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The hazards of
wearing a
bra
A standard dictated by social behavior
Version 5.2
Preamble
 You will read and view a slideshow which required
several years of reading, research, and exchange e-mails
with some authors of studies on the dangers and
uselessness of the bra.
 I have absolutely no moral or financial interest with any
group or any organization to prepare this presentation.
(Just a family history of breast cancer.)
 Altruism is my only motive.  I am not a pervert for
addressing an often taboo subject.
 Share this information, make up your own mind, decide
what you want for your body regardless of social
pressure and all those who will say, "No, it is not
possible! "...
Yves M.
This is a translation of original french version 5.2 I will complete as the other versions through my readings.
For my health ...
I AM
BRA-FREE!
Another look
our way of life
 To better understand the
aberration of social behavior
it's best to be outside the
culture ...
 The monstrous appearance of
foot lotus was regarded as the
most erotic part of the female
body, and the delicate shoes
or boots that covered
mutilated feet were a source of
delight by association.
Breasts and bras :
social behavior
 For us one of the most erotic
parts of the female body are the
breasts and by association the
bra.
However, the breasts are
associated in most parts of the
world with feeding kids and
maternity.
 The bra has become a pillar of
fashion.
A complex problem
 Wearing a bra is based more on social and
cultural reasons, not medical or scientific
reasons.
 In this slideshow are
therefore closely linked:
• The medical problem
• The anatomical problem
• The social problem
• The economic problem
Invented in 1889
 The bra is a French creation and was invented
by Hermine Cadolle in 1889.
 It was presented at the World Exhibition in
Paris under the name of "Welfare".
The corset was already
a health problem ...
 From the sixteenth century, Ambroise Paré,
MD Henri II, Charles IX and Henry III
dissected a dead woman who had worn corsets, discovering that
the bones of the rib cage overlapped.
 During the nineteenth century many treatises were published
concerning the negative aspects of corsets and doctors tried to
prevent women from wearing them. Compression, bust
deformation, distoring the body ...
 The doctors then recommend a "hygienic" corset that completely
clears the chest, where the chest is not maintained or raised. It is
based on the basin and not on the chest and the chest is left free.
The garment
compresses the body
 Problems caused by bras involve synthetic
fabric and chemicals added to the garment.
 We all have the power to reduce the risks to
our health by taking simple precautions and
exercising our judgment in our clothing
choices
 In their book "The clothes that kill us," Dr. Anna
Maria Clement and Dr. Brian Clement draws our
attention to the probable cause and effect between
the clothes we wear and the increased incidence of
certain disorders.
Warning from the medical
community
It was around 1930 (41 years after the invention of the
bra) that the first study was published showing a
relationship between the bra and the increasing number of
women with breast cancer.
However, this research was ignored, partly because
women are conditioned by the media and advertising into
accepting bras as safe.
New information
is often refuted.
 Some doctors even believe that cysts and nodules in the breasts are
normal for women and say that it is not a disease ...
 Yet many published studies indicate that often cysts can develop into
cancers.
 Despite newly published medical studies showing a significant link
between bras and breast cancer, the issue is being ignored on the
basis of opinion only, not fact.
 Absolutely no study proves that this link does not exist!
 Yet 70% of breast cancers unexplained ...
Lucy has about 3.2
million years.
 Scientific studies often have an economic
justification.
 In our society based on profit, getting rid of the bra
has negative economic consequences ...
 In recent years, almost the entire female population
of Western countries has become convinced of the
merits of using bra, despite it being detrimental to
health and comfort.
 How has the industry over the last few decades
convinced women that bras are essential, despite
millions of years of evolution without one ...?
The bra and lymphatic drainage
 A recent study by two medical anthropologists
highlights the possible link between wearing bras
and breast cancer.
A study of 4700 women
 Sydney Ross Singer and his
wife, Soma Grismaijer, studied
the habits of 4,700 American
women, half of whom had
breast cancer. (And not a comparative
study between African and American as some
suggest)
 He showed in particular that
women who wear bras for 18 to
24 hours per day had 125 times
greater incidence of breast
cancer than those who do not
wear bras at all.
Compression of lymph nodes
 The bra compresses
various lymph nodes and
channels, inhibiting lymph
fluid drainage from the
breast. This prevents
toxins from being
eliminated and causes
fluid-filled cysts to
develop. Over time, these
cysts become hard and
fibrous.
The lymphatic capillaries
 The lymphatic capillaries
are subcutaneous and
microscopic.
 They can be easily
compressed by touch and
slight pressure, and this
prevents lymph fluid and
the waste products in the
lymph from being
properly cleared from the
breast.
 + 70% of lymphatic capillaries are subcutaneous
Blocked evacuation of toxins
 This lymph becomes stagnant
and toxic and can cause tissue
damage over time.
Compression of the lymphatics
 The bra is designed to change breast
shape and is elastic. This creates
pressure that can compress the
lymphatic vessels preventing proper
lymphatic circulation.
The lightest bra exerts pressures
that are higher than those found in
the lymphatic vessels.
A very vivid experience
 To check if the bra may actually
undermine the effective
functioning of the lymphatic
system, an experiment was
performed on a woman wearing
a bra classic lightweight Sloggi 38
C and without reinforcement.
 The pressure was measured by a
load cell and compared to known
pressures in the lymphatic
vessels.
Studie David Moth
Constant pressure ...
 The pressure exerted by the bra
on 11 of the 12 points on the
surface of the skin is 2.9 ounces
(82.21 grams) with 38.7 ounces
(1.09 kilograms) per square inch
(6,452 cm2)
 This enormous pressure on the
lymphatic vessels is constant,
significantly reducing the
lymphatic circulation which
cleanses the body.
1,09 Kg pour 6,45 cm2
567 grammes pour 6,45 cm2
731,5 grammes pour 6,45 cm2
771,10 grammes pour 6,45 cm2
A low pressure lymphatic
 Researchers at the University
Hospital of Zurich working on
lymphedema evaluated the effects
of lymphatic congestion on lymph
capillary pressure.
 They found that the lymphatic
pressure in the lymph vessels is very
low, around 1 (28.35 g) to 5 ounces
(141.74 grams) per square inch (6.45
cm2)
It therefore appears that even a very light bra, as used in this
investigation, is able to exert pressure considerably higher than
those required to affect the lymphatic flow.
Permanent
blocking ...
 The same researchers have investigated the flow velocity in the
lymphatic capillaries of the human body in the supine position, and
found lymph flow speeds in the order of 10 microns per second. Any
excess pressure, such as that exerted by a bra, again reduced the
lymphatic flow.
 Women who sleep
while wearing a bra
further impair their
lymphatic circulation
over time.
A flow constrained
 The indentations caused by the bra act as a
tourniquet on the chest, and because the blood
circulation and lymph goes up in this region of
the body, the flesh above the bra line shows
signs of a chronic lack of oxygen and nutrients
as well as signs of accumulation of metabolic
toxins.
 Less oxygen and fewer nutrients are delivered
to cells, while waste is not flushed.
 The response of the organism to these
metabolic poisons is to dilute the area with
water, causing a plump and even a thickened
lump at the base of the neck appearance.
Tissue hypoxia
 It is known that disruption of the
microcirculation are related to increased
vasoconstriction, tissue hypoxia and
metabolic acidosis tissue.
 Otto Warburg, Nobel Prize in Medicine
in 1931 explained that even if the cancer
is now a host of new factors, it always
starts when a cell filled with acid, and
ALL cancers have the same thing in
common.
 An 35% decrease of oxygen in the cells
for 48 hours can create cancer cells.
Pathological angiogenesis
 A passive dilatation of the veins and capillaries
combined with a decrease in blood flow results in
tissue hypoxia.
 It is known that the angiogenesis is related to
hypoxia inflamed tissue.
 Angiogenesis is the process of growth of new
blood vessels (neovascularization) from
preexisting vessels.
 This is a normal physiological process, found
especially during embryonic development. But it
is also a pathological process important in the
growth of malignant tumors and the
development of metastases.
Studies on the constrictions
caused by clothing are numerous.
Studies show wearing tight clothing causes many health problems.
This includes shoes, belts,
and jeans and panties, pantyhose, tights or socks ...
The human body does not always seem suited to the clothing fashions.
In addition to urinary tract infections and venous disorders already known, men who
always wear tight clothes and tight pants can experience infertility, as well as damage
the testes. (The men in kilts are most fertile in the Scottish Medical Journal)
For women, panties, pantyhose or tight jeans leads to increased heat retention, as
well as an increase in the level of moisture in the vaginal area, which may lead to
yeast infections. It can also produce tingling sensations in the legs, or paresthesias.
The Italian study SOPHY revealed that women have 35% chance of additional fungal
infections from wearing tight jeans. Friction creates small irritations conducive to the
development of fungal infections. When the women stopped wearing the tight jeans,
the fungal infections disappeared!
Tight clothing can also cause gastrointestinal disorders and other stomach ailments,
as well as the most sensitive skin irritations.
Medical Study in Venezuela
 A medical study conducted by
the Department of Public
Health, University Hospital of
Carabobo March to June 2010
comes with the same results.
 During this period, a questionnaire on the use of the bra and a
complete physical examination were performed on all patients in
consultation whose ages were between 13 and 72 years.
"Pathology and breast lesions generated
by the bra."
Disease and breast lesions generated
by the bra
 The study, published October 14,
2011 and supervised by a specialist
in obstetrics and gynecology found
lesions and breast pathologies
generated by wearing bras, which
was attributed to bras preventing
proper lymphatic circulation.
http://www.portalesmedicos.com/publicaciones/articles/3691/1/Patologias-mamarias-generadas-por-el-uso-
sostenido-y-seleccion-incorrecta-del-brassier-en-pacientes-que-acuden-a-la-consulta-de-mastologia-
"The bra is an important predictor of
the emergence and development of
breast disease"
 This study also found a 70% risk of
developing breast cancer after 40 years when
there is presence of breast nodules against
1% before age 30.
 72% of women who sleep with a bra
with lesions.
 78.57% of women aged under 32 have
breast lesions and 64.44% over the age of 32
years. (In relation to age: choice of form,
whales, size PushUp, duration of use ...)
(Study Hospital
Carabobo)
Close relationship between
duration of use and breast lesions
 In this recent medical study, a
close relationship was found
between the length of time a
woman wears a bra and its
tightness and the injuries and
pathologies found in the breasts
of patients during physical
examination, confirming what
Singer and Grismaijer found in
their "Dressed to Kill" study.
Visible indentations sustained after
removal of bra
Meridians and acupoints
 In addition to reducing the
lymphatic circulation in the
breasts, bra-caused
constriction creates a
disruption of energy flow in
the body's meridians and
acupoints (energy pathways of
the body in blue) recognized
by traditional Chinese
medicine, but not recognized
by western medicine which is
more concerned with the
body's chemistry.
A link proof ...
 Since May 1999, there are now more
than 30 medical research projects and
scientific papers showing a link
between fibrocystic breast disease
and an increased cancer risk.
 Numerous accounts exist of women
who removed their bra and saw their
cysts and nodules diminish or
disappear in a few months.
http://www.all-
natural.com/fibrocys.html
 95% of women who have tried have
found an improvement.
(Selfstudycenter)
(Lancet 1999 May 22;353(9166):1742-5 "Risk of breast cancer
in women with palpable breast cysts: a prospective study." Edinburgh
Breast Group. Dixon JM, McDonald C, Elton RA, Miller WR
Edinburgh Breast Unit, Western General Hospital, UK.")
Breasts change volume, not the bra
 Seeking the link between breast cancer
and the bra, the researchers also found
that just before a woman starts her
menstrual period, estrogen causes swelling
of the breasts.
 During each month, a woman's breasts
change several times in volume, but the
bra size is the same ...
 Wearing the same bra size but with slightly
larger breasts causes lymphatic vessels to
be even more compressed.
 We know that hormonal factors are
predominant in the development of breast
cancer and the link between estrogen and
breast cancer has already been done in
many studies ...
Estrogen
 Normally, estrogen is extremely helpful.
Apart from its role in the reproductive
cycle, it keeps the blood vessels elastic,
increases good cholesterol and strengthens
bones by absorbing calcium in the blood.
 But too much estrogen can wreak havoc
among the cells by accelerating their
growth and multiplication, and sometimes
cause breast cancer. Hundreds of studies
have now definitively linked to excess
estrogen levels with higher risk of breast
cancer.
Estrogen mimics
 Certain chemicals and pesticides are similar
in composition to natural estrogen. When
they lock onto receptors they also stimulate
cell growth and division, which increases
the potential for cancer.
 It was found that the fatty breast tissue can
concentrate traces of pesticides at highly
toxic levels, up to 700 times higher than
those found in the blood. They have
therefore not been eliminated by the
lymphatic drainage.
 The breast cannot effectively cleanse itself
of these toxins because of the lymphatics
being blocked by the bra.
The standing
warming breasts
 Compression from the bra
significantly increase the
temperature of the breast tissue.
 This is proven by thermo graphic
studies..
 A precancerous or cancerous
breast is known to be hotter by
more than half a degree than a
non-cancerous breast.
Link bra and temperature
 In 1978, a California doctor published an
article in a medical journal linking the bra
with increased breast temperature,
suggesting that this fact could be related to
breast cancer. He studied hundreds of
women in his medical practice and observed
that breast temperature was higher in bra
wearing women, and that women who do
not wear bras had cooler breasts, regardless
their size.(The Lancet, November 4, 1978, P. 1001 Dr. John
M. Douglass, Department of Internal Medicine, S. Calif.
Permanente Med. Center Los Angeles, California).
One in eight women ...
 It is currently known that one in 8 women will
develop breast cancer.
High temperature and
unbalanced presentation
Symmetric distribution between
the two breasts
Normal breast Left breast cancer
Natural breast massage
 The natural movement of the
breast during free walking
normally creates a massage to
circulate the lymph.
 When this natural movement
is hampered, lymph does not
circulate, toxins accumulate
and cysts and tumors appear.
 The breast should move to
stay healthy.
Movement circulates lymph
 In the movie "Sex and the city", Alice Eve shows with humor the
natural movement of the breast that allows lymphatic drainage.
 This natural movement is still often criticized in our society and
women experience social pressure to prevent breast movement.
Trampoline without bra
 The lymph is totally dependent on physical
exercise to move, and many doctors now
recommend bouncing on a mini trampoline
without a bra to simulate walking bra-free.
