Ce diaporama a bien été signalé.
Le téléchargement de votre SlideShare est en cours. ×

Indian ethos

Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Prochain SlideShare
Ethos ppt.
Ethos ppt.
Chargement dans…3
×

Consultez-les par la suite

1 sur 32 Publicité

Plus De Contenu Connexe

Diaporamas pour vous (20)

Similaire à Indian ethos (20)

Publicité

Plus récents (20)

Publicité

Indian ethos

  1. 1. Indian Management Practices •4.1.1.Indian Ethos: Essential Features & insights 4.1.2.Indian Management Practices 4.1.3.Challenges before Indian Managers 4.1.4.Management Audit: Meaning of management audit, Need, Importance, Objectives and advantages of management audit
  2. 2. Meaning • Ethos is a set of beliefs, ideas, etc., about social behaviour and relationship of a person or group. • Indian ethos refers to the principles of self- management and governance of society, entity or a system by wisdom as revealed and brought- forth by great scriptures like Veda, Upanishads, Gita, Mahabharata, Bible and Quran.
  3. 3. Ethos According to Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, “Ethos are the moral ideas and attitudes that belong to a particular group or society Ethos is a discipline that examines one’s morality or the moral standard of the society.
  4. 4. FEATURES 1. Divinity of Human Being: Indian ethos focuses on the existence of human being as truth. There is nothing more perfect than the supreme soul. 2. Balance or Equilibrium: Balance or equilibrium is a stable state of Indian thought, i.e., balance between desire and desirelessness, spiritual and secular values, subjective and materialistic world. 3. Balance of Personal and Work Life: Indian ethos focuses on the concept that if you are good then the world is also good for you. So, every individual should have an effective management and balance of personal and work life in the organisation.
  5. 5. FEATURES 4. Cosmic or Pure Consciousness: The divine element, which is an inner part of an individual, is a part of cosmic or pure consciousness. It gives a base for mutual trust, cooperative, teamwork and common good. 5. Importance to Character: The Indian ethos gives much importance to character not to the knowledge. It is the character, which is the real power and wealth. 6. Whole-Man Approach: Indian ethos is based on Indian scripture like-Shruties of Gita and Upanishad and Smruties of Puranas. Indian thought provides the whole-man approach through knowledge of creation, cosmos and internal relation between spiritual and materialistic life.
  6. 6. FEATURES 7. Work in Worship: Indian ethos works with the fact that all work is worthy and honourable. ‘Work is worship’ is the guiding principle for all effort as advocated in the Indian ethos. 8. Duty and Responsibility: Indian ethos rarely talks of rights and prevails ages. It always emphasises only on the duties and responsibilities of human beings. 9. Knowledge: Indian ethos deals with two types of knowledge: 1. Knowledge of creation 2. Knowledge of creator 10. Excellence at Work: According to Indian ethos, total quality management can be assured through excellence at work, through self-motivation and self-development.
  7. 7. Indian Ethos in Management (IEM) • The body knowledge which derives its solution from the rich and huge Indian system of ethos is known as Indian Ethos in Management (IEM). It helps a manager look at the perceived problem situation in a creative manner. • The silent ideas and thoughts of Indian Ethos in Management revealed by Indian’s ancient scriptures are: 1. आत्मनो मोक्षार्थं जगद्हिताय च Atmano Mokshartham Jagat Hitaya Cha : All work is an opportunity for doing well to the world and thus gaining materially and spiritually in our lives.
  8. 8. 2. आर्चेत दाना मानभयं Archet Dana Manabhyam : Worship people not only with material things but also by showing respect to their enterprising divinity within. 3. आत्मना विन्द्यते िीयााम Atmana Vindyate Viryam: Strength and inspiration for excelling in work comes from the Divine, God within, through prayer, spiritual reading and unselfish work. 4. योगः कममशु कौशलम , समत्वाम योग उच्यते Yogah Karmashu Kaushalam, Samatvam Yoga Uchyate : He who works with calm and even mind achieves the most.
  9. 9. 5. यदीही भािना यस्य सि्धी भिती तंद्रीशी Yadishi Bhavana Yasya Siddhi Bhavati Tadrishi: As we think, so we succeed, so we become. Attention to means, ensure the end. 6. परस्परं भावंतांतः श्रेयः परम भाववपस्यर्थः Parasparam Bhavatantah Shreyah Param Bhavapsyathah: By mutual cooperation, respect and fellow felling, all of us enjoy the highest good both material and spiritual. 7. तेषां िुखम तेषां शांती शाश्िती Tesham Sukhm Tesham Shanti Shaswati : Infinite happiness and infinite peace come to them who see the Divine in all beings.
