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From a geologic perspective, the Philippines is situated along that ubiquitous belt of volcanoes called the Circum-Pacific belt of fire that extends from the tip of South America, to North America, East Asia and Oceania. This belt is also an extensive and continuous zone where tectonic plates collide. Perhaps, more importantly, these processes of volcanism or magmatism and plate convergence resulted in the formation of abundant and important metallic mineral deposits of gold, copper, iron, chromite, nickel, cobalt and platinum. In fact, the areas defining this belt are the primary producers of copper and gold in the world today.
The Philippines has a long history in mining. It dates back in the 16 th century during the Spanish regime. (Remember, the famous Hispanic quest for God, Gold and Glory?) The Philippines is know for its rich mineral potentials both in metallic and non-metallic resources. (It has been said that the Spanish American and the Japanese invasions of the Philippines were partly precipitated by the rich diversity of mineral resources in the Philippines.) In the past, mining is known because of its significant contribution to the economic development of the country. It has transformed many sleepy towns to bustling economic centers and into cities and developed a skilled workforce in mining operations.. Over time, the industry has been subject to increasing accountability and responsibility in social and environmental concerns. Over a period of one century, four regulatory regimes were enacted in accordance with the needs of the times, the current one is the Mining Act of 1995. Despite the industry’s long history, its full development has been interrupted. Several events, such as World War II, misguided investments and policies in 1970s, political instability in 1980s, negative environmental legacies I 1990s contributed and adverse public image contributed to its decline. There is now a need to revitalize the industry within the context of sustainable development to optimize the benefits from the country’s mineral wealth.
The Philippines, it is said, ranks among the world’s most endowed countries in terms of mineral deposits. Shown on the map is a simplified geologic map of the Philippines with the numerous identified deposits and prospects of copper, gold, chromite, nickel, iron and manganese. These identified prospects are awaiting renewed or in-depth evaluation, several, of which, I am sure may turn out to be the next important world class deposit. Of the approximately 30 million hectares of Philippine territory, 34 per cent is identified as geologically prospective for metallic minerals. To date, only 1.4% is covered by mining permits. Thus, there is an estimated 9 million hectares more of potential sites available for mineral rights approval and exploration.
To date, there are only two remaining big mines in the Philippines. One is a gold mine which operates the Victoria and Teresa deposits of the Lepanto Consolidated Mining Corporation, and the other is the longest operating copper mine in the Philippines, the Padcal Mine of Philex Mining Corporation. The rest are medium-scale mines of chromite, nickel and gold.
Here is a map delineating the various mineral provinces and districts and potential areas in the Philippines. The most prolific copper and gold producers in the Philippines are found in the Baguio and Mankayan districts within area number 1, while the Surigao-Davao districts in area number 8 contributed much to Philippine gold production.
Despite the economic and political difficulties encountered by the Philippine mineral industry in years past, important world-class deposits of copper were discovered in the last two decades. Two of them belong to traditional mineral districts, and one from an emerging district in Mindanao. These are: the Far Southeast or FSE porphyry copper-gold deposit in the Mankayan district in Luzon, discovered by the Lepanto Consolidated Mining Corporation; the Boyongan porphyry copper-gold deposit in the Surigao district in northeastern Mindanao discovered by Philex Mining Corp. which they now jointly explore with Anglo-American Corp.; and the Tampakan copper-gold deposit in Cotabato, southern Mindanao, discovered by Western Mining Corp. and now under feasibility study by Sagittarius Mines Incorporated.
These are: the Didipio copper-gold project of Climax Arimco in Nueva Vizcaya, the Rapu-Rapu polymetalic project of Lafayette in Rapu-Rapu island, the Aroroy gold project of Filminera in Aroroy, Masbate, the Diwalwal gold project of the NRMDC in Davao del Norte; the Palawan HPP project in Palawan; and the expansion of the Canatuan gold project of TVI in Zamboanga del Norte Other projects, most of which requires funding for exploration or rehabilitation are:
For copper or copper-gold: Batong-Buhay copper-gold project of Batong Buhay Gold Mines in Kailnga; San Antonio copper project of Marcopper Mining Corp. in Marinduque; ATLAS copper project of Toledo Copper Plc. in Cebu, Amacan copper-gold Project of North Davao Mining Corp. in Davao el Norte and Kingking copper-gold project of Benguet Consolidated Mining Corp in Pantukan
For gold: Teresa gold project of Lepanto in Mankayan Siana gold project of JCG Resources Corp in Surigao del Norte Diwalwal Project by NRMDC in Monkayo, Davao del Norte
For Nickel: Mindoro nickel project of Crew Development Corp in Mindoro island Nonoc Nickel Project of Philippine Nickel Corp. in Nonoc Island Adlay-Cadianao-Tandawa Project of Case Mining and Development in Surigao del Norte
In addition to these, active exploration is on-going in the areas shown on the map, many of which would welcome partnership ventures. Of course, we must not ignore the various non-metallic resources that also abound in the Philippines.
