race d) Age e) Disability
  13. 13. Causes of Social Stratification  Inequality – Inequality exists because of natural differences in people’s abilities.  Conflict – Stratification occurs due to conflict between different classes, with the upper classes using superior power to take a larger share of the social resources. Power – Power influences one’s definition of self and the importance of ideas in defining social situations. Wealth – Difference in the wealth is also one of the causes of social stratification. Instability – Instability in the society being the cause of social stratification enhances stability and induces members of the society to work hard.
  14. 14. Social Stratification and Education  Focus of education-  1. should be on equality of educational opportunities  2. Focusing on different segments of society (Rural areas, deprived classes, tribal races etc.)  3. Study the ideology, structure and process of social inequality  4. development of equal system of education enriched with diversified course content to cater the needs of various groups and sections.  5. Diversified methods of teaching
  15. 15. Social Stratification and Education  6. Distance education  7. Establishment of educational institutions in remote areas  8. Global system of education  9. Special provisions for education of deprived groups  10. Promotion of multiculturalism in process of education.
  16. 16. Teacher’s role in society  1. teacher as an architect of our future generations  2. imparting knowledge  3.Inculcationof values  4. Make student to learn life skills  A. adjustment  B. livelihood  C. maintain good relationships  5. economical development
  17. 17. Teacher’s role in society  6. Development of personality  7.development of good citizenship  8. development of scientific and humanistic attitude  9. creating awareness among society  10. social reforms  11. character formation  12. agent of social change
  18. 18. Meaning and definition  The word Diversity comes from Old French word „diversité’ which means ‘making dissimilar’  In the Merriam-Webster dictionary (2013) it defines diversity as: “the condition of having or being composed of differing elements; especially the inclusion of different types of people in a group or organization”.
  19. 19. Meaning and definition The inclusion of individuals representing more than one national origin, color, religion, socio-economic status, etc.
  20. 20. General Concept  Diversity means valuing the differences between people and the ways in which those differences can contribute to a richer, more creative and more productive working environment.  The concept of diversity encompasses acceptance and respect.  It means understanding that each individual is unique, and recognizing our individual differences.  It is the exploration of these differences in a safe, positive, and nurturing environment.  It is about understanding each other and moving beyond simple tolerance to embracing and celebrating the rich dimensions of diversity contained within each individual.  Diversity means understanding that each individual is unique and by recognizing these individual differences and similarities, we add to the richness and texture of the educational experience.
  21. 21. Diversity is about respecting individual‟s  Race  Culture  National Origin  Region  Gender  Age  Marital Status  Religion  Ethnicity  Disability  Ability  Family Structure  Health  Values
  22. 22. Types of Diversity Diversity of Climate Diversity of Region Diversity of Religion Diversity of Languages Diversity of Culture Diversity of traditions Diversity of habits {Dressing, eating} Diversity of Ideologies
  23. 23. Nature of Diversity Natural diversity Man made diversity It‟s a universal phenomenon Its dynamic in nature Its relative to time, space and society Diverse in magnitude Affecting social life Determinant of social behaviour
  24. 24. . .
  25. 25. Meaning of Marginalized Groups  The concept of Marginalized Groups is generally used to analyse socioeconomic, political, and cultural spheres, where disadvantaged people struggle to gain access to resources and full participation in social life.  In other words, marginalized people might be socially, economically, politically and legally ignored, excluded, or neglected.
  26. 26. Nature of Marginalized Groups  marginalization is a multidimensional  multi-caused  historical phenomenon  Confined to a lower or outer limit or edge, as of social standing  There are no general laws to understand and comprehend the complex nature of marginalization  Marginalization can be due to class, in relation to specific social, cultural, economic and political conditions, as well as ideological systems, social awareness, and human action
  27. 27. Nature of Marginalized Groups  Marginalized Groups vary in different settings. The religious, ecological system, patriarchy, political economy of a country, and the overall social system have an impact on the marginalization of specific groups or an individual.  Marginalized also varies from culture to culture  Marginalized Groups happen simultaneously at the micro and macro levels  Marginalized Groups occurs at different levels, i.e. group, community, and global
  28. 28. Types of Marginalized Groups  Socially Deprived/ Marginalized Groups  There are those born into marginal groupings e.g., lower castes in India, or members of ethnic groups suffer discrimination.  This marginality is typically for life.  They are deprived of access to resources, such as, economic, educational, cultural, and other support systems.  This creates social isolation and limits their participation in the development process.
  29. 29. Types of Marginalized Groups  Economically Deprived/ Marginalized Groups  Economic marginalization” means being unimportant to the economy.  Some individuals or groups can be marginalized from the rest of the economy.  The sources and amount of their income varies. Poverty and economic marginalization have both direct and indirect impact on people‟s health and wellbeing.
  30. 30. Types of Marginalized Groups  Politically Deprived/ Marginalized Groups  Political marginalization does not allow the group to participate democratically in decision making, and, hence, they lose their right to every social, economic, and political benefit.  In every society, lack of political empowerment affects large sections of people, including women, ethnic minorities, migrants, and disabled persons.
  31. 31. Most vulnerable Marginalized Groups  Women  People with Disabilities  Minority  Caste Groups  Race groups  Tribes
  32. 32. Role of Education  Create awareness  Equality of educational opportunities  Scholarships  Reservation  Elimination of superstitions  Empowerment  Change in mentality of society  Increases employment  Promote social justice
  • NishaKhan37

    Jan. 5, 2021
  • JinalAhir2

    Dec. 12, 2020
  • ReyshylArevalo

    Nov. 18, 2020
  • FatihaTanveer

    Sep. 19, 2020
  • PalleSatyaReddy

    Aug. 15, 2020
  • FatimaHaupt

    Nov. 20, 2019
  • JamesAhanthem

    Nov. 18, 2019
  • GUPTESWARSUNANI

    Nov. 6, 2019
  • VikasVirS

    Oct. 26, 2019
  • RavikantYadav25

    Oct. 23, 2019

Issues of of Social stratification

Vues

Nombre de vues

967

Sur Slideshare

0

À partir des intégrations

0

Nombre d'intégrations

0

Actions

Téléchargements

30

Partages

0

Commentaires

0

Mentions J'aime

10

×