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Mossma peoples' mine peoples' business2

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struggle of MOSSMA or Monte de Oro Small Scale Miners Association for declaration of Balabag as Minahang Bayan

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Mossma peoples' mine peoples' business2

  1. 1. We all believe in the integrity of creation and convinced that there is…. ONLY ONE EARTHWhich God commanded MAN to have dominion, sharedthe bounty and responsibility as HIS Rightful Steward.
  2. 2. BUT...WHAT IN THE HELL DIDMAN DO TO HISONLY HOME???
  3. 3. Porphyry Cu belts PhilippinesPorphyry Cu belts Mining Philippines 2005 Slide 4
  4. 4. THE MINING INDUSTRY : BRIEF OVERVIEW PHILIPPINE MINING DATES BACK TO 16TH CENTURY RICH DIVERSITY IN BOTH METALLIC AND NON-METALLIC MINERAL RESOURCES SIGNIFICANT CONTRIBUTION TO ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE COUNTRY & SKILL TRAINING OF WORKFORCE INDUSTRY SUBJECT TO GROWING SOCIAL NEEDS AND DEMANDS, COUPLED WITH GREATER AWARENESS AND ACTIVISM FAST EVOLVING REGULATORY REGIMES –PHIL. MINING ACT OF 1995 (RA No. 7942) AND THE PEOPLE’S SMALL- SCALE MINING ACT OF 1991. ONGOING REVITALIZATION OF THE MINERALS INDUSTRY WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  5. 5. ONSHORE MINERAL RESOURCES Mineral Land Distribution (In Hectares) 1.4% 30.0% Total Land Area of the Philippines 68.6% Geologically Prospective Areas for Metallic Minerals Total Land Area Covered by Approved Mining Tenements Only 1.4% are covered by mining permits 9 million hectares more of potential sites for metallic minerals
  6. 6. OPERATING MINES2 Big mines: Victoria Gold Mine Padcal Copper Mine 3 Medium-scale chromite mines Masinloc Project of Benguet Corp., Omasdang Project of Crau Minerals Homonhon Project of Heritage Res. 4 Medium-scale nickel mines Rio Tuba Nickel Mine Cagdianao Nickel Mine Taganito Nickel Mine Sigbanog Project of HMC 5 medium-scale gold mines Canatuan Project of TVI Acupan SSM Operations of Benguet Diwalwal Direct State Development Project of NRDC Banahaw Gold Project of Philsaga Mining Corp. Johson Gold Mining Corp. in Panganiban 15 Cement plants and2005 Slide 7 Mining Philippines quarries
  7. 7. 1 Potential areas and deposits: 2 1.Luzon Central Cordillera – Au, 4 2.Northern Sierra Madre – Cr, Ni, 3 5 3.Zambales – Cr, Ni, Co, Pt, Cu, Au 4.Vizcaya-Aurora – Cu, Au 5.Bicol – Au, Fe, Cu 6 6.Southern Tagalog – Cu, Au, Ni, 7 8 7.Central Visayas – Cu, Au, Mn 8.Samar-Eastern Mindanao – Au, 9 9.North Central Mindanao – Cr, Cu,12 10 10.Zamboanga Peninsula – Au, Cu, 11.Southern Mindanao – Cu, Au 12.Palawan – Cr, Ni, Co, Pt, Au, 11 Mining Philippines 2005 Slide 8
  8. 8. MAJOR DISCOVERIES FAR SOUTHEAST porphyry copper - gold deposit RESERVE: 163 million tons with 0.81% copper and 1.76 grams per ton gold; 1.8 Cu eq. BOYONGAN porphyry copper - gold deposit RESOURCE: 300 million tons with 0.6% copper and 1 gram per ton gold. TAMPAKAN porphyry copper - gold deposit RESOURCE: 700 million tons with 0.81% copper and 0.32 gram per ton gold
  9. 9. PIPELINE PROJECTS DIDIPIO porphyry copper - gold deposit (20.4 MMt, 0.65% Cu, 1.7 g/t Au) RAPU-RAPU polymetallic deposit (7 MMt, 2.61g/t Au, 14 g/t Ag, 1.24% Cu, 2.06% Zn) AROROY gold deposit (71.3 MMt, 1.34 g/t Au) PALAWAN HPP Project (11.5 MMt, 2.3% Ni) CANATUAN gold project (954,763 Mt, 3.81 g/t Au; 1.4 MMt, 2.6% Cu, 1.61% Zn, 1.07 g/t Au, 63.3 g/t Au) DIWALWAL gold deposit (>6 MMt, 0.8 g/t Au)
