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ICT Applied to English Teaching UNIT 1 – Assignment 1 <ul><li>History of Education Technology </li></ul>By Carla Minchilli & Romina Marino
What is Education Technology? <ul><li>Education technology is the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using and managing appropriate technological processes and resources. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the incorporation of Internet and other information technologies into the learning experience. </li></ul>
TODAY… … ALL THE TECHNOLOGICAL TOOLS ARE REVOLUTIONAZING THE CLASSROOM WORLDWIDE. HAVE A LOOK AT HOW THIS PROCESS HAS BEGUN…
<ul><li>1780- Early public schools adopt the teacher/ manager model with the teacher as the primary manager of instruction and assessment in a single classroom. </li></ul><ul><li>1872- Christopher Sholes invents the first practical typewriter, with the familiar QWERTY keyboard. Typing classes and jobs for typists proliferate, providing new employment opportunities. Educators soon notice that students who learn to type improve their reading and writing skills. </li></ul><ul><li>1930- Sound recordings and motion pictures are important resources in many U.S. classrooms. </li></ul>A Brief Look to the History of Education Technology
<ul><li>1946- The first fully electronic computer, the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC), is unveiled at the University of Pennsylvania. </li></ul><ul><li>1960- PLATO (Programmed Logic for Automatic Teaching Operations), the first computer-assisted-instruction (CAI) system, is initiated at the University of Illinois. It profoundly influences computer-based education systems throughout the world. </li></ul><ul><li>1965- Elementary and Secondary Education Act brings new money into schools for technology. Mainframes and minicomputers are put into place in some schools, but most are used for administration or for school counseling. </li></ul><ul><li>1967- Texas Instruments develops the first hand-held electronic calculator. The working heart of the first miniature calculator is an integrated semiconductor circuit for performing addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. </li></ul>
<ul><li>1969- The children’s program Sesame Street debuts on the National Educational Television network (later the Public Broadcasting Service) and soon becomes an international hit. </li></ul><ul><li>1970- ARPANET, the forerunner of the Internet, goes online. Engelbart invents the mouse, hypertext and groupware. He also creates hypermedia, multiple-window screens, online publishing and electronic mail systems, all of great importance in modern education. </li></ul><ul><li>1971- Intel's first microprocessor and the first microcomputer (PC) are developed, which together with mainframes are of wide use in business. Digitalized books can be downloaded into PDAs. Project Gutenberg, the oldest digital library with the largest single collection of free electronic books, is launched. </li></ul>
<ul><li>1974- The first affordable personal computer is featured on the cover of the magazine Popular Electronics . The Altair 8800 has 1KB of memory and an Intel 8080 processor. </li></ul><ul><li>1977- Japan Victor Company (JVC) introduces the VHS format video cassette recorder. </li></ul><ul><li>1983- Compact disc (CD-ROM -invented by James T. Russell in the late 1960s-) technology is introduced in the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>1990- Multimedia PCs are developed. Object-oriented multimedia authoring tools and videodiscs are widely used at schools. Educational databases and other types of CAI programs are delivered on CD-ROMs, many with animation and sound. </li></ul>
<ul><li>1995- The Internet and the WWW begins to catch on as businesses, schools, and individuals create web pages (most CAI is delivered on CD-ROM disks and is growing in popularity). </li></ul><ul><li>1996- DVDs allows storage of larger amounts of digital data, which makes possible superior sound and visual performance. The Internet is widely discussed as businesses begin to provide services and advertising using web pages. Many schools are rewiring for Internet access and a few schools install web servers and provide faculty with a way to create instructional web pages. </li></ul><ul><li>2001- The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) launches its OpenCourseWare (OCW) Web site, which today offers free online access to educational materials from all of its courses to any user anywhere in the world. </li></ul>
<ul><li>2005- One Laptop per Child is launched with the aim of distributing laptops to poor children around the world. Through a U.S.-based organization created by faculty members of the MIT Media Lab, the program aims to revolutionize the world’s education. Prometheus, the first virtual World University, opens. The laptop computer merges with the student's notebook and textbooks to create the Interactive Textbook. </li></ul><ul><li>2009- Introduction of the first fully automated classroom. </li></ul><ul><li>2010- The Internet is accessed entirely through wireless, handheld, pocket computers. </li></ul>
<ul><li>HOW WILL THE STORY CONTINUES? </li></ul>2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017... The growth of the internet expands far faster than predicted. It soon becomes the world's largest database of information, an invaluable resource for educators. WHO KNOWS?
<ul><li>Whitehead, Bob (2005) Educational technology allows for flexibility in learning and teaching . </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.web-conferencing-zone.com/4030-educational-technology.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Educational Technology Insight . </li></ul><ul><li>http://edtech.twinisles.com/rb/ </li></ul><ul><li>A Brief History of Computers and Networks . </li></ul><ul><li>http://goldenink.com/computersandnetworks.shtml </li></ul><ul><li>Bureau of International Information Programs, U.S. Department of State (2008). Education Adopts Latest Technology Advances. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.america.gov/st/texttrans-english/2008/February/200801290938151CJsamohT5.575198e-02.html </li></ul><ul><li>Educational Technology Timeline . Created by the CI 335 / CS 317 students at the University of Illinois, 1999. </li></ul><ul><li>http://cter.ed.uiuc.edu/cter2/ci335/timeline.html </li></ul><ul><li> History, the History of Computers, and the History of Computers in Education </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.csulb.edu/~murdock/histofcs.html </li></ul><ul><li> Baldwin, R. (n.d.) School Technology in Education . </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.answers.com/topic/school-technology-in-education </li></ul><ul><li> Educational Technology in Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Educational_technology </li></ul><ul><li>SammyC (2007). History of Education Technology . </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.docstoc.com/docs/426986/History-of-Educational-Technology </li></ul>References: