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©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
BMW X1
2014
Sikkerhetskontroll klasse B på engelsk
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 On the driving test you will draw a card with
two of these questions.
 On the theory exam sever...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 VRC = Vehicle Registration Certificate
 GVW =Gross Vehicle Weight
Need help to translate:
 Spe...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
What is the maximum authorized
weight a trailer for this vehicle may have.
 See VRC page 2, secti...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 The friction on the front wheels will be
reduced.
 Steering stability will be reduced.
 Breaki...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Allowed payload including passengers is 480 kg..
 You, the driver is included in ”egenvekt med ...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 The friction on the front wheels will be
reduced.
 Steering stability will be reduced.
 Breaki...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 With a class B driving license you can drive a car and
trailer with GVW not more than 3500 kg.
◦...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Permissible total weight of this automobile is 2130 kg
 Permissible weight of the trailer is th...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 The friction on the front wheels will be
reduced.
 Steering stability will be reduced.
 Breaki...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Coupling load is the weight on the towbar
when towing. A bathroom scale can be used
to check thi...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Insert the ignition key into
position.
 This warning light will
then appear:
 If the lamp shut...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Children and small people can be injured by
the airbag.
 It is forbidden to have a
rear-facing ...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Press the start button without the
clutch in.
 Then this lamp will light up:
 The warning ligh...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Yes, it is not illegal. But you should be aware
that you can get a skid if you brake hard -
espe...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 This lamp should light
 .. for example if you use the hand brake.
 Hand Break and dual-circuit...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
Stop! Find the reason.
 This could be the dual-circuit system is not
functioning.
 Or that there...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Pump 5-6 times hard on the brake pedal, you
will now notice that it gets stiffer.
 Press the br...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 As a rule, it is NOT acceptable.
◦ as this offers reduced braking power.
◦ and because the pedal...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 While the engine is running:
◦ Depress the brake pedal as hard as you can.
◦ Hold down for appro...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Start the engine while turning left or right.
 The steering wheel should then be easy to
turn a...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Yes, it may be OK, but the steering will be
very heavy.
 If the car has an electromagnetic stee...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Turn on low beam, drive towards a
wall or similar to see if:
◦ It is light from both lamps.
◦ Th...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
1. Start
More pressure upwards
increases the tempo,
the first step is the
interval.
2. Stop
The wi...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
3. Starting the rain
sensor.
4. Washer windshield.
5. Speed ​​Switch for
Interval wiper and
rain s...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
1. Start rear window wiper.
2. Start rear window washer.
Check the window wiper in the
rear window...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Use this!
Set the heater / defroster allowing
you to remove ice and mist on the
windscreen as ef...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Use this!
Set the heater / defroster allowing
you to remove ice and dew on the
rear window as ef...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Use this!
Set the heater / defroster the way
you want it while driving.
29
In car
Engine on
Park...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 The mirrors are automatically heated when the
outside temperature indicate that it is needed.
 ...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Press here
Make sure the sound horn works.
31
In car
Engine on
Park.lights
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
1. High beam
2. Dipped beam in the
first step.
2. Headlight flash in the
second step.
Pull the lev...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Look for:
◦ Signs of wear..
◦ Tears
◦ Other damage
 Check if the belt tightener works.
◦ Pull t...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 The belt will be loose and will not tighten well
enough on impact.
What are the risk of using be...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 It is located in the door at the driver's seat.
 It should be accessible from the driver's seat...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 50 meters in urban areas.
 150 meters outside urban areas.
 Terrain and traffic volume may hav...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 No, it is not justifiable.
 The vehicles behind us will not understand
when we break.
 The err...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 It can be worn brake pads, which means the
brake system needs more fluid to "press" the
brake pa...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Winter tires: Minimum 3.0 mm.
Summer tires: Minimum 1.6 mm.
In the period when it is permitted w...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 For better road grip.
 In order for water to be drained away.
Why is there a demand for a
certa...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 High or low beam will reduce the effect of the
hazard warning lamps.
 Emergency lights will "dr...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 In case of emergency to mark the car.
 If there is a situation that requires extra
attention.
I...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
What is the correct tire size for
this car?
 Look in the VRC
The dimension should be 225/50 R 17....
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 225 is the width in millimeters.
 50 is the height of the tire as a percentage of
the width.