 Lymphatic flow increases by 15 to 30 times in
a few days, and cysts that were due to poor
lymphatic drainage from bra wearing
disappear.
 This exercise is recommended for the
prevention of breast cancer.
Dressed to kill
 The bra does not cause cancer
by itself but contributes to
breast cancer by preventing the
body from excreting harmful
carcinogens.
 In other words, bras inhibit the
process by which our body
cleanses itself and gets rid of
cancer cells and toxins.
A woman is alive (Not an object)
 A bra will never be
perfectly suited,
because it ignores the
breath, menstrual
cycles, outside
temperature, a
possible pregnancy ...
Results of drug investigation
 The "Dressed to Kill" study
revealed that 3 out of 4 women who
wear a bra 24/7 will develop breast
cancer, compared to 1 out of 168
who are bra-free.
 A bra-free woman has about the
same incidence of breast cancer as
a man, which is about 125 times
less than a woman who wears a bra
24/7
 The bra/cancer link is about 12
times greater than the
tobacco/cancer link.
Correlation
and causation
 Environmental toxins enter our body
 Toxins = estrogenic effects
 Storage toxins => body fat
 Breast = essentially fat.
 Toxins are removed from the breast via the
lymphatic system.
 The lymphatic system has no pump like the heart.
 Anything that slows the lymphatic system is
subject to development of symptoms and
diseases.
 The bra restricts movement of the breasts and
significantly reduces the lymphatic drainage.
Can anyone deny a fact?
 Given the many studies showing a bra/cancer link, can this
be called an urban legend ?
 Saying this is criminal!
 In fact, in 4700 women interviewed about their clothing
habits, all those who do not wear bras are not necessarily
those who do not drink and do not smoke. (Risk Factors)
 In addition, overweight women (those at risk) who were
unconcerned about their image, were part of the women
interviewed who were not wearing a bra.
 The finding of this study is simple: the longer and tighter a
woman wears a bra the higher her risk of developing cancer.
 In the United States, after checking the conflicting
information, the media no longer say it is a myth.
A multidisciplinary approach
 Such a study on the risks of bra
wearing falls both in the life sciences
(biology, medicine ...) and the
humanities (psychoanalysis,
psychology, sociology ...)
 Those who are concerned only with
one aspect necessarily pass off this
eloquent statement.
 The distribution of breast cancer on
the planet is not always consistent with
dietary factors. However, where there
are no bras, there is virtually no breast
cancer.
It takes time for new knowledge to
be accepted as true ...
 Tobacco took nearly a century before
 to be recognized carcinogen, and is still sold ...
 Asbestos was identified as a carcinogen since 1890, but only
accepted as such between 1980 and 1990 ...
 The discovery of cold fusion is still controversial.
 Neutrinos go faster than light ...
 Dangerous drugs are still available.
 GMO-fed rats develop tumors, but of course we are told that this
is wrong! etc.etc ...
 The list goes on ....
No financial interest in such a
large-scale study
 Nobody has done a study following two
groups of 10,000 women for about 60 years,
noting all their clothing habits, food, and
lifestyle (alcohol, smoking, contraception,
weight ..)
 Some protocols, such as the double-blind can
not even be used. Imagine:
 A group of women wear a bra but do not
know!
 A group of women do not wear bra but do
not know!
A study misses
 In 1991, researchers at Harvard University
published in a medical journal an article on
the risk of breast cancer relative to the cup
size of the bra.
 They mention in this study that women who
do not wear bras have a lower rate of breast
cancer by 60% compared to women who wear
bras.
 This statement of a significant bra/cancer link
was not the focus of their study, and was
overlooked as important by the researchers
who guessed that this is "probably" because
bra-free women are thinner and their breasts
"must be" more small ...
The bra reduces melatonin production
 Melatonin is a powerful antioxidant and
a hormone that promotes good sleep,
fights aging, stimulates the immune
system and slows the growth of certain
types of cancer, including breast cancer.
(Chronobiol Int 2000 Nov;17(6):783-93 "The effects of skin
pressure by clothing on circadian rhythms of core temperature and salivary
melatonin." Lee YA, Hyun KJ, Tokura H, Department of Environmental
Health, Nara Women's University, Japan.)
 Spanish researchers published an article describing a possible use of melatonin for
the prevention and treatment of breast cancer.(Histol Histopathol 2000 Apr;15(2):637-47)
 Another more recent study (2000), published in Chronobiology International (journal
of medical and biological research rhythm), found that wearing a bra decreased
melatonin production by 60% and changed the core temperature body.
Spectacular results
 According to a study launched on the internet
on the site www.selfstudycenter.org /
breast_study.htm for thousands of women who
have tried to permanently remove their bra, the
results are spectacular.
 Having imprisoned their breasts since puberty,
the feeling of breast freedom can sometimes
seem strange at first. But within days, the
breasts have a chance to drain of congestion and
excess lymphatic fluid.
 Menstrual breast pain and cysts disappear or
greatly reduce.
 Breasts lift and tone. It's like a miracle.
After that, it's already too late ...
 The American Cancer
Society reveals that it is
not recommended for
women post-
mastectomy to "wear a
bra tight" because it
causes lymphedema.
 Unfortunately, they
ignore this affect of the
bra prior to surgery.
Lymphedema: Postoperative tips
Avoid constriction of breast before support would
have been better.
Among the list of recommendations for patients at risk of
developing lymphedema, there are (* similar to the pressure of the
bra on the lymph)
Do not wear shoulder bags on the affected side (* Weight)
Do not wear tight jewelry around the arm or fingers affected. (*
Pressure)
Do not roll up shirt sleeves to tighten the arms. (* Pressure)
Do not sleep on the affected arm. (* Pressure)
Avoid long hours without moving. (* Immobilization)
Wear light breast prostheses (dentures * increase pressure on the
lymph nodes of the neck).
Do not wear a bra too tighty and ideally without metal
reinforcement (underwires). (* Pressure indentations)
Recommended exercises: walking, swimming, light aerobics
movements (* Breast movement promotes natural drainage) (National Lymphedema Network)
Discomfort of bra for women living with
breast cancer
 An Australian study has clearly
established that the discomfort of bra,
especially the elastic band of the bra, is a
barrier to participation in physical
activity for women living with a
diagnosis of breast cancer.
 70.3% of women participating in the
study reported experiencing discomfort
in the bra during exercise.
 Is bra discomfort a barrier to exercise for breast cancer patients?
(PMID:19669168) Biomechanics Research Laboratory, School of
Health Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South
Wales 2522, Australia. sg490@uow.edu.au
Pressure and pain
 French researchers at the University of Paris
Necker Hospital found that women with
monthly breast pain are twice as likely to
develop breast cancer.
 Another medical study has
found that the straps that
cause groves in the shoulder
also put pressure on the
cervical nerve, causing
headaches, neck pain and
numbness.
A destructive fashion accessory
Some countries (Japan, the provinces of India, Fiji, Maori ...)
do not hesitate to campaign for a return to traditional clothing that
does not include the bra.
Indeed, women in these cultures who adopt the Western fashion of
wearing bras are increasingly developing breast disease and cancer,
while those who do not wear bras have healthy breasts.
The Fiji
Islands ...
 As a follow-up study, medical anthropologists
Singer and Grismaijer found 24 cases of breast
cancer in Fiji. About half the women in Fiji are
bra-free. All 24 cases were in women who wore
bras. Given the same genetics, with women
from the same villages, and the same diet, those
who developed cancer were those who wore
bras, usually as a requirement for work.
The same results in China
 A recent study from the University
of Medicine of Zhejiang Province in
China in July 2009, studied the risk
factors for breast cancer in women
and showed that wearing the bra to
sleep increases the incidence of
breast cancerover 100%.
 Cancer experts at the modern
hospital in Guangzhou warn
women about the bra and that
health is paramount to the
appearance.
Japanese immigration to the United
States
 Japanese living in Japan have lower rates of breast cancer than the first
generation of Japanese living in the United States (3 times less).
 The increase in breast cancer incidence among
the first and the second generation is 24%.
Studies on the consumption of fats, excess calories
and animal protein intake and its relation to breast
cancer incidence are conflicting.
Traditionally, Japanese women were bra-free. The
change of lifestyle with the adoption of the bra in
American culture could certainly be one
explanation for the rise in breast cancer rates.
Breast cancer in
men
 Statistically, a
man has the
same chance of
developing
breast cancer as
a woman who
never wears a
bra.
The first monokini
 In 1964 the Austrian Rudi
Gernreich introduced the first
monokini.
 This is a typical short striped
sailor style with crossed straps.
 The straps are then abandoned
in 1970's and 80's to make way
for a topless look which today
embodies the ultimate
minimalism.
The great sun against
breast cancer
 While frenzied tanning can lead to skin cancer,
several medical studies show that exposure of
the skin to sunlight is excellent against breast
cancer, which destroyed a legend spread by the
enemies of topless beaches.
Contrary to popular belief ...
 Confusion was fueled between breast cancer and skin cancer.
 The medical profession says sun, the rumor heard beach.
 The medical body said skin cancer, the rumor heard breast cancer.
The Sun:
Best source of vitamin D
 The best source of vitamin D, which
plays an important role in the prevention
of breast cancer, is solar ultraviolet
radiation. Under its influence, a vitamin
precursor in the skin is converted into
provitamin D3 and vitamin D3.
 The excess mortality from cancer
(including breast cancer) among African-
Americans is attributed to their
pigmentation, which blocks more than
necessary ultraviolet rays at these
latitudes and hinders the production of
vitamin D significantly.
The great sun against breast
cancer. But without abuse…
Relationship between UV exposure and disease burden
•The skin is the largest source of
vitamin D, which it produces in
response to ultraviolet (uv) light.
However, too much uv is also
harmful.
•So let's use the sun to get a
reasonable amount of sunlight in
the direction of recent findings on
vitamin D and its effect on the
immune system by helping to
prevent cancer.
•This is the result of 10 years of
study on 68,000 women.
• In this graph, we can clearly see that the solar
underexposure is as bad as overexposure. 78% of
women with breast cancer are in a state of
deficiency or excess.
The sun, an anti cancer ...
 Without abuse and regular exposure, the sun strenthens
and beautifies the breast skin.
 Swim topless amounts to a free spa: seawater gives the
skin its advantage in minerals and trace elements.
 In addition, we now know
that a lack of sun exposure
reduces melatonin levels
that are considered in recent
studies as an anticancer
agent.
Sociology
Jean Claude Kaufmann
Female body, eyes of men.
In his book JC Kaufmann said that the bare
breast on the beach is seen when it is part of
the standard! (Still social pressure)
What happens on the beach is a reflection of
our society without walls.
It must be loud and clear, but relatively
quiet ... (Dictat the bra)
Not to catch the eye, the woman must also
demonstrate an ability to be at ease.
Fluency: the most visible affirmation of freedom
from the constraints that dominate ordinary
people (Pierre Bourdieu)?
 Social pressure often prevents women from
being topless in public even while legally not
prohibited at swimming pools.
 According to sociologist Jean-Claude
Kaufmann, this practice gives women a
positive psychological effect, including
confidence and greater ease.
Even without breasts
a bra is required!
 Jodi Jaecks had serious
problems swimming in
the pool without the top
of the jersey that was
hurting her double
mastectomy scars.
 The bra is therefore not
a social stress related to
breast size ... Especially
when there are no
breasts!
Allowed in the pool topless
 Since March 2008 in Denmark, and June 2009 in
Sweden, women are allowed to swim topless in
public swimming pools.
 On the same date, Toulouse authorizes too!
This
practice, however, is
theoretically legal in
France since 1975 in
all places
Need a prosthesis ?
 Since 1978, several medical studies
in France, the United States, Japan
and Britain have emphasized that,
contrary to popular belief, the bra
can not prevent drooping breasts.
 Yet the lobbies of the textile
industry continues to proclaim
that no medical study says this!
 Women have become dependent
on this accessory to the point of
not being able to live without it.
Bra after mastectomy
The bra is unnecessary and
promotes falling breasts
 In many studies, Professor
Jean-Denis Rouillon, sports
physician at the University
Hospital of Besançon has
shown that:
Wearing Bra promotes
sagging breasts.
Contrary to popular belief
 From the moment a woman begins
to use the bra, there starts a process
of complete relaxation of both
breasts, on both a physiological and
muscular level.
 The result, over time, may be the
appearance of nodules and cysts,
sometimes more ...
 From a muscular view, having never
exercised, breasts become flabby and
vulgarly said, "they droop."
A lack of stimulation and
elasticity is responsible for
early ptosis.
The bra is unnecessary and promotes
falling breasts
 Indeed, Cooper's ligaments and the
fascia which are the natural
supporters of the breast atrophy
because of the artificial support of
the bra. The breast loses its
firmness, still drooping more rapidly
with time.
 The breast is wrapped in a "thin and
very strong, especially tough
membrane that works." It is also
suspended as by a net by the
ligaments attached to the skin.
 Sometimes when women stop
wearing the bra, an unpleasant
sensation of tightness may last
several days to weeks before the
breasts again start to support
themselves.
Breast without back support!
 "Women experience comfort
and improved aesthetics when
they stop wearing bras.
Contrary to popular belief, the
breast does not fall but it
strengthens, and stretch marks
and the quality of the skin
improves. "(Jean Denis Rouillon)
Surprising results
A year without a bra:
Highest
Firmer
Less stretch
Medical Study on Year Laetitia Pierrot, December 2003.
Growth in young
girls
 Every mother is conditioned by our society to give her daughter
a bra as her breasts develop. (Only 3-5% of French girls do not
wear them. In Scandinavia 9% of girls wear them.)
 This is already contributing to the droop of the breasts because
the anatomical elements of breast suspension in both muscle (the
platysma) and connective tissue (all fascias) are reinforced during
growth because of gravity and movement, and wearing a bra
interferes with this development.
 Breast tissue does not stretch without a bra despite an increase in
breast size. The breast does not droop and is firmer.
Medical study on the evolution of
comfort bra (2009)
 At the beginning of the study 42% of subjects felt discomfort
without a bra. Three months later and no more discomfort.
 Three years later, no subject felt pain, no subject was
embarrassed by the decision of wearing bra in daily activities
including sports.
Extract from the
thesis of Olivier
Roussel under the
direction of Jean
Denis Rouillon
 Women who
have never worn
a bra have never
experienced this
discomfort.
Preventing ptosis (falling breasts)
without a bra.
 The angle of the axis of the nipple relative to the horizontal increases from
180%!