Not only does the Philippines boast of abundant onshore resources. We are also aware of the high potential of offshore mineral deposits that may become important sources of enriched metallic ores in the form of mechanically transported and enriched deposits bordering the Philippine shores. These include deposits of gold, chromite and magnetite. Offshore manganese deposits also occur north and south of Palawan.
GOOD DAY TO EVERYONE. IT’S A PLEASURE TO BE INVITED TO THIS CONFERENCE WHERE WE CAN SHARE TO YOU THE CURRENT DEVELOPMENTS IN THE PHILIPPINE MINERALS INDUSTRY, AS WELL AS THE POLICY DIRECTIONS AS WE ENVISION IN THE MINES AND GEOSCIENCES BUREAU. THE PRESENTATION IS DIVIDED INTO THREE PARTS: FIRST A STATUS OF THE PHILIPPINE MINERALS INDUSTRY; FOLLOWED BY THE PROSPECTS AND ON-GOING MINERAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS; AND LASTLY THE DEVELOPMENTS AND INITIATIVES OF THE GOVERNMENT TO FULLY REVITALIZE THE MINERALS INDUSTRY.
With all the actions of the government in partnership with responsible groups such as the BBC, the Philippines will realize its vision for: A mining and minerals industry that is not only prosperous but also socially, economically and environmentally sustainable, with broad community and political support, while positively and progressively assisting in the government’s program on poverty alleviation and contributing to the general economic well-being of the nation.
We will be discussing the issues and concerns of the industry, detailing the government initiatives to response to the issues. The discussion will also include the possible areas of cooperation between the government and the BBC. (CLICK)
THE GUIDING PRINCIPLES OF EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 270 DOVETAILS THE PRINCIPLE OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AS IT ADDRESSES ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION, AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT AND EQUITY. ON THE ECONOMIC FRONT, THE FOCUS IS ON THE ROLE OF INVESTMENTS; THE NEED FOR CLEAR AND STABLE INVESTMENT REGIME, SUPPORT TO SMALL SCALE MINING, AND IN THE LONG-TERM, THE DEVELOPMENT OF DOWNSTREAM MINERAL INDUSTRIES AND USE OF EFFFICIENT TECHNOLOGIES. ON THE ENVIRONMENTAL, FOCUS IS ON PROTECTION OF THE ENVIRONMENT, ENSURING THE ECOLOGICAL INTEGRITY OF AREAS AFFECTED BY MINING OPERATIONS, THE REHABILITATION OF ABANDONED OR LEGACY MINES, AND THE PRINCIPLE OF MULTIPLE LAND USE. ON THE SOCIAL FRONT, THE FOCUS IS TO ENSURE EQUITABLE SHARING OF THE BENEFITS OF MINING OPERATIONS, AS WELL AS INFORMATION CAMPAIGN, TRANSPARENCY IN GOVERNMENT TRANSACTIONS AND STAKEHOLDERS ENGAGEMENT, AND OF COURSE, THE PROTECTION OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLE.
education, health and nutrition, peace and order ( CLICK)
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION.
Mossma peoples' mine peoples' business2
We all believe in the integrity of creation and convinced that there is…. ONLY ONE EARTHWhich God commanded MAN to have dominion, sharedthe bounty and responsibility as HIS Rightful Steward.
BUT...WHAT IN THE HELL DIDMAN DO TO HISONLY HOME???