  10. 10. OTHER PROJECTS COPPERBATONG-BUHAY porphyrycopper-gold project (85.9 MMt,0.6% Cu, 0.25 g/t Au, 2.7 g/t Ag)SAN ANTONIO porphyry copperproject (178.3 MMt, 0.44% Cu,0.09 g/t Au, 1.19 g/t Ag)ATLAS porphyry copperproject (872 MMt, 0.41% Cu)AMACAN porphyry copper- goldproject (110 MMt,0.3% Cu, 0.43g/tAu; 133 MMt, 1.5-10 g/t Au)KINGKING porphyry copper-gold project (353.5 MMt, 0.39% Mining Philippines 2005 Slide 11Cu, 0.44 g/t Au
  11. 11. OTHER PROJECTS GOLDTERESA gold project (7.3 MMt,5.29 g/t Au)SIANA gold project (18.8 MMt,1.9 g/t Au)DIWALWAL gold project (9.7MMt, 7.0 g/t Au)
  12. 12. OTHER PROJECTS NICKELMINDORO nickel project (>200MMt, 0.94% Ni)NONOC nickel project (60 MMt,1.13% Ni, 0.094% Co, 33.31% Fe)ADLAY project (18 MMt, 1.6%Ni, 0.1% Co)
  13. 13. Other Mineral Exploration1) Projects Cordillera Au (Anglo-American) - Benguet2) Surigao Cu (Climax) – Surigao del Norte3) Siana Au (Red 5) – Surigao del Norte4) Labo Au and Leyte Au (Indophil) – Camarines Norte & Southern Leyte5) Nueva Vizcaya Au, Southern Leyte Au, Surigao Au (Oxiana)6) Del Gallego Au (Phelps Dodge) – Camarines Norte7) Pujada Ni (QNI/BHP-Billiton) – Davao Oriental) 8) New Bataan Au (Sur American) – Compostela Valley 9) Bayug Au (ZMC) – Zamboanga del Sur 10) Pan de Azucar Au and Lobo Cu-Au (MRL) – Iloilo & Batangas 11) Zambales Platinum (Kinloch Res.) - Zambales 12) Mabuhay Au (Pelican) – Surigao del Norte 13) Libona Au (Great Horizon) - Bukidnon Mining Philippines 2005 – Negros 14) Pamplona Sulfur (Crew Dev) Slide 14 Oriental
  14. 14. OFFSHORE RESOURCESMagnetite  Philippines offshore area including EEZ 2.2 million Km2 GoldChromite  Potential offshore mineral resources: Magnetite • Placer minerals including gold, Manganese chromite, magnetite, silica Chromite • Offshore Palawan also holds resources of manganese Magnetite • Aggregate resources (sand & gravel) • Decorative stones, manganese nodules/encrustrations with Gold associated copper, gold, zinc, cobaltChromite • Polymetallic sulphide deposits containing gold, copper, cobalt, etc. Chromite
  15. 15. Minerals in MindanaoMetallic Reserves: 3.6 million tons Gold ore deposits : 48.85% of country’s total Nickel stocks : 63.1% of country’s totalNon-metallic reserves: 8.6 billion tons Coal deposits : 37.5 million
  16. 16. Mananwa MISAMIS ORIENTAL Banwaon Higaonon Agusan Manobo MISAMIS CARAGA REGION OCCIDENTAL LANAO NORTE ZAMBO NORTE Talaandig Umayamnon Manobo BUKIDNON Subanon Atta Raja Kabungs ZAMBO SUR Bukidnon Monobo LANAO SUR ZAMBO SIBUGAY DAVAO Dibabawon Manguangan COMPOSTELA VALLEY Cotabato City N. COTABATO Matigsalog Mandaya Manuvu Tiruray Bagobo DAVAO OR.ZAMBOANGA CITY DAVAO CITY MAGUINDANAO Mansaka Lambangian Kalagan Tagakaolo S. KUDARAT T’boli BASILAN DAVAO SUR S. COTABATO Ata Manobo Cotabato Manobo B’laan Ubo SARANGANI Saranggani Manobo Taga Kaylo ClaganMINDANAO Etno-linguistic distribution
  17. 17. ZAMBO. MINERAL CORP. (ZMC)-MPSA AREA 4,799ha. – approved Nov. 20, 1997-exploration / SSM only 20ha. –occupied since 1987 to present
  18. 18. • The 1987 Philippines Constitution explicitly recognizes the existences of small scale miners and their entitlement to the utilization of natural resources. Thus, the third paragraph of sec. 2 of Article XII of the 1987 constitution provides that “Congress may, by law, allow small scale utilization of natural resources by Filipino citizens…” Thus, on June 27, 1991, Congress enacted R.A 7076, otherwise known as the “People’s Small-scale Mining Act of 1991”.
