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Mi 361 new lesson 5 persecution early church-19th century

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Mi 361 new lesson 5 persecution early church-19th century

  1. 1. Persecution in the Church Lesson 5 Early America to Modern Persecution
  2. 2. Part II Persecution in Church History From the Time of Colonial America to Present Day
  3. 3. The Baptists were persecuted  Crimes such as  Preaching the gospel  Refusing to have infants baptized  Punishment  Whipping  Banishment  Fines  Property confiscated
  4. 4. In America before the constitution  Puritans, Anglicans and Congregationalists persecuted or discriminated against the Baptists  Taxation  Loss of property  Whipping  Incarceration
  5. 5. Roger Williams  Main proponent of: Separatism, freedom of religion separation of church and state Founded the first Baptist Church
  6. 6. Roger Williams  Because of his strong views on separation, he was to be arrested, but walked 100 plus miles in the snow and was rescued by the Indians  He basically set up Rhode Island as the first colony with complete religious freedom in the USA
  7. 7. Roger Williams and Indians
  8. 8. Roger Williams and John Clarke in Rhode Island  Went to England to get a charter – Williams returned without success from Oliver Cromwell, but after 12 years, John Clarke received the charter  Rhode Island – first place with religious liberty ever 1663 – Clarke had set up the first baptist church in 1638
  9. 9. First Baptist church in USA – by Williams & Clarke
  10. 10. Obadiah Holmes whipped  Clarke, Holmes & visiting preacher Crandall visited a parishoner just inside Massachusetts Bay. They were bound and brought into a Congregational church with hands tied and then charged with failure to remove their hats during a religious service. They were fined (also mentioned about infant baptism)
  11. 11. Obadiah Holmes  Holmes, a former Congregationalist, refused to have his fine paid, and was whipped so badly that blood overflowed his boots – for weeks he could not lay on his back
  12. 12. Obadiah Holmes whipping
  13. 13. Persecution by the Presbyterians  A small colony of 5 Baptist families was taxed to build a Presbyterian church. They were unable to pay, and their properties were sold at 10% of the value, much bought by the Presbyterian minister who was to move there
  14. 14. Persecutions under the Anglicans – James Ireland 1748-1806  22 years old arrested for preaching without authorization from the bishop  Placed in Culpepper Jail – tried to kill him with sulfur fumes, blow him up with gunpowder, poison him through a doctor, cursed and rode horses through those who gathered to hear him preach  Eventually a small church was built on the site of the infamous jail
  15. 15. James Ireland memorial
  16. 16. Persecutions endured – from court records  "pelted with apples and stone" "ducked and nearly drowned by 20 men" "commanded to take a dram, or be whipped" " jailed for permitting a man to pray" "meeting broken up by a mob" "arrested as a vagabond and schismatic" "pulled down and hauled about by hair" "tried to suffocate him with smoke" "tried to blow him up with gun powder"
  17. 17. Persecutions endured – from court records  " "dragged off stage, kicked, and cuffed about" "shot with a shot-gun" " ruffians armed with bludgeons beat him" "severely beaten with a whip" "whipped severely by the Sheriff" "hands slashed while preaching“
  18. 18. Virginia – Anglican laws which gave a little freedom  Patrick Henry volunteered to defend three baptist preachers – with success  One baptist preacher/county who could preach once every two months in one location and never at night. No mission work. They were convinced a church could not survive without government support. Freedom finally came in 1786
  19. 19. Summary observations thus far  As we began, we saw that the unsaved (children of the flesh) persecute the saved (children of the Spirit). Although the example in Galatians was of Ishmael and Isaac, that example remains true today and has been true since the beginning of the unsaved in the line of Cain.
  20. 20. Summary observations  Thus we can expect in any age that there will be religious persecution of the saved by the unsaved  With the beginning of Christianity, that persecution was outside the church, primarily from the Roman government
  21. 21. Summary observations  However, when Christianity was no longer a persecuted religion, unbelievers flooded into the church.  Many unbiblical heathen concepts entered the church, especially with the unsaved.
