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agrarian distress.pptx

  1. MISSION VISION CORE VALUES CHRIST is a nurturing ground for an individual’s holistic development to make effective contribution to the society in a dynamic environment Excellence and Service Faith in God | Moral Uprightness Love of Fellow Beings Social Responsibility | Pursuit of Excellence Agrarian distress: Swaminathan Commission, minimum support price, crop insurance, right to work, debate on farm loan waivers Dr. Amrita Chaurasia, School of Commerce, Finance and Accountancy
  2. Excellence and Service CHRIST Deemed to be University • Agrarian distress: • Swaminathan Commission, • Minimum support price, • Crop insurance, • Right to work, • Debate on farm loan waivers Flow of the session
  3. Excellence and Service CHRIST Deemed to be University “India is one of the biggest growing economies in the world”. Agriculture is the primary occupation of nearly half the population of the country. Over the past few decades, the manufacturing and services sectors have increasingly contributed to the growth of the economy, while the agriculture sector’s contribution has decreased. The unprecedented agrarian crisis in India has now been affecting farmers across the country for nearly a decade Quote
  4. Excellence and Service CHRIST Deemed to be University Let’s think….. • What do you Poor Policy and Planning in general) is? • In what ways do you think Declining Average Size of Farm Holdings? • Can you identify one attribute that defines Dependence on Rainfall and Climate? • How identity influences Collapsing Farm Prices?
  5. Excellence and Service CHRIST Deemed to be University • Poor Policy and Planning: In the past, Government strategy primarily focused on raising agricultural output and improving food security rather than recognizing the need to raise farmer’s income, • The absence of direct measures to promote farmers’ welfare is also one of the main reasons for agricultural distress. • Declining Average Size of Farm Holdings: Increasing demographic pressure, disguised employment in agriculture and conversion of agricultural land for alternative uses, have drastically reduced the average land holding. • Dependence on Rainfall and Climate: Indian agriculture is heavily dependent on monsoon and ever-increasing global temperature has made agriculture more prone to extreme weather events. Facets of Agrarian distress
  6. Excellence and Service CHRIST Deemed to be University Collapsing Farm Prices: Low global prices have affected exports and the cheaper imports have hurt domestic prices in the country. Lack of easy credit to agriculture and dependence on money lenders. Fragmented supply chains: Large gaps in storage, Cold chains Limited connectivity Absence of marketing infrastructure Lack of Mechanisation: Introduction of latest technology has been limited due to various reasons like accessibility for credit and low awareness. Collapsing Farm Prices
  7. Excellence and Service CHRIST Deemed to be University Swaminathan Commission Reports • In November 2004, the central government led by Dr. Manmohan Singh constituted a commission headed by agricultural scientist M.S. Swaminathan, considered the Father of the Green Revolution in India. • The Swaminathan Commission was tasked with finding solutions to the problems faced by farmers. • The commission submitted five reports between December 2004 and October 2006. Notably, it made the following recommendations:
  8. Excellence and Service CHRIST Deemed to be University Recommendations (i)To distribute ceiling-surplus and waste land among farmers. (ii) To prevent diversion of prime agricultural land and forest to the corporate sector for non-agricultural purposes. (iii) To ensure grazing rights and seasonal access to forests to tribals and pastoralists, and access to common property resources. (iv) To establish a National Land Use Advisory Service to link land use decisions with ecological, meteorological, and marketing factors based on location and season. (v) To set up a mechanism to regulate the sale of agricultural land, based on quantum of land, nature of proposed use, and category of buyer (vi) To give farmers MSPs at 50% profit above the cost of production classified as C2
  9. Excellence and Service CHRIST Deemed to be University Types of • Production costs of crops are defined under three categories: A2, A2+FL, and C2. • A2 is the actual paid-out expenses incurred by farmers—in cash and kind—on seeds, fertilisers, pesticides, hired labour, fuel, irrigation and other inputs from outside. • A2+FL includes A2 cost plus an imputed value of unpaid family labour. • C2 is the most comprehensive definition of production cost of crops as it also includes cost on imputed rent and interest on owned land over and above A2+FL.
  10. Excellence and Service CHRIST Deemed to be University The Perils of Deregulated Imperfect Agri markets https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ujEXnbWf7 7s What is Agricultural Produce Market Committee? What are the issues with APMC? Role: Activity https://www.menti.com/alrz9dju1ewt
  11. Excellence and Service CHRIST Deemed to be University • https://www.menti.com/alrz9dju1ewt Role: Activity : Review what we learn
  12. Excellence and Service CHRIST Deemed to be University Agricultural Distress in India • Temporary voting code • Expand • The voting code 5736 6753 is valid now and expires in 2 days.
  13. Excellence and Service CHRIST Deemed to be University • Development Initiatives • Need for Technology • Improvements in Allied Sectors • Cooperative Farming • Policy Developments • Need for Market Reforms What Steps can be Taken?
  14. Excellence and Service CHRIST Deemed to be University • Additionally, many farmers in India are small-scale farmers with limited resources, which makes it difficult for them to compete with larger, more industrialized farmers. • The government of India has implemented various schemes and policies to address these issues but it's not sufficient to tackle the problem. • Need of creative and intellectuals are still there Agricultural distress in India
  15. Excellence and Service CHRIST Deemed to be University • Two-decade-long agrarian crisis. • In 2011 recorded nearly 15 million fewer farmers than there were in 1991; that’s a dropout rate of about 2,040 every 24 hours. • Seed, fertiliser, and pesticides are firmly in the hands of corporations. • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gLZxo avey58 In India, Farmers Face a Terrifying Crisis
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