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London Futurists - The Future of AI & Sustainability

Artificial intelligence (AI) is powering the fourth industrial revolution. Intelligent machines are tackling new cognitive tasks at scale, leading to enormous economic efficiency gains and disruption across the labour market. But what will be the net impact of AI on society and the ecological environment?

In this talk, Alex Housley, founder and CEO of open-source machine learning platform Seldon, explains how the collaborative approach to AI development helps transform industries and provides the macro-scale opportunities for AI to make the world a better and more sustainable place.

The event was chaired by David Wood. The camera was operated by Kiran Manam.

For more details about this event, see https://www.meetup.com/London-Futuris....

For more information about Seldon, see https://www.seldon.io/.

To apply to join the closed beta mentioned in the talk, visit bit.ly/deploy-beta.

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London Futurists - The Future of AI & Sustainability

  1. 1. Open Source Machine Learning Alex Housley, Founder & CEO ah@seldon.io @ahousley @seldon_io The future of AI and sustainability London Futurists - 1st July 2017
  2. 2. CONFIDENTIAL @seldon_io CONFIDENTIAL My Journey into AI 2003 2009 2011 2014 Acquired B2B Pivot MBO ???
  3. 3. CONFIDENTIAL @seldon_io CONFIDENTIAL Genome Laser
  4. 4. @seldon_io • Chairman of the Science & Technology Committee of the Apollo Moon Landings. • Discovered the first polyatomic molecules in space (i.e. H2O) • Figured out there was a black hole in the centre of the Milky Way. • Founder of SETI • Infrared Interferometry - measure size and shape of stars • Advisor to Popes and Presidents • INVENTOR OF THE FREAKING LASER! genomelaser.com Dr. Charles H Townes (1915-2015)
  5. 5. @seldon_io Genome Laser
  6. 6. @seldon_io
  7. 7. @seldon_io
  8. 8. @seldon_io
  9. 9. @seldon_io
  10. 10. @seldon_io 4th Industrial Revolution
  11. 11. @seldon_io
  12. 12. @seldon_io “The first ultra-intelligent machine is the last invention that man needs ever make” Irving J. Good (1965)
  13. 13. @seldon_io
  14. 14. @seldon_io 47% of jobs at risk
  15. 15. @seldon_io
  16. 16. @seldon_io
  17. 17. CONFIDENTIAL @seldon_io CONFIDENTIAL Machine learning is everywhere
  18. 18. CONFIDENTIAL @seldon_io CONFIDENTIAL Machine learning is changing the world
  19. 19. Our Purpose Seldon's purpose is to help people
 predict and shape the future with machine learning
  20. 20. CONFIDENTIAL @seldon_io CONFIDENTIAL UN Vision for 2030 Open Source AI is the key to turning this vision into reality.
  21. 21. CONFIDENTIAL @seldon_io CONFIDENTIAL What is machine learning? Traditional Programming Machine Learning Data Program Output Data Output Program
  22. 22. CONFIDENTIAL @seldon_io CONFIDENTIAL Data Network Effects Network Effects The more people that use the service, the more useful it is because there are more people to use it with. Data Network Effects The more people that use it, the better the service actually becomes.
  23. 23. CONFIDENTIAL @seldon_io CONFIDENTIAL UnsupervisedSupervised Learning Types of machine learning Regression Classification Clustering
  24. 24. CONFIDENTIAL @seldon_io CONFIDENTIAL UnsupervisedSupervised Learning Types of machine learning Labelled Data Unlabelled Data Cat on a skateboard
  25. 25. CONFIDENTIAL CONFIDENTIAL CONFIDENTIAL CONFIDENTIAL Types of machine learning problems • Forecasting (e.g. Energy demand prediction, finance) • Imputing missing data (e.g. Netflix recommendations) • Detecting anomalies (e.g. Security, fraud, virus mutations) • Classifying (e.g. Credit risk assessment, cancer diagnosis) • Ranking (e.g. Google search, personalization) • Summarizing (e.g. News zeitgeist, social media sentiment) • Decision making (e.g. AI, robotics, compiler tuning, trading) • Transforming sequences (e.g. Translation) via Nando de Freitas & Nathan Benaich