 The breast lifts, a reverse ptosis. The free breast strengthens.
 Never wearing a bra naturally gives firmer breasts and, contrary to popular
belief, a high chest.
Extract from the
thesis of Olivier
Roussel under the
direction of Jean
Denis Rouillon
A natural mechanical support
 Using sensors on athletes, sports scientists
have discovered that their breasts travel 6
cm from top to bottom and 9 cm from left
to right during the various sports. These
movements (reduced by 70% with a bra)
allow the breast to stay naturally supported
and healthy.
A research finding that is both baffling and bewildering, despite all of
our cultural notions about bras, is that after three years of being bra-
free the breasts lifted, toned, and experienced improve health.
Movements should not interfere…
 Christine Haycock, a surgeon in New
Jersey Medical School in Newark, studied
athletes who submitted to several rounds
of tests with and without a bra for years.
 Conclusion: yes, breasts move but "these
movements do not harm the breasts and
act as an automassage that is better not to
interfere with."
 "It may be uncomfortable for women
with big breasts but does no damage to
the muscles or tissues. "
 Dr Claire Heigh, médecin du sport, Dr Niels H. Lauersen, MD, Ph. D., & Eileen Stukane (The
Complete Book of Breast Care) ont le même discours…
The problem of static breasts
 In his book "Gynecology sport. Risk and
benefits of physical activity in women
"Thierry Adam, gynecologist and sports
obstetrician stated:
 "The talk of the industry has some
misconceptions, including the risk of
progressive development of droopy breasts
without bra" This is wrong!
 It is important for the breasts to move
without a bra. You must allow time for the
breast tissue to enhance its connective tissue
and women to adapt to physical activity
without support.
The breast Just a body feeder
 Among African women often
cited as a counterexample,
droopy breasts often result
from a tribal custom in which
the growth of breasts, ever
since the bud emergence, is
directed downwards.
 This custom makes it easier to
feed their child seated on the
back when doing housework
or other activities. (Thierry Adam, gynécologie du sport)
Breast enhancement without a bra:
a media surge
 In April 2013 a media outbreak of Blue Radio Besançon France info
relayed by the AFP and all the national and international media to
the New York Post reported fifteen years of work by Jean Denis
Rouillon.
http://www.m6.fr/emission-100
Click the link (French video)
A Japanese study ...
 In 1991, Japanese researchers (Otsuma University)
did a study on the bra and sagging breasts.
 Instead of removing the bra women, they asked
women to put one on! (This is not a widespread
use in Japan)
 They proved a bra can actually increase breast
sagging, because it is filled with lymph and
becomes heavier.
 This effect was more pronounced on large breasts.
 The accumulation of lymph cited is reminiscent of
the theory on the link between bras and breast
cancer.
Bra damage
 Wearing a Bra thus causes compression,
increases breast temperature and
decreases the lymphatic and blood
circulation.
 This results in a decrease in the volume
of the gland, an increase of adipose tissue
and tissue hypoxia (with its adverse
effects).
 All these consequences also cause ptosis
and a decrease of breast firmness.
Pain relief without bra
 Two British breast surgeons have
conducted two clinical trials in England
and Wales. They looked to see if the
women could reduce chest pain by no
longer wearing bras. Their study concluded
that the majority of women experienced a
reduction in breast pain without a bra.
 For the study, they asked the women not
to use a bra for 3 months, and instead
wear a kind of soft T-shirt (or tank), for
those who wanted an undergarment
alternative.
 Following the study, no woman wanted to
again wear a bra, as they had won ease and
comfort bra-free.
In three months
without a bra pain
disappear and
ligaments of Cooper
picked up the pace
Ease and freedom
 A medical doctor published his results in the
treatment of shoulder pain in women with
large breasts. In this 5-year study, it was
suggested that patients relieve the weight
from their shoulders for a period of two
weeks by going braless.
 The study noted that "the long-term
outcome was the presence or absence of
pain in the shoulders, if a bra was used or
not.
 79% of patients decided to unload the
weight of their breasts from their shoulders
permanently, becoming bra-free because it
made them feel liberated. "​​
Caution osteopaths
 Osteopaths of the British
Osteopathic Association indicate
that in some cases the bra can have
serious health consequences.
 Upper shoulders can slump and
upper ribs can be compressed.
Compressed ribs affect the
respiratory system.
 It can restrict blood flow and cause
mastitis (breast infection) and local
scarring.
The finding of
massage therapists
 Massage therapists are also
experiencing the problem of
client's constantly wearing
bras.
 By constant pressure the bra
creates on both sides of the
body elastic rolls of fat which
are very resistant to massage.
When the bra does not exist
Women were already ... And ... did not have a support
problem!
Women who wear the least amount of clothes live longer!
 In his study of a woman 120 years old we find: "I've never worn more than
a pair of socks since I was 7 years old." She was rarely sick, always running
marathons, and had the energy and enthusiasm of a woman with half her
age.
 Another example of this study is a stripper until the age of 83, she now is
117. "The garment chokes the skin." "I do not even need a bra until I was
95 years old."
 Sir Edwin Burkhart, a British anthropologist, recently
released a study in the Royal Journal of Social
Anthropology resulting from over 5,000 interviews with
women aged 70 to 120 years. This study shows that
women with the least possible clothes live longer!
 While simple observation, it nevertheless raises
questions ...
A return to a wise decision
 Since it is now established that the bra
generates only health problems, is of no
use to prevent sagging breasts, (and on
the contrary increases sagging), removing
the bra definitely seems obvious.
 Many more women are adopting this
lifestyle, and the "norm" to be bra-free,
sometimes causing criticism and horror.
 In the 80s in France, women lived
without bra and had no social
problem. The few women who
wore them were treated as
backward.
A fashion that already existed
 In 1370, an edict of Strasbourg requires:
 "no woman will support the chest, whether by
 provision of the shirt or dress laced ".
 This is mainly from the 13th century that the chest reveals no complex with
fashion launched by Agnes Sorel (d. 1450), the mistress of King Charles VII of
France, appearing topless in the court of France.
•Until the revolution, as evidenced by
Madame Tallien, it was less appropriate
to show her ankles
Madonna wearing a dress JP Gaultier
Accordin
g to
Harper's
Bazaar in
1868,
skirt
length of
4 to 16
years
Agnès Sorel
Fashion: a social and
cultural reflex
 Walk around with headphones is
nowadays an informal standard that
could be installed.
 If all the women began to hide their ears
(erogenous zone) and show their
breasts, in 50 years ears will become a
"sexual organ".
 It would be socially frowned upon to
show an earring. Erotic images of
pierced ears would replace current
images of pierced breasts.
 Fashion with its codes amply
exceeds the need to dress.
May 68
 Women burn their bras in public.
 Indeed, if the bra is emblematic of
May 68, it is only because all the
women ... were unanimous in
rejecting it.
 We are witnessing the refusal of
this accessory which hampered and
alienated the female body
 The women wore their sweaters
(including the famous tiny Sonia
Rykiel) bra-free.
A slowdown linked to the story ?
 France is among the countries
where the incidence of breast
cancer has increased faster over
the period 1980-2005, with a
slowdown between 2000 and
2005 ...
 Many young women since 1968
who made the choice to live
without a bra can probably
explain this enigmatic
slowdown ...
WHO findings on European
Habits
 From 1950 to the late 1980s, mortality
from breast cancer has increased
throughout Europe, except Norway
and Sweden (Source: WHO 2013)
 An interesting combination and
perplexing:
 In France 95% of women wear a bra
 In Scandinavia, 5-10% of women wear
a bra. (J-C Kaufmann)
Remember that these countries have the lowest in the world sex offender ...
Breast cancer explodes
in developing countries
 The researchers say they are puzzled when the cause of the increased rate of
breast cancer in developing countries ...
 Forecasts according to
the International
Agency for Research on
Cancer in Lyon in
March 2011
The West as a
model ...
 With the adoption of
Western fashion as a
model in developing
countries women now
proudly wear their bra!
Meanwhile, breast
cancer rates are rising in
these cultures.
 In many non-Western cultures, the breast of
a woman has always been publicly displayed
without any problems, and was not
considered a sexual organ.
 The Western model changes everything.
The phenomenon trigger ?
 When comparing
types of cancer, just
as tobacco use
increases lung
cancer in humans,
the bra explains the
incredible peak of
this graph of breast
cancer in women.
 Otherwise, why is
this area of the
body (breast)
affected more than
another?
Health or appearance
 Wearing a bra has no medical
necessity ...
 ... Quite the contrary!
 Social pressure guides our choices:
 The same irrational behavior seems
okay if others are also doing it.
Being a woman is not
indecent.
An amazing ambiguity !
 The absurdity of the
textile industry in this
area is that it will even
create bras imitating
nude breasts.
But that does not
relieve the
lymphatic
drainage
problem ...
Unlike men / women
 But they have no problem
seeing breasts like this!
 Some do not dare out of
fear of ridicule ...
Which of the two breasts that most deserve to be supported??
Our company does not make sense
 Topless: allowed for men, sometimes criticized for
women ...
 Who needs a bra most?
The gendered
female body
 The breasts of a woman did not belong to
herself. They have become objects for
others to see.
 They are the product of a society that has
sexualized the breast.
Public breastfeeding frowned
... The female body is so sexualized
that it is impossible to breastfeed in
public. (Youtube or Facebook
censors such pictures as something
criminal !)
 The social pressure is still there,
despite worldwide being one of the
most natural gestures of humanity.
(We would not be here)
 Consider breastfeeding as a sexual
exhibition shows that our society is
out of order ...
A breastfed child should be able to eat in a restaurant like the rest of the world
Criminalize all or part of the
female body.
 Cultural prudishness
criminalizes the nude
body, becoming a real
dictatorship of beauty.
This creates a poor body
image and self-esteem...
veiled elements of the
decline of civilization as
we now live.
An incredible paradox
 While women highlight
"sexuality of their breasts" with
a bra, it is at the same time a
modest coverage to hide a
nipple that many consider
sexual or perverse to display.
 This is because the bra has
become in Western society a
'secular veil "which should
cover women and keep their
breasts from being immodest.
The woman as an object
our Western society
From a social philosophy point of
view, the woman's body has three parts:
A physical body, which allows her to live
in space and time and perform activities
everyday.
A maternal body that allows her to give
birth and nurture her children.
A sexual body that allows her to have the
pleasures of the flesh and to give to her
partner.
Whatever she does, it is through the eyes
of men that the woman is most often seen
in our society
Shirtless on a site
 Bare torso workers on
building sites are
numerous.
 Yet this man who looks at
this woman sees her as a
sexual object. Moreover, it
certainly makes him thinks
she is incompetent.
Breasts: femininity
prohibited
 A mermaid bow, which until
now welcomed visitors
topless (the Sea Life
Chessington United
Kingdom), was forced to see
her chest covered with a bra.
Management feared causing
a controversy over her
beautiful breast discovery.
(August 2011)
Women who want to be free ...
 Yet in many countries, women are
demanding the legal right to release their
breasts from bras, despite social pressure
and existing anti-topless laws!
An advanced society ...
 Western society:
 An advanced
society!
 Why not put on gloves and a mask to hide my hands and mouth
which can also have sexual functions!
Educating men ...
 Or is it men who need to be educated? In some African
countries, breast ironing on the buds of the girls could
finally stop.
Once we change our cultural universe, we are
changing the image of women.
 Nature gave her breasts,our culture
invented the bra and we discover
now the dangers that come with it.
 If an Indian woman is veiled in her
Sari, she can bath naked in the
Ganges without this shocking
anyone.
 "Divine Mother has given him
clothes, eyes of passers ..."
Molestation in
Tunisia
 On 3 September 2012, a young
girl was raped by two policemen
because she was immoral! (It is
she who is accused!)
 The FEMEN manifested in
front of the Louvre Venus de
Milo, topless for centuries and
seen by millions of people.
 "Viola I am immoral"
The breasts of the woman
for her freedom
 The FEMEN means, among other things, fight
for democracy, the rights of men and women,
secularism, sexism, and also fighting what they
consider "patriarchal values that permeate most​​
industrialized societies."
18 Septembre
2012, à Paris.
In France: Legal Legality
 If in France and in most European countries
nudity is perfectly legal without causing public
indecency by gestures or sexual exhibitions. Yet,
social pressure continues to imprison women in
this destructive fashion accessory.
Title stupid
witnessed a
ridiculous social
pressure.
Kate topless...
Scandal ? Yet natural ...
 While social pressure foolishly
wants to humiliate Kate
Middleton with a few pictures of
her topless, nobody takes offense
at home with the royal couple
during this trip ...
Human
behavior is
really stupid !
In a French department
 In Guyana, the French village Wayana
Camopi children go to school with
minimal clothing and free breasts.
 Nobody is shocked to live naturally,
and fashion has not (yet) come here to
create a customer...
      ..and take away their freedom ...
In
New York…
 Since 1992 a
woman can
legally walk
around topless
like men.
Normalize women's
bodies
 In New York state women can be
topless legally, after a 1992 decision
of the highest court of the state. This
means that any woman can walk
around the city at any time without a
shirt like men.
Social pressure stronger than law ?
 While Moira Johnston, a lawyer, flows
freely and legally topless in New York,
the pictures of her on the internet are
censored!
 Why are the breasts of men not
censored?
Fashion accessory in
Papua
 If in our Western society
breasts should be
covered/supported because
they are considered a sexual
organ, why don't men adopt the
fashion accessory of the
Papuans to support their sexual
organ??
Support and enhance ...
 In both cases: to support and
enhance ...
 One is encouraged by
advertising, the other not!
 In the end, the two are identical
A fight for health
 This is a fight
against social
pressure but at the
same time for
women's health ...
Candy Love stopped in the 70s
Attention to
mistakes
 Women can be bra-free for comfort and
health without loosing their modesty.
 Each woman has a choice to wear a bra
or not.
 Find the appropriate clothing for modesty
given the circumstances.
 Just because bras are a cultural norm, it
does not mean you should wear one.
Think for yourself and be sensitive to
your body.
A choice: health or appearance
 Survey results suggest
that thinking ...
A simple
and free
movemen
t for
health, ...
Social pressure is the biggest enemy
of your health
Is it socially more comfortable to have breast
cancer than to be without a bra ?
It is not natural to wear a bra.
An accessory that kills
 Is it socially acceptable for a woman to go out
without a bra even when she no longer has breast?
Normality or aberration?
 We live in a society which imposes rules that are
not necessarily chosen.
 Let's make a choice of our personal behavior.
