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Lesson 10

  1. 1. Motivation: Identify the type of speech described. Choose your answer from the options below. Informative Inspirational Persuasive Entertaining Argumentative 1. It aims to make the audience smile. 2. It aims to teach the audience something new. 3. Its objective is to convince people to change their ways. 4. . It helps the audience to gain confidence when feeling low. 5. It aims to show people why one thing is more important than the other.
  3. 3. Learning Objectives: At the end of the lesson, the students must be able to: a. Classify speeches according to purposes b. Identify the speech used. c. Write and deliver a speech using the principles of effective speech in their delivery
  4. 4. 1. The Informative Speech • The aim of this speech type is to teach the audience something new or to provide the audience worthwhile information. In this type, the speaker presents the “what”, “why” and the “how” of his topic.
  5. 5. a. Demonstration or Explanation This type of informative speech is also referred to as the “how to” speech or the “process speech.” It explains how something works, how something is done, how something is developed or acquired. b. Definition This type of informative speech aims to give the meaning of words or phrases, or issues which may be considered controversial or difficult to understand.
  6. 6. c. Description This type aims to make the audience imagine how a person or object looks like by the use of descriptive words that appeal to the senses like the smell, taste, looks, touch, and sound.
  7. 7. Tips for effective informative speaking are as follows: - Choose a topic that will be interesting to the audience. - Quality is more important than quantity. Keep your speech simple by not giving too much information so as not to confuse or lose your audience. - Use terms that your audience will understand. If you need to introduce a new terminology make sure to define or explain what it means. - Use facts and statics sparingly. - Stick to your purpose which is providing you audience information.
  8. 8. Speeches about events When a public speaker talks about things that can inspire your senses, like touch, smell or feel, it is a speech about objects and involves talking about things in the sensory and physical world. Speeches about objects Some speeches are written to inform people of a current or past happening. This is a speech about an event, and it is meant to bring people up to speed on things that have, are or will be going on in the world.
  9. 9. Speeches about concepts A cooking demonstration is a good example about doing processes because it instructs the audience on how to do something through a process. Speeches about processes There are speeches that are a bit more abstract than a current event or even a how-to-talk. Some are speeches about concepts, written about theoretical ideas and notions, like world peace, freedom or love.
  10. 10. 2. The Inspirational Speech An inspirational speech aims to motivate or inspire an audience, to help them be positive and optimistic about things. Although this type of speech may also give information or persuade or entertain the audience, its optimum goal is to inspire people – to make an audience desire to achieve their goals in life, to uplift their faith, or to maximize their potentials.
  11. 11. The following are tips for an effective inspiration speech: - Speak from the heart. The audience will feel the honesty in your voice and actions. They will feel if you are not genuine in your statements. - Be the first to believe in your topic, or your audience will not believe it likewise. - Keep your audience’s interest at its highest to keep theme focused and interested in your speech. - Be your best so that your audience will remember you even if time has long passed.
  12. 12. 3. The Argumentative Speech An argumentative speech aims to convert the audience to agree on the speaker’s point or side. Primarily, an argumentative speech centers on controversial issues and the speaker presents evidence to support his claim that his side is the truth.
  13. 13. a. Appeal to Reason (Logos) This is a rhetorical strategy used to lead the audience in making a conclusion based on facts presented by the speaker. For example, if you would like to convince your audience to stop smoking, you would be presenting facts or proofs that smoking can make people sick and kill them. b. Appeal to Emotions (Pathos) This strategy is used to persuade the audience by targeting their feelings. Let us say, you would like to convince your audience to stop smoking as in the example given in appeal to reason, telling them a story of how a father and his child got sick because of smoking and both developing lung disease – the father from first hand smoking, and the child, being exposed to the smoke.
  14. 14. c. Appeal to Character (Ethos) Ethos is an appeal to ethics. This type of appeal is used to persuade the audience based on the character of the persuader or the speaker, not of the audience
  15. 15. 4. The Persuasive Speech The persuasive speech, just like an argumentative speech is aimed at convincing the audience to believe or to adapt something. The difference is that, a persuasive speech attempts to influence not only the audience’s belief, but also its attitude and behavior.
  16. 16. The following tips will aid you in preparing your speech: Establish credibility by demonstrating expertise, credibility and knowledge of the subject. This can be done by presenting facts, statistics, statements or quotes, and even personal experiences to make your audience believe what you are saying. Convey your subject with passion and enthusiasm. Show your audience that you are not only there as a speaker, but you are also involved. Choose a doable proposition. Do not take a task that cannot be accomplished.
  17. 17. a. Convincing A convincing speech is designed to cause the audience to internalize and believe a viewpoint that they did not previously hold. In a sense, a convincing argument changes the audiences’ mind. b. Actuation An actuation speech has a slightly different goal. It is designed to cause the audience to do something, to take some action. This type of speech is particularly useful if the audience already shares some or all of your view.
  18. 18. c. Stimulation Persuasive speech can also be used to enhance how fervently the audience believes in an idea. In this instance, the speaker understands that the audience already believes in the viewpoint, but not to the degree that he or she would like. As a result, the speaker tries to stimulate the audience, making them more enthusiastic about the view
  19. 19. When you do a Persuasive Speech? - Keep the focus of (the writing/speaking) on the audience. - Make sure that your persuasive claim is clear and direct. Do not deviate from your claim or suggest that the reader can make up his or her own mind. - Have at least three support points. Order the support points in your persuasion from weakest to strongest. - Use first-person pronouns (I, me, my, we) to enhance the personal appeal. - - Use second-person pronouns (you, your) to address the reader/audience directly.
  20. 20. 5. The Entertainment Speech An entertainment speech is different from the other types of speeches that aim to inspire, to inform, or to educate because this type is intended to make the audience smile, relax and enjoy or even laugh and to help them forget the everyday problems and worries they have even for just a short span of time.
  21. 21. some guidelines to creating an entertaining speech. • Choose an appropriate topic. You do not want the topic to be too dense, complicated or heavy. Remember, you are not trying to give your audience a greater understanding of anything. You are there to help them have a good time. • Enjoy yourself. Believe it or not, it is hard for an audience to enjoy your presentation if it looks like you are not enjoying presenting it! •Keep it simple. Your presentation should be easy to follow. Do not make it hard for your audience to keep up with you mentally … or in any other way.
  22. 22. • Make it visceral. Use vivid word pictures. This is not the type of presentation where you can be lazy in your descriptions. Make your words pop with strong images that flash in their minds. • Say it like a roller coaster! Add unexpected twists and turns to your presentation. When you surprise your audience with where your story is going, that adds to the entertainment factor.
  23. 23. Thank you! Ma’am Vina

