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Net Neutrality

Sourav Dey
Sourav Dey
Sourav DeyStudent at M.C.K.V. Institute of Engineering

It is a Presentation On Net Neutrality... CONTENTS:- *What is Net Neutrality? *Why Net Neutrality is important? *Net Neutrality in India *History *TRAI rules in favor of Net Neutrality *Why should we care? -Sourav Dey Mail ID: piyush.kolkata@gmail.com | piyush.kolkata@outlook.com Mail me for the PPT version.

Net Neutrality

1  sur  20
NET NEUTRALITY
EVERYTHING is Accessible to EVERYONE in the Internet
-By Sourav Dey
Roll No. – IT/14/005
CONTENTS:-
 What is Net Neutrality?
 Why Net Neutrality is
important?
 Net Neutrality in India
 History
 TRAI rules in favor of Net
Neutrality
 Why should we care?
I.What is Net
Neutrality?
“Net neutrality is the principle that
Internet service providers and
governments regulating the Internet
should treat all data on the Internet
the same, not discriminating or
charging differentially by user,
content, website, platform,
application, type of attached
equipment, or mode of
communication.”
NET NEUTRALITY
II.Why Net
Neutrality is
important?
 Without Net Neutrality, it would be very easy for ISPs
to mold the browsing habits of its users with the help
of pricing slabs, different speed for different sites and
other methods.
Maximum Limit
Speed of Internet
This isWhat Net
Neutrality gives
you…
This isWhat ISP wanted
 Net Neutrality also ensures that small and new
companies can compete against established big names
on the Internet. Open Source projects will get effected
like Wikipedia.
There Will be no new
websites from small
companies and
startups.
 An ISP will get money from companies, that
relationship may be enough to compel the ISP to mute
online criticism against one of its paying partners.
Customers
Website
Holders ISP
This is what will happen
without Net Neutrality.
Publicité

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Net Neutrality

  • 1. NET NEUTRALITY EVERYTHING is Accessible to EVERYONE in the Internet -By Sourav Dey Roll No. – IT/14/005 CONTENTS:-  What is Net Neutrality?  Why Net Neutrality is important?  Net Neutrality in India  History  TRAI rules in favor of Net Neutrality  Why should we care?
  • 2. I.What is Net Neutrality? “Net neutrality is the principle that Internet service providers and governments regulating the Internet should treat all data on the Internet the same, not discriminating or charging differentially by user, content, website, platform, application, type of attached equipment, or mode of communication.”
  • 4. II.Why Net Neutrality is important?  Without Net Neutrality, it would be very easy for ISPs to mold the browsing habits of its users with the help of pricing slabs, different speed for different sites and other methods. Maximum Limit Speed of Internet This isWhat Net Neutrality gives you… This isWhat ISP wanted
  • 5.  Net Neutrality also ensures that small and new companies can compete against established big names on the Internet. Open Source projects will get effected like Wikipedia. There Will be no new websites from small companies and startups.  An ISP will get money from companies, that relationship may be enough to compel the ISP to mute online criticism against one of its paying partners. Customers Website Holders ISP
  • 6. This is what will happen without Net Neutrality.
  • 7.  Internet will become a mess and you will be forced to choose packages of websites and services like you do with your DTH Subscription. For Example:- PLAY GROUND
  • 8. “NOTHING WILL REMAIN FREE”  Unless the companies behind messaging andVoIP apps decide to pay the government for licenses, we won’t be able to use them… At the end if they buy licenses, Do you think Services will remain Free ?
  • 9. III. Net Neutrality in India  As of August 2015, there were no laws governing net neutrality in India.  There have already been a few violations of net neutrality principles by some Indian service providers.  The government called in for comments and suggestions regarding net neutrality in mygov forum.
  • 10. 2006-2013  In 2006,TRAI invited opinions regarding the regulation of net neutrality from various telecom industry bodies and stakeholders.  In February 2012, at the World Mobile Congress, the CEO of Bharti Airtel Sunil Bharti Mittal, suggested that services like YouTube should pay an interconnect charge to network operators, saying that if telecom operators are building highways for data then there should be a tax on the highway. Less Investment More Profit. More Investment Less Profit.
  • 11. In 2014  In February 2014 CEO of Airtel's India operations, said that companies offering free messaging apps like Skype, Line and Whatsapp should be regulated similar to telecom operators. It was rejected in August 2014 byTRAI.  In October 2014,Vodafone IndiaCEO suggested that companies like Facebook andWhatsapp should be taxed.  Airtel announced a separated Internet pack forVoIP apps. It was criticized in social networking sites.TheTRAI chief said that Airtel cannot be held responsible for violating net neutrality because India has no regulation that demands net neutrality. It was against Net Neutrality but was not Illegal.
  • 12. This is the way the ISP in India andTRAI depicted Net Neutrality:  Infrastructure Needs Development.  Need Funding for Innovation.  Freedom of Business *ISP: Internet Service Providers. TRAI:Telecom Regulatory Authority of India.
  • 13. In 2015  On 10 February 2015, Facebook launched Internet.org in India with Reliance Communications. It aims to provide free access to 38 websites through an app. Only Bing was made available as the search engine.  In April 2015, Airtel announced the "Airtel Zero" scheme. Under the scheme, app firms sign a contract and Airtel provides the apps for free to its customers. The reports of Flipkart, an e-commerce firm, joining the "Airtel Zero" scheme drew negative response. The Indian government could block zero rating plans such as Airtel Zero and internet.org in view of net neutrality.
  • 14. TRAI's consultation paper On 27 March 2015,TRAI released a Consultation Paper on Regulatory Framework of Over-The-Top Services (OTT) and net neutrality for public feedback. A One Hundred Eighteen Page Consultation paper
  • 15. What isOTT Services? The term OTT (Over TheTop) refers to the services and applications which are accessible in the Internet. eg. FB, Insta, Whatsapp, etc.
  • 16. INDIAN TELEGRAPH ACT 1885 Whatsapp, fb messenger, hike, skype everything is Illegal because the need telecom licenses for providing voice services.
  • 17.  The last date for submission of comments was 24 April 2015 and TRAI received over a million emails.  TRAI released PDF files containing the names and emails of more than a million people who commented on the "Regulatory Framework for OTT services" paper.  The TRAI blocked Free Basics on the basis that although the service is free, there are specific sites that cannot be accessed unless the consumer pays.  In 14th August government asked everyone to join mygov forum to give there comments. On 15th August Net Neutrality was legally accepted.
  • 18. TRAI rules in favor of Net Neutrality 8February2016  No service provider can offer or charge discriminatory tariffs for data services on the basis of content.  No service provider shall enter into any arrangement, agreement or contract, by whatever name called, with any person, natural or legal, that the effect of discriminatory tariffs for data services being offered or charged by the service provider for the purpose of evading the prohibition in this regulation.  Reduced tariff for accessing or providing emergency services, or at times of public emergency has been permitted.  Financial disincentives for contravention of the regulation have also been specified.  TRAI may review these regulations after a period of two years.