  19. 19. BALABAG HILL, DEPORE, BAYOG, ZAMBOANGADEL SUR…MOSSMA’S FRONTIER FOR PEOPLE’S SMALL SCALE MINING VENTURES.
  20. 20. MAP OF BALABAG HILL
  21. 21. SMALL SCALE MINERS ESTABLISHMENTS AND HOUSES & ITS ACTIVITIES
  22. 22. TUNNEL & UNDERGOUND WORKERS RODMILLING – BASICOPERATION OF SMALL MINERS IN GRINDING ORES THAT CONTAINS GOLD rodmill-ballmill.3gp crushing ore for rodmill.3gpcrushingorequartz containing gold.3gp
  23. 23. ISSUES AND CONCERNS IN THE MINING INDUSTRY:I. Collateral damage of uncontrolled mining activities resulting to Environmental Degradation & Deterioration Destruction of settlements Landslides Siltation of rivers & waterways
  24. 24. ISSUES AND CONCERNS IN THE MINING INDUSTRY:II. Below standard safety mining operations
  25. 25. ISSUES AND CONCERNSII. Below standard crudeprocessing procedures
  26. 26. ISSUES AND CONCERNS IN THE MINING INDUSTRYIII. UNHEALTHY & UNSANITARY CONDITIONS IN MINING AREAS
  27. 27. IV. POLICY ISSUES AND CONCERNS• OVERLAPPING OF MINING RIGHTS/CLAIMS BETWEEN LARGE SCALE & SMALL SCALE APPLICATIONS• UNDEFINED NATURAL BOUNDARIES BETWEEN LGUs THAT RESULTS TO CONFLICT ON MINERAL EXTRACTION REVENUES• SHARE OF MINING TAXES PAID DIRECTLY TO NATIONAL TREASURY ARE NOT REMITTED TO THE LGUs• LOW REVENUE GENERATION OF LGUs vis-à-visPROLIFERATION OF SS MINING IN THE PROVINCE• VOLUMINOUS & CIRCUITOUS PERMITTING PROCEDURES ON SSM and LARGE SCALE MINING APPLICATIONPARTICULARLY ON SECURING FREE AND PRIOR INFORMED CONCENT (FPIC)• LESS INVESTMENT ON VALUE ADDING OF MINERAL FROM NCIPRESOURCES• OUTDATED SMALL SCALE MINING LAW (RA 7076) TO CURRENT SITUATIONS IN THE SMALL SCALE MINING AREAS
  28. 28. The assembly of the members of Monte de Oro Small Scale Miners’Association (MOSSMA) held at Tinago area at Sitio Balabag, Depore, Bayog
  29. 29. Monte de OroSmall Scale Miner’s Association, Inc. (MOSSMA) SEC REG. NO. G199700247Peoples’ Mine…Peoples’ business
  30. 30. MOSSMA being a peoples’ mine adheres… to the NEW PARADIGM ON MINING MOSSM Government A works “ public action for public good” with the Three Societal The Common Domains Good/ The Common Ground Civil Society Business Sector 35 “private action for public “private action for private good” good ”
  31. 31. Challenges for MOSSMA … The ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES is not only a PART of the ECONOMY; local ECONOMY depends on the ENVIRONMENT;Given the reality in the ground, MOSSMA IS HOLDING ON TO ITS GUIDING PRINCIPLE IN PURSUING ITS DEVELOPMENT AGENDA with the participation of the LOCAL STAKEHOLDERS MOSSMA defines its organizational VALUES andits ECONOMIC goals and objectives in order to chart out the ENVISIONED FUTURE? Formulate organizational Vision, Mission, Goals &
  32. 32. MOSSMA’s Vission “establish a progressive small scale mining industry with community support and strong network with local government units, development agencies and Non-Government organizations. Aspire to become active promoter and advocate of “good practices” and better conceived approaches for meeting the poverty challenge and help build sustainable communities and sustainable local economies”.37
  33. 33. MOSSMA’s MissionMOSSMA IS A PEOPLES’ MINE ANDTHE PEOPLES’ BUSINESS committedto improve the quality of life of thepeople through collective conduct ofresponsible mining activities, byfollowing statutory laws & policies,guidelines and regulations with thetechnical support and assistancefrom concerned agencies and officesboth local and national.
