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Football and Culture
Presented by Deborah Ferrari
Football and Culture
Deborah Ferrari
Football and Culture
lFootball refers to a number of sports that involve, to varying
degrees, kicking a ball with the foot to score a goal. Unqualified,
the word football is understood to refer to whichever form of
football is the most popular in the regional context in which the
word appears: association football (also known as soccer) in the
United Kingdom and most of the non-English speaking world;
gridiron football (specifically American football or Canadian
football) in the United States and Canada; Australian rules football
or rugby league in different areas of Australia; Gaelic football in
Ireland; and rugby football (specifically rugby union) in New
Zealand
Deborah Ferrari
Early history
lAccording to FIFA the competitive game cuju is the earliest form of
football for which there is scientific evidence. It occurs namely as an
exercise in a military manual from the third and second centuries BC.
Documented evidence of an activity resembling football can be found in
the Chinese military manual Zhan Guo Ce compiled between the 3rd
century and 1st century BC. It describes a practice known as cuju (蹴鞠,
literally "kick ball"), which originally involved kicking a leather ball through
a small hole in a piece of silk cloth which was fixed on bamboo canes
and hung about 9 m above ground. During the Han Dynasty (206 BC–
220 AD), cuju games were standardized and rules were
established.[citation needed] Variations of this game later spread to
Japan and Korea, known as kemari and chuk-guk respectively. Later,
another type of goal post emerged, consisting of just one goal post in the
middle of the field.
Deborah Ferrari
Medieval and early modern Europe
lThe Middle Ages saw a huge rise in popularity of annual
Shrovetide football matches throughout Europe, particularly in
England. An early reference to a ball game played in Britain comes
from the 9th century Historia Brittonum, which describes "a party of
boys ... playing at ball". References to a ball game played in
northern France known as La Soule or Choule, in which the ball
was propelled by hands, feet, and sticks, date from the 12th
century.
Deborah Ferrari
Official disapproval and attempts to
ban football
lThere have been many attempts to ban football, from the middle
ages through to the modern day. The first such law was passed in
England in 1314; it was followed by more than 30 in England alone
between 1314 and 1667. Football faced armed opposition in the
18th Century when used as a cover for violent protest against the
enclosure act. Women were banned from playing at English and
Scottish Football League grounds in 1921, a ban that was only
lifted in the 1970s. Female footballers still face similar problems in
some parts of the world.
Deborah Ferrari
English public schools
lWhile football continued to be played in various forms throughout
Britain, its public schools (known as private schools in other
countries) are widely credited with four key achievements in the
creation of modern football codes. First of all, the evidence
suggests that they were important in taking football away from its
"mob" form and turning it into an organised team sport. Second,
many early descriptions of football and references to it were
recorded by people who had studied at these schools. Third, it was
teachers, students and former students from these schools who
first codified football games, to enable matches to be played
between schools. Finally, it was at English public schools that the
division between "kicking" and "running" (or "carrying") games first
became clear.
Deborah Ferrari
Clubs
lSports clubs dedicated to playing football began in the 18th
century, for example London's Gymnastic Society which was
founded in the mid-18th century and ceased playing matches in
1796.
lThe first documented club to bear in the title a reference to being a
'football club' were called "The Foot-Ball Club" who were located in
Edinburgh, Scotland, during the period 1824–41. The club forbade
tripping but allowed pushing and holding and the picking up of the
ball.
lIn 1845, three boys at Rugby school were tasked with codifying the
rules then being used at the school. These were the first set of
written rules (or code) for any form of football. This further assisted
the spread of the Rugby game.
Deborah Ferrari
Competitions
lOne of the longest running football fixture is the Cordner-Eggleston
Cup, contested between Melbourne Grammar School and Scotch
College, Melbourne every year since 1858. It is believed by many
to also be the first match of Australian rules football, although it
was played under experimental rules in its first year. The first
football trophy tournament was the Caledonian Challenge Cup,
donated by the Royal Caledonian Society of Melbourne, played in
1861 under the Melbourne Rules. The oldest football league is a
rugby football competition
Deborah Ferrari
Football Association
lAt the Freemasons' Tavern, Great Queen Street, London on the
evening of October 26, 1863, representatives of several football
clubs in the London Metropolitan area met for the inaugural
meeting of The Football Association (FA). The aim of the
Association was to establish a single unifying code and regulate
the playing of the game among its members. Following the first
meeting, the public schools were invited to join the association
Deborah Ferrari
Globalisation of association football
lThe need for a single body to oversee association football had
become apparent by the beginning of the 20th century, with the
increasing popularity of international fixtures. The English Football
Association had chaired many discussions on setting up an
international body, but was perceived as making no progress. It fell
to associations from seven other European countries: France,
Belgium, Denmark, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland,
to form an international association.