Choose your lifestyle
Your body is yours, choose for yourself
what you should wear or not !
 A woman who dresses in the morning and puts on a bra does not even know why she made this​​
gesture. It creates a stress induced by our culture. The gesture is automatic, without any reflection ... It
must be done, it's the way it is, others do it!
 All this information is from books, medical studies and readings that you can find yourself doing your
own research on the internet.
 Here are some links (There's a lot especially in English) among many others:
http://translate.googleusercontent.com/translate_c?hl=fr&langpair=en%7Cfr&u=http://ezinearticles.com/
http://seinslibres.neuf.fr/fr/etudes.htm
http://www.guerir.org/communaute/a-propos-de-ce-site/questions-frequentes/soutien-gorge-et-cancer-des-sein
http://forum.doctissimo.fr/forme-beaute/beaute-seins/sans-soutien-gorge-sujet_34_1.htm
http://www.jurandoubs.com/journaliste/marcher-courir-bouger/article/le-soutien-gorge-pas-si-sain
Three years of reading to do this slideshow ...
Good health to all ...
Live long ...
Yves M.
Even links in the following pages, references in this show, my reading ...
Sources (Page 1) :
 Naraynsingh V, Maharaj R, Dan D, Hariharan S.  The Bra Sign in Breast Cancer. J Women’s Health (Larchmt). 2011 Jun 28. [Epub ahead of print]
 Mispelaere e.a., Dragen van bh: risico's?, Tijdschr-v-Geneesk., 2008
 Wood e.a., Breast size, bra fit and thoracic pain in young women: a correlational study, Chiropr-Osteopat., mrt. 2008
 McGhee e.a., How do respiratory state and measurement method affect bra size calculations?, Br-J-Sports-Med., dec. 2006
 Ringberg e.a., On cup and bra size: reply to a prospective study of breast size and premenopausal breast cancer incidence, Int-J-Cancer., apr. 2006
 Hsieh e.a., Breast size, handedness and breast cancer risk, Eur-J-Cancer., 1991
 Ashizawa e.a., Breast form changes resulting from a certain brassiere, J-Hum-Ergol., jun. 1990
 Lee e.a., The effects of skin pressure by clothing on circadian rhythms of core temperature and salivary melatonin, Chronobiol-Int., nov. 2000
 Fiorica, Fibrocystic changes, Obstet-Gynecol-Clin-North-Am., 1994
 Harwood e.a., Ligamentous tissues are susceptible to the effects of stress deprivation, Appl-Physiol., 1992
 Bowles e.a., Do current sports brassiere designs impede respiratory function?, Med-Sci-Sports-Exerc., sep. 2005
 Norlock, Benign breast pain in women: a practical approach to evaluation and treatment, J-Am-Med-Womens-Assoc., 2002
 Lee e.a., Field studies on inhibitory influence of skin pressure exerted by a body compensatory brassiere on the amount of feces, J-Physiol-Anthropol-Appl-
Human-Sci., jul. 2000
 Page e.a., Breast motion and sports brassiere design. Implications for future research, Sports-Med., apr. 1999
 (Ryan, EL, Pectoral ceinture myalgies chez les femmes:... Une étude de 5 ans dans un contexte clinique Clin J Pain, 2000 Dec; 16 (4) :298-303)
 (Hsieh, CC et D. Trichopoulos, D. Eur. J. Cancer 27:131-5, 1991 "Le risque de cancer du sein de taille, impartialité et la poitrine")
 (The Lancet, Novembre 4, 1978, p 1001 Dr John M. Douglass, Département de Médecine Interne, S. Calif Permanente Med. Center de Los Angeles,
Californie) voir aussi le point n ° 8 de plus sur la température des seins.
 ("Change de forme du sein résultant d'une Brassiere Certains" Journal of Hum ergol (Tokyo) 1990 Jun;.. 19 (1) :53-62 Ashizawa K, Sugane A, T Gunji
Institut des sciences humaines de séjour, Université Otsuma femmes,. Tokyo, Japon
 1995 Sydney Singer et Soma Grismaijer de l'Institut pour l'étude des maladies Culturogenic publié leur livre, "Dressed to Kill: Le lien entre le cancer du sein
et de Bras» (Avery presse).
 http://www.selfstudycenter.org/
 Témoignages de femmes ayant élilminé la maladie fibrokyste du sein en éliminant le soutien gorge http://www.all-natural.com/fibrocys.html
 Lancet 1999 le 22 mai; 353 (9166) :1742-5 "Le risque de cancer du sein chez les femmes présentant des kystes mammaires palpables: une étude prospective."
Edinburgh Breast Group Dixon JM, McDonald C, Elton RA, Miller WR Unité sein Edinburgh,. Western General Hospital, Royaume-Uni. ")
Sources (Page 2) :
 Diminution de la douleur des seins sans soutien gorge Un documentaire d'une demi-heure a été filmé en liaison avec les études et a été montré à la télévision
nationale en Angleterre en Novembre 2000 sur Channel 4 au Royaume-Uni. Simon Cawthorne, chirurgien de médecine à l'hôpital Frenchay de Bristol, en
Angleterre, et le Professeur Robert Mansel, MD, Département de Chirurgie chef, University of Wales Medical School, Cardif, Pays de Galles.
 Chronobiol Int 2000 Nov; 17 (6) :783-93 "Les effets de la pression peau par des vêtements sur les rythmes circadiens de la température corporelle et de
mélatonine salivaire." YA Lee, Hyun KJ, Tokura H, Département de santé environnementale de l'Université de Nara femmes , Japon.
 Des chercheurs en Espagne ont publié un article décrivant l'utilisation possible de la mélatonine dans la prévention du cancer du sein et le traitement (Histol
Histopathol 2000 avr; 15 (2) :637-47).
 J. Hansen, «Lumière de nuit, travail posté, et le risque de cancer du sein" J Natl Cancer Inst 2001; 93: 1513-1515
 Ryan, EL, Clin J Pain, 2000 Dec; 16 (4) :298-303, «Pectoral ceinture myalgies chez les femmes:. Une étude de 5 ans dans un contexte clinique»
 Leitzmann M.F. and al. Prospective study of physical activity and risk of post-menopausal cancer, Breast Cancer Research 2008, 10, R92.
 Hironobu Sasano, Department of Pathology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi-ken 980-8575,
Japan. Aromatase Localization in Human Breast Cancer Tissues: Possible Interactions between Intratumoral Stromal and Parenchymal Cells
 Experts from Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou remind that women should love and cherish their own health. Beauty is indeed important, but health is
even more important http://www.asiancancer.com/cancer-healthcare/cancer-prevention/1251.html
 Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA. The relation of breast size to breast cancer risk in
postmenopausal women (United States).
 A case-control study on risk factors of female breast cancer in Zhejiang province. The Women's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine,
Hangzhou 310006, China.
 En 1995, Hulka a publié dans LANCET des groupes de femmes à risques élevés et à risque faible.
 Témoignage soutien-cancer http://www.guerir.org/communaute/trouvez-le-soutien-adapte-a-votre-diagnostic/sein-7/soutien-gorge-et-cancer-des-seins
 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2092072?dopt=Abstract) Institute of Human Living Sciences, Otsuma Women's University, Tokyo, Japan
 Experiment to measure the force exerted by a bra on the lymphatic system. By David Moth http://www.moth.freeserve.co.uk/page30.html
http://www.moth.freeserve.co.uk/page43.html
 Evaluation préclinique de l'activité antitumorale des inhibiteurs de l'aromatase Pierrick Auvray, Francis Bichat, Philippe Genne, Oncodesign Biotechnology,
Parc technologique de la Toison-d'Or, 28, rue de Broglie, 21000 Dijon..
 Evolution du sein apres l'arret du port du soutien-gorge : etude preliminaire longitudinale sur 33 sportives volontaires Laetitia Pierrot; Jean-Denis Rouillon;̀ ̂ ́ ́
Universite de Franche-Comte. Faculte de medecine et de pharmacie.́ ́ ́ ́
Sources (Page 3) :
 Facteurs de l'evolution morphologique du sein apres arret du port du soutien-gorge : etude ouverte preliminaire longitudinale chez 50 volontaires Olivieŕ ̀ ̂ ́ ́
Roussel; Jean-Denis Rouillon; Universite de Franche-Comte. Faculte de medecine et de pharmacie.́ ́ ́ ́
 Généralités sur le processus inflammatoire
 Health risks of wearing a bra by Paul Kendall and Jenny Hope
 hironobu sasano breast cancer
 Women with large breasts are at an increased risk of advanced breast cancer. Department of Surgery, Russells Hall Hospital, Dudley, UK.
homepac@doctors.org.uk.
 Is bra discomfort a barrier to exercise for breast cancer patients? (PMID:19669168) Gho SA, Steele JR, Munro BJ Biomechanics Research Laboratory,
School of Health Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales 2522, Australia. sg490@uow.edu.au
 Is breast size a predictor of breast cancer risk or the laterality of the tumor? Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10021.
 O’Followell Dr, Le Corset, histoire, médecine, hygiène, étude historique,  T.1&2, A.Maloine Éditeur, Paris, 1905
 Gaches-Sarraute, Le corset, étude physiologique et pratique, Masson et Cie, Paris, 1900
 Les femmes portant moins de vêtements vivent plus longtemps Sir Edwin Burkhart, un anthropologiste britannique, a récemment sorti une étude dans le
Royal Journal of Social Anthropology 
 http://books.google.gp/books?id=WnaL0YpthnQC&pg=PA184&lpg=PA184&dq=soutien+gorge+sant
%C3%A9+1930&source=bl&ots=8b6U3LAafO&sig=-
QpXo3LMVS62LlaJlKZUpAqiQps&hl=fr&sa=X&ei=ZCc3T92VHczqtgfuurS8Ag&sqi=2&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false
 · Naraynsingh V, Maharaj R, Dan D, Hariharan S.  The Bra Sign in Breast Cancer. J Women’s Health (Larchmt). 2011 Jun 28. [Epub ahead of print]
 http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-4098/Oestrogen-link-breast-cancer.html#ixzz29Njf4JOO
 ↑ Yager JD, Davidson NE, Estrogen carcinogenesis in breast cancer [archive], N Engl J Med, 2006;354:270-82
 Les soutiens-gorge mal ajustés dangereux pour la santé ostéopathes de la British Osteopathic Association
 augmentation des taux de cancer du sein entre les femmes qui font des soutiens-gorge d'usure Ralph L. Reed, Ph.D.
 Dr Ewan Cameron et le Dr Linus Pauling Le drainage Lymphatique
 Mini trampoline Les femmes qui exercent régulièrement réduire leur risque de cancer du sein de 72%. - New England Journal of Medicine, le 1er mai 1997.
 British documentary Bras, Bare Facts, which was aired at Channel 4 (UK) on Thursday, November 2, 2000, at 10 pm
 P. Engel, G. Fagherazzi, A. Boutten, et al., Serum 25(OH) Vitamin D and Risk of Breast Cancer: A Nested Case-Control Study from the French E3N
Cohort, Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev., 2010, 19(9), 2341-2350. Vitamine D et risque réduit du cancer du sein
Sources (Page 4) :
 (1) "The Complete Book Of Breast Care" by Niels H. Lauersen, M.D., Ph.D., & Eileen Stukane
(2) "Dr. Susan Love's Breast Book" by Susan M. Love, M.D.
(3) "The Prevention and Complementary Treatment of Breast Cancer", Dr. Michael Schachter, M. D., F.A.C.A.M
http://healthy.net/library/articles/schachter/breast.d.html
(4) "Dressed To Kill: The Link Between Breast Cancer and Bras" by Sydney Ross Singer and Soma Grismaijer, Avery Press, 1995, ISBN# 0-89529-664-0
Sydney and Soma can be reached at:
Institute for the Study of Culturogenic Disease
P.O. Box 1880
Pahoa, Hawaii 96778 808-935-5563
(5) "Bra Straps Health Watch", Office of News and Publications & the Library at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas
 http://www.swmed.edu/home_pages/library/cosumer/brastrap.html
(6) "Go Ask Alice": Columbia University's Health Education Program, http://www.goaskalice.columbia.edu/1729.html
(7) "Fiji Follow-up Study Supports Dressed To Kill: The Link Between Breast Cancer and Bras", Avery News Release; Avery Publishing Group ; October
31, 1997
(8) "British Study Links Bras To Cysts and Breast Cancer", Oliver Poole, The Sunday Telegraph October 31, 2000
(9) Dr. Vicki Seltzer, M. D., chairwoman of obstetrics and gynecology at Long Island Jewish Medical Center in New York
(10) "Myths About Breasts (That Grown Women Still Believe)", Homearts Network, Redbook wysiwyg://www.homearts.com/rb/health/97breaf1.html 
(11) "Breast Form Changes Resulting From A Certain Brassiere", Journal of Hum. Ergol. (Tokyo) 1990 Jun; 19 (1) :53-62. Ashizawa K, Sugane A, Gunji T
Institute of Human Living Sciences, Otsuma Women's University, Tokyo, Japan
(12) "Why I don't wear a bra", Dr. Elizabeth Vaughan, M.D., http://www.BraFree.org
(13) "Do bras prevent breasts from sagging?", Female Intelligence Agency examines:,007 Breasts, http://www.007b.com
(14) "Brassiere, Choice or Obligation?", Dec. 13, 2009 http://akinasuna.wordpress.com/2009/12/15/brassiere-choice-or-obligation/
Sources (Page 5) :
 1. Ralph L. Reed, Ph.D. is an environmental chemist and has some good comments on the first book that Singer and Grismaijer wrote on their study of the
bra and its effects on the female breast. He also has some great comments regarding the lymphatic system and how to allow it to work like it should.
http://www.all-natural.com/bras.html
 2. Optimal Breathing has an article "Brassieres, Breathing and Breast Cancer" that is very good, and can be found at the URL:
 http://www.breathing.com/articles/brassieres.htm#ARTICLE%20URL%20does%20not%20work?
3. Susun Weed did a very nice list of events that have occurred in the development of the bra, and it includes abstracts of various research projects that
support this article. Her article is called "A few highlights of the history of research on bras and breast disease", and can be found at:
http://www.susunweed.com/An_Article_Bra-disease.htm
 4. Lise Cloutier-Steele relates her thoughts and lifetime practices with her bra in "The Column Vine" located on GardenPlum.com. The title is: "Breasts
Weren't Made for Bras" and it can be found at: http://www.gardenplum.com/columnvine/breasts.html
 5. PubMed is part of NCBI, and is connected with the National Library of Medicine. They offer a source for many research papers that deal with any
medical situation. The URL to take you into a search for papers dealing with "Bras and Breast Health" is:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?CMD=search&DB=pubmed Of course, you can modify that search any way that you would want to. In
fact it will ask you for your subject to do a search of its current material.
