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Martketing : Starbucks and pantaloons

  2. Introduction  Industry - Coffee Shop  Founded - March 30, 1971 (Seattle, Washington)  Key People - Howard Schultz (Chairman & CEO) Kevin Johnson (President & COO)  Inspired to sell high quality beans & equipment inspired from Alfred Peet’s style  Roasted coffee beans bought from Peet’s  After a year started buying from growers  Later bought Peet’s
  3. Timeline in Brief 1971 - Starbucks Coffee, Tea and Spice store (coffee bean roasting) opened in Seattle Pike Place Market 1982 - Howard Schultz joined Starbucks 1986 - Howard Schultz established Il Giornale Coffee Company 1987 - Il Gionarle acquired Starbucks and changed name to Starbucks Corporation 1992 - IPO with 140 outlets (12% = $25mill.) 1995 - Starbucks Coffee International opens in Japan - It implements ESOP
  4. • 1996 - Started selling bottled Frappuchino • 1999 - Acquired Tazo Tea • 2000 - Acquired Hear Music, a San Fransisco based company • 2003 - Acquired Seattle’s Best Coffee • 2005 - Introduced Starbucks Coffee Liqueur; Acquired Ethos Wate
  5. Why Globalize? Saturated home market Reaching brand maturity stage in USA Salient Features International joint ventures Licensing Acquisitions Maintaining its image throughout Operating at loss in few areas Imbibing local culture With 20% of world’s coffee consumed in North America, Starbucks had to aggressively sell its offerings in countries that already have dedicated tea or coffee drinkers.
  6. Japan Starbucks Coffee Japan was established in October 1995, as a JV between Sazaby Inc. and Starbucks Coffee International. Since opening its first store in Ginza district, Tokyo has expanded to more than 900 stores. Company Name:- Starbucks Coffee Japan Ltd. Critics warned that Japanese would never buy takeout coffee in paper cups or accept the interior non smoking policy. Starbucks proved them wrong with nearly 30% of its customers drinking takeout coffee in those throw away cups.
  7. UK • Starbucks fuelled its initial expansion into UK with an acquisition of the then 56 outlet, UK based, Seattle Coffee Company, 1998. • Rebranded all stores to Starbucks • Used its capital and influence to obtain prime locations across the country. • 675 stores : 2nd biggest overseas market.
  8. France Started in 1994 but could open only 30 outlets in 10 years. Huge cultural diversity considering its historic café culture and French tend to hold to their traditions Target audience = America & Asian tourists + young rich kids wanting to mingle with these tourists Has been incurring losses inspite of tweaking the menu to local tastes and success in UK Brand building in areas of high tourist traffic
  9. South Korea • Started in 1999 • Starbucks Korea Co. Ltd. As a JV with Shinsegae Department Store Co. Ltd. and Starbucks Coffee International • Faced opposition from locals; changed lettering of the store and in-store redecorating • A Starbucks store in Seoul showcases traditional Korean culture, with much of its interior constructed with material reclaimed from old buildings. • Succeeded where Wal-Mart failed; largest in the world five story Starbucks
  10. Middle East • Entered in 1999, Kuwait. • Licensing agreement with trading partner and licensee M.H. Alshaya Co. WLL, a private Kuwait family business. • The family operates over 280 Starbucks stores in Middle East Region including Kuwait, KSA, UAE, Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan, Qatar, Bahrain and Oman. • Currently 600+ stores.
  11. China • Entered in 1999 • China was a tea preferring country and had a rich culture around it. • Targeted the new middle classes with the idea of “meet with friends while drinking our favorite beverage”. • Didn’t advertise but focused on getting high visibility and high traffic localities. • Introduced beverages using popular local ingredients such as green tea.
  12. India • Attempted to form alliance with Future Group; rejected by FIPB. • Was in talks with Jubilant Group for an alliance; didn’t materialize. • Entered in 2012 by forming a JV with Tata Global Beverages. • Indian consumers sit for hours in the outlets with their coffee unlike their foreign counterparts which demand plush outlets rather than kiosks and small outlets serving coffee on the go. • Opened its 75th store on July, 2015.
  13. Cultural Diversity • At Starbucks diversity is defined by an equation – DIVERSITY = INCLUSION + EQUITY + ACCESSIBILITY • “We remain highly respectful of the culture and traditions of the countries in which we do business. We We recognize that our success is not an entitlement, and we must continue to earn the trust and respect of of customers everyday.” Howard Schultz
  14. Generic Value Chain
  15. Generic Value Chain Primary Activities • Inbound logistics - Sourcing coffee from diverse beans producers with whom they have great and built up efficient supply chain management • Operations - They have operation in 60 countries their stores being modeled on company operated and licensed stores. • Outbound logistics - Most of its product mix are sold store and some through large box retailers. Payment around source through point of sale, prepaid Cards and mobile payments.
  16. Generic Value Chain • Marketing and Sales - Traditionally, investment in marketing activities have not been significant and relied mainly on the growing reputation of premium quality product mix and superior customer services to give the ‘Starbucks Experience’ to drive customers to their stores and products. • Service - Starbucks has a reputation for providing supreme level of customer services to their consumers. SUPPORT ACTIVITIES • Firm Infrastructure- They have well designed, aesthetically pleasing stores. They have efficient level of finance, accounting and legal departments to support the firm’s infrastructure.