Porphyry Cu belts PhilippinesPorphyry Cu belts Mining Philippines 2005 Slide 4
THE MINING INDUSTRY : BRIEF OVERVIEW PHILIPPINE MINING DATES BACK TO 16TH CENTURY RICH DIVERSITY IN BOTH METALLIC AND NON-METALLIC MINERAL RESOURCES SIGNIFICANT CONTRIBUTION TO ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE COUNTRY & SKILL TRAINING OF WORKFORCE INDUSTRY SUBJECT TO GROWING SOCIAL NEEDS AND DEMANDS, COUPLED WITH GREATER AWARENESS AND ACTIVISM FAST EVOLVING REGULATORY REGIMES –PHIL. MINING ACT OF 1995 (RA No. 7942) AND THE PEOPLE’S SMALL- SCALE MINING ACT OF 1991. ONGOING REVITALIZATION OF THE MINERALS INDUSTRY WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
ONSHORE MINERAL RESOURCES Mineral Land Distribution (In Hectares) 1.4% 30.0% Total Land Area of the Philippines 68.6% Geologically Prospective Areas for Metallic Minerals Total Land Area Covered by Approved Mining Tenements Only 1.4% are covered by mining permits 9 million hectares more of potential sites for metallic minerals
OPERATING MINES2 Big mines: Victoria Gold Mine Padcal Copper Mine 3 Medium-scale chromite mines Masinloc Project of Benguet Corp., Omasdang Project of Crau Minerals Homonhon Project of Heritage Res. 4 Medium-scale nickel mines Rio Tuba Nickel Mine Cagdianao Nickel Mine Taganito Nickel Mine Sigbanog Project of HMC 5 medium-scale gold mines Canatuan Project of TVI Acupan SSM Operations of Benguet Diwalwal Direct State Development Project of NRDC Banahaw Gold Project of Philsaga Mining Corp. Johson Gold Mining Corp. in Panganiban 15 Cement plants and2005 Slide 7 Mining Philippines quarries
1 Potential areas and deposits: 2 1.Luzon Central Cordillera – Au, 4 2.Northern Sierra Madre – Cr, Ni, 3 5 3.Zambales – Cr, Ni, Co, Pt, Cu, Au 4.Vizcaya-Aurora – Cu, Au 5.Bicol – Au, Fe, Cu 6 6.Southern Tagalog – Cu, Au, Ni, 7 8 7.Central Visayas – Cu, Au, Mn 8.Samar-Eastern Mindanao – Au, 9 9.North Central Mindanao – Cr, Cu,12 10 10.Zamboanga Peninsula – Au, Cu, 11.Southern Mindanao – Cu, Au 12.Palawan – Cr, Ni, Co, Pt, Au, 11 Mining Philippines 2005 Slide 8
MAJOR DISCOVERIES FAR SOUTHEAST porphyry copper - gold deposit RESERVE: 163 million tons with 0.81% copper and 1.76 grams per ton gold; 1.8 Cu eq. BOYONGAN porphyry copper - gold deposit RESOURCE: 300 million tons with 0.6% copper and 1 gram per ton gold. TAMPAKAN porphyry copper - gold deposit RESOURCE: 700 million tons with 0.81% copper and 0.32 gram per ton gold
Other Mineral Exploration1) Projects Cordillera Au (Anglo-American) - Benguet2) Surigao Cu (Climax) – Surigao del Norte3) Siana Au (Red 5) – Surigao del Norte4) Labo Au and Leyte Au (Indophil) – Camarines Norte & Southern Leyte5) Nueva Vizcaya Au, Southern Leyte Au, Surigao Au (Oxiana)6) Del Gallego Au (Phelps Dodge) – Camarines Norte7) Pujada Ni (QNI/BHP-Billiton) – Davao Oriental) 8) New Bataan Au (Sur American) – Compostela Valley 9) Bayug Au (ZMC) – Zamboanga del Sur 10) Pan de Azucar Au and Lobo Cu-Au (MRL) – Iloilo & Batangas 11) Zambales Platinum (Kinloch Res.) - Zambales 12) Mabuhay Au (Pelican) – Surigao del Norte 13) Libona Au (Great Horizon) - Bukidnon Mining Philippines 2005 – Negros 14) Pamplona Sulfur (Crew Dev) Slide 14 Oriental
OFFSHORE RESOURCESMagnetite Philippines offshore area including EEZ 2.2 million Km2 GoldChromite Potential offshore mineral resources: Magnetite • Placer minerals including gold, Manganese chromite, magnetite, silica Chromite • Offshore Palawan also holds resources of manganese Magnetite • Aggregate resources (sand & gravel) • Decorative stones, manganese nodules/encrustrations with Gold associated copper, gold, zinc, cobaltChromite • Polymetallic sulphide deposits containing gold, copper, cobalt, etc. Chromite
Minerals in MindanaoMetallic Reserves: 3.6 million tons Gold ore deposits : 48.85% of country’s total Nickel stocks : 63.1% of country’s totalNon-metallic reserves: 8.6 billion tons Coal deposits : 37.5 million
Mananwa MISAMIS ORIENTAL Banwaon Higaonon Agusan Manobo MISAMIS CARAGA REGION OCCIDENTAL LANAO NORTE ZAMBO NORTE Talaandig Umayamnon Manobo BUKIDNON Subanon Atta Raja Kabungs ZAMBO SUR Bukidnon Monobo LANAO SUR ZAMBO SIBUGAY DAVAO Dibabawon Manguangan COMPOSTELA VALLEY Cotabato City N. COTABATO Matigsalog Mandaya Manuvu Tiruray Bagobo DAVAO OR.ZAMBOANGA CITY DAVAO CITY MAGUINDANAO Mansaka Lambangian Kalagan Tagakaolo S. KUDARAT T’boli BASILAN DAVAO SUR S. COTABATO Ata Manobo Cotabato Manobo B’laan Ubo SARANGANI Saranggani Manobo Taga Kaylo ClaganMINDANAO Etno-linguistic distribution