 ...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Look in the VRC
(Vehicle registration certificate)
How big load capacity must the
tires possess ...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Look in the VRC
(Vehicle registration certificate)
What speed must the tires on this
this car to...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
Merking Maks km/t
L 120
M 130
N 140
P 150
Q 160
R 170
S 180
T 190
U 200
H 210
V 240
W 270
Y 300
Z ...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Blending Risk.
 Oncoming traffic becomes irritated.
 Your eyes are drawn down right in front o...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 In the dark, you have to run with the low
beam or high beam.
 Fog is only allowed when there is...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 They can be highly dazzling, especially if you
are running in a line.
 Brake lights can drown i...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Parking in the dark without other light
sources.
In what situation is it important
that the park...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
52
Check for loose stuff in the car
which may cause damage.
 Remove loose items that can roll und...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Open the trunk.
 Lift the two plates, the battery will appear at
the bottom right side of the t...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Warning triangle can be found in the trunk.
 Go with the reflective side of the warning
triangl...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Pull the lever as shown in the top
picture.
 The hood can now be lifted a few
centimeters.
 Sl...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 The engine must have been off for 5 min.
before checking the oil, so that all the oil in
the eng...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Here
Show refilling place for engine oil.
57
Engine room
Engine off
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Here
Show refilling place for
windshield washer fluid.
58
Engine room
Engine off
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 At the back of the engine
compartment of the vehicle's left
side is a lid that you lift up.
 He...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Before checking the tires you should start the engine and
turn the wheel well to the right or le...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Visual inspection:
◦ Does the tires look similar according to tire wear,
sort and air pressure.
...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Tears in the sidewall, usually after meeting
with the curb.
 Dents in the rim. This leads to in...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Visual inspection, compare all the tires.
 You can also use the depth gauge.
 Check the wear a...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 See the door frame at the drivers seat.
What is the correct air pressure in
the front tires for ...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
Check the markings on the tires.
Compare with the numbers in the VRC.
 Look in the VRC.
 The dim...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Remember there are three lights!
 Are you alone you can reverse against a
window to check this....
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Turn on the light switch located in the middle
of the dashboard.
 Check that all directional li...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 The switch is located on the far left of the
dashboard.
 Go out and see if they work.
Check if ...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 The switch is located on the far left of the
dashboard.
 Go out and see if they work.
Check if ...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 These are the lights that come on
automatically when you start the car.
 Parking lights are whi...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Lift the wiper arm, look for
◦ wear
◦ tears
◦ loose rubber
 Get in the car and look for
stripes...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Steering angle to either side.
◦ Check that it is as large steering angle (turns) to both
sides....
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Incorrect air pressure.
 Error in the front suspension.
 Track on the road.
What could be the ...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Take full steering lock; turn the steering
wheel all the way to the left while driving
slowly or...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Run between 30-40 km/h straight on flat and
straight stretch.
 Brake while loosen the grip on t...
©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012
 Good luck!
That’s all
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Safety check class B license Norway BMW X1 2014

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Safety check class B license Norway BMW X1 2014

  1. 1. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012 BMW X1 2014 Sikkerhetskontroll klasse B på engelsk
  2. 2. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  On the driving test you will draw a card with two of these questions.  On the theory exam several of these questions are actual.  If you have suggestions for better English and other improvements in this slide show we will be grateful. ◦ Suggestions can be sent to vidar@trafikkskolen.no 2 This slideshow is made for driving school students in Norway.
