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The Bern University of Applied Sciences and its Smart City Research

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The Bern University of Applied Sciences and its Smart City Research

  1. 1. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector TransformationBerner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences | ベルン応用科学大学 The Bern University of Applied Sciences and its Smart City Research Prof. Stephan Haller, Institute Public Sector Transformation
  2. 2. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation ▶ Current Position ▶ Professor at the Institute Public Sector Transformation of the Bern University of Applied Sciences (BFH) ▶ Head of the thematic focus area Buildings & Cities of the BFH Center Digital Society ▶ Teaching: E-Government, Project Management. Enterprise Architecture ▶ Research: Linked Open Data, Internet of Things, Smart Cities ▶ Experience ▶ > 25 years industrial ICT Research and Development (IoT since 1998) ▶ > 15 years project management of international ICT projects ▶ > 7 years R&D strategy definition ▶ Working experience in 3 countries: Japan (7 years, Matsushita, SAP), Germany (5 years, SAP) and Switzerland (Swissair, SAP, Vigience, BFH) ▶ Master Degree in Computer Science from the ETH Zurich Stephan Haller stephan.haller@bfh.ch
  3. 3. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Switzerland and its Educational System The Bern University of Applied Sciences Joint European-Japanese Research on Smart City Topics for Today
  4. 4. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Switzerland and its Educational System The Bern University of Applied Sciences Joint European-Japanese Research on Smart City Topics for Today
  5. 5. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Switzerland – in the Center of Europe European Union (EU) EU Candidates Potential EU Candidates European Economic Area (EEA) Switzerland
  6. 6. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Comparing Switzerland and Japan Switzerland Japan Tokyo-to Tokyo (23 wards) Kyushu Size 41,285 km2 377,973 km2 2,191 km2 619 km2 36,782 km2 Pop. 8.5 mio. 126 mio. 13.8 mio. 9.3 mio. 12.9 mio. GDP Total $551 billion $5,749 billion ~960 billon GDP per capita $83,583 $45,565 ~$71,400 Source: Wikipedia GDP calculated as PPP (Purchasing Power Parity)
  7. 7. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Typically Swiss …
  8. 8. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Switzerland and Japan – Similar but different … Alps 日本アルプス Images: Stephan Haller, wikimedia (タチヤマカムイ )
  9. 9. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Switzerland and Japan – Similar but different … Schwingen 相撲 Images: Flickr (Kanton Glarus, hit thatswitch)
  10. 10. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Switzerland and Japan – Similar but different … Rösti お好み裂き Images: Pixabay (violetta), Stephan Haller
  11. 11. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Switzerland and Japan – Similar but different … 寿司 Image: Jun Yamada
  12. 12. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Political System: Federal Structure, Direct Democracy 3 Levels ▶ Federal (National) ▶ 26 Cantons ▶ 2212 Communes
  13. 13. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Federal Structure 3 Levels ▶ Federal (National) ▶ 26 Cantons ▶ 2212 Communes Bern
  14. 14. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Federal Structure 3 Levels ▶ Federal (National) ▶ 26 Cantons ▶ 2212 Communes Bern Zürich
  15. 15. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation
  16. 16. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Switzerland’s Educational System Kindergarten Secondary School Universities Specialised Middle Schools Matura Schools (Baccalaureate) Vocational Training Primary School Universities of Applied Sciences Teacher Training Colleges Higher Vocational Education 2 years 5-6 years 3-4 years 3-4 years 幼稚園 小学校 中学校 (高校)
  17. 17. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Switzerland and its Educational System The Bern University of Applied Sciences Joint European-Japanese Research on Smart City Topics for Today
  18. 18. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation BFH Locations and its Departements AHB – Architecture, Wood and Civil Engineering EHSM – Swiss Federal Institute of Sport Magglingen G – Health Professions HAFL – School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences HKB – Bern University of the Arts S – Social Work TI – Engineering and Information Technology W – Business
  19. 19. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Facts and Figures BFH (2018) 8Departments 3 Teaching Languages German, French, English 1 Foundation in Canton Bern October 1997 486 Ongoing research projects with regional, national and international partners 6970Students in 30 Bachelor’s degree courses and 22 Master’s degree courses 49%Proportion of Women Architecture, Wood and Civil Engineering Health Professions School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences Bern University of the Arts Social Work Engineering and Information Technology Business School Swiss Federal Institute of Sport Magglingen SFISM
  20. 20. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Bern in the heart of Switzerland UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1983
  21. 21. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation BFH Business School Degree Programmes 2018 946 Bachelor 119 Master 2Master Degree Programmes MSc Business Administration MSc Business Information Technology Total Number of Students 2Bachelor Degree Programmes BSc Business Administration BSc Business Information Technology 27% of students starting BSc Business Administration choose International Programme in English 4 Double degree agreements with selected partner institutions in Sweden, Finland, Australia and the french-speaking part of Switzerland
  22. 22. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Partners – Worldwide
  23. 23. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation BScBA & MScBA BScBA BScBA & BScBIT BScBA Double Degree Programme
  24. 24. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation BFH Business School Welcome Week great opportunity to learn more about Bern and university life, meet other students. International Office Events events on a regular basis in order to provide a platform for networking between students, professors and staff. IFMP The International Family Mentor Programme with our local students in order to provide support and an excellent exchange experience.