  26. 26. @seldon_io The Machine Learning Canvas by Louis Dorard
  27. 27. CONFIDENTIAL @seldon_io CONFIDENTIAL Types of machine learning Reinforcement Learning
  28. 28. CONFIDENTIAL @seldon_io CONFIDENTIAL Deep Neural Networks
  29. 29. CONFIDENTIAL @seldon_io CONFIDENTIAL Generative Adversarial Networks
  30. 30. CONFIDENTIAL @seldon_io CONFIDENTIAL Understanding the physical world Connecting Images and Natural Language, Andrej Karpathy, PhD Thesis, 2016 http://cs.stanford.edu/people/karpathy/main.pdf
  31. 31. CONFIDENTIAL @seldon_io CONFIDENTIAL NLP & Virtual Assistants
  32. 32. CONFIDENTIAL @seldon_io CONFIDENTIAL How to add AI to your organisation Build In-House 3rd Party API Open-Source Platform Control Model Evaluation Time Data Scientists Cost $$$✔ Too Many $$ ✗ Limited / Unknown $✔ Many Algorithms & Models + Your Own
  33. 33. @seldon_io Inefficiencies Shortage of data scientists Loss of control Problems
  34. 34. @seldon_io
  35. 35. @seldon_io
  36. 36. @seldon_io Technology Control Community Seldon is open source
  37. 37. @seldon_io Over 1000 stars and 200 forks on Github Thousands of data science teams
  38. 38. CONFIDENTIAL @seldon_io CONFIDENTIAL Open Source Launch - Feb 2015 Documentation SaaSInfrastructure Sales CommunityLicense
  39. 39. CONFIDENTIAL @seldon_io CONFIDENTIAL How we generate revenue SaaS Support Add-ons
  40. 40. CONFIDENTIAL @seldon_io CONFIDENTIAL Go-to-market Horizontal Vertical Services Product
  41. 41. CONFIDENTIAL @seldon_io CONFIDENTIAL 9 Months Later… (h/t @NathanBenaich)
  42. 42. CONFIDENTIAL @seldon_io CONFIDENTIAL Open Source Community 1. Fix Documentation 2. Help Each Other 3. Fix Bugs
  43. 43. CONFIDENTIAL @seldon_io CONFIDENTIAL Containers
  44. 44. Data Scientist ● Loads runtime models as microservice components ● Builds predictive units ● Sandbox Tests Data Manager ● Creates predictive project ● Defines business KPIs ● Specifies input/output contract ● Real-time analysis Data Engineer ● Launch Seldon clusters ● Canary tests new predictive unit ● Deploys to production ● Monitor clusters Data Science Workflows
  45. 45. CONFIDENTIAL CONFIDENTIAL CONFIDENTIAL CONFIDENTIAL Advanced Experiments ! Explore: testing of multiple strategies in parallel using multi- armed bandit. ! Exploit: The latest winning test strategy (1...N) is promoted to best.
 ! Adaptive to context changes - i.e. time of day, special event.
  46. 46. CONFIDENTIAL @seldon_io CONFIDENTIAL Continuous Deployment
  47. 47. CONFIDENTIAL @seldon_io CONFIDENTIAL Model Explanations Explaining individual predictions to a human decision-maker. Source: Marco Tulio Ribeiro. In May 2018 the new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) will give consumers a legal “right to explanation” from organisations that use algorithmic decision making.
  48. 48. CONFIDENTIAL @seldon_io CONFIDENTIAL Model Explanations Original Image Electric Guitar Acoustic Guitar Labrador Explaining the predictions of any classifier arXiv:1602.04938 [cs.LG] Model predicts 3 classes – ‘Electric Guitar’, ‘Acoustic Guitar’, ‘Labrador’
  49. 49. CONFIDENTIAL CONFIDENTIAL CONFIDENTIAL CONFIDENTIAL New enterprise product coming soon More Control. Easier Maintenance. 
 Better Performance. Highly Scalable. Shiny UI. ● Workflows with Approvals and Audit Trails ● Advanced Experiments ● Continuous Deployment ● Model Explanations Hybrid SaaS: Seldon-hosted Deploy interface, customer-hosted Core clusters Seldon Deploy Machine Learning Deployment for Data Science Teams
  50. 50. CONFIDENTIAL CONFIDENTIAL Component Diagram
  51. 51. bit.ly/deploy-beta
  52. 52. @seldon_io Social "Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present, without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs." Environment Economic