  22. 22. Summary observations  Now the church became powerful, wealthy, and began persecuting true believers.  We saw the beginning in the Old Testament, with kings and others persecuting the prophets.
  23. 23. Summary observations  The monolithic corrupt Catholic church began persecuting many, although at all times God has had His chosen believers within the church. When the concept of the state church arose, the Protestant churches also used the same methods.  The one church which has never persecuted by conviction is the Baptists
  24. 24. Summary observations  The concept of the state-church created many problems  All are in the church – saved and unsaved, by virtue of their birth into a location  Infant baptism is a way to ensure that all are in the state church, and insisting on freedom of choice is a threat to the state church existence  The more monolithic the structure, the greater opportunity for abuse
  25. 25. Persecution in Expansion  With expansion of outreach especially since the 19th century, new sources of persecution came forth  There was competition between churches over various new lands  There was direct conflict with other religions – Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Shintoism, etc
  26. 26. Persecution and martyrdom in missionary outreach  Raymond Lull was an early Catholic missionary to the Muslims. Originally rich and profligate, he got saved, cared for his wife and family, but then became a monk and went to reach the Muslims many times over many years
  27. 27. Raymond Lull, missionary to Islam  Finally he returned to Bugia, east of Algiers  After 10 months hiding, he presented himself publicly no longer hiding, and was stoned to death in 1315  Apparently some of his philosophical ideas were not well accepted, but it is clear that he had a tremendous burden and love for the Muslims
  28. 28. Life of Raymond Lull, killed by Muslims
  29. 29. John Williams  Very effective missionary to the Pacific Islands  He was finally killed and eaten on Erromango as he tried to extend to New Hebrides. There were clues that danger was there – no women on the shore, and he did not send natives first. He tried to outswim the natives, but was clubbed to death  His descendents went to Erromango to accept apologies from the natives in 2009
  30. 30. James Chalmers  Another effective Scottish missionary to the New Hebredes, loved by his people.  After many years he decided to extend his ministry to the dangerous Fly River area. He and a fellow missionary were clubbed to death and eaten
  31. 31. James Chalmers
  32. 32. John Coleridge Patteson  As Anglican bishop of Melanesia, he learned 20 different Melanesian languages. He brought native boys to New Zealand for education and to be returned as evangelists. Once he had over 50 students.  His plan was defeated by European “blackbirding” - capturing slaves. The natives became suspicious of his methods
  33. 33. John Patteson’s body set afloat
  34. 34. John Coleridge Patteson  When he went ashore, he did not return, and those following him were driven back by arrows. Later his body was pushed out in a canoe with 5 marked wounds for 5 men who had been stolen “blackbirded.  His death helped stop the practice of capturing slaves for sugar and cotton plantations, and raised up other missionaries
  35. 35. John Paton  He suffered a great deal under the natives of Tanna, and escaped. His wife and daughter had died there  He eventually went to Aniwa and had a very effective ministry for 24 years
  36. 36. Jim Elliot – Operation Auca  Members of three boards – all young; Nate Saint had been in Ecuador 7 years, as the oldest.  They were aware of the tragedy in Bolivia by NTM a decade earlier when hostile Indians killed 5 missionaries  They made contact in 1955 by plane, and landed 3 months later – knew little of the language
  37. 37. Jim Elliot  All 5 missionaries were killed by the Auca indians, but later Elizabeth Elliot and Rachel Saint lived among them and saw many get saved  It appears that the Auca are territorial, and view all foreigners as a threat which must be eliminated…  Many missionaries were recruited after their deaths
  38. 38. Jim Elliot and others
  39. 39. Nate Saint’s plane displayed at MAF
  40. 40. Dr. Carl Becker  Africa Inland Mission contacted him and he left for Africa with his wife and children. After living in several different areas, he settled in Oicha, Belgian Congo to work among the pygmies
  41. 41. Carl Becker  He was very innovative, especially with leprosy and psychiatric patients. He had 4000 patients in a 1100 acre compound and very great success – experts from over the world came. He was treating 2000 patients daily and doing 3000 operations per year  He also used electric shock therapy for psychiatric patients.
