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Raskar PhD and MS Thesis Guidance

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http://raskar.info or CameraCulture Wiki Page
How to come up w ideas: Idea Hexagon
How to write a paper
How to give a talk
Open research problems
How to decide merit of a project
How to attend a conference, brainstorm
Strive for Five

Before 5 teams
Be early, let others do details
Beyond 5 years
What no one is thinking about
Within 5 steps of Human Impact
Relevance
Beyond 5 mins of instruction
Deep, iterative, participatory
Fusing 5+ Expertise
Fun, barrier for others



Publié dans : Ingénierie
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Raskar PhD and MS Thesis Guidance

  1. 1. Preparing for a Masters and PhD Thesis Ramesh Raskar Camera Culture Group MIT Media Lab
  2. 2. Hospitals Schools Food Transactions
  3. 3. Inside Tissue Imaging Data Markets ObjectsData Auto- ML CAT-scanEye Selfie FogBook Split Learning See around corners Camera Culture Group: Making Invisible Visible
  4. 4. Thesis Plans: Takeaways Waze for life: Global view, not just passion or perseverance Scale: Think person to population scale (3 ways to do it) Hot Money: Soc Impactful work has no funding .. find adjacent oppr How: 1. SpotProbing 2. Maximize chances/ Streetlight Effect 3. Choose: People, Idea Hexagon, Timing 4. Find a hub
  5. 5. Waze for life: Global view, not just passion or perseverance
  6. 6. Kadambi, Gupta, Raskar 2016; Kim, Lanman, Mukaigawa, Raskar 2010; CT-Scan in a Rickshaw
  7. 7. Research .. • http://raskar.info or CameraCulture Wiki Page – How to come up w ideas: Idea Hexagon – How to write a paper – How to give a talk – Open research problems – How to decide merit of a project – How to attend a conference, brainstorm • Tips – Get on Seminar/Talks mailing lists worldwide – http://www.cs.virginia.edu/~robins/YouAndYourResearch.html – Why do so few scientists make significant contributions and so many are forgotten in the long run? – Highly recommended Hamming talk at Bell Labs Ramesh Raskar, http://raskar.info
  8. 8. Thesis Plans: Takeaways Waze for life: Global view, not just passion or perseverance Scale: Think person to population scale (3 ways to do it) Hot Money: Soc Impactful work has no funding .. find adjacent oppr How: 1. SpotProbing 2. Maximize chances/ Streetlight Effect 3. Choose: People, Idea Hexagon, Timing 4. Find a hub
  9. 9. Ramesh Raskar, MIT Media Lab After X, what is neXt How to Invent? Ramesh Raskar, MIT Media Lab
  10. 10. Ramesh Raskar, MIT Media Lab Xd X++ X X+Y X X neXt Ramesh Raskar, MIT Media Lab http://www.slideshare.net/cameraculture/raskar-ideahexagonapr2010
  11. 11. Ramesh Raskar, MIT Media Lab Simple Exercise .. • Flickr – Share Photos What is neXt Ramesh Raskar, http://raskar.info
  12. 12. Ramesh Raskar, MIT Media Lab Simple Exercise .. • Flickr – Share Photos .. YouTube .. – Share Videos Ramesh Raskar, http://raskar.info http://www.slideshare.net/cameraculture/raskar-ideahexagonapr2010
  13. 13. Idea Hexagon Link to Video
  14. 14. • Before 5 teams – Be early, let others do details • Beyond 5 years – What no one is thinking about • Within 5 steps of Human Impact – Relevance • Beyond 5 mins of instruction – Deep, iterative, participatory • Fusing 5+ Expertise – Fun, barrier for others Strive for Five
  15. 15. Time Impact Org Momentum R&D Dev ? Impact Limit Over Time Research Development / R&D / Research
  16. 16. Grand Opportunity Topics Opportunity Investigation Solution Presentation Reflection + Implementation Resource Map Problem Canvas Solution Canvas Findings Plot SpotProbing in Four Step 0. Create the Opportunity Statement 1. Resource Map A. People and Organizations B. Users and Beneficiaries C. Breakthroughs and Risks 2. Problem Canvas 3. Solution Canvas 4. Findings Plot SpotProbing | REDX.io | Raskar
  17. 17. Step 0. Opportunity Statement “What if .. ” or “How can .. ” Start Big. Based on your Grand Opportunity, create “Actionable Statements”. Do NOT use aspirations or annoyances. Good examples: How can we can use emerging AI technologies to improve farrmers lives? What if high resolution radar is available beyond self driving cars? Bad Examples: How can we eliminate world hunger? What if health screening is low cost and ubiquitos? SpotProbing | REDX.io | Raskar
  18. 18. Option 1 Option 8,9 Option 2,3 Option 4 Option 5 Option 10 Option 7 Option 6 Sensors Computer Vision Crowdsourcing . . . Greenhouses Crop Prediction Farmer Finances Weather Stations Problems Techniques An example Problem Canvas: What if we can use emerging digital technologies to improve lives of farmers and create a new AgTech opportunity? SpotProbing | REDX.io | Raskar
