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American Family - Chapter 9, Understanding Mental Illness

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American Family - Chapter 9, Understanding Mental Illness

  1. 1. American Family Chapter 9 Mental and Emotional Problems
  2. 2. Learning Objectives and FCS Standards  Learning Objective: Students will define mental disorder, understand the two basic types of mental disorders, and research various mental disorders: including what the disorder is, symptoms, and how it is treated. Students will also discuss suicide, grief, and various types of therapies used to treat mental disorders.  FCS Standards: 06-12.1.1, 1.A, 1.B, 1.C, 1.D
  3. 3. Intro…  On a sheet of paper, write as many words as you can think of that you associate with the term mental disorder.  Categorize the words as positive or negative.  What might this indicate about attitudes regarding mental disorders?
  4. 4. Positive Negative
  5. 5. What are Mental Disorders?  Mental Disorder: an illness of the mind that can affect the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of a person, preventing him or her from leading a happy, healthful, and productive life.  Each year 20% of the U.S. population-54 million people-are affected by some form of mental disorder.  Not a lot of these people seek help because of stigmas: negative label or mark of shame.
  6. 6. Types of Mental Disorders  There are 2 classifications of mental disorders- organic and functional.  Organic: caused by a physical illness or an injury that affects the brain. • Brain tumor, infections.  Functional: psychological cause and does not involve brain damage. • Heredity, stress, can be tied to a disturbing event-abuse, trauma.
  7. 7. Anxiety Disorders  Anxiety disorder: a condition in which real or imagined fears are difficult to control.  Four main types 1. Phobia: strong, irrational fear of something specific-high places, spiders, open or public places. 2. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: a person is trapped in a pattern of repeated thoughts or behaviors. • Obsessive-persistent, recurrent, and unwanted thoughts that prevent people from attending normal activities. • Compulsive-repeated, irresistible behavior. OCD video
  8. 8. More Anxiety Disorders 3. Panic Disorder: a sudden, unexplained feeling of terror. Sometimes known as panic attacks. 4. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: a condition that may develop after exposure to a terrifying event that threatened or caused physical harm.  Symptoms include: flashbacks, nightmares, emotional numbness, sleeplessness, guilt, and problems concentrating. video video
  9. 9. Mood Disorders  Mood disorder: an illness that involves mood extremes that interfere with everyday living.  Clinical Depression: A disorder in which feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and despair last for more than a few weeks and interfere with daily interests and activities. Results from a chemical imbalance which can be hereditary, caused by a life event, or is the symptom of drug and alcohol use.  Bipolar Disorder: Also called manic-depressive disorder. Involves extreme mood changes, energy levels, and behavior. The “highs” are called mania and the “lows” are called depression.VIDEO
  10. 10. Eating Disorders  Real, treatable, medical diseases such as anorexia and bulimia.  Eating disorders affect the physical, emotional/psychological, and social health of a person.  People can die from eating disorders due to serious heart conditions and kidney failure.
  11. 11. Conduct Disorder  Conduct Disorder: a pattern of behavior in which the rights of others or basic social rules are violated.  Examples include lying, theft, aggression, violence, arson, and vandalism.  More common in males.  An exterior of toughness my hide a low self-esteem.  May also be related to other mental illnesses such as depression, bipolar, and anxiety.  Without treatment, people with conduct disorders may not learn how to interact appropriately with others, leading to job loss, family issues, and incarceration.
  12. 12. Schizophrenia  A severe mental disorder in which a person loses contact with reality.  Symptoms include delusions and hallucinations.  Cause may be a combination of genetic factors and chemical and structural changes in the brain.  Affects both men and women and usually first appears between the ages of 15-35.  Professional help and medication are necessary to treat schizophrenia. Video
  13. 13. Personality Disorders  People with personality disorders think and behave in ways that make it difficult to get along with others. Some types of personality disorders include.  Antisocial-people may be irritable, aggressive, impulsive, and violent. Don’t usually show remorse for their behavior.  Borderline-experience a series of troubled relationships, may engage in high risk behaviors, have poor self-esteem, and fear being abandoned.  Passive/aggressive-may be uncooperative, resent being told what to do, but are reliant on others. Also show their feelings indirectly. video video
  14. 14. Types of Therapy  Psychotherapy: ongoing dialogue between a patient and a mental health professional.  Behavior Therapy: treatment that focuses on changing unwanted behaviors through rewards and reinforcement.  Cognitive Therapy: Treatment method designed to identify and correct distorted thinking.  Group Therapy: Treating a group of people who have similar problems.  Biomedical Therapy: Use of certain medications to treat or reduce symptoms of a mental disorder.
  15. 15. Activity…  Complete “What’s The Diagnosis?”
  16. 16. Suicide  Write down three danger signs you might detect in someone who is thinking about suicide.
  17. 17. Suicide-Risk Factors  Suicide: The acting of taking one’s own life.  More than 90% of people who kill themselves are suffering from depression, another mental illness, or are abusing alcohol or drugs.  Other risk factors include a history of physical or sexual abuse, history of previous suicide attempts, or a family history of suicide attempts or mental illness.  Cluster Suicides: A series of suicides occurring within a short period of time and involving several people in the same school or community.
  18. 18. Suicide-Warning Signs  Verbal Signs Direct statements: “I want to die.” Indirect statements: “I just want to go to sleep and not wake up.”  Nonverbal Signs Obsession with death. Withdrawal. Giving away personal belongings. Dramatic changes in personality, hygiene, or appearance.
