SlideShare utilise les cookies pour améliorer les fonctionnalités et les performances, et également pour vous montrer des publicités pertinentes. Si vous continuez à naviguer sur ce site, vous acceptez l’utilisation de cookies. Consultez nos Conditions d’utilisation et notre Politique de confidentialité.
SlideShare utilise les cookies pour améliorer les fonctionnalités et les performances, et également pour vous montrer des publicités pertinentes. Si vous continuez à naviguer sur ce site, vous acceptez l’utilisation de cookies. Consultez notre Politique de confidentialité et nos Conditions d’utilisation pour en savoir plus.
The landscape of climate planning instruments available to countries under the UNFCCC process includes National Adaptation Plans (NAPs), Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and Long Term Strategies (LTS). These instruments have emerged at different milestones such as the Cancun Adaptation Framework and the Paris Agreement and have specific characteristics and objectives which can contribute to and reinforce each other if leveraged effectively. Despite their very distinctive nature, these national instruments can be harnessed to scale up climate change adaptation by fostering linkages depending upon country context.
Addressing climate resilience in sectors and across sectors is a vital part of climate planning. Adaptation in agriculture is a crucial component of building resilient economies and societies and is national priority for a significant number of countries. It is well established that agricultural sectors are amongst the most climate sensitive. Over 90 percent of developing countries’ NDCs refer to agriculture as a major priority.
The juxtaposition of the range of climate planning instruments on one hand, and the sensitivity of agriculture on the other requires that all instruments be linked, sequenced and aligned appropriately by countries to best fit their national circumstances.
The webinar will draw upon country-level experiences from NAP-Ag partner countries to highlight entry points for alignment and strategies to trigger this conversation.
Unpacking the characteristics of NAPs, NDCs and LTS.
Exploring steps being taken by ministries of agriculture, ministries of environment, water and finance to leverage these instruments to scale up climate adaptation in agriculture.
Identifying what linkages are already being fostered between NAPs, NDCs and LTS and the key considerations in advancing climate change adaptation in agriculture.
What is a long-term strategy? To achieve long-term goals, the Paris Agreement calls for countries to increase the ambition of their climate commitments over time. Parties’ “mid-century long-term low GHG emissions development strategies” or “long-term strategies” are central to achieving the goal of limiting warming and preventing some of the worst impacts of climate change. Ambitious long-term strategies are vital since current national climate plans (NDCs) are only sufficient enough to limit warming to 2.7-3.7 degrees C (4.9-6.7 degrees F). Countries were invited to submit their long-term strategies by 2020 and the first six countries – France, Benin, Germany, Canada, Mexico, the United States – did so in 2016. Emerging landscapes Under the Paris Agreement, there are a menu of climate planning instruments relevant to adaptation. There are not only Nationally Determined Contributions, and National Adaptation Plans but also Long Term strategies. Long term strategies are critical to adaptation planning as they set the goals and visions for low carbon and resilient growth in the long term. Synergies and linkages therefore need to include a discussion not only on NAPs-NDC linkages but also the priorities are in long term strategies. Although Long term strategies are voluntary for some countries, where they exist synergies between NAPs, NDCs and LTS need to be identified.
Distinction: Some countries prefer to clearly distinguish between the two frameworks. In such cases, the NDC deals with mitigation commitments and actions (perhaps backed by specific Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions or NAMAs), while the NAP is designated to take the lead on adaptation planning and action. Again, this option has been selected by a few countries in which NAP processes were well under way before the adoption of the Paris Agreement. Harmonisation : In this case, NDCs and NAPs are treated as separate yet harmonised. Here, the NDC is usually considered as a higher level framework for national-level goal-setting, while the NAP process takes on the more operational role of implementing actions towards these targets. Several countries that had completed an initial NAP process or where already very advanced in this exercise before the adoption of the Paris Agreement have favoured this approach. Integration: Other countries decide to engage in a single, national process for both NAP and NDC planning and implementation. This options is most likely to be found in countries that launched their NAP process following the adoption of the Paris Agreement.
Climate planning instruments such as NAPs, NDCs and LTS intersect on governance/institutional arrangements, building capacities, financing frameworks and monitoring and Reporting. Maximizing opportunities by harmonization and alignment can reduce duplications and inefficiencies at country level.
Agriculture sectors are critical for all SDGs, but in this case SDG 2 (ending hunger – 2017 is the 3rd successive year to have seen an increase in world hunger, meaning 1 in 9 are still going hungry, as well as SDG 13 – climate action – which needs to accelerate because agricultural sectors absorb as high as 25% of loss and damage from climate-related disasters. The adoption of the Koronivia Joint Work on Agriculture (KJWA) decision by COP23 in December 2017 marked a turning point for the status of agriculture in the international climate discourse. The KJWA has a roadmap that includes both mitigation and adaptation components. This includes a call from Parties to address the financing of climate change projects related to agriculture. Thus, there is now an explicit channel for support for agricultural sectors that also supports adaptation planning under the Agreement.
Under the Paris Agreement, there are a menu of climate planning instruments relevant to adaptation - . not only Nationally Determined Contributions, and National Adaptation Plans but also Long Term strategies Although Long term strategies are voluntary for some countries, where they exist synergies between NAPs, NDCs and LTS need to be identified. Forging NAP-NDC linkages are and need to remain country driven processes. Countries can choose to sequence and manage their NAP, NDC and LTS processes as well as linkages with SDGs based on national circumstances.