Deborah FerrariDeborah Ferrari
Deborah Ferrari

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Deborah Ferrari - Football and its Culture

  • 1. Football and Culture Presented by Deborah Ferrari Football and Culture Deborah Ferrari
  • 2. Football and Culture lFootball refers to a number of sports that involve, to varying degrees, kicking a ball with the foot to score a goal. Unqualified, the word football is understood to refer to whichever form of football is the most popular in the regional context in which the word appears: association football (also known as soccer) in the United Kingdom and most of the non-English speaking world; gridiron football (specifically American football or Canadian football) in the United States and Canada; Australian rules football or rugby league in different areas of Australia; Gaelic football in Ireland; and rugby football (specifically rugby union) in New Zealand Deborah Ferrari
  • 3. Early history lAccording to FIFA the competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is scientific evidence. It occurs namely as an exercise in a military manual from the third and second centuries BC. Documented evidence of an activity resembling football can be found in the Chinese military manual Zhan Guo Ce compiled between the 3rd century and 1st century BC. It describes a practice known as cuju (蹴鞠, literally "kick ball"), which originally involved kicking a leather ball through a small hole in a piece of silk cloth which was fixed on bamboo canes and hung about 9 m above ground. During the Han Dynasty (206 BC– 220 AD), cuju games were standardized and rules were established.[citation needed] Variations of this game later spread to Japan and Korea, known as kemari and chuk-guk respectively. Later, another type of goal post emerged, consisting of just one goal post in the middle of the field. Deborah Ferrari
  • 4. Medieval and early modern Europe lThe Middle Ages saw a huge rise in popularity of annual Shrovetide football matches throughout Europe, particularly in England. An early reference to a ball game played in Britain comes from the 9th century Historia Brittonum, which describes "a party of boys ... playing at ball". References to a ball game played in northern France known as La Soule or Choule, in which the ball was propelled by hands, feet, and sticks, date from the 12th century. Deborah Ferrari
  • 5. Official disapproval and attempts to ban football lThere have been many attempts to ban football, from the middle ages through to the modern day. The first such law was passed in England in 1314; it was followed by more than 30 in England alone between 1314 and 1667. Football faced armed opposition in the 18th Century when used as a cover for violent protest against the enclosure act. Women were banned from playing at English and Scottish Football League grounds in 1921, a ban that was only lifted in the 1970s. Female footballers still face similar problems in some parts of the world. Deborah Ferrari
  • 6. English public schools lWhile football continued to be played in various forms throughout Britain, its public schools (known as private schools in other countries) are widely credited with four key achievements in the creation of modern football codes. First of all, the evidence suggests that they were important in taking football away from its "mob" form and turning it into an organised team sport. Second, many early descriptions of football and references to it were recorded by people who had studied at these schools. Third, it was teachers, students and former students from these schools who first codified football games, to enable matches to be played between schools. Finally, it was at English public schools that the division between "kicking" and "running" (or "carrying") games first became clear. Deborah Ferrari
  • 7. Clubs lSports clubs dedicated to playing football began in the 18th century, for example London's Gymnastic Society which was founded in the mid-18th century and ceased playing matches in 1796. lThe first documented club to bear in the title a reference to being a 'football club' were called "The Foot-Ball Club" who were located in Edinburgh, Scotland, during the period 1824–41. The club forbade tripping but allowed pushing and holding and the picking up of the ball. lIn 1845, three boys at Rugby school were tasked with codifying the rules then being used at the school. These were the first set of written rules (or code) for any form of football. This further assisted the spread of the Rugby game. Deborah Ferrari
  • 8. Competitions lOne of the longest running football fixture is the Cordner-Eggleston Cup, contested between Melbourne Grammar School and Scotch College, Melbourne every year since 1858. It is believed by many to also be the first match of Australian rules football, although it was played under experimental rules in its first year. The first football trophy tournament was the Caledonian Challenge Cup, donated by the Royal Caledonian Society of Melbourne, played in 1861 under the Melbourne Rules. The oldest football league is a rugby football competition Deborah Ferrari
  • 9. Football Association lAt the Freemasons' Tavern, Great Queen Street, London on the evening of October 26, 1863, representatives of several football clubs in the London Metropolitan area met for the inaugural meeting of The Football Association (FA). The aim of the Association was to establish a single unifying code and regulate the playing of the game among its members. Following the first meeting, the public schools were invited to join the association Deborah Ferrari
  • 10. Globalisation of association football lThe need for a single body to oversee association football had become apparent by the beginning of the 20th century, with the increasing popularity of international fixtures. The English Football Association had chaired many discussions on setting up an international body, but was perceived as making no progress. It fell to associations from seven other European countries: France, Belgium, Denmark, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland, to form an international association. Deborah FerrariDeborah Ferrari