  19. 19. Strategies to Prevent Suicide  Although most thoughts of suicide are impulsive and temporary, the result is very permanent.  When someone talks about suicide, whether serious or casual, TAKE IT SERIOUSLY!  Get adult assistance right away.  When helping others  Show interest and compassion for them. Listen closely and be patient and understanding.  Show support and ask questions.  Persuade them to get help. Offer to go with them.
  20. 20. Signs you may need help.  Signs you may need help Feel trapped. School performance, sleep, eating habits, relationships are affected. Family and friends are worried about you. You become involved with drugs/alcohol. You are more aggressive and violent.
  21. 21. Close  Write a paragraph explaining the strategies for suicide prevention.
  22. 22. Coping with Grief  Grief response: an individual’s total response to a major loss.  Coping: dealing successfully with difficult change in your life.  Mourning: the act of showing sorrow or grief.
  23. 23. Death and Grieving When you were born, you cried and the world rejoiced. Live your life in a manner so that when you die the world cries and you rejoice. --Native American Proverb
  24. 24. Strange as it may seem, death is a part of living. Where did you learn your ideas or views about death? • Family • Religious beliefs • Superstitions • Experiences with death • Attitude toward life • Mental health • Media • Science
  25. 25. Coping with Grief • Grief response: an individual’s total response to a major loss. • Coping: dealing successfully with difficult change in your life. • Mourning: the act of showing sorrow or grief.
  26. 26. 1. How would you define Death?
  27. 27. 2. Why do most people dislike talking and thinking about death?
  28. 28. 3. What positive and negative statements could you make about your life thus far?
  29. 29. 4. What are some ways people deny that death is part of everyone's life? • Many people avoid using the word death or dead, • People do not make wills, • People do not make arrangements for what would happen if they died, etc.
  30. 30. 5. What do you fear most about dying?
  31. 31. 6. List the stages of dying and grieving. Write down the characteristics of each stage. Grieving Process
  32. 32. Denial
  33. 33. Denial • In this stage we refuse to believe what has happened. We try in our mind to tell ourselves that life is as it was before our loss. • We can even make believe to an extent by re- enacting rituals that we used to go through with our loved one.
  34. 34. • We set an extra plate at the table. • We expect them to be there when we get home. • We flash back to memories and conversations. • These are all part of this stage.
  35. 35. Anger
  36. 36. Anger • We get angry. • The anger can manifest itself in many ways. • We blame others for our loss. • We become easily agitated having emotional outbursts. • We can even become angry at ourselves. • Release of this anger is essential!
  37. 37. Bargaining
  38. 38. Bargaining • Bargaining can be with ourselves or if you are religious, with your god. • Often we will offer something to try to take away the reality of what really happened. • We may try to make a deal, to have our loved one back as they were before the tragic event occurred. • It is only human to want things back as they were before.
  39. 39. Depression
  40. 40. Depression • Depression is a very likely outcome for all people that grieve for a loss. • This is the most difficult of the stages to deal with. • There can be a feeling of listness and tiredness. • Outbursts of tears may occur.
  41. 41. • You may feel like there is no purpose to your life anymore. • You may feel like you are being punished. • Pleasure and joy may be difficult to express. • There may even be thoughts of suicide. • If you at any time in this stage, feel like doing yourself harm, professional counseling should be sought.
  42. 42. Acceptance
  43. 43. Acceptance • This is the final stage of grief. • It happens when you know that you have to go on. • You can accept your loss and now be able to regain your energy and goals for the future. • It may take some time to get to this stage...but you will get there!
  44. 44. Coping with Crisis
  45. 45. Physical Reactions
  46. 46. Numbness Unfeeling Pain Tired Can’t Sleep Tightness in Throat Disinterest in Eating
  47. 47. Emotional Reactions
  48. 48. Stabbing Pain Sudden Anger Sense of Unfairness Feeling of Relief Anger G uiltHostility Anxiety Gladness Fea
  49. 49. Anticipatory Grief • The mourning process that occurs prior to death in cases of terminal illnesses.
  50. 50. 7. Describe some ways that persons go through a kind of mourning when they experience losses other than death.
  51. 51. 8. Explain some problems experienced by family and friends as they cope with the death or dying of someone dear to them. • THE BEREAVED PERSON MAY SHOW EMOTIONAL AND/OR PHYSICAL DISORDERS SUCH AS INSOMNIA, WEIGHT LOSS, HEADACHES, ETC.
  52. 52. 9. Four Basic Needs of the Bereaved
  53. 53. Companionship
  54. 54. Ventilation of Feelings
  55. 55. TIME
  56. 56. Time Alone
  57. 57. 10. What are some appropriate things to say to the bereaved? • "It's okay to cry" • "i just wanted you to know i am thinking about you"
  58. 58. 11. What should you avoid saying to the bereaved? • "Cheer up,“ • "Time will heal all wounds" • "he/she is better off" • "it was god's will" • "call me if you need me"
  59. 59. 12. Describe some ways to express condolences. • Donation to a favorite charity • Personal letter • Flowers • Phone call • Gift of money • Gift of food • Visit, • And assistance such as mowing the lawn, cooking meals, doing laundry, baby sitting, making phone calls, etc.
  60. 60. 13. What is the purpose of a memorial service, funeral, or visitation? • Without funerals and visitation, the process of coming to accept the death of a loved one would, for many, never be complete. Funerals allow for the open caring, grieving, and expressing that the human animal seems to need to reorder life and return to routine living.