ZAMBO. MINERAL CORP. (ZMC)-MPSA AREA 4,799ha. – approved Nov. 20, 1997-exploration / SSM only 20ha. –occupied since 1987 to present
• The 1987 Philippines Constitution explicitly recognizes the existences of small scale miners and their entitlement to the utilization of natural resources. Thus, the third paragraph of sec. 2 of Article XII of the 1987 constitution provides that “Congress may, by law, allow small scale utilization of natural resources by Filipino citizens…” Thus, on June 27, 1991, Congress enacted R.A 7076, otherwise known as the “People’s Small-scale Mining Act of 1991”.
BALABAG HILL, DEPORE, BAYOG, ZAMBOANGADEL SUR…MOSSMA’S FRONTIER FOR PEOPLE’S SMALL SCALE MINING VENTURES.
SMALL SCALE MINERS ESTABLISHMENTS AND HOUSES & ITS ACTIVITIES
TUNNEL & UNDERGOUND WORKERS RODMILLING – BASICOPERATION OF SMALL MINERS IN GRINDING ORES THAT CONTAINS GOLD rodmill-ballmill.3gp crushing ore for rodmill.3gpcrushingorequartz containing gold.3gp
ISSUES AND CONCERNS IN THE MINING INDUSTRY:I. Collateral damage of uncontrolled mining activities resulting to Environmental Degradation & Deterioration Destruction of settlements Landslides Siltation of rivers & waterways
ISSUES AND CONCERNS IN THE MINING INDUSTRY:II. Below standard safety mining operations
ISSUES AND CONCERNSII. Below standard crudeprocessing procedures
ISSUES AND CONCERNS IN THE MINING INDUSTRYIII. UNHEALTHY & UNSANITARY CONDITIONS IN MINING AREAS
IV. POLICY ISSUES AND CONCERNS• OVERLAPPING OF MINING RIGHTS/CLAIMS BETWEEN LARGE SCALE & SMALL SCALE APPLICATIONS• UNDEFINED NATURAL BOUNDARIES BETWEEN LGUs THAT RESULTS TO CONFLICT ON MINERAL EXTRACTION REVENUES• SHARE OF MINING TAXES PAID DIRECTLY TO NATIONAL TREASURY ARE NOT REMITTED TO THE LGUs• LOW REVENUE GENERATION OF LGUs vis-à-visPROLIFERATION OF SS MINING IN THE PROVINCE• VOLUMINOUS & CIRCUITOUS PERMITTING PROCEDURES ON SSM and LARGE SCALE MINING APPLICATIONPARTICULARLY ON SECURING FREE AND PRIOR INFORMED CONCENT (FPIC)• LESS INVESTMENT ON VALUE ADDING OF MINERAL FROM NCIPRESOURCES• OUTDATED SMALL SCALE MINING LAW (RA 7076) TO CURRENT SITUATIONS IN THE SMALL SCALE MINING AREAS
The assembly of the members of Monte de Oro Small Scale Miners’Association (MOSSMA) held at Tinago area at Sitio Balabag, Depore, Bayog
Monte de OroSmall Scale Miner’s Association, Inc. (MOSSMA) SEC REG. NO. G199700247Peoples’ Mine…Peoples’ business
MOSSMA being a peoples’ mine adheres… to the NEW PARADIGM ON MINING MOSSM Government A works “ public action for public good” with the Three Societal The Common Domains Good/ The Common Ground Civil Society Business Sector 35 “private action for public “private action for private good” good ”
Challenges for MOSSMA … The ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES is not only a PART of the ECONOMY; local ECONOMY depends on the ENVIRONMENT;Given the reality in the ground, MOSSMA IS HOLDING ON TO ITS GUIDING PRINCIPLE IN PURSUING ITS DEVELOPMENT AGENDA with the participation of the LOCAL STAKEHOLDERS MOSSMA defines its organizational VALUES andits ECONOMIC goals and objectives in order to chart out the ENVISIONED FUTURE? Formulate organizational Vision, Mission, Goals &
MOSSMA’s Vission “establish a progressive small scale mining industry with community support and strong network with local government units, development agencies and Non-Government organizations. Aspire to become active promoter and advocate of “good practices” and better conceived approaches for meeting the poverty challenge and help build sustainable communities and sustainable local economies”.37
MOSSMA’s MissionMOSSMA IS A PEOPLES’ MINE ANDTHE PEOPLES’ BUSINESS committedto improve the quality of life of thepeople through collective conduct ofresponsible mining activities, byfollowing statutory laws & policies,guidelines and regulations with thetechnical support and assistancefrom concerned agencies and officesboth local and national.
