Cultural Reasons: Food
The Great Wall of China
The Olympic Site
The Forbidden City and Tiananmen Square in
Terra Cotta Warriors in Xian
Yangtze River and the Three Gorges Dam
In 2010 the number of overseas
tourists was 55.98 million
The foreign exchange income was 45.8
billion US dollars.
China’s tourism revenue reached $185
billion in 2009
The Olympics: In 2008 Beijing held
the olympics which attracted many
Railway: China built a railway from
Beijing to the Tibetan capital Lhasa
to improve infrastructure.
• Iceland is a large volcanic island in the
North Atlantic with a small population
comparable in size to cities.
• Icelanders enjoy one of the highest
standards of living in the world, with high
incomes, a clean environment and excellent
services such as health care.
Main one of the most Attractions
• Blue Lagoon is
visited places in Iceland. Its water
is believed to be the most
supernatural on earth. It is a
• The water in the lagoon is 2000m
deep, it is warm all year, never
dropping below 36 degrees.
• The water is rich in mineral salts
- silica and blue green algae. These
are believed to be beneﬁcial to
your health and wellbeing.
• Reykjavik has beneﬁted from its reputation
as a chic centre for nightlife.
• Gullfoss geyser is a magniﬁcent waterfall.
• Thingvellir is a stunning rift valley and the
site of the world’s ﬁrst parliament.
• Another natural tourist attraction is the
West Fjords where tourists go to watch the
How has tourism helped
• Tourism has helped Iceland develop
massively over the years.
• The industry is expanding with the help of
government promotion of the country’s
magniﬁcent natural attractions such as
volcanoes, whale watching, glaciers etc.
Main Tourist Attractions
In London there are many famous sites, both historic and
modern, such as Buckingham Palace, Oxford Street and the
London Eye. These are human attractions.
Physical tourist attractions include seaside resorts along the
coast such as Cornwall, Devon and Blackpool and well as the
The Lake District and the Peak District also attract a significant
number of nature enthusiasts from abroad and within the UK.
Tourism is a significant industry in the UK. There were 30
million visits to the UK in 2005.
Tourism accounts for 3.5% of the UK economy as 2 million jobs
are directly and indirectly generated from tourist activities.
Tourism accounts for 8% of the UK’s GDP and 13% of
Recently the UK has been a more attractive tourist destination
for EU citizens due to the Euro crisis resulting in it being
cheaper for them to travel.
According to Visit Britain, total spending in 2010 by inbound
tourists alone (not including UK residents) totalled £16.9
The value of the tourism industry in Britain is £115 billion.
Tourism contributes £96.7 billion to the economy in England,
£11.1 billion in Scotland, £6.2 billion in Wales and £1.5 billion
in Northern Ireland.
As incomes abroad have risen, more people want to visit the UK
thus suggesting that the demand for UK tourism will continue to
increase in the future.
Cornwall Tourist Industry
Tourism accounts for 29% of employment in Cornwall, which is
the highest in the UK.
Visits to The Tate St. Ives, The Eden Project and the National
Maritime Museum Cornwall, bring in substantial revenue
because of their established reputation resulting in both internal
and external tourism.
Between 1992 and 2003 total visits increased from 3.4 million
to 5.1 million and total tourist spending rose from £623 million
to £1216 million.
The Olympics, taking place later in 2012, has meant that many
development projects have been built, for example the new
shopping centre Westfield has been built in Stratford City close
to the Olympic park. This project has been funded using a loan
that is hoped to be re-payed from income generated from
olympic tourism. Tube lines have also been upgraded in order to
cope with an increase in capacity.
The Eden Project
The Eden Project is located in Cornwall and has a vast collection
of plants from all around the world. It it made up of domes each
of which emulates a different biome. The first is a tropical biome
and the second Mediterranean. The project took 2 and a half
years to build and was opened to the public in 2001. Since its
opening, 9.5 million people have visited the Eden Project.
Improvements of areas such as Stratford in East London due to
the upcoming Olympic games. Stadiums have been built and the
area has been developed and upgraded the standard of living for
local residents. The tube system upgrades are also
improvements made due to the Olympics benefiting Londoners.
These development projects have provided employment
opportunities for locals as a result of government spending for
example construction workers, engineers and stewards at the
Where is Thailand?
• Thailand is a country located at the centre of the
Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia. It borders
the north by Burma and Laos to the east byLoad
and Cambodia. To the south by the Gulf of
Thailand and Malaysia.
• Thailand is the world’s 51st largest country in
terms of total area, and is the 21’st most populous
country with about 64 million people
• Thailands biggest and largest city Bangkok, which
is Thailand’s political, commercial and industrial
Thailand’s main tourist
• Physical: hundreds of tropicalislands, sandy beaches, diving
sites, exceptional ﬂora and bird life, tropical wet and dry weather
or savannah climate.
• Cultural: archaeological sites, museums, hill tripes, palaces, a
huge amount of buddhist temples, several world heritage sites,
Thailand’s famous festivals, ﬂoating markets, Thai cuisine
• Some famous destinations include, Ayutthaya, Pattaya, Bangkok,
Phuket, Krabi, Chiang Mai and Ko Samui
• Thailand’s tourism contributed to an estimated 6.7% of its GDP
• In 1969 international tourists numbered just 469,000; by 2005
this ﬁgure had grown to just over 11.5 million which was higher
than any other country in the Asia- paciﬁc excluding China.
• In general terms, the rapid growth of Thailand’s international
tourism industry is explained by two factors: rising income in
MEDC’s and reduced cost of air travel.
Tourism in Thailand
• In recent years international terrorism has
declined slightly, due the 2004 tsunami and
• Because of the country’s devastating ﬂoods a
loss of 800 million dollars was estimated to
Thailand tourism industry.
• Between 1975 and 2005 the number of
international tourist increased ninefold and
GDP per capita rose sevenfold over the same
period of time.
Responsible tourism in
• responsible tourism is tourism that
develops in a manor that minimises
negative impacts on local communities.
It promotes a respect for indigenous
culture- tries to minimise negative
environmental impacts of tourists.