  19. 19. 4 1 Rural farmers, elderly 3 6 School children, Rural farmers, parents 6 10 Police force, Policy makers, Rural farmers, school children 1 2 Elderly 8 9 University students, young professionals 10 5 Rural farmers, young professionals, parents 2 7 School children, Doctors 5 4 Teachers, University professors, Rural farmers 9 8 Cab drivers, delivery workers, Delivery management 7 3 Entrepreneurs, Rural farmers, young professionals Scenarios Constraints Option 1 Option 2 Option 3 Option 4 Option 5 Option 6 Option 7 Option 8 Option 9 Option 10 Cost Time Impact An example Solution Canvas Regul ation Compet ition … SpotProbing | REDX.io | Raskar
  20. 20. Cost Time rural farmers elderlyOption 1 Option 2 Option 3 Option 4 Option 10 Option 5 Option 9 Option 8 Option 7 Option 6 rural farmers school children parents rural farmers police force policy makers school children elderly university students young professionals young professionals rural farmers parents school children doctors 4. Findings Plot Time-Cost-Impact A way to visually interpret the results from the Solution Canvas teachers university professors rural farmers cab drivers delivery workersdelivery management rural farmers entrepreneurs young professionals Create a word cloud of the different directions of reach in order to visually represent the breadth of impact that each solution has. Impact = Circle Size SpotProbing | REDX.io | Raskar
  21. 21. Solution Presentation (Heilmeier's) Some questions to answer as you put together your presentation • WHY – Big idea • How is it done today? What are the limits of current practice? • WHO – Who cares? If you’re successful, what difference will it make? • WHAT – What’s new? What difference will it make? • What are you trying to do? Articulate objectives without using jargon. Why do you think it will be successful? • HOW – Map of Users, Resource Requirements, Risks and Workarounds, Milestones What are the risks and payoffs? How much will it cost? How long will it take? What are the midterm and final “exams” to check for success? Create a separate slide with your solution map SpotProbing | REDX.io | Raskar
  22. 22. Is project worthwhile? Heilmeier's Questions • What – What are you trying to do? Articulate your objectives using absolutely no jargon. • Related work – How is it done today, and what are the limits of current practice? • Contribution – What's new in your approach and why do you think it will be successful? • Motivation – Who cares? – If you're successful, what difference will it make? • Challenges – What are the risks and the payoffs? – How much will it cost? – How long will it take? • Evaluation – What are the midterm and final "exams" to check for success? • Why now? (why not before, what’s new that makes possible) • Why us? (wrong answers: I am smart, passionate, perseverance ..) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_H._Heilmeier#Heilmeier.27s_Catechism
  23. 23. Ramesh Raskar, MIT Media Lab Pick atleast 2 out of 3 Fun Cool Media Coverage Impact Money Social implications Research Novelty Generality Science
  24. 24. Thesis Plans: Takeaways Waze for life: Global view, not just passion or perseverance Scale: Think person to population scale (3 ways to do it) Hot Money: Soc Impactful work has no funding .. find adjacent oppr How: 1. SpotProbing 2. Maximize chances/ Streetlight Effect 3. Choose: People, Idea Hexagon, Timing 4. Find a hub
  25. 25. External Internal Nervous Aware Driven Accept Analyze Resist Rebel Trouble maker Maverick PathfinderQuestionerSteerer Creative Solver Doer Stripes of Innovators in Your Team
  26. 26. Thesis Plans: Takeaways Waze for life: Global view, not just passion or perseverance Scale: Think person to population scale (3 ways to do it) Hot Money: Soc Impactful work has no funding .. find adjacent oppr How: 1. SpotProbing 2. Maximize chances/ Streetlight Effect 3. Choose: People, Idea Hexagon, Timing 4. Find a hub
  27. 27. Context Progress People SPOT: Problem PROBE: Solution Relation Pattern Singleton Founder Self- Observations Isolated Intuition Hypothesis Driven Long Term Insights Serial Entrp/ Team Innovator Network Stakeholder Network Idea in the context of ecosystem
  28. 28. Context Progress People SPOT: Problem PROBE: Solution Relation Pattern Singleton Founder Self- Observations Isolated Intuition Hypothesis Driven Long Term Insights Serial Entrp/ Team Innovator Network Stakeholder Network Idea in the context of ecosystem
  29. 29. Context Progress People SPOT: Problem PROBE: Solution Relation Pattern Singleton Founder Self- Observations Isolated Intuition Hypothesis Driven Long Term Insights Serial Entrp/ Team Innovator Network Stakeholder Network Idea in the context of ecosystem
  30. 30. Product Solution Market Need Known Unknown Unknown Known Simple Service Biz (Non-tech startup) Find a Worthy Market Problem Deploy & Scale (Tech-startup) Discover (Industry/ R&D) Invent (Univ / labs) Choices for Innovators .io
