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THE STRUCTURE OF THEEDUCATION SYSTEM INGREECE“Building the cultural bridges of friendship”2nd EPAL School, Serres GreeceCOMENIUS PROJECT (2012-2013)
The structure of the educationsystem in GreeceDimosthenis Georgitzikis
Greek education focused heavily on training the entireperson, which included education of the mind, body, andimagination.Education has always played asignificant role in ancient Greek life.
Many people agree that formal education has its roots inancient Greece with Aristotle, Socrates and Hippocrates,and then past to other civilizations. They laid downfoundations of subjects like philosophy, medicine andmathematics that we use in modern times today. The idea of democracy and free thinking was developedin Athens, thousands of years ago. Its philosophy hascontinued to influence politics and the world today.
In ancient Greece girls learnedskills like weaving from theirmothers. Only boys went toschool. They started at the ageof seven. The boys learned reading,writing and arithmetic as wellas poetry and music. TheGreeks also believed thatphysical education was veryimportant so boys did dancingand athletics.Ancient Greek Education
Greece’s Educational System has undergoneseveral effective changes throughout years.Its last change was in 2000, when senior highschools were split into general lyceums andtechnological /professional institutions.
According to the GreekConstitution, thegovernment is requiredto offer free andmandatory educationalservices for all childrenages 6 to 15 years (inother words, amandatory 9-yeareducational system).THE GREEK EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM
The structureof the GreekeducationsystemPrimaryEducationAges 3-12SecondaryEducationAges 12 -18HigherEducationAges 18 -Upper
University(18 – 24)Lyceum(15 – 18)Gymnasium(12 – 15 )Primary school (6 – 12)Kindergarten (4 – 6)Toddlers (2.5 – 4 years old)The structure of the Greek educationalsystem
INFANT/NURSERIES (AGE 2.5 YEARS OLD)PRIVATE-STATE INSTITUTIONSNursery Schools: Theschool life of the students,however, can start from the ageof 2.5 years (pre-schooleducation) in private and publicinstitutions called nurseryclasses (Paidikoi Stathmi) whichoperate with the kindergartens(Nipiagogeia).PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION
It lasts (1 or 2 years)4 years old (optional )5 years old (compulsory)Children go to kindergartenat the age of 5 years. Thecurriculum in kindergartenaims to prepare students forthe first grade and the years tofollow.
6 – 11 years old (compulsory)Primary school (Dimotiko)Lasts for six years, andchildren are admitted at theage of 6.
Primary schoolSubjects:Reading, Writing, ArithmeticsAs we get older, more subjects areadded:– History– Geography– Science– Arts– Religious Education– Physical Education– English
Lower Secondary Schools (Gymnasium)Lasts for three years,and children areadmitted when theyfinish Dimotiko.
Gymnasium (high school) Ages 12-15 Compulsory education More subjects are added in the curriculum, like:– Ancient Greek language & literature– English– A second foreign language (French or German)– Chemistry– Biology– Informatics– Technology
Then, three roads are in front of us:At the age of 15, students must choose what type of Lyceum toattend: One option is to stop going to school and start working A second option is to follow technical or vocationaleducation (Technical Lyceum/Vocational Lyceum) The third option is to follow general education Lyceum(general, more academic)
The structure of the Greekeducational systemSecondary EducationAges 12 - 18Ages 12-15GYMNASIUMCompulsoryEducationAges 15-18General LyceumsENIAIA LYKEIA(A,B,C class)Ages 15-18EPALTechnical Educational Schools(A,B,C class)OptionalEducation
There are two options: student may register at the Senior High School (Lyceum) They may register at the Vocational Senior High School(ΕPA.L)Junior High school - 3 yearsLyceum –general(scientific subject)3 yearsVocational (EPA.L)(scientific and technological subject)3 years
From 16 - 18 years old( optional )Lyceum (general)
Subjects which taught in the first year:– Modern Greek language & literature– Ancient Greek language & literature– Maths– Physics– Biology– Chemistry– Informatics– Technology– Economics– English– RE (Religious Education) & PE (Physical Education)Lyceum (general)
Classical studies, which focus on:– Ancient Greek language and literature– Latin– Philosophy– History Science studies, which focus on– Maths– Physics– Chemistry– Biology Technological studies, which focus on– Maths– Physics– Informatics– EconomicsIn the 2nd & 3rd grade we choose adirection among:
– Greek language & literature– History– Maths– Physics– Informatics– English– Biology– Civics– etc.Subjects common for all the directions of the lasttwo grades include:
Technical Vocational Schools (EPAL)Provide vocational training and education in 14 fieldsfor 42 different areas of specialisation.
The Greek Vocational School (EPAL) is the schoolwhere the student approaches basic vocationalknowledge.The studies last threeyears and the coursesinclude: generaleducation courses,technical courses andlaboratory exercises intheir respective areas.
Students in the first grade attend the courses of generaleducation (25 hours a week) and a few technical subjects(9 hours a week), to gain knowledge of subjects in eachfield.2nd EPA.L of Serres
The second grade is structured in professionalfields. Students attend common generaleducation courses (17 hours a week) and coursesin the field they choose (18 hours a week).
• Economics and Management• Health and Welfare• Agricultural Production, Food and Environment2nd EPA.L of SerresSecond grade sectors
The 3rd grade sectors includes: Food technology Agricultural Production,Food and Environment Modern agriculturemanagement Economics andManagement Tourism Babies welfare Nursing
Our curriculum covers about 35 hours per week(from 8.15a.m. to 2.00p.m.) We have a lot of homework Our free time is limited The last two grades are demanding andsometimes exhausting. As we approach the end of school the stress isintensified due to the difficult entry exams forthe university….
Examinations to Universityat the end of the third year: difficult exams
Final exams at the end of Year 3:Internal (school level)External (national level)
AGE OVER 18UNIVERSITY 4 -5 YEARS(MEDICAL STUDIES 6 YEARS)POLYTECHNICS 5 YEARSHIGHER TECHNOLOGICALISTITUTIONS4 YEARSOPEN UNIVERSITY OVER 18
Students with special needs(Blind, deaf, learning difficulties)There are also schools for:
Kindergarten -Nursery schools 1-2 yearsLyceum (Senior High School)and Vocational Senior High School 3 yearsUniversityPost secondaryVocational trainingPostgraduate coursesTechnologicalEducationalInstitutesElementary School -Primary school 6 yearsJunior High school - 3 years
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