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The importance of data

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Big data Analytics
Big data Analytics
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The importance of data

  1. 1. Importance of data Jay Daley, APNIC Vietnam 2017
  2. 2. • Small registry - Big data pioneer 22 server Hadoop cluster installed in 2012 Full packet capture of DNS servers • Data science oriented research team 18% of total staff • World class registrar data portal Main business priority for new development • Actively building data products Recent success with broadbandmap.nz • Open data portal for .nz data Why is .nz presenting? APNIC Vietnam 2017 2
  3. 3. • Evidence based policy • Organisational development • Detecting badness • Business - more, new, better • Public trust Why data matters APNIC Vietnam 2017 3
  4. 4. Evidence based policy APNIC Vietnam 2017 4
  5. 5. • Data is not public and so … No reproducibility Agenda set by those who pay the analysts Very low throughput of research • Some people have their own data Gives them real power in the debate • Open Data means Open Debate Use of data in policy APNIC Vietnam 2017 5
  6. 6. Case study – hoarding? APNIC Vietnam 2017 6 1 10 100 1000 10000 100000 1000000 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11-20 21-30 31-40 41-50 51-60 61-70 71-80 81-90 91-100 101-200 201-300 301-400 401-500 501-600 601-700 801-900 901-1000 1001-2000 2001-3000 Numberofregistrants Portfolio size Number of registrants by portfolio size
  7. 7. Detecting badness APNIC Vietnam 2017 7
  8. 8. • Highly developed use of data Multiple research teams, cooperative forums and service providers Multiple data resources, extensive data sharing • Data collection – source evidence Passive monitoring (e.g. DNSDB, PassiveTotal) Hand produced by threat researchers • Strong sharing culture – via data feeds 40+ feeds available (both NFP and commercial) Track domains, IPs, credentials, URLs, etc Very active area APNIC Vietnam 2017 8
  9. 9. Business – more, new, better APNIC Vietnam 2017 9
  10. 10. 10APNIC Vietnam 2017
  11. 11. 11 Search by address Search by dropping a pin Switch to aerial view Browse APNIC Vietnam 2017
  12. 12. 12APNIC Vietnam 2017
  13. 13. 13APNIC Vietnam 2017
  14. 14. 14APNIC Vietnam 2017
  15. 15. • Over 20 providers • Some very sensitive about their data • Awkward formats • High cost for them to provide • Our approach • Ask nicely – no payment • Demonstrate security – gain trust • Sell the vision • Be patient • Help with tools • Built a tool to generate wireless coverage • Adopted another tool to convert files to right format The data 15APNIC Vietnam 2017
  16. 16. • Only be used for this purpose: • Provide info to owner/occupier or prospective owner/occupier on availability • Missing providers • Missing technologies • No satellite (coming soon) • No cellular Limitations on the data 16APNIC Vietnam 2017
  17. 17. IP Topology Map APNIC Vietnam 2017 17
  18. 18. Public trust 18APNIC Vietnam 2017
  19. 19. “Sunlight is the best disinfectant” • Open data can prove: Effectiveness of markets and regulators Social benefit Where problems remain Open data and public trust APNIC Vietnam 2017 19
  20. 20. Case study – Web Index APNIC Vietnam 2017 20
  21. 21. Data enabled community & industry • Data openly shared by all market participants • Data is easy to find and use and can be trusted • Strong community use of data • Authoritative publications A goal to consider APNIC Vietnam 2017 21
  22. 22. • Begin cultural change Broaden the principle of openness to include data Set the vision of the benefits • Engage community – “social license” Community expectations of openness vs privacy • Put legal framework in place Adjust contracts, policies and processes to support open data Determine privacy protection rules Steps to make it happen APNIC Vietnam 2017 22
  23. 23. • National Broadband Map • broadbandmap.nz • Internet Data Portal • idp.nz • IP topology map • ip.topology.net.nz • BGP topology map • bgp.topology.net.nz Finding our services 23APNIC Vietnam 2017
  24. 24. Contact: www.nzrs.net.nz jay@nzrs.net.nz Thanks Any questions?

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