  10. 10. 8. परस्पर देिो भि Paraspar Devo Bhava: Regard the other person as a divine being. All of us have the same consciousness though our packages and containers are different.
  11. 11. Indian Ethos For Management • It means application of principles of management revealed in our ancient wisdom described in Upanishades and Gita. The following basic principles of management are as per ancient Indian Wisdom and Insight : • Each Soul is a Potential God • Holistic Approach • Equal Importance to Subjectivity/Objectivity • Karma Yoga (selfless work) • Yogah Karmasu Kaushalam • Co – operation
  12. 12. Insights of the Indian ethos • Management attitude • Humanizing organization • Interiorizing (self) management • Self introspection • Brain stilling • Stepping back • Self dynamising meditation • Role of intuition (feeling)
  13. 13. ROLE OF INDIAN ETHOS IN MANAGERIAL PRACTICES 1. Creates strong relation: Organizations following Indian ethos consider humanity as supreme. This provides a strong bond with internal as well as external customers, resulting in an improved performance. 2. Inward considerations: Indian ethos focuses on ‘if a person is good then the whole world is good’. Any organization which follows the above ethical thought automatically get converted into an ethical organization with less conflicts and hindrances. 3. Avoids unethical aspects: As Indian ethos is a principle derived from Upanishads, Bhagwat Gita and Puranas, where the performance is always ethical
  14. 14. ROLE OF INDIAN ETHOS IN MANAGERIAL PRACTICES 4. Balanced values: Indian ethos promotes a person to live a life of materialism and spirituality by maintaining a balance between spiritual values and secular values. 5. Improves performance: Indian ethos impacts the performance of business by emphasising on the concept like sacrificing individual desires in favour of social benefits, preferring long-term benefits. 6. Improves quality: Self-motivation and self- development helps a lot in development of business and its quality 7. Helps in problem solving 8. Develops self-reliability
  15. 15. Business ethos principles practiced by Indian Companies • 1. Principle of `sacrifice’ An individual is trained by the principle of `sacrifice’ through the process of `give and take’ policy. A person, who is willing to sacrifice part of his bread or effort, commands a superior place in the organization. 2. Principle of `harmony’ An individual is trained in such a way that to avoid conflicts and friction one should be guided by certain set of moral conducts and principles. 3. Principle of `non-violence’ This principle protects an organization from strikes and lockouts and unnecessary avoidable conflicts
  16. 16. • 4. Principle of `reward’ The one who performs well are encouraged to do so. This implies that the activities of individuals need to be monitored and encouragement in the form of `rewards’ may cultivate the spirit of higher productivity among groups. 5. Principle of `justice’ The one who works hard is `rewarded’ and the one who fails to do so is `punished’. This is essence the principle of Justice. 6. Principle of `taxation’ The one who is taxed more is encouraged to stay fit for a longer period by proper appreciation and encouragement. This principle applies to individuals who are hardworking and productive. 7. Principle of `Integrity’ An integrated mind is more productive. Groups are encouraged to stay united in order to reap the benefits of division of labour. Business ethos principles practiced by Indian Companies
  17. 17. Challenges before Indian Managers • External Factors • Reforms • Entry of multinational corporations • Emergence of IT • Emergence of Indian market and expansion of Indian companies at Global level
  18. 18. Challenges before Indian Managers • Internal Factors • Continuous learning • Teaming and collaboration • Global outlook Innovation Emphasis on productivity and efficiency Managing diverse set of stake holders
  19. 19. Challenges before Indian Managers • Enhanced requirement of global outlook & mobility • Integration with global economy • Acquisition overseas by Indian companies • FDI in India • Need of work and life balance • Enhanced focus on developing and harnessing network • Engagement with leadership • Connecting with other talent in the company
