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Happiness in Public Policy OECD Panel Presentations

OECD World Forum Statistics Knowledge and Policy Happiness in Public Policy Presentation

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Happiness in Public Policy OECD Panel Presentations

  1. 1. HAPPINESS IN PUBLIC POLICYA step by step guide based on experience in the happiness movement Hosted by Laura Musikanski Executive Director happycounts.org Panelists: John Helliwell ON PARTNERSHIPS Rhonda Phillips ON THE HAPPINESS POLICY HANDBOOK Jean Crowder ON HURDLES Lester Kurtz ON SOCIAL MOVEMENTS Michael Moser ON MEASURING HAPPINESS Stefano Bartolini ON FOUR POLICIES SCHEDULE ONE-ON-ONE CONVERSATIONS WITH SELECT PANELISTS AT THE HAPPINESS ALLIANCE BOOTH
  2. 2. National well-being strategies should • Support official collection of happiness data • Reform cost/benefit analysis • Give subjective well-being a central umbrella role • Facilitate bottom-up happiness innovations • Use Partnerships for Happiness to bridge silos • That’s enough for seven minutes- Thank You From surveys to sidewalks How subjective well-being can inform roadmaps to national well-being
  3. 3. The Happiness Policy Handbook: How to Make Happiness the Purpose of Your Government By Laura Musikanski, Rhonda Phillips, and Jean Crowder Available soon for pre-orders from New Society Publishing See happycounts.org/happinesspolicy
  4. 4. Provides: Policy-makers, community organizers, and others the means to join the happiness movement and make a vital difference so that all people have equal opportunities to pursue happiness. “Not Giving Happiness, But Giving Fundamental and Equal Conditions of Happiness for All”
  5. 5. A clear, accessible and cohesive guide with two sections: • Context, history, and trajectory • (“our inalienable right to the pursuit of happiness”) • What happiness policy is and why it matters • The happiness – sustainability connection • Action plans that can be adapted and adopted to fit the area and situation by any level policy-maker • Happiness proclamations • Community engagement • Measuring happiness
  6. 6. And explanations, forms, and tools… • Happiness Policy Screening Tool • Social Media Guide • Happiness Surveys • Happiness Index Questions • Happiness Policy Screening Tool
  7. 7. Jean Crowder, former Member of Parliament Canada “The definition of insanity is doing the same thing over and over again but expecting different results.”
  8. 8. Solutions: • Get local communities to lead • Learn how to lobby effectively • Use Media – Digital and Traditional • Interest a key decision maker • Grassroots for campaigns
  9. 9. Mobilizing for Happiness Lester R. Kurtz George Mason University Korea OECD WORLD FORUM 2018 - See also Kurtz, “Shifting Economic Paradigms, Mobilizing a Movement” prepare for the UN Meeting on Happiness and Wellbing https://works.bepress.com/lester_kur tz/45/ ©2018 Lester Kurtz email: lkurtz@gmu.edu
  10. 10. Mobilizing a Movement: - Listen - Analyze - Mobilize
  11. 11. Listen-Analyze - Ascertain causes & consequences: social epidemiology - Look for opportunities for - Fair Distribution - Sustainability Galtung, Johan. “Cultural Violence.” Journal of Peace Research 27, no. 3 (1990): 291–305. Kurtz, Lester R. “Fighting Violence against Women: A Toolkit.” In Women, War, and Violence: Topography, Resistance, and Hope [2 Vols]. edited by Mariam M. Kurtz and Lester R. Kurtz. Santa Barbara, Calif: Praeger, 2015.
  12. 12. Mobilize with Nonviolence "Which way of life is the more desirable - to join with other citizens and share in the state's activity, or to live in it like an alien, absolved from the ties of political society?" Aristotle, Politics
  13. 13. Erica Chenoweth and Maria Stephan, Why Civil Resistance Works. Columbia University Press,2011
  14. 14. Effects of campaign membership on the probability of success (Chenoweth & Stefan 2011): Every national campaign 1900-2006 with 3.5% participation succeeded
  15. 15. Klar & Kasser: Activism→ Higher Wellbeing Klar, Malte, and Tim Kasser. “Some Benefits of Being an Activist: Measuring Activism and Its Role in Psychological Well-Being.” Political Psychology 30, no. 5 (2009): 755–77.
  16. 16. Role of Policy Makers Listen: See resistance movements as allies, ➔ Institutionalize communication channels ➔ Hear grievances with empathy ➔ Measure objective and subjective measures of wellbeing as official policy Analyze: What policies can promote Gross Global Happiness & Wellbeing? Mobilize: Act on findings, implement pro- happiness policies, resist when necessary
  17. 17. Applying Wellbeing Indicators The Vermont, USA Case Study Michael Moser
  18. 18. Wellbeing Indicators in Vermont • Genuine Progress Indicator (GPI) • Codified in Vermont Government Bylaws & Processes • Gross National Happiness Index (GNH) • Data Collection and Inclusion in Metrics Work
  19. 19. Factors Influencing Adoption • Small, Homogenous, Liberal, Civic-minded Population • Accessible Government Officials and Processes • Strong Leadership and Follow-through • Trusted Voices that Help Deliver the Messaging • Available Data
  20. 20. Michael Moser, Research Specialist and Program Coordinator, University of Vermont. mmoser@uvm.edu This is a Collaboration M
  21. 21. What matters for happiness? • Relationships matter a lot • Money? It matters little and mostly at low income levels
  22. 22. Policies for happiness Changing: • urban life • advertising • working life • schooling • health care
  23. 23. Changing cities For 5000 years, cities have been built as a place where people could meet Then cars arrived ….
  24. 24. The relational city • Where cars play a less dominant role people are happier and have more relationships. • Pedestrian areas, parks, sport centers, walkability, car restrictions, public transport, cycling.
  25. 25. Changing schools Students are taught: • Time to perform is not time for well-being • Competition • To focus on cognitive intelligence
  26. 26. Reducing advertising • Ban tv-ads targeting children • Heavy taxation on advertising
  27. 27. Changing work experience Incentives
  28. 28. Unsustainable health care
  29. 29. Results from epidemiology Happiness plays a dominant role in the health of individuals and populations
  30. 30. HAPPINESS IN PUBLIC POLICYA step by step guide based on experience in the happiness movement happycounts.org Rhonda Phillips Jean Crowder Laura Musikanski ON THE HAPPINESS POLICY HANDBOOK Lester Kurtz ON SOCIAL MOVEMENTS Michael Moser ON MEASURING HAPPINESS Stefano Bartolini ON FOUR POLICIES SCHEDULE ONE-ON-ONE CONVERSATIONS WITH SELECT PANELISTS AT THE HAPPINESS ALLIANCE BOOTH