 6. An article that is lengthy but covers a lot of interesting thoughts behind cancer is found at: http://www.cancer-prevention.net/  It talks about how toxins
and low oxygen levels in the cells and many other things are involved in the formation of what is referred to as a "malignant cell".
 http://www.portalesmedicos.com/publicaciones/articles/3691/1/Patologias-mamarias-generadas-por-el-uso-sostenido-y-seleccion-incorrecta-del-brassier-
en-pacientes-que-acuden-a-la-consulta-de-mastologia-
 http://www.m6.fr/emission-100_mag/videos/11277270-le_soutien_gorge_est_il_encore_obligatoire.html

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The hazards of wearing a bra 5.2

  • 1. The hazards of wearing a bra A standard dictated by social behavior Version 5.2
  • 2. Preamble  You will read and view a slideshow which required several years of reading, research, and exchange e-mails with some authors of studies on the dangers and uselessness of the bra.  I have absolutely no moral or financial interest with any group or any organization to prepare this presentation. (Just a family history of breast cancer.)  Altruism is my only motive.  I am not a pervert for addressing an often taboo subject.  Share this information, make up your own mind, decide what you want for your body regardless of social pressure and all those who will say, "No, it is not possible! "... Yves M. This is a translation of original french version 5.2 I will complete as the other versions through my readings. For my health ... I AM BRA-FREE!
  • 3. Another look our way of life  To better understand the aberration of social behavior it's best to be outside the culture ...  The monstrous appearance of foot lotus was regarded as the most erotic part of the female body, and the delicate shoes or boots that covered mutilated feet were a source of delight by association.
  • 4. Breasts and bras : social behavior  For us one of the most erotic parts of the female body are the breasts and by association the bra. However, the breasts are associated in most parts of the world with feeding kids and maternity.  The bra has become a pillar of fashion.
  • 5. A complex problem  Wearing a bra is based more on social and cultural reasons, not medical or scientific reasons.  In this slideshow are therefore closely linked: • The medical problem • The anatomical problem • The social problem • The economic problem
  • 6. Invented in 1889  The bra is a French creation and was invented by Hermine Cadolle in 1889.  It was presented at the World Exhibition in Paris under the name of "Welfare".
  • 7. The corset was already a health problem ...  From the sixteenth century, Ambroise Paré, MD Henri II, Charles IX and Henry III dissected a dead woman who had worn corsets, discovering that the bones of the rib cage overlapped.  During the nineteenth century many treatises were published concerning the negative aspects of corsets and doctors tried to prevent women from wearing them. Compression, bust deformation, distoring the body ...  The doctors then recommend a "hygienic" corset that completely clears the chest, where the chest is not maintained or raised. It is based on the basin and not on the chest and the chest is left free.
  • 8. The garment compresses the body  Problems caused by bras involve synthetic fabric and chemicals added to the garment.  We all have the power to reduce the risks to our health by taking simple precautions and exercising our judgment in our clothing choices  In their book "The clothes that kill us," Dr. Anna Maria Clement and Dr. Brian Clement draws our attention to the probable cause and effect between the clothes we wear and the increased incidence of certain disorders.
  • 9. Warning from the medical community It was around 1930 (41 years after the invention of the bra) that the first study was published showing a relationship between the bra and the increasing number of women with breast cancer. However, this research was ignored, partly because women are conditioned by the media and advertising into accepting bras as safe.
  • 10. New information is often refuted.  Some doctors even believe that cysts and nodules in the breasts are normal for women and say that it is not a disease ...  Yet many published studies indicate that often cysts can develop into cancers.  Despite newly published medical studies showing a significant link between bras and breast cancer, the issue is being ignored on the basis of opinion only, not fact.  Absolutely no study proves that this link does not exist!  Yet 70% of breast cancers unexplained ...
  • 11. Lucy has about 3.2 million years.  Scientific studies often have an economic justification.  In our society based on profit, getting rid of the bra has negative economic consequences ...  In recent years, almost the entire female population of Western countries has become convinced of the merits of using bra, despite it being detrimental to health and comfort.  How has the industry over the last few decades convinced women that bras are essential, despite millions of years of evolution without one ...?
  • 12. The bra and lymphatic drainage  A recent study by two medical anthropologists highlights the possible link between wearing bras and breast cancer.
  • 13. A study of 4700 women  Sydney Ross Singer and his wife, Soma Grismaijer, studied the habits of 4,700 American women, half of whom had breast cancer. (And not a comparative study between African and American as some suggest)  He showed in particular that women who wear bras for 18 to 24 hours per day had 125 times greater incidence of breast cancer than those who do not wear bras at all.
  • 14. Compression of lymph nodes  The bra compresses various lymph nodes and channels, inhibiting lymph fluid drainage from the breast. This prevents toxins from being eliminated and causes fluid-filled cysts to develop. Over time, these cysts become hard and fibrous.
  • 15. The lymphatic capillaries  The lymphatic capillaries are subcutaneous and microscopic.  They can be easily compressed by touch and slight pressure, and this prevents lymph fluid and the waste products in the lymph from being properly cleared from the breast.  + 70% of lymphatic capillaries are subcutaneous
  • 16. Blocked evacuation of toxins  This lymph becomes stagnant and toxic and can cause tissue damage over time.
  • 17. Compression of the lymphatics  The bra is designed to change breast shape and is elastic. This creates pressure that can compress the lymphatic vessels preventing proper lymphatic circulation. The lightest bra exerts pressures that are higher than those found in the lymphatic vessels.
  • 18. A very vivid experience  To check if the bra may actually undermine the effective functioning of the lymphatic system, an experiment was performed on a woman wearing a bra classic lightweight Sloggi 38 C and without reinforcement.  The pressure was measured by a load cell and compared to known pressures in the lymphatic vessels. Studie David Moth
  • 19. Constant pressure ...  The pressure exerted by the bra on 11 of the 12 points on the surface of the skin is 2.9 ounces (82.21 grams) with 38.7 ounces (1.09 kilograms) per square inch (6,452 cm2)  This enormous pressure on the lymphatic vessels is constant, significantly reducing the lymphatic circulation which cleanses the body. 1,09 Kg pour 6,45 cm2 567 grammes pour 6,45 cm2 731,5 grammes pour 6,45 cm2 771,10 grammes pour 6,45 cm2
  • 20. A low pressure lymphatic  Researchers at the University Hospital of Zurich working on lymphedema evaluated the effects of lymphatic congestion on lymph capillary pressure.  They found that the lymphatic pressure in the lymph vessels is very low, around 1 (28.35 g) to 5 ounces (141.74 grams) per square inch (6.45 cm2) It therefore appears that even a very light bra, as used in this investigation, is able to exert pressure considerably higher than those required to affect the lymphatic flow.
  • 21. Permanent blocking ...  The same researchers have investigated the flow velocity in the lymphatic capillaries of the human body in the supine position, and found lymph flow speeds in the order of 10 microns per second. Any excess pressure, such as that exerted by a bra, again reduced the lymphatic flow.  Women who sleep while wearing a bra further impair their lymphatic circulation over time.
  • 22. A flow constrained  The indentations caused by the bra act as a tourniquet on the chest, and because the blood circulation and lymph goes up in this region of the body, the flesh above the bra line shows signs of a chronic lack of oxygen and nutrients as well as signs of accumulation of metabolic toxins.  Less oxygen and fewer nutrients are delivered to cells, while waste is not flushed.  The response of the organism to these metabolic poisons is to dilute the area with water, causing a plump and even a thickened lump at the base of the neck appearance.
  • 23. Tissue hypoxia  It is known that disruption of the microcirculation are related to increased vasoconstriction, tissue hypoxia and metabolic acidosis tissue.  Otto Warburg, Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1931 explained that even if the cancer is now a host of new factors, it always starts when a cell filled with acid, and ALL cancers have the same thing in common.  An 35% decrease of oxygen in the cells for 48 hours can create cancer cells.
  • 24. Pathological angiogenesis  A passive dilatation of the veins and capillaries combined with a decrease in blood flow results in tissue hypoxia.  It is known that the angiogenesis is related to hypoxia inflamed tissue.  Angiogenesis is the process of growth of new blood vessels (neovascularization) from preexisting vessels.  This is a normal physiological process, found especially during embryonic development. But it is also a pathological process important in the growth of malignant tumors and the development of metastases.
  • 25. Studies on the constrictions caused by clothing are numerous. Studies show wearing tight clothing causes many health problems. This includes shoes, belts, and jeans and panties, pantyhose, tights or socks ... The human body does not always seem suited to the clothing fashions. In addition to urinary tract infections and venous disorders already known, men who always wear tight clothes and tight pants can experience infertility, as well as damage the testes. (The men in kilts are most fertile in the Scottish Medical Journal) For women, panties, pantyhose or tight jeans leads to increased heat retention, as well as an increase in the level of moisture in the vaginal area, which may lead to yeast infections. It can also produce tingling sensations in the legs, or paresthesias. The Italian study SOPHY revealed that women have 35% chance of additional fungal infections from wearing tight jeans. Friction creates small irritations conducive to the development of fungal infections. When the women stopped wearing the tight jeans, the fungal infections disappeared! Tight clothing can also cause gastrointestinal disorders and other stomach ailments, as well as the most sensitive skin irritations.
  • 26. Medical Study in Venezuela  A medical study conducted by the Department of Public Health, University Hospital of Carabobo March to June 2010 comes with the same results.  During this period, a questionnaire on the use of the bra and a complete physical examination were performed on all patients in consultation whose ages were between 13 and 72 years. "Pathology and breast lesions generated by the bra."
  • 27. Disease and breast lesions generated by the bra  The study, published October 14, 2011 and supervised by a specialist in obstetrics and gynecology found lesions and breast pathologies generated by wearing bras, which was attributed to bras preventing proper lymphatic circulation. http://www.portalesmedicos.com/publicaciones/articles/3691/1/Patologias-mamarias-generadas-por-el-uso- sostenido-y-seleccion-incorrecta-del-brassier-en-pacientes-que-acuden-a-la-consulta-de-mastologia-
  • 28. "The bra is an important predictor of the emergence and development of breast disease"  This study also found a 70% risk of developing breast cancer after 40 years when there is presence of breast nodules against 1% before age 30.  72% of women who sleep with a bra with lesions.  78.57% of women aged under 32 have breast lesions and 64.44% over the age of 32 years. (In relation to age: choice of form, whales, size PushUp, duration of use ...) (Study Hospital Carabobo)
  • 29. Close relationship between duration of use and breast lesions  In this recent medical study, a close relationship was found between the length of time a woman wears a bra and its tightness and the injuries and pathologies found in the breasts of patients during physical examination, confirming what Singer and Grismaijer found in their "Dressed to Kill" study. Visible indentations sustained after removal of bra
  • 30. Meridians and acupoints  In addition to reducing the lymphatic circulation in the breasts, bra-caused constriction creates a disruption of energy flow in the body's meridians and acupoints (energy pathways of the body in blue) recognized by traditional Chinese medicine, but not recognized by western medicine which is more concerned with the body's chemistry.
  • 31. A link proof ...  Since May 1999, there are now more than 30 medical research projects and scientific papers showing a link between fibrocystic breast disease and an increased cancer risk.  Numerous accounts exist of women who removed their bra and saw their cysts and nodules diminish or disappear in a few months. http://www.all- natural.com/fibrocys.html  95% of women who have tried have found an improvement. (Selfstudycenter) (Lancet 1999 May 22;353(9166):1742-5 "Risk of breast cancer in women with palpable breast cysts: a prospective study." Edinburgh Breast Group. Dixon JM, McDonald C, Elton RA, Miller WR Edinburgh Breast Unit, Western General Hospital, UK.")
  • 32. Breasts change volume, not the bra  Seeking the link between breast cancer and the bra, the researchers also found that just before a woman starts her menstrual period, estrogen causes swelling of the breasts.  During each month, a woman's breasts change several times in volume, but the bra size is the same ...  Wearing the same bra size but with slightly larger breasts causes lymphatic vessels to be even more compressed.  We know that hormonal factors are predominant in the development of breast cancer and the link between estrogen and breast cancer has already been done in many studies ...
  • 33. Estrogen  Normally, estrogen is extremely helpful. Apart from its role in the reproductive cycle, it keeps the blood vessels elastic, increases good cholesterol and strengthens bones by absorbing calcium in the blood.  But too much estrogen can wreak havoc among the cells by accelerating their growth and multiplication, and sometimes cause breast cancer. Hundreds of studies have now definitively linked to excess estrogen levels with higher risk of breast cancer.
  • 34. Estrogen mimics  Certain chemicals and pesticides are similar in composition to natural estrogen. When they lock onto receptors they also stimulate cell growth and division, which increases the potential for cancer.  It was found that the fatty breast tissue can concentrate traces of pesticides at highly toxic levels, up to 700 times higher than those found in the blood. They have therefore not been eliminated by the lymphatic drainage.  The breast cannot effectively cleanse itself of these toxins because of the lymphatics being blocked by the bra.
  • 35. The standing warming breasts  Compression from the bra significantly increase the temperature of the breast tissue.  This is proven by thermo graphic studies..  A precancerous or cancerous breast is known to be hotter by more than half a degree than a non-cancerous breast.
  • 36. Link bra and temperature  In 1978, a California doctor published an article in a medical journal linking the bra with increased breast temperature, suggesting that this fact could be related to breast cancer. He studied hundreds of women in his medical practice and observed that breast temperature was higher in bra wearing women, and that women who do not wear bras had cooler breasts, regardless their size.(The Lancet, November 4, 1978, P. 1001 Dr. John M. Douglass, Department of Internal Medicine, S. Calif. Permanente Med. Center Los Angeles, California).
  • 37. One in eight women ...  It is currently known that one in 8 women will develop breast cancer. High temperature and unbalanced presentation Symmetric distribution between the two breasts Normal breast Left breast cancer
  • 38. Natural breast massage  The natural movement of the breast during free walking normally creates a massage to circulate the lymph.  When this natural movement is hampered, lymph does not circulate, toxins accumulate and cysts and tumors appear.  The breast should move to stay healthy.