  20. 20. Management Audit • Management audit tries to search the answer of how well the management has been operating the work of the organization? • Is managerial style well suited for organizational operation? • Management Audit focuses on Results, evaluating the effectiveness and suitability of controls by challenging underlying rules, procedures and methods
  21. 21. Management Audit • It is a systematic examination of decisions and actions of the management to analyze the performance. It involves the review of managerial aspects like – organizational objective, policies, procedures, structure and control system in order to check the efficiency or performance of the management over the activities of the organization
  22. 22. Management Audit • Management Audit is generally conducted by the employee of the organization or by the independent consultant and focused on the critical evaluation of management as a team rather than appraisal of individual. • Unlike financial audit management audit mainly examine the non financial data
  23. 23. Objectives of Management Audit 1. To identify the level of achievement of the main objectives of the organisation. 2. To identify the defects or irregularities of management executives. 3. To ensure that the management is going to achieve the objectives. 4. To help the management to do efficient administration of the operations. 5. To help the management executives in the effective discharge of their responsibilities. 6. To suggest to the management the ways and means available to achieve the objectives. 7. To improve the profitability of the organisation. 8. To obtain or utilise the full efficiency of the management. 9. To help the management executives in the effective discharge of their duties.
  24. 24. Need for management audit • Management audit periodically assess the performance of various managers and link incentives with such assessment. • Government and foreign collaborators is interested in getting management audit conducted to examine the efficiency of management
  25. 25. Importance of management audit • 1. Management Audit sets the policies and objectives right in view of changing environment, competitors’ strategies, changes in technology, consumers’ preferences etc. • 2. It helps the management in improving its systems in view of developments or creations in management principles, techniques and approaches. • 3. It helps the management in improving its performance in execution of policies and in utilising resources. • 4. It sets the direction of objectives policies and business definition. • 5. It provides scope to the business to interact openly with the environment and maxmises the benefit of the environmental opportunities and controlling the effects of environmental threats.
  26. 26. Advantages of management audit 1. It helps to identify the present and potential strength and weaknesses in management. With this information, major improvements or rectification of defects can be made. 2. It assists in establishing and reviewing the system of planning in an organisation. Then, it allocates responsibility for planning. 3. It helps to improve the communication and control system. Effective management information systems can be followed. Proper control system ensures no deviations from standards.
  27. 27. Advantages of management audit 4. It reviews the decision-making-process and the quality of decision. It helps the management to bring about more objectivity in decision-making. 5. It protects the interests of the organisation by continuous review of all aspects of organisation and improving the performance. 6. It helps the management to ensure free flow of communication between the responsibility centres.
  28. 28. • 7. It assists the management in identifying the opportunities through innovations in the light of changes in the business world. • 8. It helps the management to improve co-ordination and to evaluate the control techniques. • 9. It assists the management in pinpointing the inhibiting factors which affect the profitability and the ways to remove them so that the profitability may improve. Advantages of management audit
  29. 29. • 10. It suggests to the management to bring about better efficiency and overall improvement. • 11. Human resource is crucial in every organisation. Management audit helps the management to improve performance appraisal system and to develop human resources. • 12. It relieves the management of pressure. Thus, the management can devote more attention to important and special matters. Advantages of management audit

×