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Skillshare - Understanding extractives data

With climate change growing as a political topic the past few years, more eyes have been turning toward Extractives Data. But before trying to uncover the dark secrets extractives business, follow this skillshare by out Ecuadorian fellow Julio Lopez to make sure you understand some key points about extractives data.

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Skillshare - Understanding extractives data

  1. 1. Things to understand before diving into Extractives Data PRESENTED BY Julio Lopez @jalp_ec
  2. 2. Contents 1. Target Audience 2. Demystifying the extractives industry 3. Why do people even care about it? 4. So, what data are we really talking about? 5. Ok, but where can I find it? 6. Do people really use this?
  3. 3. Target audience 1
  4. 4. Target Audience ● Data Journalists ● NGOs ● Students ● Researchers (civil society, think tanks) ● School of Data Fellows
  5. 5. Demystifying the extractives industry 2
  6. 6. Extractives industries “Industries that extract natural resources (NNRR), such as oil, natural gas, diamonds, coal, and other minerals from the ground” NNRR are also relevant in the energy sector: primary sources that are transformed into useful energy (crude oil to diesel to electricity / natural gas to electricity)
  7. 7. Amplified Production chain Requirements + Production chain + Benefits
  8. 8. Why do people even care about it? 2
  9. 9. Why is this important? ● Economic factors: Source of revenues in many countries (including high-income and low-income) ● The environmental and social impacts: Sustainable management of natural resources. ● Transparency and access to information could improve the quality of governance
  10. 10. Why is this important? ● Highly specialized industry = enhance public understanding of this topics. ● Opening Extractives Data could foster more innovative education and capacity building programs. ● There is a big potential for countries to go from macro statistics to real time local data using open data: project level data.
  11. 11. So, what data are we really talking about? 3
  12. 12. Extractives data ecosystem ▪ Micro data: Project level data ▪ Macro data: Country level Source: NRGI
  13. 13. Country level (Macro data) ●Collected at the country level (aggregated variables) ●Originated at government agencies and international databases ●Most common data includes: production of the resource (oil, natural gas, copper, etc.), exports and imports, revenues and prices. ●It is Primary data (sources)
  14. 14. Project level (Micro data) ●Information on projects, blocks, fields, and concessions (usually geocoded) ●Companies also publish data on projects ●Governments disseminate maps, contracts, and lists of blocks/fields/concessions ●Contracts are also published (sometimes they do not match with the projects) ●Normally it is not primary data (lack of official databases)
  15. 15. Ok, but where can I find it? 4
  16. 16. Country wide ● Government agencies dedicated to oil, gas and mining industries ● Central Banks ● International trade offices ● Environmental agencies
  17. 17. International Agencies ● World Bank Development Indicator ● Inter-American Development Bank ● International Monetary Found (IMF) ● IEA (International Energy Agency) Statistics Energy Atlas ● Joint Organisations Data Initiative (IEA, OLADE, APEC, IEF) – hydrocarbons and natural gas
  18. 18. International Civil Society ● Publish What You Pay (PWYP) ● Extractives Industries Transparency Iniciative (EITI) ● Natural Resource Governance Institute (NRGI) ● Open Oil ● Open Contracts ● Open Corporations ● Global Subsidies Initiative - International Institute for Sustainable Development’
  19. 19. Do people really use this? 5
  20. 20. Uses ● NGOs, think tanks, consultancy firms and companies and journalists ● Data visualization as a tool to advocate ● Mapping ● Contracts – Texts
  21. 21. Maps – Mining in Africa http://www.a-mla.org/index.php
  22. 22. Contracts http://www.resourcecontracts.org/
  23. 23. Journalism http://ojo-publico.com/77/los-secretos-detras-de-la-lista-de- comunidades-indigenas-del-peru
  24. 24. Open Data Maps http://repository.openoil.net/wiki/Main_Page
  25. 25. Resources & Readings 1. http://gijn.org/2014/03/05/covering-the-extractives-industry-big-data-new- tools-and-journalism/ 2. http://www.resourcegovernance.org/news/blog/extractive-industries-data- ecosystem-database-available-data-tools-natural-resource-govern 3. http://www.evidenceondemand.info/-maximising-the-benefits-of-data-and- extractives-industries-for-the-poor-understanding-data-demand 4. http://opendatacon.org/reversing-the-resource-curse-with-open-data/ 5. https://openoil.net/exploring-oil-data/