  3. 3. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  VRC = Vehicle Registration Certificate  GVW =Gross Vehicle Weight Need help to translate:  Sperrefrist  Selvoppretting  Retningsstabil  Beltestrammer 3 Abbreviations, explanations and words that are hard to translate
  4. 4. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012 What is the maximum authorized weight a trailer for this vehicle may have.  See VRC page 2, section 8 Weights. Under (O.1) states: The permitted trailer weight with brake is 2000 kg 4 In car Engine off VRC
  5. 5. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  The friction on the front wheels will be reduced.  Steering stability will be reduced.  Breaking distance will increase.  If your lights rise you will blend oncoming traffic  In addition, you risk fines or penalty, and “sperrefrist” (means you have to wait 6-24 months until you can start driver training) What will be the consequences if you run a too heavy trailer for the car? 5 In car Engine off VRC
  6. 6. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Allowed payload including passengers is 480 kg..  You, the driver is included in ”egenvekt med fører*”.  If the teacher or examiners weight is e.g. 100 kg, you can carry passengers and luggage weighing up to 380 kg. * Net weight + 75 kg for the driver. How much payload can this car have in addition to us who are in the car now? 6 In car Engine off VRC
  7. 7. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  The friction on the front wheels will be reduced.  Steering stability will be reduced.  Breaking distance will increase.  If your lights rise you will blend oncoming traffic.  In addition, you risk “sperrefrist” and fines or penalty. Disadvantages you may expererience if your car is loaded too heavy? 7 In car Engine off VRC
  8. 8. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  With a class B driving license you can drive a car and trailer with GVW not more than 3500 kg. ◦ Exception: If the car you drive has a gross weight up to 3500 kg, you can still tow a trailer of up to 750 kg GVW. So the absolute maximum permissible gross combination weight being 4250 kg. What GVW can trailer behind this car have when the driver has a driving license for category B? To be cont…. 8 In car Engine off VRC
  9. 9. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Permissible total weight of this automobile is 2130 kg  Permissible weight of the trailer is then 3500-2130 = 1370 kg  In addition, the car factory should approve such a heavy trailer. (OK, 2000 kg is accepted) …continued. 9 In car Engine off VRC
  10. 10. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  The friction on the front wheels will be reduced.  Steering stability will be reduced.  Breaking distance will increase  If your lights rise you will blend oncoming traffic.  In addition, you risk “sperrefrist” and fines or penalty. What will be consequences to run with a trailer with too big GVW? 10 In car Engine off VRC
  11. 11. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Coupling load is the weight on the towbar when towing. A bathroom scale can be used to check this.  Roof load on this car is listed in the manual on page 225: 75 kg! What is the maximum permissible coupling load 'and roof load on this car? 11 In car Engine off VRC
  12. 12. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Insert the ignition key into position.  This warning light will then appear:  If the lamp shuts off after a few seconds is all fine. Check if the warning light for the airbags work. 12 In car Engine off Key
  13. 13. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Children and small people can be injured by the airbag.  It is forbidden to have a rear-facing child seat in the front seat with an active airbag. Does it matter what kind of passengers you have in the front passenger seat if there is an airbag. 13 In car Engine off
  14. 14. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Press the start button without the clutch in.  Then this lamp will light up:  The warning lights go off after a few seconds if everything is in order. Check that the ABS warning light is working. 14 In car Ignition on
  15. 15. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Yes, it is not illegal. But you should be aware that you can get a skid if you brake hard - especially on slippery roads.  The best is of course to get this fixed quickly. Is it safe to run if the ABS light is on? 15 In car Ignition on
  16. 16. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  This lamp should light  .. for example if you use the hand brake.  Hand Break and dual-circuit brake system shares the warning lamp, so that every time you pull the hand brake you also check that the warning lamp for dual- circuit brake system works.  If the warning light does not work when you pull the hand brake you should know that you will not be notified if there is a problem with the dual-circuit brake system. Check if the warning light for dual-circuit brake system works. 16 In car Ignition on
  17. 17. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012 Stop! Find the reason.  This could be the dual-circuit system is not functioning.  Or that there is little brake fluid.  There may be a fault with the handbrake.  Maybe it is a technically fault and a defective control unit. What will you do if this lamp Illuminates while driving? 17 In car Ignition on
  18. 18. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Pump 5-6 times hard on the brake pedal, you will now notice that it gets stiffer.  Press the brake pedal firmly.  Restart the engine while keeping the pressure on the brake pedal.  The brake pedal should creep in if everything is in order. Check if the braking power booster works. 18 In car Ignition on