Goals1. To establish a legitimate peoples’ mineral industry following the standard set by laws and other environmental and natural resources guidelines.2. To contribute to the improvement of the local economy and the economic well-being of the people, thereby improving their living condition in their respective community.3. To attain organizational development and cohesiveness in order to perform a pro-active role of developing the capacity and capability of the organization for an effective and efficient services to its members.
Objectives1. Advocate for environmental protection and conservation, matters concerning responsible mining, through conduct of environmental awareness seminars/fora/or other forms of information drives that will help educate the officers & members as well as the community in general.2. Establish set of rules and guidelines in the judicious utilization of natural resources following statutory laws and other ENR standards, issuances and guidelines3. Coordinate and collaborate with appropriate offices, agencies both local and national for a better workplace and harmonious conduct of mine development.4. To be able to establish a workable mechanisms and set doable targets that can generate and realized individual income that will help improve the lives of the people working in the mine.5. Helps in the establishment of mining industry value chains that will contribute to the improvement of local economy through a corporate social responsibility.6. Assist in the collection of taxes, regulatory fees and charges and other endeavors in collaboration with local government, that help propel local economy.7. To formulate organizational policies, rules and regulations that will guide the members and the officers of the organization to be more active, cohesive and responsible.8. To establish a workable structures and workable working relationships9. To come up with organizational sustainability plans based on the agreed program and services.
MOSSMA spearhead tree planting activities at Balabag as part of itscommitment to protect the environment the SB of the LGU of Bayog enjoin
MOSSMA STRONGLY SUPPORTS SMALLSCALE MINING LAW & ITS IMPLEMENTINGGUIDELINES… Presidential Decree No. 1899 – Establishing Small-Scale Mining as a New Dimension in Mineral Development Republic Act No. 7076 – An Act Creating a People’s Small Scale Mining Program and for Other Purposes Small Scale Mining Permit granted to individuals (PD No. 1899) Small Scale Mining Contracts granted to cooperatives (RA No. 7076) Issued by the Governor or City Mayor upon recommendation by the Provincial/City Mining Regulatory Board Annual production not to exceed 50,000 DMT ore Capitalization not to exceed PhP 10 Million Labor intensive/no use of sophisticated equipment Covers all commodities Maximum area of 20 hectares and term of 2 years renewable 42 for another 2 years
MOSSMA also recognizes and adheres…OTHER LAWS AFFECTING MINING• Indigenous Peoples Rights Act• Local Government Code• National Integrated Protected Areas System Act• Environmental Laws 43
MOSSMA… ABIDES THAT IN MINING THERE ARE ACTIVITIES TO BE DONE TO ADDRESS ENVIRONMENTAL & SOCIAL CONCERNS44
MOSSMA is committed to abide to the GUIDING PRINCIPLES UNDER E.O. NO. 270 Environmental • Protection of the environment • Ensuring ecological integrity of affected areas • Remediation/rehabilitation of abandoned mines • Adoption of multiple land use principle Social • Equitable sharing of economic and social benefits • Sustained information campaign and respect for the rights of indigenous peoples and communities • Meaningful stakeholders consultation Economic • Critical role of investments; • Clear, stable and predictable investment and regulatory policies • Support to small scale mining 46 • Value adding on minerals • Efficient use of technologies
Social Responsibilities – Development/Prod. StageAssistance to... Education… Health…Employment of Local ResidentsMajority of the construction/mining workforce are local workers. . . Peace and Order…47
Call for Genuine Intervention on the Bayog Mining Conflict“Anappeal presented to all (individuals/groups) who have a sense of accountability, commitment andresponsibility for better and responsive society that promotes justice, equity and peace.”FORBIDDEN. TVI Resources Development (Phils), Inc., an affiliate ofthe publicly listed Canadian mining firm, TVI Pacific, has been barringentry not only of "illegal chemicals" and "illegal explosives" into theminesite at Sitio Balabag, Barangay Depore, in Bayog, Zamboanga delSur, but since April 5, also diesel fuel and other mining-relatedmaterials, claiming it has the right to do so as holder of a mining permitfrom government. Small-scale miners, however, maintain they have priorrights. MindaNews photo by Froilan Gallardo.