Notes de l'éditeur

  • 1. It is important that he arranges the information in a clear, logical manner and in such a way that his audience will understand the topic better and will be led toward making conclusions as he intended. After listening to the speech, the audience is expected to gain new knowledge.
  • The speech to inform can be classified in three types:
    This type of informative speech is also referred to as the “how to” speech or the “process speech.” It explains how something works, how something is done, how something is developed or acquired.
  • Informative speech is fundamental to all the other types of speech because one cannot be able to achieve his purpose without being able to inform the audience about his topic and occasion. To help you achieve your purposes, the following tips for effective informative speaking are as follows:
  • Another few of this type of speeches are as follows:
  • Maybe he/she is talking about the way a spider looks or the way freshly snipped herbs smell. Either way, the speech is written to appeal to the senses.
    Upon taking the podium to give his/her State-of-the-Nation Address, the current Philippine sitting President give his analysis of the national situation, assessment of the government’s performance during the previous year and his recommendation for the succeeding year. This speech is done to allow the President satisfies the annual practice which is enshrined in Article VI, Section 23 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution and doing so report to the nation about what his or her administration has done to uplift the nation and its people in different areas of governance.
  • So, the next time you happen to pass a gourmet store and see a chef showing onlookers how to make homemade pasta, now you are listening to a speech designed to show you how to do something in a step by step manner.
    Unlike the other types of informative speeches, this type of speech is intangible. As with any of the informative speeches, they should be written as topical (or by topic), chronological (or by date) or spatial (or how things physically fit together)
  • 1. Examples are pep talks, valedictory speeches, orations, a priest’s homily, etc.
  • In this type of speech, the speaker’s objective is to arrive at the truth of the matter after the presentation of a logical series of reasons or evidence. An argumentative speech may use any of the three major types of appeal:
  • . For example, the speaker who is to convince his audience of the dangers of smoking is a doctor. Knowing that he is the medical profession will affect how the audience will take his word compared to a speaker who can also speak on the harmful effects of smoking to man, but who is not really an expert in the field of medicine and is just basing the facts he is presenting from his research.
  • An argumentative speech convinces people to accept a fact or point of view; a persuasive speech makes people apply what they have learned or do the action immediately or in the near future.
  • A persuasive speech has three goals:
  • For example, suppose you are giving a persuasive speech claiming that Soda A is better than Soda B. Your goal is not just for the audience to hear that you enjoy Soda A more, but for Soda B lovers to change their minds
    For example, at the end of presidential campaigns, candidates begin to focus on convincing their supporters to actually vote. They are seeking to actuate the action of voting through their speeches.
  • 1. For example, religious services often utilize stimulation. They are not trying to convince those of another religion to switch religions necessarily; there is an understanding that the congregation already accepts part or all of the religion. Instead, they are trying to enhance the degree of belief.
  • Your purpose is to manipulate the thinking of the reader/audience. Do whatever you must to accomplish that goal.
  • A light-hearted or funny story, carefully chosen jokes and an amusing anecdote can be used to make an entertaining speech. Although the audience are not expected to retain information as in an informational speech, or to be persuaded as in an argumentative or persuasive speech, a speaker or writer of this type must carefully plan and prepare well for this or the audience might get bored listening. And if that happens, you are only ingratiating and embarrassing yourself. So, how do you make a speech entertaining? There are many ways to entertain an audience. You can: • Tell jokes • Tell funny stories • Dramatize an anecdote • Tell a scary story