  19. 19. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  As a rule, it is NOT acceptable. ◦ as this offers reduced braking power. ◦ and because the pedal will be VERY heavy and hard. Is it safe to drive if the brake booster does not work? Explain your answer. 19 In car Engine on
  20. 20. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  While the engine is running: ◦ Depress the brake pedal as hard as you can. ◦ Hold down for approx. 5 seconds. ◦ You will meet real resistance all the time! ◦ If the brake pedal sag inward there must be a leak somewhere and you should not run. ◦ The brakes should resist a pressure of 100 kp. ◦ This control should be taken every time you start driving. Check that the brakes can withstand pressure. 20 In car Engine on
  21. 21. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Start the engine while turning left or right.  The steering wheel should then be easy to turn as you start the engine. Make sure that the power steering works. 21 In car Engine off Engine on
  22. 22. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Yes, it may be OK, but the steering will be very heavy.  If the car has an electromagnetic steering control it will not be sustainable, as this may damage the controller further. Is it safe to run if the power steering is not working? 22 In car Engine on
  23. 23. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Turn on low beam, drive towards a wall or similar to see if: ◦ It is light from both lamps. ◦ The lights lit higher / longer on the right side.  A gas station or a garage can help you in a fast and cheap way to adjust the lights. Make sure that the dipped beam works properly. 23 It should look like this when you light up a wall or similar. In car Engine on
  24. 24. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012 1. Start More pressure upwards increases the tempo, the first step is the interval. 2. Stop The wiper goes slower for every step you take it down. If you start from a neutral position and takes it a step down it goes as long as you hold it down. Make sure that the wiper works properly. 24 In car Engine on Park.lights
  25. 25. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012 3. Starting the rain sensor. 4. Washer windshield. 5. Speed ​​Switch for Interval wiper and rain sensor. Make sure the window wiper works properly. 25 In car Engine on
  26. 26. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012 1. Start rear window wiper. 2. Start rear window washer. Check the window wiper in the rear window 26 In car Engine on Park.lights
  27. 27. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Use this! Set the heater / defroster allowing you to remove ice and mist on the windscreen as efficient as possible. 27 In car Engine on Park.lights
  28. 28. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Use this! Set the heater / defroster allowing you to remove ice and dew on the rear window as efficient as possible. 28 In car Engine on Park.lights
  29. 29. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Use this! Set the heater / defroster the way you want it while driving. 29 In car Engine on Park.lights
  30. 30. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  The mirrors are automatically heated when the outside temperature indicate that it is needed.  But anyway it is a good idea to bring an ice scraper . How do you remove ice and dew from the mirrors? 30 In car Engine on Park.lights
  31. 31. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Press here Make sure the sound horn works. 31 In car Engine on Park.lights
  32. 32. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012 1. High beam 2. Dipped beam in the first step. 2. Headlight flash in the second step. Pull the lever towards you. 3. Turn signal (indicator) Make sure the flashlights works? (Twinkle Long-lights) 32 In car Engine on Park.lights
  33. 33. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Look for: ◦ Signs of wear.. ◦ Tears ◦ Other damage  Check if the belt tightener works. ◦ Pull the belt out completely and release.  Check the locking mechanism. ◦ Lock the belt and pull hard  Check the stop function: ◦ Pull firmly on the belt to check that it stops. Check all the safety belts. 33 In car Engine off
  34. 34. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  The belt will be loose and will not tighten well enough on impact. What are the risk of using belts with a bad tightener? 34 (c) Vidar Trane 21.04.2012 In car Engine off
  35. 35. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  It is located in the door at the driver's seat.  It should be accessible from the driver's seat, and can also be located in the glove compartment or under the seat. Locate the reflective vest. 35 In car Engine off
  36. 36. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  50 meters in urban areas.  150 meters outside urban areas.  Terrain and traffic volume may have other requirements. 36 How far from your car you should go before you put the warning triangle from you? In car Engine off
  37. 37. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  No, it is not justifiable.  The vehicles behind us will not understand when we break.  The error can be a blown fuse or bulbs that don’t work. Is it safe to drive when the brake lights don’t work? 37 In car Engine off
  38. 38. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  It can be worn brake pads, which means the brake system needs more fluid to "press" the brake pads against the brake discs.  There may also be leakage in the brake system.  Do not refill the brake fluid!  Leave this to a professional repair shop. What could be the reason for low brake fluid level? And what do you want to do about it? 38 In car Engine off
  39. 39. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Winter tires: Minimum 3.0 mm. Summer tires: Minimum 1.6 mm. In the period when it is permitted with studded tires: October15 th.- May 1st.in Northern Norway and November 1st.- First Sunday after 2 Easter day in the rest of the country there should be at least 3mm tread depth no matter what tire you run with. What is the requirement for tread depth. Winter or summer? 39 In car Engine off
