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“Marginalisation And
Physically Disabled Children
with Their Needs ”
Presented by- YASHASWINEE SAHOO
• Introduction
• Marginalisation and its types
• Disabled Children
• Inclusive education
• Physically Disabled Children
• ...
Introduction
Marginalisation
• It is a process of making a group or class of people less important or
relegated to a secondary position...
Types of Marginalization
Marginalised
Group
Disabled Women
SC/ST and other
backward
classes
Others
Inclusive Education
• Inclusive education is about how we develop and design our schools,
classrooms, programs and activit...
Disabled Children
• A child who have long term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory
impairment which in interaction w...
Visually
Impaired
Totally
Blind
Partially
Blind
Low
Vision
One Eyed
The educational needs of each children are different f...
TLM Methods
Totally Blind Children Tape Recorder, Braille, Software, Typewriters, maps, Relif
maps, Clay modelling, Geogra...
Hearing Impairment
Hearing
Impairment
Deafness
child is impaired in processing
linguistic information through hearing,
wit...
Needs of Partially Hearing Impaired Child
• Reduce the background sound
• Let them sit in front (as they can lip read
and ...
Speech Impairment
• Speech disorder or speech impairment are types of
communication disorder where normal speech is
disrup...
Locomotor Disability
• Locomotor disability means problem in moving from one place to
another, that is disability in legs....
Conclusion
The children in class have individual difference, thus an effective teacher
addresses the class with equity and...
Marginalisation and inclusive education for physically disabled children
Marginalisation and inclusive education for physically disabled children
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Marginalisation and inclusive education for physically disabled children Slide 1 Marginalisation and inclusive education for physically disabled children Slide 2 Marginalisation and inclusive education for physically disabled children Slide 3 Marginalisation and inclusive education for physically disabled children Slide 4 Marginalisation and inclusive education for physically disabled children Slide 5 Marginalisation and inclusive education for physically disabled children Slide 6 Marginalisation and inclusive education for physically disabled children Slide 7 Marginalisation and inclusive education for physically disabled children Slide 8 Marginalisation and inclusive education for physically disabled children Slide 9 Marginalisation and inclusive education for physically disabled children Slide 10 Marginalisation and inclusive education for physically disabled children Slide 11 Marginalisation and inclusive education for physically disabled children Slide 12 Marginalisation and inclusive education for physically disabled children Slide 13 Marginalisation and inclusive education for physically disabled children Slide 14 Marginalisation and inclusive education for physically disabled children Slide 15 Marginalisation and inclusive education for physically disabled children Slide 16
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Focuses on Needs of physically disabled children in school.

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Marginalisation and inclusive education for physically disabled children

  1. 1. “Marginalisation And Physically Disabled Children with Their Needs ” Presented by- YASHASWINEE SAHOO
  2. 2. • Introduction • Marginalisation and its types • Disabled Children • Inclusive education • Physically Disabled Children • Types • Needs • Conclusion Content
  3. 3. Introduction
  4. 4. Marginalisation • It is a process of making a group or class of people less important or relegated to a secondary position. • It is the process with which something is pushed to edge of group and assigned lesser important. • Marginalisation also called social exclusion
  5. 5. Types of Marginalization Marginalised Group Disabled Women SC/ST and other backward classes Others
  6. 6. Inclusive Education • Inclusive education is about how we develop and design our schools, classrooms, programs and activities so that all students learn and participate together. • Including the disabled instead of exclusion, separation and segregation. • Inclusive education is about ensuring access to quality education for all students by effectively meeting their diverse needs in a way that is responsive, accepting, respectful and supportive. Students participate in the education program in a common learning environment with support to diminish and remove barriers and obstacles that may lead to exclusion. Inclusive education allows students of all backgrounds to learn and grow side by side, to the benefit of all.
  7. 7. Disabled Children • A child who have long term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairment which in interaction with various barriers may hinder their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with other. Disability Physical Social Emotional • Visually Impaired • Hearing Impaired • Speech Impaired • Neuro Developmental Disability • Locomotor Disability • Anxiety Disorder • Bipolar Disorder • Depression
  8. 8. Visually Impaired Totally Blind Partially Blind Low Vision One Eyed The educational needs of each children are different for each other so proper aid should be given according to their level of vision impairment.
  9. 9. TLM Methods Totally Blind Children Tape Recorder, Braille, Software, Typewriters, maps, Relif maps, Clay modelling, Geographical patterns, CD Player, Headphones , Abacus Tactile learners Partially Blind/Low Vision Bigger Font Books (more than 12pt.) CD player, magnifying glass, Software which can convert text to speech KurzWeil Personal Reader (Device converting printed word to speech) They should be made to sit in front benches. Teacher should write in bigger fonts Teacher should speak what they are writing Relief Maps
  10. 10. Hearing Impairment Hearing Impairment Deafness child is impaired in processing linguistic information through hearing, with or without amplification Minimal Hearing Loss (MHL) hearing impairment but which can cause problems for students is defined as a loss between 16 and 25 dB A person either totally or partially not able to receive sound through the ear.
  11. 11. Needs of Partially Hearing Impaired Child • Reduce the background sound • Let them sit in front (as they can lip read and understand/speech reading) • Use clear speech • Non-verbal Communication Curricular Adaptation for Hearing Impaired Child • Diagram, Figures • Speech Training • Visual aids Audiometer, Speech Trainer, Hearing Aid, hearing aid test box
  12. 12. Speech Impairment • Speech disorder or speech impairment are types of communication disorder where normal speech is disrupted. Needs of Children with Speech Impairment • Tactile prompts • Audio-Visual aids
  13. 13. Locomotor Disability • Locomotor disability means problem in moving from one place to another, that is disability in legs. • But in general disability is related to bones, joints and muscles. • It causes problem in child/Person’s movement (like walking, picking, or holding things in hand etc.)
  14. 14. Conclusion The children in class have individual difference, thus an effective teacher addresses the class with equity and equality. No student should be deprived of quality education. Every learner needs to be encouraged to build self esteem apart from their disability, as education is core of equality and empowerment.

Focuses on Needs of physically disabled children in school.

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