2. SELF ESTEEM
Self-esteem refers to a person’s overall sense of
his or her value or worth. It can be considered a
sort of measure of how much a person “values,
approves of, appreciates, prizes, or likes him or
herself” (Adler & Stewart, 2004).
According to self-esteem expert Morris Rosenberg,
self-esteem is quite simply one’s attitude toward
oneself (1965). He described it as a “favorable or
unfavorable attitude toward the self”.
3. SELF-ESTEEM IS OUR POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE ATTITUDE
We experience the
positive feelings of high
when we believe that we
are good and worthy and
that others view us
We experience the
negative feelings of low
self-esteem when we
that we are inadequate
and less worthy than
5. SELF ESTEEM….WHAT ,S IT MADE
Your Self Esteem is made up of all
the experiences and interpersonal
relationships you have had in your
Everyone you have ever met has
added to or taken away from how
you see yourself.
6. WHAT SELF ESTEEM IS NOT…
Self esteem is not about what other peoples think of
Self esteem is not egotism, arrogance,
narcissism/selfishness or a desire to feel superior to
Self esteem is not temporary
7. VARIOUS FACTORS BELIEVED TO INFLUENCE
OUR SELF-ESTEEM INCLUDE:
The reactions of others
Comparing the self to others
10. Healthy Self Esteem
Having healthy self-esteem can help
motivate you to reach your goals, because
you are able to navigate life knowing that
you are capable of accomplishing what you
set your mind to.
Additionally, when you have healthy self-
esteem, you are able to set appropriate
boundaries in relationships and maintain
a healthy relationship with yourself and
11. HEALTHY SELF-ESTEEM…?
There are some simple ways to tell if you have
healthy self-esteem. You probably have healthy
self-esteem if you:
Avoid dwelling on past negative experiences
Believe you are equal to everyone else, no better
and no worse
Express your needs
Have a positive outlook on life
Say no when you want to
See your overall strengths and weaknesses and
12. LOW SELF-ESTEEM
Low self-esteem may manifest in a variety of ways. If you
have low self-esteem:
You may believe that others are better than you.
You may find difficulty in expressing your needs.
You may focus on your weaknesses.
You may frequently experience fear, self-doubt, and worry.
You may have a negative outlook on life and feel a lack of
You may have an intense fear of failure.
You may have trouble accepting positive feedback.
You may have trouble saying no and setting boundaries.
You may put other people's needs before your own.
You may struggle with confidence.
13. LOW SELF-ESTEEM(CONT…)
Low self-esteem has the potential to lead to a
variety of mental health disorders, including
anxiety disorders and
You may also find it difficult to pursue your
goals and maintain healthy relationships.
Having low self-esteem can seriously impact
your quality of life and increases your risk for
experiencing suicidal thoughts.
14. EXCESSIVE SELF-ESTEEM
Overly high self-esteem is often mislabeled as narcissism,
however there are some distinct traits that differentiate these
terms. Individuals with narcissistic traits may appear to have
high self-esteem, but their self-esteem may be high or low and
is unstable, constantly shifting depending on the given
situation. Those with excessive self-esteem:
May be preoccupied with being perfect
May focus on always being right
May believe they cannot fail
May believe they are more skilled or better than others
May express grandiose ideas
May grossly overestimate their skills and abilities
When self-esteem is too high, it can result in relationship
problems, difficulty with social situations, and an inability to
15. HOW TO BUILD YOUR SELF-ESTEEM
Become more aware of negative thoughts.
Challenge negative thinking patterns.
Use positive self-talk.
Practice forgiving yourself for past mistakes
Stop putting yourself down.
Celebrate progress and small victories.
Make plans for future and achieve goals.
Do something for someone else
Learn new skills
Handle things one at a time
Use criticism constructively
Ask for help
Do not say negative things about yourself
Reward yourself often
Allow personal growth time each day
List your accomplishments each evening
Volunteer to share your skills with others
Stop worrying about the things you can't change
Try not to compare yourself with others. Its unfair.
Have Realistic expectations. We often expect too
much from ourselves. Perfection is not possible.
Try new experiences
Emphasize your strengths
Change what can be changed. Something fast
some things gradual, and others never.
18. HOW SELF ESTEEM DIFFERS FROM OTHER
Self-Esteem vs. Self-Concept
Self-esteem is not self-concept, although
self-esteem may be a part of self-concept.
Self-concept is the perception that we have
of ourselves, our answer when we ask
ourselves the question “Who am I?” It is
knowing about one’s own tendencies,
thoughts, preferences and habits, hobbies,
skills, and areas of weakness.
19. Self-Esteem vs. Self-Confidence
Self-esteem is not self-confidence; self-
confidence is about your trust in yourself
and your ability to deal with challenges,
solve problems, and engage successfully
with the world (Burton, 2015). As you
probably noted from this description, self-
confidence is based more on external
measures of success and value than the
internal measures that contribute to self-
20. Self-Esteem vs. Self-Efficacy
Similar to self-confidence, self-efficacy is also related
to self-esteem but not a proxy for it. Self-efficacy
refers to the belief in one’s ability to succeed at
certain tasks (Neil, 2005).
You could have high self-efficacy when it comes to
playing basketball, but low self-efficacy when it
comes to succeeding in math class.
Unlike self-esteem, self-efficacy is more specific
rather than global, and it is based on external
success rather than internal worth.
21. SELF ESTEEM VS. SELF ACTUALIZATION
Key Difference –
Self esteem and self actualization are two related
terms that have somewhat similar meanings. Self
esteem is a reflection of a person’s own
evaluation of his or her worth.
Self actualization is the realization or fulfillment
of one’s talents and potentialities. This is the key
difference between self esteem and self