The Semantic Web :
A first step into the arena
… for a 30-minute fight.
Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School ...
Round #1
The Semantic Web is not a new idea
Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014)
Tim Berners-Lee
First International Conference WWW (1994)
Linking data on the Web to real-world
entities in a machine-read...
1997
First working draft of the RDF
recommandation (W3C)
1998
Semantic “layer cake” : roadmap and
technological stack of t...
The Linked Open Data
Cloud (2007-2009)
Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014)
The LOD Cloud
(Sept. 2011)
Source : The Linking Open Data cloud diagram
http://lod-cloud.net
Régis Robineau - Pool Bibliss...
Round #2
The Semantic Web is not a brand new Web
Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014)
Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014)
Principles of the Web of Documents
1 principle
Th...
Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014)
Principles of the Web of Data
1 principle
The hyp...
Round #3
The Semantic Web is built on a different
model… for machines
Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School CO...
HTML basic principles
Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014)
1 model
Tree
1 grammar
DTD ...
RDF basic principles
Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014)
1 model
Graph
Subject Predic...
Round #4
Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014)
Presentation vs Semantics
Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014)
Presentation
Heading 1
Heading 2
Italics
text tex...
Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014)
my-article
Article title
Author
Publication Date
...
Round #5
Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014)
Expressing data in RDF
“Date”“Article title”
Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014)
my-article
has title has da...
YYYY-MM-DD
Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014)
<http://site-a.org/my-article>
<http:/...
RDF Triples
All the assertions made about the web resource my-article on site-a.org:
<http://site-a.org/my-article> <http:...
YYYY-MM-DD
<http://site-a.org/my-article>
<http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.
1/title>
<http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.
1/date>...
Are you K.O.?
Thank you!
… hope not because an ontology fight is coming up next
Régis ROBINEAU
Web coordinator. Pool Bibli...
URL vs URI ?
Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014)
Image : Fabien Gandon
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The Semantic Web: A First Step Into the Arena

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Introduction au Web sémantique donnée lors de la Training School COST-IRHT "La transmission des textes : nouveaux outils, nouvelles approches" (Paris, avril 2014), par Régis Robineau (Pool Biblissima)

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The Semantic Web: A First Step Into the Arena

  1. 1. The Semantic Web : A first step into the arena … for a 30-minute fight. Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014)
  2. 2. Round #1 The Semantic Web is not a new idea Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014)
  3. 3. Tim Berners-Lee First International Conference WWW (1994) Linking data on the Web to real-world entities in a machine-readable way (and not only documents) Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014)
  4. 4. 1997 First working draft of the RDF recommandation (W3C) 1998 Semantic “layer cake” : roadmap and technological stack of the SW Already standardized or being standardized by Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014)
  5. 5. The Linked Open Data Cloud (2007-2009) Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014)
  6. 6. The LOD Cloud (Sept. 2011) Source : The Linking Open Data cloud diagram http://lod-cloud.net Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014)
  7. 7. Round #2 The Semantic Web is not a brand new Web Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014)
  8. 8. Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014) Principles of the Web of Documents 1 principle The hypertext 1 protocol HTTP 1 identification mechanism URI 1 “language” (syntax) HTML
  9. 9. Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014) Principles of the Web of Data 1 principle The hypertext 1 protocol HTTP 1 identification mechanism URI 1 “language” (grammar) RDF Same architecture, but different model to represent information
  10. 10. Round #3 The Semantic Web is built on a different model… for machines Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014)
  11. 11. HTML basic principles Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014) 1 model Tree 1 grammar DTD HTML 1 syntax HTML <tags> HTML = a format to encode documents (web pages)... for humans
  12. 12. RDF basic principles Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014) 1 model Graph Subject Predicate Object 1 grammar Triple many syntaxes RDF serializations RDF/XML, N-Triple, Turtle RDFa, JSON-LD RDF = a model to encode data on the Web… for machines
  13. 13. Round #4 Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014) Presentation vs Semantics
  14. 14. Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014) Presentation Heading 1 Heading 2 Italics text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text Link 1 - Link 2 Link 3 Semantics Article title Author Publication Date article content article content article content article content article content article content article content article content article content article content article content article content article Keyword 1 - Keyword 2 Copyright license
  15. 15. Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014) my-article Article title Author Publication Date article content article content article content article content article content article content article content article content article content article content article content article content article Keyword 1 - Keyword 2 Copyright license
  16. 16. Round #5 Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014) Expressing data in RDF
  17. 17. “Date”“Article title” Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014) my-article has title has date has subject has subject has author “Author 1” “keyword 1” “keyword 2” Graph representation
  18. 18. YYYY-MM-DD Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014) <http://site-a.org/my-article> <http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/title> <http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/date> “Article title” <http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/subject> <http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/subject> <http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/creator> <http://site-a.org/author1#> <http://site-a.org/keyword1#> <http://site-a.org/keyword2#> Graph representation (with URIs)
  19. 19. RDF Triples All the assertions made about the web resource my-article on site-a.org: <http://site-a.org/my-article> <http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/title> “Article title” <http://site-a.org/my-article> <http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/date> “YYYY-MM-DD” <http://site-a.org/my-article> <http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/creator> <http://site-a.org/author1#> <http://site-a.org/my-article> <http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/subject> <http://site-a.org/keyword1#> <http://site-a.org/my-article> <http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/subject> <http://site-a.org/keyword2#> Objects as literals = text strings (title, date) Objects as URI = web identifiers for real-world entities/concepts (author, keywords) Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014)
  20. 20. YYYY-MM-DD <http://site-a.org/my-article> <http://purl.org/dc/elements/1. 1/title> <http://purl.org/dc/elements/1. 1/date> “Article title” <http://purl.org/dc/elements/1. 1/subject> <http://purl.org/dc/elements/1. 1/subject> <http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/creator> <http://site-a.org/author1#> <http://site-a.org/keyword1#> <http://site-a.org/keyword2#> <http://site-b.fr/person1#> http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/name “First name, last name” http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/knows Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014)
  21. 21. Are you K.O.? Thank you! … hope not because an ontology fight is coming up next Régis ROBINEAU Web coordinator. Pool Biblissima www.biblissima-condorcet.fr www.doc.biblissima-condorcet.fr Twitter @biblissima
  22. 22. URL vs URI ? Régis Robineau - Pool Biblissima. Training School COST-IRHT (31.03.2014) Image : Fabien Gandon

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