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Ethics in a Global Economy

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Ethics in a Global Economy by Ashley Nickole Andrews. Visit www.ashleynickole.com

Publié dans : Business
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Ethics in a Global Economy

  1. 1. Ethics in a Global Economy Ashley Nickole Andrews • MGT 462
  2. 2. The Cost of Corruption  Bribery is found worldwide, and it increases the cost of business. o Bribe taking is more likely in countries with low per capita income, low salaries for government officials, and less variation in income distribution. o In Russia, bribes paid to government officials is roughly equal to the nation’s entire revenues—about $240 billion annually.
  3. 3. The Cost of Corruption  Combatting bribery is essential to long-term economic growth, but laws are not effective. o Laws and ethics both describe and guide proper behavior, but ethics are more complex. o An integrated approach to reduce bribery through gradual cultural adjustments, enhanced economic development, and legalistic tactics is recommended.
  4. 4. Costs of Corruption  White collar crime is also costly and should be combatted. o The FBI estimates white-collar crimes, or illegal acts such as fraud, insider trading, embezzlement, or computer crime, account for more than 330,000 arrests and $300 billion in losses each year. o Corporate crimes like faulty goods, monopolistic practices and other law violations cost American consumers $174-231 billion annually.
  5. 5. The Cost of Corruption • The worldwide cost of corruption is more than $1 trillion annually.
  6. 6. Combating Corruption  Unethical acts in business are fought globally and nationally.  In the U.S., the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act prohibits bribes, but companies do not always comply.
  7. 7. Crime Does Not Pay o Caught and punished:  To win contracts, York International paid bribes to Iraqi government officials, Baker Hughes bribed Kazakhstan officials, and Halliburton paid bribes in Nigeria.  These firmed were fined.
  8. 8. Or Does It? o Caught and rewarded:  62% of firms provide a financial package to executives who leave for major violations.  Gary Winnick pocketed millions from fraudulent stock sales and was not charged.  Andrew Wiederhorn plead guilty to two felonies and earned $2.5 million in salary during his 18-month sentence.
  9. 9. Combatting Corruption  Firms combat corruption through voluntary standards, values-based company culture, and ethics and compliance programs. o Alcoa CEO Paul O’Neil said, “It is imperative that there be no misperceptions about our values… Full compliance with both the letter—and the spirit—of our policies is imperative. Anything less is unacceptable.”
  10. 10. Source: Lawrence, A., & Weaber, J. (2011). Organizational Ethics and the Law. In Business and society: Stakeholders, ethics, public policy (Thirteenth ed., pp. 113-121). New York: McGraw-Hill Irwin.