  25. 25. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Study Environment Intensive Personal Support Situated in the City Centre in the Marzili district – the most popular outdoor swimming area along the Aare river. • Low student-lecturer ratio • Open and frequent communication with professors and International Office staff • Support in finding accommodation • University sport facilities for a very reasonable membership fee
  26. 26. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Make International Friends
  27. 27. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Virtual Tour ▶ https://www.tourmake.it/de/tour/27bfeaf9906d9d556b500c807df20604
  28. 28. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Study in Bern Develop intercultural competencies Experience another lifestyle Gettoknowpeoplefromall overtheworld Improve your foreign language skills @bfh_business_international
  29. 29. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Vision of the Business School of BFH «Our practice-focused teaching, continuing education and research enable domain specialists and executives as well as organisations to build values that reflect the digital future of business and society.»
  30. 30. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Organisation of the Business School of BFH 公共部門改革研究所
  31. 31. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Open. Participatory. Resilient. https://de.wikipedia.org BFHWirtschaft Direct Democracy 4.0 is an open, participatory and digital democracy. At the core is the maximization of Public Value.
  32. 32. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Open. Participatory. Resilient. That's how we imagine the public sector. And this is what we are committed to – with practical teaching and continuing education, as well as with application-oriented research. Our recipe for success: ▶ Think globally, act locally ▶ Bridging between different domains of expertise ▶ Multidisciplinary team well connected in science, practice and relevant communities. Our focus areas: ▶ Digital Democracy ▶ Data and Infrastructure ▶ Innovation. Institute Public Sector Transformation designed door Starline - Freepik.com
  33. 33. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Public Value at the Core: Topic-oriented, multi-stakeholder approach • Digitalisation monitoring for 2019 elections • AI/ML in political decision making … Digital Democracy • The Once-Only Project • Smart City • Memory institutions • Linked & Open Data … Data & Infrastructure • Communal monitoring • Chatbot Directorate of Education … Innovation
  34. 34. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Switzerland and its Educational System The Bern University of Applied Sciences Joint European-Japanese Research on Smart City Topics for Today
  35. 35. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Vision… 35Images: Smart City Nansha, ISA Internationales Stadtbauatelier, Wikimedia Commons;
  36. 36. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Vision… 36Images: Smart City Nansha, ISA Internationales Stadtbauatelier, Wikimedia Commons; Village Exotica
  37. 37. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation … or Nightmare? 37 Images: CBS News; Nanjin Transport Police's public Weibo post; ABC Australia
  38. 38. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Smart City Definitions „A city to be smart when investments in human and social capital and traditional (transport) and modern (ICT) communication infrastructure fuel sustainable economic growth and a high quality of life, with a wise management of natural resources, through participatory governance” Caragliu et al., 2011 „A smart city is a well-defined geographical area, in which high technologies such as ICT, logistic, energy production, and so on, cooperate to create benefits for citizens in terms of well-being, inclusion and participation, environmental quality, intelligent development; it is governed by a well-defined pool of subjects, able to state the rules and policy for the city government and development” Dameri, 2013 „A smart sustainable city is an innovative city that uses information and communication technologies (ICTs) and other means to improve quality of life, efficiency of urban operations and services, and competitiveness, while ensuring that it meets the needs of present and future generations with respect to economic, social, environmental as well as cultural aspects.” ITU-T, 2016 „Eine Smart City bietet ihren Bewohnern maximale Lebensqualität bei minimalem Ressourcenverbrauch dank einer intelligenten Verknüpfung von Infrastruktursystemen (Transport, Energie, Kommunikation, etc.) auf unterschiedlichen hierarchischen Stufen (Gebäude, Quartier, Stadt). "Intelligent" ist in diesem Zusammenhang nicht automatisch mit "IT" gleichzusetzen. Bei ähnlicher Performance sind passive oder selbstregulierende Mechanismen den aktiv geregelten Ansätzen vorzuziehen.” P. Richner, EMPA / IG Smart City Schweiz 38
  39. 39. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Different Smart City Applications Themes in Amsterdam Categories in Vienna 39 Sources: Amsterdam Smart City; Cohen 2014; Griffinger al. 2007; Haller 2019; Smart City WIen Energy Mobility Circular City Governance & Education Citizens & Living Smart City Academy Digital City Buildings / Health / Social Affairs Environment / Energy Location Mobility Digital Bildung Innovation
  40. 40. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation EU-Japan Project CPaaS.io City Platform as a Service – Integrated and Open Smart City Innovation is the goal of the CPaaS.io joint R&D project between Europe and Japan. This means creating value for the society and all actors in the city environment – people, private enterprises, public administrations. To achieve this, the CPaaS.io platform combines the capabilities of the Internet of Things (IoT), big data analytics and cloud service provisioning with Open Government Data and Linked Data approaches.