  42. 42. Carl Becker  At age 70, he left in 1964 escaped the Simbas (he had been targeted). He returned and continued 13 years after that and finally retired to the USA age 83.  He worked on a hospital and training center for Africans.
  43. 43. Dr. Carl Becker
  44. 44. Boxer rebellion – 184 missionaries murdered  This was a political uprising to rid China of all foreign influence  CIM lost many missionaries
  45. 45. Boxer rebellion
  46. 46. Boxer rebellion
  47. 47. John & Betty Stam  Much turmoil in China between communists and Chang Kai-Shek  CIM director Hoste asked for 200 volunteers. Betty went to China, loved John, but John finished school, and re- met Betty who came to Shanghai for health reasons. They were married next year and studied the language
  48. 48. John & Betty Stam  John was extremely adept and became fluent quickly in Chinese  The couple went to a small town in the interior of China  The country was overrun by Communist bandits. They seized both and held them for ransom
  49. 49. John & Betty Stam
  50. 50. John and Betty Stam  While held, the bandits talked about killing their 3 month old baby. When a prisoner protested, he was hacked to pieces. Betty hid the baby in a sleeping bag with money. When led to execution, a man protested. They found a Bible in his home, and he was executed as well.
  51. 51. John and Betty Stam  John and Betty Stam were executed by the communists publicly. - with a great outpouring of support for missions following.  The baby was hidden & brought by a Christian evangelist to another missionary family and was raised by family in the USA
  52. 52. Missionary Martyrs  Other famous martyrs were John Birch, evangelist who preached and rescued many during Japan’s invasion – from Hangchow.  Eric Liddell, great Olympic champion, grew up in China and returned after his Olympic victory. He evacuated his family but died later of a brain tumor when in a concentration camp. He gave a powerful witness in the camp.
  53. 53. Eric Liddell, missionary and Olympic champion
  54. 54. Part II Persecution in Church History The Present Day
  55. 55. Missionary Martyrs  Graham Staines, 58, director of Leprosy work in Orissa, India was murdered; burned to death with two sons while he slept while returning from a camp meeting. Graham was popular and a humble man who had served the lepers 35 years.  His wife publically forgave his murderers. The perpetrator was arrested 4 years later. Ferment was because the Christians abandoned old tribal customs
  56. 56. Graham Staines
  57. 57. Paul Carlson  Born in 1928, got training as MD, married with 2 children, wife a nurse. 1961 CMS asked for MDs for Congo and went where the political situation was volatile – stayed 5 months, felt the call to permanent missions  He left medical practice, came as missionary to Ubangi Providence. Communists came, and Paul moved his family to CAR. When he returned to close the hospital, the Simbas captured him. He was tortured 3 months, and then killed during a rescue operation when helping another missionary over a wall
  58. 58. Dr. Paul Carlson
  59. 59. Dr. Paul Carlson
  60. 60. Other martyrs – Simbas  Hector McMillan gunned down and two boys shot. They were rescued, had to leave Hector’s body behind. His wife had come to peace reading about Adoniram Judson’s mourning Ann’s death.  The two boys faked death – one had prayed “Father, forgive them for they know not what they do – 12 years old.
  61. 61. Other martyrs – Simbas  Jay Tucker, Assemblies of God 25 years, tortured and killed. They took 45 minutes torturing him, then dumped his body in the river for the crocodiles. But a convert used a tradition that someone’s blood in the river will carry the truth – and the majority of the tribe was saved
  62. 62. Other martyrs  Betty Olson - Vietnam... Initially other were killed in a leprosarium by the communists.  She had a difficult childhood as a MK raised in Africa, and then sent to boarding school. Her mother died of cancer when she was 17. Her father remarried, and she took training as a missionary nurse.  She went to Africa to work with her father and step-mother, but relationships were so difficult that she was asked to leave. She became depressed age 29
  63. 63. Other martyrs – Betty Olson  She escaped, but 6 years later was captured during the Tet offensive. She and two men were on a death march, malnurished with malaria, leaches, etc. One died. She was tortured and eventually killed. She suffered terribly and died of dysentery and malnutrition, but came out of a deep depression and resentment of her parents, and lived a selfless life her last years.
