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Khmer culture, civilization (part1)

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Khmer culture, civilization (part1)

  1. 1. University of Cambodia Lectured by: Mut Somoeun, M.Ed KHM 140: Khmer Culture
  2. 2. CLASSIC KHMER CIVILIZATION 9th – 15th Century
  3. 3. OPEN QUESTIONS  What is Culture?  What is Civilization?  Define the differences of Culture and Civilization
  4. 4. DEFINITIONS OF CULTURE  The cumulative deposit of knowledge, experience, beliefs, values, attitudes, meanings, hierarchies, religion, notions of time, roles, spatial relations, concepts of the universe, and material objects and possessions acquired by a group of people through generations.  Systems of knowledge shared by a relatively large group of people.  Cultivated behavior – socially transmitted, behavior through social learning.  A way of life of a group of people (learned tradition) – behaviors, beliefs, values, and symbols that they accept, generally without thinking about them, and that are passed along by communication and imitation from one generation to the next.  Symbolic communication – group's skills, knowledge, attitudes, values, and motives.
  6. 6. CIVILIZATION  A. Definitions of Civilization: - advancement of human society - stage of social/ human development & organization - prosperity and advancement of people - development of knowledge, code of conduct, rules, religion, belief, morality, & justice...... - good order, good conduct, well discipline........
  7. 7. B. TYPES OF CIVILIZATION  Conduct  code of conduct (action, speech & mind)  Physical Perspective  physical appearance, complexion  Gender  as a man/ a woman  Capacity  knowledge/ intellectuality, wisdom.....
  8. 8. C. ROOT OF CIVILIZATION  Morality  compassion & forgiveness  Humanity  no killing, no stealing, no misconduct in sexual intercourse, no telling lie, no using drugs  Civics  know reason, know own self, adapt to living, adapt time, adapt society, know to make friend  Cultivation  attitude, perspective, gender, knowledge/ intellectuality  Prosperity  advanced conduct, perspective, gender, intellectuality
  9. 9. D. ELEMENTS OF CIVILIZATION  1. Culture  Knowledge (belief, morality, religion, philosophy & science)  Diffusion (language, alphabet, symbol, literature, art, information  Practice (belief, custom, education, sport, games, regulations)  2. Social Domain (សង្គមធម៌)  social tool (living equipment, techniques, vocations)  social norm (economics, social affairs, politics)  social form (social core, social status, social organization)
  10. 10. DISCUSSIONS  How foreign cultures influence Khmer culture?  What should you do to maintain & promote our culture?  How would we integrate the “Diversities of Cultures”?
  11. 11. QUESTIONS?