  • 39. Movement circulates lymph  In the movie "Sex and the city", Alice Eve shows with humor the natural movement of the breast that allows lymphatic drainage.  This natural movement is still often criticized in our society and women experience social pressure to prevent breast movement.
  • 40. Trampoline without bra  The lymph is totally dependent on physical exercise to move, and many doctors now recommend bouncing on a mini trampoline without a bra to simulate walking bra-free.  Lymphatic flow increases by 15 to 30 times in a few days, and cysts that were due to poor lymphatic drainage from bra wearing disappear.  This exercise is recommended for the prevention of breast cancer.
  • 41. Dressed to kill  The bra does not cause cancer by itself but contributes to breast cancer by preventing the body from excreting harmful carcinogens.  In other words, bras inhibit the process by which our body cleanses itself and gets rid of cancer cells and toxins.
  • 42. A woman is alive (Not an object)  A bra will never be perfectly suited, because it ignores the breath, menstrual cycles, outside temperature, a possible pregnancy ...
  • 43. Results of drug investigation  The "Dressed to Kill" study revealed that 3 out of 4 women who wear a bra 24/7 will develop breast cancer, compared to 1 out of 168 who are bra-free.  A bra-free woman has about the same incidence of breast cancer as a man, which is about 125 times less than a woman who wears a bra 24/7  The bra/cancer link is about 12 times greater than the tobacco/cancer link.
  • 44. Correlation and causation  Environmental toxins enter our body  Toxins = estrogenic effects  Storage toxins => body fat  Breast = essentially fat.  Toxins are removed from the breast via the lymphatic system.  The lymphatic system has no pump like the heart.  Anything that slows the lymphatic system is subject to development of symptoms and diseases.  The bra restricts movement of the breasts and significantly reduces the lymphatic drainage.
  • 45. Can anyone deny a fact?  Given the many studies showing a bra/cancer link, can this be called an urban legend ?  Saying this is criminal!  In fact, in 4700 women interviewed about their clothing habits, all those who do not wear bras are not necessarily those who do not drink and do not smoke. (Risk Factors)  In addition, overweight women (those at risk) who were unconcerned about their image, were part of the women interviewed who were not wearing a bra.  The finding of this study is simple: the longer and tighter a woman wears a bra the higher her risk of developing cancer.  In the United States, after checking the conflicting information, the media no longer say it is a myth.
  • 46. A multidisciplinary approach  Such a study on the risks of bra wearing falls both in the life sciences (biology, medicine ...) and the humanities (psychoanalysis, psychology, sociology ...)  Those who are concerned only with one aspect necessarily pass off this eloquent statement.  The distribution of breast cancer on the planet is not always consistent with dietary factors. However, where there are no bras, there is virtually no breast cancer.
  • 47. It takes time for new knowledge to be accepted as true ...  Tobacco took nearly a century before  to be recognized carcinogen, and is still sold ...  Asbestos was identified as a carcinogen since 1890, but only accepted as such between 1980 and 1990 ...  The discovery of cold fusion is still controversial.  Neutrinos go faster than light ...  Dangerous drugs are still available.  GMO-fed rats develop tumors, but of course we are told that this is wrong! etc.etc ...  The list goes on ....
  • 48. No financial interest in such a large-scale study  Nobody has done a study following two groups of 10,000 women for about 60 years, noting all their clothing habits, food, and lifestyle (alcohol, smoking, contraception, weight ..)  Some protocols, such as the double-blind can not even be used. Imagine:  A group of women wear a bra but do not know!  A group of women do not wear bra but do not know!
  • 49. A study misses  In 1991, researchers at Harvard University published in a medical journal an article on the risk of breast cancer relative to the cup size of the bra.  They mention in this study that women who do not wear bras have a lower rate of breast cancer by 60% compared to women who wear bras.  This statement of a significant bra/cancer link was not the focus of their study, and was overlooked as important by the researchers who guessed that this is "probably" because bra-free women are thinner and their breasts "must be" more small ...
  • 50. The bra reduces melatonin production  Melatonin is a powerful antioxidant and a hormone that promotes good sleep, fights aging, stimulates the immune system and slows the growth of certain types of cancer, including breast cancer. (Chronobiol Int 2000 Nov;17(6):783-93 "The effects of skin pressure by clothing on circadian rhythms of core temperature and salivary melatonin." Lee YA, Hyun KJ, Tokura H, Department of Environmental Health, Nara Women's University, Japan.)  Spanish researchers published an article describing a possible use of melatonin for the prevention and treatment of breast cancer.(Histol Histopathol 2000 Apr;15(2):637-47)  Another more recent study (2000), published in Chronobiology International (journal of medical and biological research rhythm), found that wearing a bra decreased melatonin production by 60% and changed the core temperature body.
  • 51. Spectacular results  According to a study launched on the internet on the site www.selfstudycenter.org / breast_study.htm for thousands of women who have tried to permanently remove their bra, the results are spectacular.  Having imprisoned their breasts since puberty, the feeling of breast freedom can sometimes seem strange at first. But within days, the breasts have a chance to drain of congestion and excess lymphatic fluid.  Menstrual breast pain and cysts disappear or greatly reduce.  Breasts lift and tone. It's like a miracle.
  • 52. After that, it's already too late ...  The American Cancer Society reveals that it is not recommended for women post- mastectomy to "wear a bra tight" because it causes lymphedema.  Unfortunately, they ignore this affect of the bra prior to surgery.
  • 53. Lymphedema: Postoperative tips Avoid constriction of breast before support would have been better. Among the list of recommendations for patients at risk of developing lymphedema, there are (* similar to the pressure of the bra on the lymph) Do not wear shoulder bags on the affected side (* Weight) Do not wear tight jewelry around the arm or fingers affected. (* Pressure) Do not roll up shirt sleeves to tighten the arms. (* Pressure) Do not sleep on the affected arm. (* Pressure) Avoid long hours without moving. (* Immobilization) Wear light breast prostheses (dentures * increase pressure on the lymph nodes of the neck). Do not wear a bra too tighty and ideally without metal reinforcement (underwires). (* Pressure indentations) Recommended exercises: walking, swimming, light aerobics movements (* Breast movement promotes natural drainage) (National Lymphedema Network)
  • 54. Discomfort of bra for women living with breast cancer  An Australian study has clearly established that the discomfort of bra, especially the elastic band of the bra, is a barrier to participation in physical activity for women living with a diagnosis of breast cancer.  70.3% of women participating in the study reported experiencing discomfort in the bra during exercise.  Is bra discomfort a barrier to exercise for breast cancer patients? (PMID:19669168) Biomechanics Research Laboratory, School of Health Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales 2522, Australia. sg490@uow.edu.au
  • 55. Pressure and pain  French researchers at the University of Paris Necker Hospital found that women with monthly breast pain are twice as likely to develop breast cancer.  Another medical study has found that the straps that cause groves in the shoulder also put pressure on the cervical nerve, causing headaches, neck pain and numbness.
  • 56. A destructive fashion accessory Some countries (Japan, the provinces of India, Fiji, Maori ...) do not hesitate to campaign for a return to traditional clothing that does not include the bra. Indeed, women in these cultures who adopt the Western fashion of wearing bras are increasingly developing breast disease and cancer, while those who do not wear bras have healthy breasts.
  • 57. The Fiji Islands ...  As a follow-up study, medical anthropologists Singer and Grismaijer found 24 cases of breast cancer in Fiji. About half the women in Fiji are bra-free. All 24 cases were in women who wore bras. Given the same genetics, with women from the same villages, and the same diet, those who developed cancer were those who wore bras, usually as a requirement for work.
  • 58. The same results in China  A recent study from the University of Medicine of Zhejiang Province in China in July 2009, studied the risk factors for breast cancer in women and showed that wearing the bra to sleep increases the incidence of breast cancerover 100%.  Cancer experts at the modern hospital in Guangzhou warn women about the bra and that health is paramount to the appearance.
  • 59. Japanese immigration to the United States  Japanese living in Japan have lower rates of breast cancer than the first generation of Japanese living in the United States (3 times less).  The increase in breast cancer incidence among the first and the second generation is 24%. Studies on the consumption of fats, excess calories and animal protein intake and its relation to breast cancer incidence are conflicting. Traditionally, Japanese women were bra-free. The change of lifestyle with the adoption of the bra in American culture could certainly be one explanation for the rise in breast cancer rates.
  • 60. Breast cancer in men  Statistically, a man has the same chance of developing breast cancer as a woman who never wears a bra.
  • 61. The first monokini  In 1964 the Austrian Rudi Gernreich introduced the first monokini.  This is a typical short striped sailor style with crossed straps.  The straps are then abandoned in 1970's and 80's to make way for a topless look which today embodies the ultimate minimalism.
  • 62. The great sun against breast cancer  While frenzied tanning can lead to skin cancer, several medical studies show that exposure of the skin to sunlight is excellent against breast cancer, which destroyed a legend spread by the enemies of topless beaches. Contrary to popular belief ...  Confusion was fueled between breast cancer and skin cancer.  The medical profession says sun, the rumor heard beach.  The medical body said skin cancer, the rumor heard breast cancer.
  • 63. The Sun: Best source of vitamin D  The best source of vitamin D, which plays an important role in the prevention of breast cancer, is solar ultraviolet radiation. Under its influence, a vitamin precursor in the skin is converted into provitamin D3 and vitamin D3.  The excess mortality from cancer (including breast cancer) among African- Americans is attributed to their pigmentation, which blocks more than necessary ultraviolet rays at these latitudes and hinders the production of vitamin D significantly.
  • 64. The great sun against breast cancer. But without abuse… Relationship between UV exposure and disease burden •The skin is the largest source of vitamin D, which it produces in response to ultraviolet (uv) light. However, too much uv is also harmful. •So let's use the sun to get a reasonable amount of sunlight in the direction of recent findings on vitamin D and its effect on the immune system by helping to prevent cancer. •This is the result of 10 years of study on 68,000 women. • In this graph, we can clearly see that the solar underexposure is as bad as overexposure. 78% of women with breast cancer are in a state of deficiency or excess.
  • 65. The sun, an anti cancer ...  Without abuse and regular exposure, the sun strenthens and beautifies the breast skin.  Swim topless amounts to a free spa: seawater gives the skin its advantage in minerals and trace elements.  In addition, we now know that a lack of sun exposure reduces melatonin levels that are considered in recent studies as an anticancer agent.
  • 66. Sociology Jean Claude Kaufmann Female body, eyes of men. In his book JC Kaufmann said that the bare breast on the beach is seen when it is part of the standard! (Still social pressure) What happens on the beach is a reflection of our society without walls. It must be loud and clear, but relatively quiet ... (Dictat the bra) Not to catch the eye, the woman must also demonstrate an ability to be at ease.
  • 67. Fluency: the most visible affirmation of freedom from the constraints that dominate ordinary people (Pierre Bourdieu)?  Social pressure often prevents women from being topless in public even while legally not prohibited at swimming pools.  According to sociologist Jean-Claude Kaufmann, this practice gives women a positive psychological effect, including confidence and greater ease.
  • 68. Even without breasts a bra is required!  Jodi Jaecks had serious problems swimming in the pool without the top of the jersey that was hurting her double mastectomy scars.  The bra is therefore not a social stress related to breast size ... Especially when there are no breasts!
  • 69. Allowed in the pool topless  Since March 2008 in Denmark, and June 2009 in Sweden, women are allowed to swim topless in public swimming pools.  On the same date, Toulouse authorizes too! This practice, however, is theoretically legal in France since 1975 in all places
  • 70. Need a prosthesis ?  Since 1978, several medical studies in France, the United States, Japan and Britain have emphasized that, contrary to popular belief, the bra can not prevent drooping breasts.  Yet the lobbies of the textile industry continues to proclaim that no medical study says this!  Women have become dependent on this accessory to the point of not being able to live without it. Bra after mastectomy
  • 71. The bra is unnecessary and promotes falling breasts  In many studies, Professor Jean-Denis Rouillon, sports physician at the University Hospital of Besançon has shown that: Wearing Bra promotes sagging breasts.
  • 72. Contrary to popular belief  From the moment a woman begins to use the bra, there starts a process of complete relaxation of both breasts, on both a physiological and muscular level.  The result, over time, may be the appearance of nodules and cysts, sometimes more ...  From a muscular view, having never exercised, breasts become flabby and vulgarly said, "they droop." A lack of stimulation and elasticity is responsible for early ptosis.
  • 73. The bra is unnecessary and promotes falling breasts  Indeed, Cooper's ligaments and the fascia which are the natural supporters of the breast atrophy because of the artificial support of the bra. The breast loses its firmness, still drooping more rapidly with time.  The breast is wrapped in a "thin and very strong, especially tough membrane that works." It is also suspended as by a net by the ligaments attached to the skin.  Sometimes when women stop wearing the bra, an unpleasant sensation of tightness may last several days to weeks before the breasts again start to support themselves.
  • 74. Breast without back support!  "Women experience comfort and improved aesthetics when they stop wearing bras. Contrary to popular belief, the breast does not fall but it strengthens, and stretch marks and the quality of the skin improves. "(Jean Denis Rouillon)
  • 75. Surprising results A year without a bra: Highest Firmer Less stretch Medical Study on Year Laetitia Pierrot, December 2003.
  • 76. Growth in young girls  Every mother is conditioned by our society to give her daughter a bra as her breasts develop. (Only 3-5% of French girls do not wear them. In Scandinavia 9% of girls wear them.)  This is already contributing to the droop of the breasts because the anatomical elements of breast suspension in both muscle (the platysma) and connective tissue (all fascias) are reinforced during growth because of gravity and movement, and wearing a bra interferes with this development.  Breast tissue does not stretch without a bra despite an increase in breast size. The breast does not droop and is firmer.
  • 77. Medical study on the evolution of comfort bra (2009)  At the beginning of the study 42% of subjects felt discomfort without a bra. Three months later and no more discomfort.  Three years later, no subject felt pain, no subject was embarrassed by the decision of wearing bra in daily activities including sports. Extract from the thesis of Olivier Roussel under the direction of Jean Denis Rouillon  Women who have never worn a bra have never experienced this discomfort.