  41. 41. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Funding Institutions & Programmes H2020 EUJ-02-2016 / NICT (高度通信・放送研究開発委託事業) Project Volume 3.2 Mio. € / 304.5 PM Duration July 1, 2016 – December 31, 2018 (2.5 years) Project Data
  42. 42. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Project Objectives 1. Develop an Open Social City Platform 2. Deploy the City Platform as a Service Solution 3. Empower the citizen to her data 4. Validate the platform with use cases providing public value 5. Develop blue prints for the adaptation and transfer of solutions to other cities 6. Create impact in cities
  43. 43. Use Cases 09.07.2019 CPaaS.io - Consortium Confidential 43 Smart Transportation スマート輸送 Smart Emergency Care スマート緊急医療 Smart Water Management スマート水の管理 Smart Events スマート エベントSmart Government スマート政府
  44. 44. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Use Cases – Events & Tourism Event Experience ▶ More fun and excitement for participants at events like the "colour run" ▶ Increased number of participants ▶ Better information for international visitors (e.g., Snow Festival in Sapporo) ▶ Better logistics for organizers, participants and visitors Transportation ▶ Aggregated real-time information about public transport operations from multiple providers ▶ Scalability
  45. 45. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Use Cases – Waterproof Amsterdam Goals ▶ Early detection of high water levels / floods ▶ Safety of citizens Approach ▶ Citizens install water buffers and water level sensors, connected via a LoRaWAN network ▶ Data is collected, aggregated and analysed in the CPaaS.io platform ▶ Automatic triggering of governmental services ▶ Data available to third parties for additional usage and services Images: Rainproof Amsterdam (Merlijn Michon); Stowa - Bert-Jan van Weeren (https://youtu.be/7OeNDSepbUY)
  46. 46. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Use Cases – Emergency Services Yokosuka Goals ▶ Better health and emergency services for the population ▶ On-site triage suppport Approach ▶ Location data, images and IoT sensor data give emergency staff a complete picture of the situation ▶ Information exchange between ambulances, hospitals and potentially additional third party service providers ▶ Data analysis for better resource allocation Picture: Ubiquitous Networking Laboratory
  47. 47. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Video Yokosuka
  48. 48. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Summary: Main Project Results 48 Source:https://www.cpaas.io/?page_id=1152
  49. 49. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Connecting Technologies: Smart City Platform
  50. 50. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Smart City Platform Federation
  51. 51. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Dashboard with data from federated instances Source: AGT International
  52. 52. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation City Dashboard Example: Murcia, Spain 53 Source: http://mapamurcia.inf.um.es/
  53. 53. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation 54 Beneficiaries For whom is value delivered? Cost Structure What are the most important costs to implement and operate this Smart City application? Revenue Streams / Saving Potential How is the Smart City Application financed? Relationships Who are supporters and opponents? Stakeholder Management Key Activities What key activities are required to deliver the value proposition? Public Value Proposition What kind of public value is created? Which public value is delivered? What urban problems are solved? In what domain is the application, e.g.  Smart Energy  Smart Mobility  Smart Water  Smart Public Services  Smart Buildings  … Key Partners Who are the key partners? Key Resources What key resources are required to deliver the value proposition? Toolbox for City Developers Smart City Canvas: Public Value Proposition Source:ChristianPfister,StephanHaller,undEduardKlein.2019.TowardsaSmartCityBlueprint Template.InProceedingsofthe13thInternationalConferenceonDigitalSocietyand eGovernments–ICDS2019,Athens,February24-28,2019,pages30-36.