Small scale miners documents say that, “thetranquility of the Mt. Balabag area that had beenthe refuge and lifeblood of the indigenous peoplesince time immemorial, and which they shared andjointly exploited the natures bounty for the past twodecades with the small scale gold miners composedmostly of the marginalized people coming fromseveral provinces in Zamboanga peninsula, hadbeen abruptly disrupted upon the entry of TVI,notorious for its recent conquest of the hapless IPsand small scale miners in their economicallyproductive but blood-drenched Canatuan, Siocon,ZN copper-gold mine, canatuan tvi mine.jpg aided byex-military men.”
Photos from the TVI mining site, Siocon,Zamboanga del Norte
TVIRD CANATUAN MINE EFFECT 1: THE SUBANEN PEOPLE AND ITS COUNCIL OF ELDERS WERE POLARIZED AND DIVIDED. THEIR SACRED LAND EXPLOITEDEFFECT 2:THE SMALL SCALE MINERSWHO WERE ORIGINALLYOCCUPYING AND MINING THEAREA WERE EJECTED,EVICTED AND BURIED INDUSTBIN OF HISTORY
MILITARIZATION @ Balabag , DEPLOYMENT OF SCAAs & BLUEGUARDS by TVIRD AIM TO HARASS SMALL MINERS
PHOTO DOCUMENTATION AT BALABAG, DEPORE, BAYOG, ZDS A STARK PRESENTATION ON HOW A DEVIOUS MULTINATIONAL MINING CORPORATION BRUTALIZED OUR COUNTRY’S NATIVE MINERS: A CASE STUDY OF THE STRUGGLE OF THE WEAK PREYS AGAINST A MIGHTY PREDATOR The Balabag Hill, Barangay Depore, Bayog, Zamboanga del Sur as seen at the background from the checkpoint of inter-agency task group. Left is the present settlement of small scale miners & subanen residents at balabag hill.Shanties of the subanen families who seek shelter at the forest after their 4 small houses were burned by TVI demolition teamon Nov. 31, 2011. The victims were the following; 1.) Sabilo Ansayao 23, married to Carmela Condol with 3 children, 1 childdied (the youngest 2-mo. old) at the forest where they evacuated. The child died of illness because they were soaked in the rainafter their house was burned on Nov, 30, 2011 and they seek refuge in one of the canopy of big trees while making temporaryshelters made out of the barked of the trees and some mis-cut woods. 2.) Magno Ansayao, 25, elder brother of Sabilo,3.)Wilson Oyowan, cousin of Sabilo, who evacuated back to Nasibac, Leon Postigo, ZDN; 4.) Pantalan Oyawan, father of Wilson,The Oyowan already evacuated to Nasibac, Leon Postigo, Zamboanga del Norte; Witnesses to the burning of the 4 houses were;1. Tony Ansayao- brother of Sabilo, 2. Tony Tumutong-cousin of Sabilo, 3. Dino Alasa-resident of San Pedro, 4. DondinoyCandol. Source of Information-Sabilo Ansayao and his wife Carmela. Photo below is the location of the houses burned and thefact finding done by CSO-NUJP. N.B.-The incidents were just discovered after the intensive demolition of TVI during the monthof December2011
The expression of uncertainties can be gleaned in faces of innocent Subanen victims of TVIRDscheming aggression as they were assisted by CSO rep. Mr. Jun Enriquez together with some members of the local media
Mining exploration and militarization• 1996 to 2006 (period of mining explorations in the island) – 21 military operations in a quadriboundary in Zamboanga peninsula – 61 cases of human rights violations – 10,503 victims – 3,181 families – 33 communities