  34. 34. Goals1. To establish a legitimate peoples’ mineral industry following the standard set by laws and other environmental and natural resources guidelines.2. To contribute to the improvement of the local economy and the economic well-being of the people, thereby improving their living condition in their respective community.3. To attain organizational development and cohesiveness in order to perform a pro-active role of developing the capacity and capability of the organization for an effective and efficient services to its members.
  35. 35. Objectives1. Advocate for environmental protection and conservation, matters concerning responsible mining, through conduct of environmental awareness seminars/fora/or other forms of information drives that will help educate the officers & members as well as the community in general.2. Establish set of rules and guidelines in the judicious utilization of natural resources following statutory laws and other ENR standards, issuances and guidelines3. Coordinate and collaborate with appropriate offices, agencies both local and national for a better workplace and harmonious conduct of mine development.4. To be able to establish a workable mechanisms and set doable targets that can generate and realized individual income that will help improve the lives of the people working in the mine.5. Helps in the establishment of mining industry value chains that will contribute to the improvement of local economy through a corporate social responsibility.6. Assist in the collection of taxes, regulatory fees and charges and other endeavors in collaboration with local government, that help propel local economy.7. To formulate organizational policies, rules and regulations that will guide the members and the officers of the organization to be more active, cohesive and responsible.8. To establish a workable structures and workable working relationships9. To come up with organizational sustainability plans based on the agreed program and services.
  36. 36. MOSSMA spearhead tree planting activities at Balabag as part of itscommitment to protect the environment the SB of the LGU of Bayog enjoin
  37. 37. MOSSMA STRONGLY SUPPORTS SMALLSCALE MINING LAW & ITS IMPLEMENTINGGUIDELINES… Presidential Decree No. 1899 – Establishing Small-Scale Mining as a New Dimension in Mineral Development Republic Act No. 7076 – An Act Creating a People’s Small Scale Mining Program and for Other Purposes  Small Scale Mining Permit granted to individuals (PD No. 1899)  Small Scale Mining Contracts granted to cooperatives (RA No. 7076)  Issued by the Governor or City Mayor upon recommendation by the Provincial/City Mining Regulatory Board  Annual production not to exceed 50,000 DMT ore  Capitalization not to exceed PhP 10 Million  Labor intensive/no use of sophisticated equipment  Covers all commodities  Maximum area of 20 hectares and term of 2 years renewable 42 for another 2 years
  38. 38. MOSSMA also recognizes and adheres…OTHER LAWS AFFECTING MINING• Indigenous Peoples Rights Act• Local Government Code• National Integrated Protected Areas System Act• Environmental Laws 43
  39. 39. MOSSMA… ABIDES THAT IN MINING THERE ARE ACTIVITIES TO BE DONE TO ADDRESS ENVIRONMENTAL & SOCIAL CONCERNS44
  40. 40. MOSSMA is committed to abide to the GUIDING PRINCIPLES UNDER E.O. NO. 270 Environmental • Protection of the environment • Ensuring ecological integrity of affected areas • Remediation/rehabilitation of abandoned mines • Adoption of multiple land use principle Social • Equitable sharing of economic and social benefits • Sustained information campaign and respect for the rights of indigenous peoples and communities • Meaningful stakeholders consultation Economic • Critical role of investments; • Clear, stable and predictable investment and regulatory policies • Support to small scale mining 46 • Value adding on minerals • Efficient use of technologies
  41. 41. Social Responsibilities – Development/Prod. StageAssistance to... Education… Health…Employment of Local ResidentsMajority of the construction/mining workforce are local workers. . . Peace and Order…47
  42. 42. STRUGGLE FOR PEOPLE’S SMALL SCALE MINING
  43. 43. Call for Genuine Intervention on the Bayog Mining Conflict“Anappeal presented to all (individuals/groups) who have a sense of accountability, commitment andresponsibility for better and responsive society that promotes justice, equity and peace.”FORBIDDEN. TVI Resources Development (Phils), Inc., an affiliate ofthe publicly listed Canadian mining firm, TVI Pacific, has been barringentry not only of "illegal chemicals" and "illegal explosives" into theminesite at Sitio Balabag, Barangay Depore, in Bayog, Zamboanga delSur, but since April 5, also diesel fuel and other mining-relatedmaterials, claiming it has the right to do so as holder of a mining permitfrom government. Small-scale miners, however, maintain they have priorrights. MindaNews photo by Froilan Gallardo.