NAP-Ag - Addressing agricultural resilience in long term climate planning instruments
NAP-AG WEBINAR SERIES:
ADDRESSING AGRICULTURAL RESILIENCE IN
LONG TERM CLIMATE PLANNING
Rohini Kohli, UNDP
20 November 2018
NAPs, NDCs, LTS
landscape for NAP-
from the NAPs
NATIONAL ADAPTATION PLANS NATIONALLY DETERMINED
LONG TERM STRATEGIES
TIME FRAME Medium to Long Term (5 years or
more). Focus on iterative process
Every 5 years, based on
longer term planning (2025,
2030. Enhancing ambition
through every cycle
Up to 2050
(mostly not quantified at country
quantified) in many cases
adaptation is included
Mitigation/in some cases
(Contain quantified goals
FOCUS Cross sectoral (climate sensitive
sectors), Planning and Finance, often
linked to National Development
Emission intensive sectors –
agriculture et al + climate
sensitive sectors, planning
and finance, often linked to
National Development plan
Emission intensive sectors +
references to resilience
building objectives + SDGs
targets/milestones for 2030
UNFCCC Focal points/Ministries of
Environment, Ministries of Planning
UNFCCC Focal points,
Ministries of Environment,
Ministries of Planning,
Ministries of Finance
UNFCCC Focal points,
Ministries of Environment,
Ministries of Planning,
Ministries of Finance
NEXT SUBMISSION On a rolling basis to NAP Central. To New NDCs by February 2020 to LTS repository
WHY FOSTER LINKAGES?
Many emissions reduction strategies increasingly require adaptation to ensure long-term success
Tackling adaptation and mitigation together creates efficiencies, “win-wins” and opportunities for
Adaptation can help build political will for mitigation, especially in countries with low emissions and high
Excluding adaptation from development planning could lead to the impact of investments being lost
Separating planning for mitigation and adaptation can result in missed opportunities to maximize
synergies, avoid duplication and ameliorate limited staffing capacities in developing countries
Opportunity to align with long-term national development plans (SDGs, Sendai Framework)
Facilitates integration of adaptation into investment planning for domestic and international funding
Increases buy-in and understanding of public through unified consultation processes
EMERGING LANDSCAPE OF NAP-NDC
NAPs and NDCs are treated
as separate yet aligned. The
NDC is considered as
higher-level framework for
goal-setting, while the NAP
process takes on the more
operational role of
towards these targets
The NDC deals with
and actions (perhaps
backed by NAMAs), while
the NAP is designated as
the vehicle for adaptation
planning and action.
Countries decide to
engage in a single,
national process for both
NAP and NDC planning
Forging NAP-NDC-LTS linkages are country driven processes. Countries are choosing to
sequence and manage their NAP, NDC and LTS processes as well as linkages with SDGs
based on national circumstances
ENTRY POINTS FOR LINKAGES
• Policy Framework
• Awareness of CC
• Joint Skills
• ToT approach
• Use of financing
• Engagement of
• Alignment of
integration of CC
• M&E systems in
• Vehicles to report
• Sharing of
SECTORS AT THE
HEART OF NAP-
BENEFITS IN AGRICULTURE
116 countries refer to the agriculture sectors on
adaptation and mitigation in the NDCs
57 countries endorse or even prioritise actions
based on the potential synergies between
mitigation and adaptation (including climate-smart
Synergies and co-benefits are an important
component of countries long-term strategies:
o Adaptation co-benefits for mitigation:
Improving pasture management & increasing
protected areas would increase the carbon
o Mitigation co-benefits for adaptation:
protection of wetlands and watershed as
carbon sinks also reduces risks of flooding and
storm surges (Barbuda)
LESSONS LEARNT FROM THE NAP
Countries need support on:
o Bringing mitigation and adaptation stakeholders to the table
o Raising awareness on CC risks and opportunities among policy-makers, civil society and
o Taking stock of mitigation and adaptation interventions and identifying synergies (incl.
institutional and operational capacity building)
o Building an evidence base with the use of rigorous tools and approaches (climate
projections, cost-benefit analysis, impact evaluation, etc.)
o Translating priorities into climate actions and bankable projects on the ground
o Monitoring and reporting on progress of adaptation in light of NDC reporting and
At sectoral and subnational levels, institutional arrangements and plans are often cross-
Important to provide guidance and align at these levels
KEY MESSAGES ON LINKAGES
Menu of climate planning instruments relevant to adaptation under the PA
o Nationally Determined Contributions, and National Adaptation Plans but also Long Term strategies
o Synergies between NAPs, NDCs and LTS need to be identified.
Forging NAP-NDC-LTS linkages : country-driven processes.
The current landscape of NAP-NDCs linkages at country level displays varying characteristics
o Distinct/separate/dedicated processes for NAPs and NDCs
o Harmonized/Aligned processes
o Integrated processes
All three instruments intersect on the following.
o Capacity Building
o Financing frameworks
o Monitoring and reporting
Tapping opportunities for linkages can maximize use of resources.
RECENT AND UPCOMING ACTIVITIES
Asia Pacific Adaptation Network
Forum and pre-forum: 15-19th
October, Manila, Philippines
Regional NAP Expo on 22-23
October and NAP-GSP Training on
Innovation in Adaptation LAC on
24-26 October, Panama City
Country NAP process briefings incl.
2019: Publication on country case
studies on NAP-NDC linkages
Asia-Africa exchange on scaling up
adaptation finance for NDC
implementation (in cooperation
with GIZ) during APAN pre-forum
NAP-GSP Training in LAC will
include a peer-to-peer exchange
on NAP and NDC
Webinar on NAP-NDC-LTS linkages
Briefing paper on NAP-NDC
linkages in agriculture