  53. 53. @seldon_io •1st order effects (direct effects) are detrimental: increase energy, GHG and waste. •2nd order effects (higher order effects): decreased ecological footprint (i.e. video conf, smart grids). •3rd order effects: both positive and negative - efficiency gains result in increased usage.
  54. 54. @seldon_io • Equipment interacts in nonlinear ways. • Formula-based engineering and human intuition often do not capture interactions. • Cannot adapt quickly to internal or external changes. • Each data centre has a unique architecture and environment. • Custom tuned model for one system doesn't apply to another
  55. 55. @seldon_io • Applied neural networks trained on operational scenarios and parameters • Historical data from thousands of sensors: temperature, power, pump speed, etc • Reduced cooling bill by 40%
  56. 56. CONFIDENTIAL @seldon_io CONFIDENTIAL North American Electric Grid • Century-old infrastructure, one of the largest and most complex machines: • 5 loosely connected AC grids • 20k generating units • 7k power station suppliers • 160,000 miles of high voltage cable • 150 million meters • Since 1973 OPEC Oil Embargo: exponential growth in consumption, increased costs, decreased reliability, more outages, sustainability concerns, increased risk, decreased investment.
  57. 57. CONFIDENTIAL @seldon_io CONFIDENTIAL Clean energy generation and storage (h/t @azeem)
  58. 58. @seldon_io
  59. 59. CONFIDENTIAL @seldon_io CONFIDENTIAL Smart Grid • Energy increasingly generated at the distribution edge: • 1 in 50 US jobs in Solar, increase 25% YoY in 2016. • 1/3 of energy generation consumer owned and operated by 2020. • 10% of consumers deploy on-site generation. • nodes in grid grow by two orders of magnitude to 15 million assets. • Distributed, autonomous monitoring, analysis and automation. • Convergence with 50 billion IoT things (most with multiple sensors) by 2030 - powerful, resilient, efficient, economical.
  60. 60. CONFIDENTIAL @seldon_io CONFIDENTIAL Autonomous Factories Changying Precision Technology Company Production of mobile phones and uses automated production lines Changying Precision Technology Company 90% of human workers replaced with robots Production rises by 250% Defects drop by 80%
  61. 61. @seldon_io Cucumber farmer using deep learning and commodity hardware
  62. 62. @seldon_io A ZRR2 unit, with two arms, makes up to 4,000 picks per hour.
  63. 63. CONFIDENTIAL @seldon_io CONFIDENTIAL Macro AI Model for Sustainability • Integrate indicators for sustainable development: dimensions of environment protection, social and economic development. • Teach sustainable goals and strategies into systems from inception. • Not simply offloading work to machines, but helping humans before better problem solvers at the same time. (Move 37) Formation of AI Model of Sustainable Development Environmental Dimension - Navickas, 2008 Sustainable development is a global-scale nonlinear problem.
  64. 64. CONFIDENTIAL @seldon_io CONFIDENTIAL Macro AI Model for Sustainability Benefits • Complexity: Possible to integrate of indicators of dimensions of environment protection, social and economic development. • Simulation: implement multifunctional simulation operations. Helps experts to achieve higher level of argumentation on decisions. • Concentration: More effective distribution of support from the state and EU. • Prevention: Anticipatory identification of environmental problems earlier. • Transformation: Possible to connect and disconnect additional events and indicators as they emerge. Formation of AI Model of Sustainable Development Environmental Dimension - Navickas, 2008
  65. 65. @seldon_io 1.AI is the key to the UN vision for 2030 2.Micro: optimisation of discrete sustainability problems. 3.Macro: augmentation in human decision and policy making. 4.Progress is driven by open source technology, open data and global community collaboration across academia, corporations, start-ups and the government.
  66. 66. @seldon_io Thank you! Alex Housley ah@seldon.io @ahousley @seldon_io docs.seldon.io