  54. 54. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Value Chain for Smart City Applications From Smart City Application Blueprint Template 55 Adapted from (Porter, 1985) and (Laaboudi, D'Ouezzan 2016) CoreElements Supporting Activities
  55. 55. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Do you need a Smart City Strategy? Example: Zürich Source: City of Zurich
  56. 56. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Toolbox for City Developers Smart City Strategy Framework 57 Smart City • Population • Development Stage • Political System • Education Level • Pressures City Context • Governance Model • Citizen Involvement • Motivation • City Role • Process Responsibility • Business Sector Development • Approach • Regional Cooperation Governance • Implementation Model • Application Domains • Performance Measures Implementation • Data Infrastructure • Networking Infra. (WLAN, IoT) • Cloud Infrastructure Infrastructure Smart City Source:HallerS,NeuroniA,FraefelM,andSakamuraK(2018):PerspectivesonSmartCities Strategies:SketchingaFrameworkandTestingFirstUses.InProceedingsof19thAnnual InternationalConferenceonDigitalGovernmentResearch(dg.o’18),AnnekeZuiderwijkAand HinnantC(Eds.).ACM,NewYork,NY,USA,Article4,9pages.
  57. 57. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation β Implementation Models Start with single application, expand from there Example(s) ▶ Sapporo ▶ Winterthur ▶ Yokosuka Platform as a basis for all Smart City applications Example(s) ▶ Vienna ▶ Murcia Enable different stakeholders to try and test different applications Example(s) ▶ Amsterdam Anchor Platform Beta-city Source:JeremyGreen.2016.TheSmartCityPlaybook: smart,safe,sustainable:StrategyReport. TechnicalReport.MachinaResearch.
  58. 58. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Effecting Transformation & Innovation Top-Down ▶ Traditional approach ▶ Often slow ▶ No failures accepted Bottom-Up 59 ▶ Co-Creation, building on knowledge, engagement and true needs of citizens ▶ Fast ▶ Fail to learn Typical Instruments ➜ Citizen Fora ➜ Hackathons ➜ Community Platforms ➜ Business Incubation Services ➜ …
  59. 59. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Bottom-Up Infrastructrure The Things Network: Coverage Amsterdam 60 Source: The Things Network, https://www.thethingsnetwork.org/community/
  60. 60. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation ▶ First edition held Dec. 17, 2017 – May 18, 2018 approx. 100 submissions ▶ Now running in its 3rd edition Example
  61. 61. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector TransformationSource: https://tokyochallenge.odpt.org/index.html
  62. 62. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation ▶ Cities need to learn from each other ▶ What works, what doesn’t… ▶ Needs ▶ Focus on public value, not technology ▶ Standardisation and interoperability ▶ The project conducted 3 open city workshops ▶ 2 in Tokyo, co-located with the TRON Symposium ▶ 1 in Bilbao, as part of IoT Week ▶ Cooperation with OASC (Open & Agile Smart Cities) Connecting Cities
  63. 63. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Research Community ▶ Concepts & Tools ▶ Projects Education ▶ Courses on Open Data, Smart City, IoT, Project Management Continued Usage of Project Results Cities ▶ Platform & Toolboxes ▶ Standard Interfaces ▶ Strategy Development ▶ Transfer of Use Cases ▶ New Use Cases
  64. 64. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Key Learning Successful digital transformation rests on 5 pillars Data for fact-based decisions Inter- connection People, machines, ideas Openness Open digital city culture and willingness to learn Innovation Policies Fostering of creativity and innovation Participation Population, public authorities, economic sector Images: Wikimedia Commons (Ryoji Ikeda, Günther Herrler), pixabay (rihaji, reinery), Publicdomainpictures (George Hodan)
  65. 65. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Open.Participatory.Resilient - The Smart City オープンシティ・ダイバシティ・セーフシティ
  66. 66. Bern University of Applied Sciences | Institute Public Sector Transformation Thank You! Gracias Mulțumesc 謝謝 Paldies Eskerrik asko Dziękuję Mahalo ‫תודה‬Go raibh maith agat спасибо Grazzi आभारी Xin cảm ơn 감사합니다 நன்றி Köszönöm ‫ﻣﺮﺳﻲ‬ Ndiyabulela Grazia Tak Благодаря Aitäh Terima kasih Děkuji Teşekkür ederim Asante Diolch ‫ﺷﻜﺮا‬ Takk Ďakujem Gràcies Kiitos Obrigado Ngiyabonga Þakka þér Grazas Tapadh leibh ขอบคุณ Faleminderit ありがとう Danke Ačiū Merci Grazie Hvala Ευχαριστώ Dankon Tack Dank je Grazcha

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