  • 78. Preventing ptosis (falling breasts) without a bra.  The angle of the axis of the nipple relative to the horizontal increases from 180%!  The breast lifts, a reverse ptosis. The free breast strengthens.  Never wearing a bra naturally gives firmer breasts and, contrary to popular belief, a high chest. Extract from the thesis of Olivier Roussel under the direction of Jean Denis Rouillon
  • 79. A natural mechanical support  Using sensors on athletes, sports scientists have discovered that their breasts travel 6 cm from top to bottom and 9 cm from left to right during the various sports. These movements (reduced by 70% with a bra) allow the breast to stay naturally supported and healthy. A research finding that is both baffling and bewildering, despite all of our cultural notions about bras, is that after three years of being bra- free the breasts lifted, toned, and experienced improve health.
  • 80. Movements should not interfere…  Christine Haycock, a surgeon in New Jersey Medical School in Newark, studied athletes who submitted to several rounds of tests with and without a bra for years.  Conclusion: yes, breasts move but "these movements do not harm the breasts and act as an automassage that is better not to interfere with."  "It may be uncomfortable for women with big breasts but does no damage to the muscles or tissues. "  Dr Claire Heigh, médecin du sport, Dr Niels H. Lauersen, MD, Ph. D., & Eileen Stukane (The Complete Book of Breast Care) ont le même discours…
  • 81. The problem of static breasts  In his book "Gynecology sport. Risk and benefits of physical activity in women "Thierry Adam, gynecologist and sports obstetrician stated:  "The talk of the industry has some misconceptions, including the risk of progressive development of droopy breasts without bra" This is wrong!  It is important for the breasts to move without a bra. You must allow time for the breast tissue to enhance its connective tissue and women to adapt to physical activity without support.
  • 82. The breast Just a body feeder  Among African women often cited as a counterexample, droopy breasts often result from a tribal custom in which the growth of breasts, ever since the bud emergence, is directed downwards.  This custom makes it easier to feed their child seated on the back when doing housework or other activities. (Thierry Adam, gynécologie du sport)
  • 83. Breast enhancement without a bra: a media surge  In April 2013 a media outbreak of Blue Radio Besançon France info relayed by the AFP and all the national and international media to the New York Post reported fifteen years of work by Jean Denis Rouillon. http://www.m6.fr/emission-100 Click the link (French video)
  • 84. A Japanese study ...  In 1991, Japanese researchers (Otsuma University) did a study on the bra and sagging breasts.  Instead of removing the bra women, they asked women to put one on! (This is not a widespread use in Japan)  They proved a bra can actually increase breast sagging, because it is filled with lymph and becomes heavier.  This effect was more pronounced on large breasts.  The accumulation of lymph cited is reminiscent of the theory on the link between bras and breast cancer.
  • 85. Bra damage  Wearing a Bra thus causes compression, increases breast temperature and decreases the lymphatic and blood circulation.  This results in a decrease in the volume of the gland, an increase of adipose tissue and tissue hypoxia (with its adverse effects).  All these consequences also cause ptosis and a decrease of breast firmness.
  • 86. Pain relief without bra  Two British breast surgeons have conducted two clinical trials in England and Wales. They looked to see if the women could reduce chest pain by no longer wearing bras. Their study concluded that the majority of women experienced a reduction in breast pain without a bra.  For the study, they asked the women not to use a bra for 3 months, and instead wear a kind of soft T-shirt (or tank), for those who wanted an undergarment alternative.  Following the study, no woman wanted to again wear a bra, as they had won ease and comfort bra-free. In three months without a bra pain disappear and ligaments of Cooper picked up the pace
  • 87. Ease and freedom  A medical doctor published his results in the treatment of shoulder pain in women with large breasts. In this 5-year study, it was suggested that patients relieve the weight from their shoulders for a period of two weeks by going braless.  The study noted that "the long-term outcome was the presence or absence of pain in the shoulders, if a bra was used or not.  79% of patients decided to unload the weight of their breasts from their shoulders permanently, becoming bra-free because it made them feel liberated. "​​
  • 88. Caution osteopaths  Osteopaths of the British Osteopathic Association indicate that in some cases the bra can have serious health consequences.  Upper shoulders can slump and upper ribs can be compressed. Compressed ribs affect the respiratory system.  It can restrict blood flow and cause mastitis (breast infection) and local scarring.
  • 89. The finding of massage therapists  Massage therapists are also experiencing the problem of client's constantly wearing bras.  By constant pressure the bra creates on both sides of the body elastic rolls of fat which are very resistant to massage.
  • 90. When the bra does not exist Women were already ... And ... did not have a support problem!
  • 91. Women who wear the least amount of clothes live longer!  In his study of a woman 120 years old we find: "I've never worn more than a pair of socks since I was 7 years old." She was rarely sick, always running marathons, and had the energy and enthusiasm of a woman with half her age.  Another example of this study is a stripper until the age of 83, she now is 117. "The garment chokes the skin." "I do not even need a bra until I was 95 years old."  Sir Edwin Burkhart, a British anthropologist, recently released a study in the Royal Journal of Social Anthropology resulting from over 5,000 interviews with women aged 70 to 120 years. This study shows that women with the least possible clothes live longer!  While simple observation, it nevertheless raises questions ...
  • 92. A return to a wise decision  Since it is now established that the bra generates only health problems, is of no use to prevent sagging breasts, (and on the contrary increases sagging), removing the bra definitely seems obvious.  Many more women are adopting this lifestyle, and the "norm" to be bra-free, sometimes causing criticism and horror.  In the 80s in France, women lived without bra and had no social problem. The few women who wore them were treated as backward.
  • 93. A fashion that already existed  In 1370, an edict of Strasbourg requires:  "no woman will support the chest, whether by  provision of the shirt or dress laced ".  This is mainly from the 13th century that the chest reveals no complex with fashion launched by Agnes Sorel (d. 1450), the mistress of King Charles VII of France, appearing topless in the court of France. •Until the revolution, as evidenced by Madame Tallien, it was less appropriate to show her ankles Madonna wearing a dress JP Gaultier Accordin g to Harper's Bazaar in 1868, skirt length of 4 to 16 years Agnès Sorel
  • 94. Fashion: a social and cultural reflex  Walk around with headphones is nowadays an informal standard that could be installed.  If all the women began to hide their ears (erogenous zone) and show their breasts, in 50 years ears will become a "sexual organ".  It would be socially frowned upon to show an earring. Erotic images of pierced ears would replace current images of pierced breasts.  Fashion with its codes amply exceeds the need to dress.
  • 95. May 68  Women burn their bras in public.  Indeed, if the bra is emblematic of May 68, it is only because all the women ... were unanimous in rejecting it.  We are witnessing the refusal of this accessory which hampered and alienated the female body  The women wore their sweaters (including the famous tiny Sonia Rykiel) bra-free.
  • 96. A slowdown linked to the story ?  France is among the countries where the incidence of breast cancer has increased faster over the period 1980-2005, with a slowdown between 2000 and 2005 ...  Many young women since 1968 who made the choice to live without a bra can probably explain this enigmatic slowdown ...
  • 97. WHO findings on European Habits  From 1950 to the late 1980s, mortality from breast cancer has increased throughout Europe, except Norway and Sweden (Source: WHO 2013)  An interesting combination and perplexing:  In France 95% of women wear a bra  In Scandinavia, 5-10% of women wear a bra. (J-C Kaufmann) Remember that these countries have the lowest in the world sex offender ...
  • 98. Breast cancer explodes in developing countries  The researchers say they are puzzled when the cause of the increased rate of breast cancer in developing countries ...  Forecasts according to the International Agency for Research on Cancer in Lyon in March 2011
  • 99. The West as a model ...  With the adoption of Western fashion as a model in developing countries women now proudly wear their bra! Meanwhile, breast cancer rates are rising in these cultures.  In many non-Western cultures, the breast of a woman has always been publicly displayed without any problems, and was not considered a sexual organ.  The Western model changes everything.
  • 100. The phenomenon trigger ?  When comparing types of cancer, just as tobacco use increases lung cancer in humans, the bra explains the incredible peak of this graph of breast cancer in women.  Otherwise, why is this area of the body (breast) affected more than another?
  • 101. Health or appearance  Wearing a bra has no medical necessity ...  ... Quite the contrary!  Social pressure guides our choices:  The same irrational behavior seems okay if others are also doing it. Being a woman is not indecent.
  • 102. An amazing ambiguity !  The absurdity of the textile industry in this area is that it will even create bras imitating nude breasts. But that does not relieve the lymphatic drainage problem ...
  • 103. Unlike men / women  But they have no problem seeing breasts like this!  Some do not dare out of fear of ridicule ... Which of the two breasts that most deserve to be supported??
  • 104. Our company does not make sense  Topless: allowed for men, sometimes criticized for women ...  Who needs a bra most?
  • 105. The gendered female body  The breasts of a woman did not belong to herself. They have become objects for others to see.  They are the product of a society that has sexualized the breast.
  • 106. Public breastfeeding frowned ... The female body is so sexualized that it is impossible to breastfeed in public. (Youtube or Facebook censors such pictures as something criminal !)  The social pressure is still there, despite worldwide being one of the most natural gestures of humanity. (We would not be here)  Consider breastfeeding as a sexual exhibition shows that our society is out of order ... A breastfed child should be able to eat in a restaurant like the rest of the world
  • 107. Criminalize all or part of the female body.  Cultural prudishness criminalizes the nude body, becoming a real dictatorship of beauty. This creates a poor body image and self-esteem... veiled elements of the decline of civilization as we now live.
  • 108. An incredible paradox  While women highlight "sexuality of their breasts" with a bra, it is at the same time a modest coverage to hide a nipple that many consider sexual or perverse to display.  This is because the bra has become in Western society a 'secular veil "which should cover women and keep their breasts from being immodest.
  • 109. The woman as an object our Western society From a social philosophy point of view, the woman's body has three parts: A physical body, which allows her to live in space and time and perform activities everyday. A maternal body that allows her to give birth and nurture her children. A sexual body that allows her to have the pleasures of the flesh and to give to her partner. Whatever she does, it is through the eyes of men that the woman is most often seen in our society
  • 110. Shirtless on a site  Bare torso workers on building sites are numerous.  Yet this man who looks at this woman sees her as a sexual object. Moreover, it certainly makes him thinks she is incompetent.
  • 111. Breasts: femininity prohibited  A mermaid bow, which until now welcomed visitors topless (the Sea Life Chessington United Kingdom), was forced to see her chest covered with a bra. Management feared causing a controversy over her beautiful breast discovery. (August 2011)
  • 112. Women who want to be free ...  Yet in many countries, women are demanding the legal right to release their breasts from bras, despite social pressure and existing anti-topless laws!
  • 113. An advanced society ...  Western society:  An advanced society!  Why not put on gloves and a mask to hide my hands and mouth which can also have sexual functions!
  • 114. Educating men ...  Or is it men who need to be educated? In some African countries, breast ironing on the buds of the girls could finally stop.
  • 115. Once we change our cultural universe, we are changing the image of women.  Nature gave her breasts,our culture invented the bra and we discover now the dangers that come with it.  If an Indian woman is veiled in her Sari, she can bath naked in the Ganges without this shocking anyone.  "Divine Mother has given him clothes, eyes of passers ..."
  • 116. Molestation in Tunisia  On 3 September 2012, a young girl was raped by two policemen because she was immoral! (It is she who is accused!)  The FEMEN manifested in front of the Louvre Venus de Milo, topless for centuries and seen by millions of people.  "Viola I am immoral"
  • 117. The breasts of the woman for her freedom  The FEMEN means, among other things, fight for democracy, the rights of men and women, secularism, sexism, and also fighting what they consider "patriarchal values that permeate most​​ industrialized societies." 18 Septembre 2012, à Paris.
  • 118. In France: Legal Legality  If in France and in most European countries nudity is perfectly legal without causing public indecency by gestures or sexual exhibitions. Yet, social pressure continues to imprison women in this destructive fashion accessory. Title stupid witnessed a ridiculous social pressure.
  • 119. Kate topless... Scandal ? Yet natural ...  While social pressure foolishly wants to humiliate Kate Middleton with a few pictures of her topless, nobody takes offense at home with the royal couple during this trip ... Human behavior is really stupid !
  • 120. In a French department  In Guyana, the French village Wayana Camopi children go to school with minimal clothing and free breasts.  Nobody is shocked to live naturally, and fashion has not (yet) come here to create a customer...       ..and take away their freedom ...
  • 121. In New York…  Since 1992 a woman can legally walk around topless like men.
  • 122. Normalize women's bodies  In New York state women can be topless legally, after a 1992 decision of the highest court of the state. This means that any woman can walk around the city at any time without a shirt like men.
  • 123. Social pressure stronger than law ?  While Moira Johnston, a lawyer, flows freely and legally topless in New York, the pictures of her on the internet are censored!  Why are the breasts of men not censored?
  • 124. Fashion accessory in Papua  If in our Western society breasts should be covered/supported because they are considered a sexual organ, why don't men adopt the fashion accessory of the Papuans to support their sexual organ??
  • 125. Support and enhance ...  In both cases: to support and enhance ...  One is encouraged by advertising, the other not!  In the end, the two are identical
  • 126. A fight for health  This is a fight against social pressure but at the same time for women's health ... Candy Love stopped in the 70s
  • 127. Attention to mistakes  Women can be bra-free for comfort and health without loosing their modesty.  Each woman has a choice to wear a bra or not.  Find the appropriate clothing for modesty given the circumstances.  Just because bras are a cultural norm, it does not mean you should wear one. Think for yourself and be sensitive to your body.
  • 128. A choice: health or appearance  Survey results suggest that thinking ... A simple and free movemen t for health, ...
  • 129. Social pressure is the biggest enemy of your health Is it socially more comfortable to have breast cancer than to be without a bra ? It is not natural to wear a bra.
  • 130. An accessory that kills  Is it socially acceptable for a woman to go out without a bra even when she no longer has breast?
  • 131. Normality or aberration?  We live in a society which imposes rules that are not necessarily chosen.  Let's make a choice of our personal behavior.
  • 133. Your body is yours, choose for yourself what you should wear or not !  A woman who dresses in the morning and puts on a bra does not even know why she made this​​ gesture. It creates a stress induced by our culture. The gesture is automatic, without any reflection ... It must be done, it's the way it is, others do it!  All this information is from books, medical studies and readings that you can find yourself doing your own research on the internet.  Here are some links (There's a lot especially in English) among many others: http://translate.googleusercontent.com/translate_c?hl=fr&langpair=en%7Cfr&u=http://ezinearticles.com/ http://seinslibres.neuf.fr/fr/etudes.htm http://www.guerir.org/communaute/a-propos-de-ce-site/questions-frequentes/soutien-gorge-et-cancer-des-sein http://forum.doctissimo.fr/forme-beaute/beaute-seins/sans-soutien-gorge-sujet_34_1.htm http://www.jurandoubs.com/journaliste/marcher-courir-bouger/article/le-soutien-gorge-pas-si-sain Three years of reading to do this slideshow ... Good health to all ... Live long ... Yves M. Even links in the following pages, references in this show, my reading ...