  64. 64. Other martyrs – Betty Olson  Benge, who survived, gave a strong testimony of her witness – he had survived 5 years in prison marches. Benge said she was the most selfless person he ever met – giving her meager food to indigeous Christians and coaxing him out of meningitis.
  65. 65. Nationals as martyrs  Chang Sen, blind evangelist, gave himself over when 50 Christians would have died –  They cremated his body because they were afraid he would rise from the dead
  66. 66. Terrorism & martyrdom  Terrorism viewed missionaries as enemies. Often they were considered CIA spies. Some Catholics were murdered by right wing groups. In Guatemala, 9 priests were killed in 9 months  Both left wing and right wing terrorists were active  Wycliffe decided not to yield to kidnapping demands
  67. 67. Terrorism & martyrdom  Chet Bitterman, struggling linguist, was singled out in Columbia when they did not find the head of mission. He had been there 2 years with his wife and two children. His wife’s parents were missionaries in Columbia. He was held 48 days, and then found shot in the chest.  Wycliffe was deluged with 200 volunteers to take his place.
  68. 68. Chet Bitterman
  69. 69. William Donald McClure  Old time missionary – evangelist, “doctor” without training, vet, agriculturalist, set up very successful broad-based ministries  Church planter, opposition from witch doctors – some were saved  He was shot to death by guerillas after Haile Selassie was deposed after 50 years in Ethiopia
  70. 70. In modern times other martyrs include  Marcus Whitman was killed by Indians  Chet Bitterman was executed by Marxist terrorists  Five men from NTM were killed by Indians  Twelve missionaries were executed by the Japanese at Hopewell – World War II  Many missionaries killed by the Simbas
  71. 71. Summary and conclusions  Persecution of believers started with Abel and has persisted to the present, and we can anticipate its continuation at least until Christ returns.  The righteous have been persecuted by the unrighteous, and especially the religious unrighteous, throughout the ages
  72. 72. Conclusions…  The Old Testament prophets and the New Testament apostles experienced persecution, and many experienced martyrdom.  Jesus, who is PERFECT RIGHTEOUS- NESS, suffered the worst persecution and abrogation of justice
  73. 73. Conclusions  The religious persecutors often believe that they are doing God’s work. The unreligious may simply enjoy showing their might.  When there is a union of the church and the state, there is almost inevitably persecution. Sometimes the persecuted turn persecutors when they gain power
  74. 74. Conclusions  We are not to fear persecution or persecutors, but rejoice that we are counted worthy to suffer for His sake  We must be careful that it is indeed for Christ’s sake that we suffer, and not for our own misdeeds or foolishness  We must not deny Christ  We must not place life or family above Christ
  75. 75. Conclusions  We have a responsibility to stand with those who are persecuted for righteousness sake – example Corrie Ten Boom, who hid Jews from the Nazis  The Lord promises to sustain us during all our trials, and never leave us or forsake us
  76. 76. Conclusions  Trials can purify or motives and demonstrate our priorities and our faith in a very tangible way  We are servants to our tormentors, and need to pray for them. Many have been saved – like Saul of Tarsus after the death of Stephan
  77. 77. Conclusions  God can show his great power when we choose to forgive our tormentors, and especially when we overcome evil with good. Repaying evil with good demands God’s supernatural power and can transform our suffering into an offering to Him
  78. 78. Forgiveness transforms  When Zacharias the high priest was stoned at the order of King Joash, he asked for revenge – and got it. Joash was later killed by his own servants and buried to the relief of all.  But when Jesus and Stephan forgave their persecutors, God’s great power was demonstrated transforming sinners to saints.
  79. 79. God uses persecution for witnessing opportunities  Paul looked at his imprisonment in this way, testifying before Kings and also presumably the emperor himself  He was very clear that his imprisonment was for the furtherance of the gospel (See Phil 1)
  80. 80. God uses persecution to purify us and prepare us for heaven  We see that all things that are permitted in our lives as Christians to conform us to the image of His son – with the goal of spending eternity with Him  Furthermore, there are great rewards for faithfulness in times of persecution