  40. 40. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  For better road grip.  In order for water to be drained away. Why is there a demand for a certain tread depth? 40 In car Engine off
  41. 41. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  High or low beam will reduce the effect of the hazard warning lamps.  Emergency lights will "drown" in the other lights.  Optimally, you should have emergency signals alone, as it gives the best effect. Which light should not be on together with emergency lights? 41 In car Engine off
  42. 42. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  In case of emergency to mark the car.  If there is a situation that requires extra attention. In what situation it is appropriate and important to use the hazard warning lamps? 42 In car Engine off
  43. 43. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012 What is the correct tire size for this car?  Look in the VRC The dimension should be 225/50 R 17. 43 In car Engine off VRC
  44. 44. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  225 is the width in millimeters.  50 is the height of the tire as a percentage of the width.  17 is the diameter of the rim in inches.  90 is the load index and indicates how much load the tire can withstand.  H = Speed ​​code. What does the marking on the tires means? 44 In car Engine off VRC
  45. 45. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Look in the VRC (Vehicle registration certificate) How big load capacity must the tires possess on this car? 45 In car Engine off VRC
  46. 46. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Look in the VRC (Vehicle registration certificate) What speed must the tires on this this car to be approved for? 46 In car Engine off VRC
  47. 47. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012 Merking Maks km/t L 120 M 130 N 140 P 150 Q 160 R 170 S 180 T 190 U 200 H 210 V 240 W 270 Y 300 Z over 240 km/t Speed and load tags. (Not curriculum) Lasteindex Kg Lasteindex Kg 78 425 92 630 79 437 93 650 80 450 94 670 81 462 95 690 82 475 96 710 83 487 97 730 84 500 98 750 85 515 99 775 86 530 100 800 87 545 101 825 88 560 102 850 89 580 103 875 90 600 104 900 91 615 105 925 47 In car Engine off VRC
  48. 48. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Blending Risk.  Oncoming traffic becomes irritated.  Your eyes are drawn down right in front of the car because the light is strongest there.  You may be penalized for incorrect use of lights. What disadvantages will it have if cornering/fog lights are misused? 48 In car Engine off
  49. 49. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  In the dark, you have to run with the low beam or high beam.  Fog is only allowed when there is dense fog, heavy rain or as sharp turns that you have to look wayside extra good.  Fog lights can be used daytime as running lights (kjørelys) with parking lights. When is it permitted to use curve/ fog lights? 49 In car Engine off
  50. 50. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  They can be highly dazzling, especially if you are running in a line.  Brake lights can drown in the stronger fog lights. What disadvantages might be about fog lights behind misused? 50 In car Engine off
  51. 51. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Parking in the dark without other light sources. In what situation is it important that the parking lights are in order? 51 In car Engine off
  52. 52. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012 52 Check for loose stuff in the car which may cause damage.  Remove loose items that can roll under the pedals.  Place heavy items in the trunk. In car Engine off
  53. 53. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Open the trunk.  Lift the two plates, the battery will appear at the bottom right side of the trunk.  In this car the battery can’t detach, but on many vehicles the battery are mounted high in the engine compartment.  If it then get loose it can cause spillage of battery acid which again can cause a short circuit. Make sure the battery is secure. What are the risks of running with a loose battery? 53 Trunk Engine off
  54. 54. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Warning triangle can be found in the trunk.  Go with the reflective side of the warning triangle in the direction you are going to show yourself.  Wear reflective vest before going out with the triangle. Locate the warning triangle and install this properly. 54 Trunk Engine off
  55. 55. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Pull the lever as shown in the top picture.  The hood can now be lifted a few centimeters.  Slide your fingers under the hood just to the right of the BMW brand.  Drag your fingers toward the left until you feel a lever that gives way.  Keep it to the left while lifting the hood.  To close the hood: Drop it from 15 to 20 cm height. Open the hood. 55 Engine room Engine off
  56. 56. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  The engine must have been off for 5 min. before checking the oil, so that all the oil in the engine will run down.  The car must be completely flat.  Find paper in the right rear door.  The dipstick is located on the vehicle's left rear of the engine compartment.  Pull it up and wipe oil off the bottom.  Insert the dipstick all the way down while holding the top and middle of the stick.  Now when you drag it up again there should be oil between the two lines. Check the oil level. 56 Engine room Engine off Paper
  57. 57. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Here Show refilling place for engine oil. 57 Engine room Engine off
  58. 58. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Here Show refilling place for windshield washer fluid. 58 Engine room Engine off