  • 134. Sources (Page 1) :  Naraynsingh V, Maharaj R, Dan D, Hariharan S.  The Bra Sign in Breast Cancer. J Women’s Health (Larchmt). 2011 Jun 28. [Epub ahead of print]  Mispelaere e.a., Dragen van bh: risico's?, Tijdschr-v-Geneesk., 2008  Wood e.a., Breast size, bra fit and thoracic pain in young women: a correlational study, Chiropr-Osteopat., mrt. 2008  McGhee e.a., How do respiratory state and measurement method affect bra size calculations?, Br-J-Sports-Med., dec. 2006  Ringberg e.a., On cup and bra size: reply to a prospective study of breast size and premenopausal breast cancer incidence, Int-J-Cancer., apr. 2006  Hsieh e.a., Breast size, handedness and breast cancer risk, Eur-J-Cancer., 1991  Ashizawa e.a., Breast form changes resulting from a certain brassiere, J-Hum-Ergol., jun. 1990  Lee e.a., The effects of skin pressure by clothing on circadian rhythms of core temperature and salivary melatonin, Chronobiol-Int., nov. 2000  Fiorica, Fibrocystic changes, Obstet-Gynecol-Clin-North-Am., 1994  Harwood e.a., Ligamentous tissues are susceptible to the effects of stress deprivation, Appl-Physiol., 1992  Bowles e.a., Do current sports brassiere designs impede respiratory function?, Med-Sci-Sports-Exerc., sep. 2005  Norlock, Benign breast pain in women: a practical approach to evaluation and treatment, J-Am-Med-Womens-Assoc., 2002  Lee e.a., Field studies on inhibitory influence of skin pressure exerted by a body compensatory brassiere on the amount of feces, J-Physiol-Anthropol-Appl- Human-Sci., jul. 2000  Page e.a., Breast motion and sports brassiere design. Implications for future research, Sports-Med., apr. 1999  (Ryan, EL, Pectoral ceinture myalgies chez les femmes:... Une étude de 5 ans dans un contexte clinique Clin J Pain, 2000 Dec; 16 (4) :298-303)  (Hsieh, CC et D. Trichopoulos, D. Eur. J. Cancer 27:131-5, 1991 "Le risque de cancer du sein de taille, impartialité et la poitrine")  (The Lancet, Novembre 4, 1978, p 1001 Dr John M. Douglass, Département de Médecine Interne, S. Calif Permanente Med. Center de Los Angeles, Californie) voir aussi le point n ° 8 de plus sur la température des seins.  ("Change de forme du sein résultant d'une Brassiere Certains" Journal of Hum ergol (Tokyo) 1990 Jun;.. 19 (1) :53-62 Ashizawa K, Sugane A, T Gunji Institut des sciences humaines de séjour, Université Otsuma femmes,. Tokyo, Japon  1995 Sydney Singer et Soma Grismaijer de l'Institut pour l'étude des maladies Culturogenic publié leur livre, "Dressed to Kill: Le lien entre le cancer du sein et de Bras» (Avery presse).  http://www.selfstudycenter.org/  Témoignages de femmes ayant élilminé la maladie fibrokyste du sein en éliminant le soutien gorge http://www.all-natural.com/fibrocys.html  Lancet 1999 le 22 mai; 353 (9166) :1742-5 "Le risque de cancer du sein chez les femmes présentant des kystes mammaires palpables: une étude prospective." Edinburgh Breast Group Dixon JM, McDonald C, Elton RA, Miller WR Unité sein Edinburgh,. Western General Hospital, Royaume-Uni. ")
  • 135. Sources (Page 2) :  Diminution de la douleur des seins sans soutien gorge Un documentaire d'une demi-heure a été filmé en liaison avec les études et a été montré à la télévision nationale en Angleterre en Novembre 2000 sur Channel 4 au Royaume-Uni. Simon Cawthorne, chirurgien de médecine à l'hôpital Frenchay de Bristol, en Angleterre, et le Professeur Robert Mansel, MD, Département de Chirurgie chef, University of Wales Medical School, Cardif, Pays de Galles.  Chronobiol Int 2000 Nov; 17 (6) :783-93 "Les effets de la pression peau par des vêtements sur les rythmes circadiens de la température corporelle et de mélatonine salivaire." YA Lee, Hyun KJ, Tokura H, Département de santé environnementale de l'Université de Nara femmes , Japon.  Des chercheurs en Espagne ont publié un article décrivant l'utilisation possible de la mélatonine dans la prévention du cancer du sein et le traitement (Histol Histopathol 2000 avr; 15 (2) :637-47).  J. Hansen, «Lumière de nuit, travail posté, et le risque de cancer du sein" J Natl Cancer Inst 2001; 93: 1513-1515  Ryan, EL, Clin J Pain, 2000 Dec; 16 (4) :298-303, «Pectoral ceinture myalgies chez les femmes:. Une étude de 5 ans dans un contexte clinique»  Leitzmann M.F. and al. Prospective study of physical activity and risk of post-menopausal cancer, Breast Cancer Research 2008, 10, R92.  Hironobu Sasano, Department of Pathology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi-ken 980-8575, Japan. Aromatase Localization in Human Breast Cancer Tissues: Possible Interactions between Intratumoral Stromal and Parenchymal Cells  Experts from Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou remind that women should love and cherish their own health. Beauty is indeed important, but health is even more important http://www.asiancancer.com/cancer-healthcare/cancer-prevention/1251.html  Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA. The relation of breast size to breast cancer risk in postmenopausal women (United States).  A case-control study on risk factors of female breast cancer in Zhejiang province. The Women's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou 310006, China.  En 1995, Hulka a publié dans LANCET des groupes de femmes à risques élevés et à risque faible.  Témoignage soutien-cancer http://www.guerir.org/communaute/trouvez-le-soutien-adapte-a-votre-diagnostic/sein-7/soutien-gorge-et-cancer-des-seins  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2092072?dopt=Abstract) Institute of Human Living Sciences, Otsuma Women's University, Tokyo, Japan  Experiment to measure the force exerted by a bra on the lymphatic system. By David Moth http://www.moth.freeserve.co.uk/page30.html http://www.moth.freeserve.co.uk/page43.html  Evaluation préclinique de l'activité antitumorale des inhibiteurs de l'aromatase Pierrick Auvray, Francis Bichat, Philippe Genne, Oncodesign Biotechnology, Parc technologique de la Toison-d'Or, 28, rue de Broglie, 21000 Dijon..  Evolution du sein apres l'arret du port du soutien-gorge : etude preliminaire longitudinale sur 33 sportives volontaires Laetitia Pierrot; Jean-Denis Rouillon;̀ ̂ ́ ́ Universite de Franche-Comte. Faculte de medecine et de pharmacie.́ ́ ́ ́
  • 136. Sources (Page 3) :  Facteurs de l'evolution morphologique du sein apres arret du port du soutien-gorge : etude ouverte preliminaire longitudinale chez 50 volontaires Olivieŕ ̀ ̂ ́ ́ Roussel; Jean-Denis Rouillon; Universite de Franche-Comte. Faculte de medecine et de pharmacie.́ ́ ́ ́  Généralités sur le processus inflammatoire  Health risks of wearing a bra by Paul Kendall and Jenny Hope  hironobu sasano breast cancer  Women with large breasts are at an increased risk of advanced breast cancer. Department of Surgery, Russells Hall Hospital, Dudley, UK. homepac@doctors.org.uk.  Is bra discomfort a barrier to exercise for breast cancer patients? (PMID:19669168) Gho SA, Steele JR, Munro BJ Biomechanics Research Laboratory, School of Health Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales 2522, Australia. sg490@uow.edu.au  Is breast size a predictor of breast cancer risk or the laterality of the tumor? Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10021.  O’Followell Dr, Le Corset, histoire, médecine, hygiène, étude historique,  T.1&2, A.Maloine Éditeur, Paris, 1905  Gaches-Sarraute, Le corset, étude physiologique et pratique, Masson et Cie, Paris, 1900  Les femmes portant moins de vêtements vivent plus longtemps Sir Edwin Burkhart, un anthropologiste britannique, a récemment sorti une étude dans le Royal Journal of Social Anthropology   http://books.google.gp/books?id=WnaL0YpthnQC&pg=PA184&lpg=PA184&dq=soutien+gorge+sant %C3%A9+1930&source=bl&ots=8b6U3LAafO&sig=- QpXo3LMVS62LlaJlKZUpAqiQps&hl=fr&sa=X&ei=ZCc3T92VHczqtgfuurS8Ag&sqi=2&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false  · Naraynsingh V, Maharaj R, Dan D, Hariharan S.  The Bra Sign in Breast Cancer. J Women’s Health (Larchmt). 2011 Jun 28. [Epub ahead of print]  http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-4098/Oestrogen-link-breast-cancer.html#ixzz29Njf4JOO  ↑ Yager JD, Davidson NE, Estrogen carcinogenesis in breast cancer [archive], N Engl J Med, 2006;354:270-82  Les soutiens-gorge mal ajustés dangereux pour la santé ostéopathes de la British Osteopathic Association  augmentation des taux de cancer du sein entre les femmes qui font des soutiens-gorge d'usure Ralph L. Reed, Ph.D.  Dr Ewan Cameron et le Dr Linus Pauling Le drainage Lymphatique  Mini trampoline Les femmes qui exercent régulièrement réduire leur risque de cancer du sein de 72%. - New England Journal of Medicine, le 1er mai 1997.  British documentary Bras, Bare Facts, which was aired at Channel 4 (UK) on Thursday, November 2, 2000, at 10 pm  P. Engel, G. Fagherazzi, A. Boutten, et al., Serum 25(OH) Vitamin D and Risk of Breast Cancer: A Nested Case-Control Study from the French E3N Cohort, Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev., 2010, 19(9), 2341-2350. Vitamine D et risque réduit du cancer du sein
  • 137. Sources (Page 4) :  (1) "The Complete Book Of Breast Care" by Niels H. Lauersen, M.D., Ph.D., & Eileen Stukane (2) "Dr. Susan Love's Breast Book" by Susan M. Love, M.D. (3) "The Prevention and Complementary Treatment of Breast Cancer", Dr. Michael Schachter, M. D., F.A.C.A.M http://healthy.net/library/articles/schachter/breast.d.html (4) "Dressed To Kill: The Link Between Breast Cancer and Bras" by Sydney Ross Singer and Soma Grismaijer, Avery Press, 1995, ISBN# 0-89529-664-0 Sydney and Soma can be reached at: Institute for the Study of Culturogenic Disease P.O. Box 1880 Pahoa, Hawaii 96778 808-935-5563 (5) "Bra Straps Health Watch", Office of News and Publications & the Library at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas  http://www.swmed.edu/home_pages/library/cosumer/brastrap.html (6) "Go Ask Alice": Columbia University's Health Education Program, http://www.goaskalice.columbia.edu/1729.html (7) "Fiji Follow-up Study Supports Dressed To Kill: The Link Between Breast Cancer and Bras", Avery News Release; Avery Publishing Group ; October 31, 1997 (8) "British Study Links Bras To Cysts and Breast Cancer", Oliver Poole, The Sunday Telegraph October 31, 2000 (9) Dr. Vicki Seltzer, M. D., chairwoman of obstetrics and gynecology at Long Island Jewish Medical Center in New York (10) "Myths About Breasts (That Grown Women Still Believe)", Homearts Network, Redbook wysiwyg://www.homearts.com/rb/health/97breaf1.html  (11) "Breast Form Changes Resulting From A Certain Brassiere", Journal of Hum. Ergol. (Tokyo) 1990 Jun; 19 (1) :53-62. Ashizawa K, Sugane A, Gunji T Institute of Human Living Sciences, Otsuma Women's University, Tokyo, Japan (12) "Why I don't wear a bra", Dr. Elizabeth Vaughan, M.D., http://www.BraFree.org (13) "Do bras prevent breasts from sagging?", Female Intelligence Agency examines:,007 Breasts, http://www.007b.com (14) "Brassiere, Choice or Obligation?", Dec. 13, 2009 http://akinasuna.wordpress.com/2009/12/15/brassiere-choice-or-obligation/
  • 138. Sources (Page 5) :  1. Ralph L. Reed, Ph.D. is an environmental chemist and has some good comments on the first book that Singer and Grismaijer wrote on their study of the bra and its effects on the female breast. He also has some great comments regarding the lymphatic system and how to allow it to work like it should. http://www.all-natural.com/bras.html  2. Optimal Breathing has an article "Brassieres, Breathing and Breast Cancer" that is very good, and can be found at the URL:  http://www.breathing.com/articles/brassieres.htm#ARTICLE%20URL%20does%20not%20work? 3. Susun Weed did a very nice list of events that have occurred in the development of the bra, and it includes abstracts of various research projects that support this article. Her article is called "A few highlights of the history of research on bras and breast disease", and can be found at: http://www.susunweed.com/An_Article_Bra-disease.htm  4. Lise Cloutier-Steele relates her thoughts and lifetime practices with her bra in "The Column Vine" located on GardenPlum.com. The title is: "Breasts Weren't Made for Bras" and it can be found at: http://www.gardenplum.com/columnvine/breasts.html  5. PubMed is part of NCBI, and is connected with the National Library of Medicine. They offer a source for many research papers that deal with any medical situation. The URL to take you into a search for papers dealing with "Bras and Breast Health" is: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?CMD=search&DB=pubmed Of course, you can modify that search any way that you would want to. In fact it will ask you for your subject to do a search of its current material.  6. An article that is lengthy but covers a lot of interesting thoughts behind cancer is found at: http://www.cancer-prevention.net/  It talks about how toxins and low oxygen levels in the cells and many other things are involved in the formation of what is referred to as a "malignant cell".  http://www.portalesmedicos.com/publicaciones/articles/3691/1/Patologias-mamarias-generadas-por-el-uso-sostenido-y-seleccion-incorrecta-del-brassier- en-pacientes-que-acuden-a-la-consulta-de-mastologia-  http://www.m6.fr/emission-100_mag/videos/11277270-le_soutien_gorge_est_il_encore_obligatoire.html