  17. Generic Value Chain • Human Resource Management:- Great benefits, employee empowerment and amazing corporate culture makes Starbucks drive efficient management of human capital. • Technology development:- Investments in innovative technologies like the well - liked mobile app. • Procurement:- Starbucks procures its products from a diverse group of supplier and has fixed contracts with some of the suppliers.
  22. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 Gross margin Gross margin 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 Net Income Net Income
  23. 0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 0.35 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 D/E Ratio D/E Ratio 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 ROE ROE
  25. References • Starbucks’ Global Quest in 2006: Is it the best yet to come? by Danny Nugroho RP and Retnowulan • Starbucks International Marketing Strategy by Shahzad Khan • Modes of International Business by Brijesh Dholakia • Strategic Planning of Starbucks(Past Decissions, Current Situation and Future Options) by Namrataben Govindbhai Panchasara • • • • • • •
  27. ABOUT PANTALOONS  Pantaloons Fashion & Retail Limited - Indian premium clothing retail chain.  First store - Gariahat - Kolkata -1997.  Previously controlled by the Future Group, now Aditya Birla Nuvo Limited (ABNL).  104 stores across 49 cities.  Retail space - 2.3 million square feet - amongst the largest in India.  200 brands including 14 exclusive brands.  53000+ employees.  ‘India’s Most Trusted Apparel Retail Brand’ - Brand Equity Survey 2014.  listed in both BSE and NSE.
  28. STRATEGY  Increasing reach and penetration across the country by opening new stores.  Rejuvenate the brand ‘Pantaloons’ , and enhancing customers’ shopping experience.  Augment its merchandise width by adding new product categories and new brands; and depth by refreshed merchandise and design with variety of options; and thereby enriching the brand portfolio and delivering value to the customers.  Continuous endeavor to enhance the base of loyal customers through loyalty programs  Focus on leveraging the operating efficiency and human capital - critical in any consumer facing and service driven industry.  Well-defined process for an on-going management reporting and periodic review of operations ; ensure effective decision-making.  To ensure employee development and growth, training and development of the front end store staff, identifying leadership and key talent across the organization and executing individual development plans. CUSTOMER REACH
  29. RETAINING CUSTOMERS  The Pantaloons Payback Greencard - unique loyalty program - To enhance customer experience.  Over 4 million members - discounts, points and special privileges at all Pantaloons stores.  4 tiers depending on the year's shopping : Card upgrades with increasing privileges and discounts. Benefits  Discounts  Payback points  Complimentary parking  Complimentary home drop of altered garments  Relaxed exchange policy  Complimentary shipping across India  Exclusive sale preview  Exclusive billing counters  Assisted shopping among others.
  30. DRIVING FACTORS However, growth prospects of the organised Apparel and Fashion retail market remain bright, driven by the following factors:  growing middle class population (15% in 2008 expected to reach 46% in 2030);  large young population with median age at 27 years;  rising disposable income;  increasing urbanization;  growing number of working women and  changing consumer preferences towards branded products and a better shopping experience.
  31. INDIAN RETAIL MARKET The size of the Indian retail market at USD 0.5 trillion in 2012 is expected to grow at a CAGR of 12.7% to reach USD 1.3 trillion by 2020. Rising income levels and preference towards quality products are likely to drive consumption expenditure in India. One of the biggest beneficiaries of this growth will be the organizing retailing sector which is projected to grow at a robust CAGR of 30% from USD 27 billion in 2012 to USD 220 billion by 2020 and substantially increase its share from 8% in 2012 to 20% by 2020. At about 60%, food and grocery segment is the highest contributor to the Indian retail market followed by the clothing and fashion segment which contributes 8%. While unorganized retailing accounts for the most of the food and grocery segment, penetration of the organized sector is highest in the clothing and fashion segment at 33%.
  33. ACCQUISITION BY ADITYA BIRLA GROUP  Pantaloons, previously controlled by the Future Group, has been taken over by Aditya Birla Nuvo Limited in 2013, a US $4 billion premium diversified conglomerate and India's largest manufacturer of linen fabric.  Its present stock prices are: Rs 223.30 in BSE and Rs 223.80 in NSE.  Pantaloon stock had risen 45.22% after the govt. allowed FDI in multi-brand retail.  Its stock price picked a 52-week high to Rs 234.05 on November 2011.
  34. Non-apparel 17% Owned & license 48% Madura brands 4% External apparel brands 31% REVENUE MIX BY BRAND
  35. Non- apparel 17% Menswear 35% Womenswe ar 39% Kidswear 9% REVENUE MIX BY CATEGORY
  36. FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS  ABNL is a US$ 4 billion conglomerate by revenue size. It is part of the Aditya Birla Group, a US$ 41 billion Indian multinational.  It has a market cap of US $ 3.5 billion as on 30th September 2014.  In fiscal 2013-14, Pantaloons attained revenue of Rs. 1,661 Crore.  EBIDTA at Rs. 39 Crore was affected by low sales growth, as well as increase in people costs to rebuild the organization.
  38. RISK AND THREATS  Changing consumer preferences.  Attracting and retaining talent.  High fixed cost structure.  Slowdown in Indian economy.  Dependence on real-estate.  Intensifying competition.

Notes de l'éditeur

  1. growing reputation of premium quality product mix and superior customer services to give the ‘Starbucks Experience’ to drive customers
  2. growing reputation of premium quality product mix and superior customer services to give the ‘Starbucks Experience’ to drive customers