  59. 59. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  At the back of the engine compartment of the vehicle's left side is a lid that you lift up.  Here you will find the container.  Check that the fluid level is between the two marks. Check the brake fluid level. 59 Engine room Engine off
  60. 60. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Before checking the tires you should start the engine and turn the wheel well to the right or left so that the tread is visible.  A tread gauge can be found in the center console between the seats.  Normally, you should check your tire pressure with a tyre pressure gauge. ◦ Using this it is easy to let out some air so that it becomes different air pressure in tires on the same axle. ◦ The BMW will register this immediately and the alarm will go! ◦ To prevent this, we have removed the tyrte pressure gauge on the BMW. The examiners know about the problem. 60 Tires Outside Engine off
  61. 61. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Visual inspection: ◦ Does the tires look similar according to tire wear, sort and air pressure.  Check if there is something "unnatural" at the wheels. Check the tires and wheel rims for damage. 61 Outside Engine off
  62. 62. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Tears in the sidewall, usually after meeting with the curb.  Dents in the rim. This leads to instability,  Bubbles in the side of the tire will cause the gain of the tire to be very reduced. What tire damage is most common? 62 Outside Engine off
  63. 63. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Visual inspection, compare all the tires.  You can also use the depth gauge.  Check the wear alerts on the tires.  The minimum tread depth in summer is 1.6 mm, and in winter it is minimum 3.0 mm.  See also page 39.  In the tread pattern is also found small "rubber lumps" or wear indicators that indicate how worn the tires are. Check the tread depth of the tires on both front wheels. 63 Outside Engine off
  64. 64. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  See the door frame at the drivers seat. What is the correct air pressure in the front tires for this car. 64 Outside Engine off
  65. 65. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012 Check the markings on the tires. Compare with the numbers in the VRC.  Look in the VRC.  The dimension should be 225/50 R 17  Speed ​​code to be H or higher.  Load index must be at least 90. 65 Outside Engine off VRC
  66. 66. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Remember there are three lights!  Are you alone you can reverse against a window to check this.  Or for example, bend the snow brush between the brake pedal and the seat while you go out and see if they work.  (Useful when driving with a trailer.) Check that all the brake lights work. 66 Inside /outside Engine on Driver’s mate
  67. 67. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Turn on the light switch located in the middle of the dashboard.  Check that all directional lights on the car works. Check if the hazard warning lamps works. 67 Inside /outside Engine on Driver’s mate
  68. 68. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  The switch is located on the far left of the dashboard.  Go out and see if they work. Check if the curve / fog lights work? 68 Inside /outside Engine on Driver’s mate
  69. 69. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  The switch is located on the far left of the dashboard.  Go out and see if they work. Check if the rear fog lights works? 69 Inside /outside Engine on Driver’s mate
  70. 70. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  These are the lights that come on automatically when you start the car.  Parking lights are white and the front of the car.  The rear lights (taillights) are red.  Check that they work by going around the car. Make sure the parking lights, taillight and number plate lights works. 70 Inside /outside Engine on
  71. 71. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Lift the wiper arm, look for ◦ wear ◦ tears ◦ loose rubber  Get in the car and look for stripes during wiping. Check the wiper blades. 71 Inside /outside Engine on
  72. 72. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Steering angle to either side. ◦ Check that it is as large steering angle (turns) to both sides.  Check backlash in the steering (max. 2-3 cm). ◦ Turn 2-3 cm on the wheel and see if the steering takes control.  Listen for unusual sounds while turning.  Check if the vehicle has directional stability. ◦ In 30 km/h on a flat and straight road, verify this by loosening the grip on the steering wheel and check that the car goes straight. Check that the steering is in order. 72 At speed
  73. 73. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Incorrect air pressure.  Error in the front suspension.  Track on the road. What could be the reason why the car pulls to one side. 73 At speed
  74. 74. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Take full steering lock; turn the steering wheel all the way to the left while driving slowly or standing still.  Hands off the steering wheel.  Start driving after you have checked mirrors and blind spot.  The steering wheel should return to neutral - straight - position.  Repeat to the right. Check if the steering is self- rectificated. 74 At speed
  75. 75. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Run between 30-40 km/h straight on flat and straight stretch.  Brake while loosen the grip on the steering wheel.  Clutch in.  Brake progressively harder until the car stops. The car should head straight.  If not, the brake pads must be uneven weared. Check the brakes have an offlead angle. 75 At speed
  76. 76. ©Vidar Trane 18.01.2012  Good luck! That’s all 76
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Safety check class B license Norway BMW X1

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