  44. 44. Small scale miners documents say that, “thetranquility of the Mt. Balabag area that had beenthe refuge and lifeblood of the indigenous peoplesince time immemorial, and which they shared andjointly exploited the natures bounty for the past twodecades with the small scale gold miners composedmostly of the marginalized people coming fromseveral provinces in Zamboanga peninsula, hadbeen abruptly disrupted upon the entry of TVI,notorious for its recent conquest of the hapless IPsand small scale miners in their economicallyproductive but blood-drenched Canatuan, Siocon,ZN copper-gold mine, canatuan tvi mine.jpg aided byex-military men.”
  45. 45. Photos from the TVI mining site, Siocon,Zamboanga del Norte
  46. 46. TVIRD CANATUAN MINE EFFECT 1: THE SUBANEN PEOPLE AND ITS COUNCIL OF ELDERS WERE POLARIZED AND DIVIDED. THEIR SACRED LAND EXPLOITEDEFFECT 2:THE SMALL SCALE MINERSWHO WERE ORIGINALLYOCCUPYING AND MINING THEAREA WERE EJECTED,EVICTED AND BURIED INDUSTBIN OF HISTORY
  47. 47. MILITARIZATION @ Balabag , DEPLOYMENT OF SCAAs & BLUEGUARDS by TVIRD AIM TO HARASS SMALL MINERS
  48. 48. PHOTO DOCUMENTATION AT BALABAG, DEPORE, BAYOG, ZDS A STARK PRESENTATION ON HOW A DEVIOUS MULTINATIONAL MINING CORPORATION BRUTALIZED OUR COUNTRY’S NATIVE MINERS: A CASE STUDY OF THE STRUGGLE OF THE WEAK PREYS AGAINST A MIGHTY PREDATOR The Balabag Hill, Barangay Depore, Bayog, Zamboanga del Sur as seen at the background from the checkpoint of inter-agency task group. Left is the present settlement of small scale miners & subanen residents at balabag hill.Shanties of the subanen families who seek shelter at the forest after their 4 small houses were burned by TVI demolition teamon Nov. 31, 2011. The victims were the following; 1.) Sabilo Ansayao 23, married to Carmela Condol with 3 children, 1 childdied (the youngest 2-mo. old) at the forest where they evacuated. The child died of illness because they were soaked in the rainafter their house was burned on Nov, 30, 2011 and they seek refuge in one of the canopy of big trees while making temporaryshelters made out of the barked of the trees and some mis-cut woods. 2.) Magno Ansayao, 25, elder brother of Sabilo,3.)Wilson Oyowan, cousin of Sabilo, who evacuated back to Nasibac, Leon Postigo, ZDN; 4.) Pantalan Oyawan, father of Wilson,The Oyowan already evacuated to Nasibac, Leon Postigo, Zamboanga del Norte; Witnesses to the burning of the 4 houses were;1. Tony Ansayao- brother of Sabilo, 2. Tony Tumutong-cousin of Sabilo, 3. Dino Alasa-resident of San Pedro, 4. DondinoyCandol. Source of Information-Sabilo Ansayao and his wife Carmela. Photo below is the location of the houses burned and thefact finding done by CSO-NUJP. N.B.-The incidents were just discovered after the intensive demolition of TVI during the monthof December2011
  49. 49. The expression of uncertainties can be gleaned in faces of innocent Subanen victims of TVIRDscheming aggression as they were assisted by CSO rep. Mr. Jun Enriquez together with some members of the local media
  50. 50. Mining exploration and militarization• 1996 to 2006 (period of mining explorations in the island) – 21 military operations in a quadriboundary in Zamboanga peninsula – 61 cases of human rights violations – 10,503 victims – 3,181 families – 33 communities
  51. 51. • Video links• MOV03D.MOD,M• OV03C.MOD
  52. 52. TVIRD says… ”this mine is yours” But we vehemently object…never mine the PENINSULAits ours and for our children’schildren.
  53. 53. MOSSMA…supportsPeoples’ mine, Peoples’ business “The local business of responsible mining… is the business of building sustainable communities.” THANK YOU !

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