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Technology In The Great War

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Technology In The Great War

  1. 1. Technology in the Great War Industrialized Warfare
  2. 2. Improvements on Old Ideas <ul><li>Rifles </li></ul><ul><li>Grenades </li></ul><ul><li>Machine Guns </li></ul><ul><li>Artillery </li></ul>
  3. 3. Rifles <ul><li>Bolt Action </li></ul><ul><li>Carried 5-10 rounds </li></ul><ul><li>Could fire 30-40 rounds per minute </li></ul><ul><li>Extremely accurate </li></ul>
  4. 4. Grenades <ul><li>Existed for hundreds of Years </li></ul><ul><li>First WW1 grenades were old cans with fuses or explosives tied to sticks! </li></ul><ul><li>(Dangerous more to the thrower than receiver!) </li></ul>
  5. 5. German Stick Grenade
  6. 6. The Machine Gun <ul><li>Also known as: </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Killing Machine” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Devil’s Paint Brush” </li></ul><ul><li>Could fire 500 rounds per minute! </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible for most of the Stalemate. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Artillery <ul><li>Bigger was better </li></ul><ul><li>Highly Accurate </li></ul><ul><li>Used by the thousands </li></ul><ul><li>Most soldiers killed by constant artillery (night and day) </li></ul>                          
  8. 8. The Biggest: French 520mm howitzer <ul><li>It could deliver a 3,100 lb shell (600 lbs of explosive) over 10 miles </li></ul><ul><li>The gun car was just under 100 feet long and weighed 290 tons. </li></ul><ul><li>Shell was the size of a VW bug! </li></ul>
  9. 9. German “Paris Gun” <ul><li>75 Miles range </li></ul><ul><li>Could reach the upper atmosphere! </li></ul><ul><li>The gun had an overall length of 112 feet (34 meters) and weighed 138 tons. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Effects of Artillery                                       
  11. 12. New Technology in War <ul><li>Tanks </li></ul><ul><li>Gas / Chemical Warfare </li></ul><ul><li>Submarine </li></ul><ul><li>Flame thrower </li></ul><ul><li>Airplane </li></ul>
  12. 13. Tanks <ul><li>An attempt to end the stalemate </li></ul><ul><li>First used by the British to break through German Lines and protect men </li></ul><ul><li>Problems: </li></ul><ul><li>Slow moving (5 mph) </li></ul><ul><li>Got stuck in mud = killed by German Artillery </li></ul><ul><li>Not very effective </li></ul>
  13. 14. Gas Warfare
  14. 15. Gas Warfare <ul><li>First used by the Germans trying to end the stalemate in 1915. </li></ul><ul><li>Delivered by canister and later Artillery Shells </li></ul><ul><li>Used extensively by ALL sides. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Gas Warfare <ul><li>Early gasmask consisted of urinating on a rag, placing goggles on the face and holding the rag up to your mouth and nose to breath through </li></ul>
  16. 17. Types of Gas used <ul><li>Chlorine Gas: hydrochloric acid when coming in contact with moisture (eyes,&lungs burn) </li></ul><ul><li>Mustard Gas: Blistering agent-moist exposed skin: the eyes, lungs, armpits and groin </li></ul>
  17. 18. The Submarine
  18. 19. Submarine <ul><li>Used by Germans to “starve” England </li></ul><ul><li>Very Effective weapon </li></ul><ul><li>Sank food and supplies allies needed desperately NOT battleships. </li></ul>
  19. 20. Flamethrower <ul><li>Designed to burn out the enemy from a position </li></ul><ul><li>Victims would be smothered in a flammable liquid (while it was on fire) </li></ul>
  20. 21. The Airplane <ul><li>Initially used to spy on the enemy </li></ul><ul><li>Later carried bombs (rather ineffective) </li></ul><ul><li>Then planes began shooting at one another (first “dog fights”) </li></ul>