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Measuring Distance to the SDG Targets 2019: Key facts

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Find out how far OECD countries are from achieving the SDG targets. Based on the UN Global Indicator List, and using UN SDG and OECD data, the OECD has developed a unique methodology allowing comparison of progress across SDG goals and targets. Measuring Distance to the SDG Targets 2019 - An Assessment of Where OECD Countries Stand also includes innovative analyses on trends and on measuring the transboundary aspects of the 2030 Agenda as well as country notes showing performance at the target level and data gaps for individual OECD countries.

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Measuring Distance to the SDG Targets 2019: Key facts

  1. 1. MEASURING DISTANCE TO THE SDG TARGETS : AN ASSESSMENT OF WHERE OECD COUNTRIES STAND LAUNCH OF 2019 EDITION Martine Durand, Chief Statistician and Director OECD Statistics and Data Directorate
  2. 2. Goals 17 169 244 1,000+ Targets Indicators Data series
  3. 3. Tool to help countries navigate the 2030 Agenda and identify priorities for action Measures how far OECD countries are from 2030 targets, allowing comparison across goals, targets and indicators OECD average and country-level analysis Based on the internationally agreed UN Global Indicator List Analysis of performance over time (trends) and exploration of transboundary impacts What is the purpose of this study? What does it do?
  4. 4. Key messages OECD countries have achieved some SDG targets already but are lagging behind and slipping further away on others There’s still a lot we don’t know! Filling data gaps is a priority OECD countries’ global and transboundary contributions need to be enhanced The OECD performance is uneven on average across SDG goals and targets There are also large disparities in country performances across goals and targets
  5. 5. 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Eradicate Poverty Food Health Education Gender Equality Water Energy Economy InfrastructureReduce Inequality Cities Sustainable Production Climate Oceans Biodiversity Institutions Implementation Uneven average OECD performance across goals But • High uncertainty on planet results (Goals 12, 13, 14, 15) due to missing data • Varying ambition levels
  6. 6. … and uneven performance across targets and within goals *The longer the bars, the closer to the 2030 targets; target levels are represented by the outer dotted circle. Levels of achievement to be attained by 2030 1: Eradicate poverty 2: Food 3: Health 4: Education 5: Gender equality 6: Water 7: Energy 8: Economy 9: Infrastructure 10: Reduce inequality 11: Cities 12: Sustainable production 13: Climate 14: Oceans 15: Biodiversity 16: Institutions 17: Implementation Goals Close to target 2.4 soil quality 16.9 registration of births 5.b1 women using internet Far from target 2.2 obesity rate 16.5 confidence in national government 5.4 gender gap in unpaid work
  7. 7. Country performances differ across goals 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Distance from Target PartnershipsPeople Planet Prosperity Peace
  8. 8. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Moving towards targets No trend or no data Moving away from targets OECD countries have been moving towards several SDG targets but away from others Number of countries People Planet Prosperity PartnershipsPeace
  9. 9. OECD global and transboundary contributions: improvements needed Country A Makes efforts to achieve SDGs Country B Proposed approach to mapping transboundary effects in the SDGs: Global public goods Other countries 97 of the 169 targets have a direct transboundary impact
  10. 10. AUS CAN DEU FRA GBR ITA JPN KORM… TUR USA 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 0.01 0.03 0.05 0.07 0.09 0.11 0.13 CO2intensityofenergy (tCO2/toeTPES) Energy intensity of GDP (TFC/GDP, toe per thousand 2015 USD PPP) Global contribution : improvement in CO2 productivity needed to reach climate-related targets 2020 2030 Carbon and energy intensity of OECD countries in 2014 and the path to 2020 and 2030 needed to reach target of remaining under 2 degrees Celsius Improvements in carbon and energy intensity are necessary to achieve the goal of staying below 2 degrees Celsius. Adapted from OECD (2017), Investing in Climate, Investing in Growth, OECD Publishing, Paris,
  11. 11. Transboundary contribution: total and sectoral ODA still far away from targets The ODA target of 0.7% of GNI is far from being achieved ODA as a share of GNI, DAC total ODA is part of most goals ODA by goals, DAC total, billion USD, 2016 or 2017 Left panel shows (net) ODA as a share of donor countries’ Gross National Income from 1980 to 2017. Right Panel shows specific ODA across SDG goals 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 1980 1990 2000 2010 2017 0 10 20 30 40 50
  12. 12. A word of caution on data : Only 132 of the 244 UN indicators are available for OECD countries, with different coverage across SDGs 0 20 40 60 80 100 Share of targets covered People Planet Prosperity PartnershipsPeace
  13. 13. Assist Members in navigating the SDG Agenda: assessing trends and transboundary impacts Provide data to the UN Global Database either directly (e.g. ODA) or through multiagency consortia (PISA, TALIS, PIAAC, SIGI etc.) Assisting with methodological work to help fill data gaps (e.g. Governance, TOSSD) Pursue work on specific SDG issues: gender, role of social dialogue, role of businesses Measuring Distance to SDG Targets for and building capacity in developing countries (with PARIS21) What’s next: OECD will continue to act as UN “best supporting actor” on SDG data
  14. 14. THANK YOU!