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Linux is Academic

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Explores the academic origins and peer review processes surrounding the Linux operating system.

Publié dans : Technologie, Voyages

Linux is Academic

  1. 1. Linux is Academic Brad Spry - Library Webmaster UNC Charlotte
  2. 2. Linus Torvalds <ul><li>Linus Torvalds, the original author of the </li></ul><ul><li>Linux operating system studied and </li></ul><ul><li>worked at the Department of Computer </li></ul><ul><li>Science, University of Helsinki 1988-1997. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: http://www.cs.helsinki.fi/linux/ </li></ul>
  3. 3. Linus Was A Student <ul><li>Linus had an interest in Minux, a small UNIX system, and decided to develop a system that exceeded the Minux standards. </li></ul><ul><li>He began his work in 1991 when he released version 0.02 and worked steadily until 1994 when version 1.0 of the Linux Kernel was released. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: http://www.linux.org/info/ </li></ul>
  4. 4. 1991 - A Year To Remember <ul><li>WWW was released by Tim Berners-Lee May 1991 </li></ul><ul><li>Linux was released by Linus Torvalds September 1991 </li></ul><ul><li>WWW Source: http://www.kkc.net/toronto-star/1999/0513/ </li></ul><ul><li>Linux Source: http://www.google.com/search?q=linux+birthday </li></ul>
  5. 5. Peer Review In Academia <ul><li>Peers comment on the strengths and weaknesses of </li></ul><ul><li>research, ultimately recommending or disallowing the </li></ul><ul><li>work for publication. </li></ul><ul><li>“ P eer review helps guarantee the quality and enriches </li></ul><ul><li>the collection available for education and research.” </li></ul><ul><li>-- Dr. Russ Bailey </li></ul>
  6. 6. Linux Is Peer Reviewed <ul><li>By releasing Linux as “ f ree software” or “ o pen source” , Linus Torvalds opened Linux to peer review. </li></ul><ul><li>There are currently 3520 subscribers on the “ l inux-kernel” listserv, each participating or observing the development and evolution of the Linux Kernel. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Cathedral & The Bazaar <ul><li>Eric S. Raymond researched and studied the peer </li></ul><ul><li>review processes surrounding Linus Torvalds and </li></ul><ul><li>Linux. </li></ul><ul><li>“ L inus' Law” states “ G iven enough eyeballs, all </li></ul><ul><li>bugs are shallow” . </li></ul><ul><li>More formally: “ G iven a large enough beta-tester and </li></ul><ul><li>co-developer base, almost every problem will be </li></ul><ul><li>characterized quickly and the fix obvious to someone.” </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Cathedral & The Bazaar <ul><li>“ . ..the strongest argument the open source community </li></ul><ul><li>has is that decentralized peer review trumps all the </li></ul><ul><li>conventional methods for trying to ensure that details </li></ul><ul><li>don't get slipped.” </li></ul><ul><li>The Cathedral & The Bazaar is available in its entirety </li></ul><ul><li>online, and the book is available through the Library's </li></ul><ul><li>Interlibrary Loan service. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Questions? There are no stupid questions! [email_address]