  31. 31. Thesis Plans: Takeaways Waze for life: Global view, not just passion or perseverance Scale: Think person to population scale (3 ways to do it) Hot Money: Soc Impactful work has no funding .. find adjacent oppr How: 1. SpotProbing 2. Maximize chances/ Streetlight Effect 3. Choose: People, Idea Hexagon, Timing 4. Find a hub
  32. 32. 41 Credit: Joost Bonsen
  33. 33. Research .. • http://raskar.info or CameraCulture Wiki Page – How to come up w ideas: Idea Hexagon – How to write a paper – How to give a talk – Open research problems – How to decide merit of a project – How to attend a conference, brainstorm • Tips – Get on Seminar/Talks mailing lists worldwide – http://www.cs.virginia.edu/~robins/YouAndYourResearch.html – Why do so few scientists make significant contributions and so many are forgotten in the long run? – Highly recommended Hamming talk at Bell Labs Ramesh Raskar, http://raskar.info
  34. 34. What distinguishes Media Lab projects .. – Synthesize not just analyze – Use power of human intelligence • Intelligence Amplification • Human in loop, • Social Impact and empowerment – Democratize, Power to the People – Be paranoid .. Are we relevant and what is next? Topics for discussion (create your own study group) • How to pursue 'ideas in the spirit of the media lab'? What is not in the spirit of ML? • How to make the best of ML resources? • What are the common problems in picking/initiating/pursuing/finishing great projects? • Case studies of successful transitions of efforts into research/demos/products and more • Some procedural topics: juggling classes vs research, Apprenticeship vs independent research, group dynamics, media coverage Ramesh Raskar, http://raskar.info
  35. 35. Technologies Individual Organization Population PhysicalDigitalGlobal Ubiquity AI + Data Global Individual  Population Scale, 3 Routes
  36. 36. Be proactive not reactive Generalize today’s concepts Avoid basing all on today’s hot tech (facebook/twitter/Kinect/VR/etc) But we are still slaves to available tech “Let’s do smart things with stupid technology today, rather than wait and do stupid things with smart technology tomorrow” - Bill Buxton. You can ofcourse do even smarter things with smart tech. Be prepared but careful on what you do Be in optimist but be paranoid (vs pessimist + laidback) Defer judgment (don’t dismiss, believe or start instantly on any idea) Overnight success after months of work Have a list of 10-20 problems .. Don’t work on first one you think or that comes your way Talk to a lot of people (you trust) to see if worth pursuing as most ideas will be useless anyway Don’t be religious, listen to others Don’t fall in love with your own incremental idea Find adjacent opportunity which is easier but is still important Don’t work on the same project for 2+ years Fail fast If u want to win .. Be willing change rules of the game, sometimes the game itself Remember the 4Ps and their SEQUENCE – Projects > Papers > Polished Demo/Prototype > Press – (Note ‘polished demo’ comes AFTER a paper or some external validation) – Don’t chase press before you have a serious project that is peer-reviewed or validated (novelty and impact should be already understood) Ramesh Raskar, http://raskar.info
  37. 37. • Questions before you start the project • How to come up with ideas • How to write a paper • How to decide if the idea is worth pursuing • What makes a great ML thesis • Happy to meet – Help you towards a fantastic + manageable thesis Ramesh Raskar, http://raskar.info
  38. 38. What Makes a Good ML Thesis? • An original piece of work A good thesis puts forth an original hypothesis/method/design/art piece with appropriate testing/verification/critique • Written well  Grammar, appropriate style, organization • Comprehensive A good thesis has sufficient information to allow a person of ordinary skill in the art to replicate the results A good thesis has a complete set of references • Accurate Do not blow hot air!! Every sentence in the thesis must be correct!!! Do not exaggerate!!! Slide by Hugh Herr
  39. 39. Thesis Organization • Abstract • Acknowledgements • List of Tables and Figures • Introduction • Background • Mechanism/Process Design • Experimental Methods • Results • Discussion and Conclusions • References • Appendix A, B, etc. Ramesh Raskar, http://raskar.info
  40. 40. http://www.cs.indiana.edu/mit.research.how.to/section3.11.html http://www.cad.auckland.ac.nz/index.php?p=a_good_thesis http://www.sce.carleton.ca/faculty/chinneck/thesis.html Ramesh Raskar, http://raskar.info
  41. 41. Thesis Plans: Takeaways Waze for life: Global view, not just passion or perseverance Scale: Think person to population scale (3 ways to do it) Hot Money: Soc Impactful work has no funding .. find adjacent oppr How: 1. SpotProbing 2. Maximize chances/ Streetlight Effect 3. Choose: People, Idea Hexagon, Timing 4. Find a hub
  42. 42. END

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