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FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
The role and opportunities of
FOSS Free Open...
FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
The role of PAs
Public Administrations (PAs)...
FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
Technology development
The development of te...
FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
Risks1
Technologies are evolving very fast a...
FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
Risks2
The role of politics is essential to ...
FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
Opportunities1
PAs can turn risks into oppor...
FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
Opportunities2
In this phase PAs and in part...
FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
To Do List for PAs1
PAs in buying software m...
FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
To Do List for PAs2
PAs in buying software m...
FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
In giving information, PAs must
grant to cit...
FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
How?
Most of the previous requirements
can b...
FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
Requirements
•  Efficient and easy
interoper...
FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
And citizens?
Acquisition of FOSS by PAs
may...
FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
All these goals may be better achieved
with ...
FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
People do know their real
power? J
https://...
FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
Technologies Policies
SoftwareKnowledge
Tech...
FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
Going on… compulsory rules?
•  PAs when buyi...
FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
A competence center?
•  Elaborating strategi...
FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
http://www.leftyparent.com/blog/wp-content/u...
FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
Why should we share?
“If you have an apple a...
FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
Reac%on	
  to	
  Progress,	
  Technologies	
...
FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
Reac%on	
  to	
  Progress,	
  Technologies	
...
FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
Reac%on	
  to	
  Progress,	
  Technologies	
...
FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
But…	
  
… after it has been in circulation ...
FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
And you…
How long have you been pushing for ...
FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
What do we still need to do?
Networking amon...
FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-THBw91IDBxI/TwUIsI...
FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
Just for fun …don’t miss it J
How many GNU/...
FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
This presentation, in its original parts, is...
FOSSinPublicAdministration
Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
@flavia_marzano
http://www.millenium.org/ima...
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The role and opportunities of #FOSS Free #OpenSource Software in Public Administrations

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  1. 1. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015 The role and opportunities of FOSS Free Open Source Sofware in Public Administrations http://opensource.com/sites/default/files/styles/image-full-size/public/images/government/OpenSourceInUse.png?itok=lZQsiq9Z
  2. 2. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015 The role of PAs Public Administrations (PAs) buying software have to ensure the respect of many different constraints at least from the legal, technical and economical points of view. Nevertheless PAs can not forget that they are spending public money for public interest, so they also have to ensure the respect of some “common” rules. http://www.gerypalazzotto.it/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/20120401_soldi_consulenze.jpg
  3. 3. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
  4. 4. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015 Technology development The development of technologies can be seen at least from 3 different points of view: •  technical: computer technologies (hw & sw) are more and more evolved and responding to customer requirements and needs •  easiness of use: evolution of technologies has brought simplification of interfaces and of man- machine interaction tools •  economical: strong enhancement of the price/ performance ratio
  5. 5. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015 Risks1 Technologies are evolving very fast and not always democratically; the risk is that too few suppliers control the market making technologies an instrument of power rather than a tool for progress. Many population groups are weaker for social, physical, age, gender, income or culture reasons. For these groups access to technologies is not insured simply by technical evolution. http://cobaltpm.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/risk-dice-350x139.jpg
  6. 6. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015 Risks2 The role of politics is essential to lower the digital divide and to fill the gap between technologies and citizens giving people the full capacity to control and use new tools and avoiding the risk of new monopolies. …driving technologies http://stefanini.com/en/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/Mobile-technologies.jpg
  7. 7. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015 Opportunities1 PAs can turn risks into opportunities, granting citizens and enterprises the reduction of discriminating conditions and making them participate to economical, technological and social evolution processes. http://www.stepbystep.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/Participation.jpg
  8. 8. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015 Opportunities2 In this phase PAs and in particular the local PAs have big duties and big opportunities to act in this direction. Bridging the digital divide! http://www.conterra.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/DigitalDivide.jpg
  9. 9. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015 To Do List for PAs1 PAs in buying software must assure: •  Pluralism, competition and security •  Integration with the software already in use •  “Continuity” of data (possibility of reading data also in the future) •  Interoperability and cooperation •  Availability of source code at least for inspection and traceability (even in case of proprietary code) http://www.qualogy.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/to-do-list-photo.jpg
  10. 10. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015 To Do List for PAs2 PAs in buying software must: •  Be proprietary of the “structure of data” •  Get better price/performance solutions •  Get a good price/performance maintenance •  Verify the TCO (Total Cost of Ownership) •  Buy software based on Open Standard •  Be sure to be able to change software supplier (no lock-in) •  Be sure that the software acquired will not have any “backdoors” http://www.qualogy.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/to-do-list-photo.jpg
  11. 11. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015 In giving information, PAs must grant to citizens •  Transparency •  Privacy •  Accessibility (both in the sense of availability of documents and in the sense of accessibility for disables) •  Possibility to read public documents without having to buy any software (or license) •  Possibility to export data and documents in open formats •  Open Government Datahttp://www.nextdayaccess.com/sites/374/uploaded/images/iStock_000000410079_Large.jpg
  12. 12. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015 How? Most of the previous requirements can be easily obtained by adopting: •  Open Standards (OS) •  Open Source Software (OSS) solutions … but, in some case, it is essential that adoption of OS and OSS solutions be made compulsory by law in order to grant that the following requirements be totally satisfied… http://litigation.utahbar.org/images/photo-bylaws.jpg
  13. 13. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015 Requirements •  Efficient and easy interoperability •  Extended reusability of software and solutions •  Permanent access to data and information (Open Government Data) •  Independence from suppliers •  Verifiability of content and procedures … political choices… http://bazaarvoiceblog.com/wp-content/uploads/openness.jpg Openness
  14. 14. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015 And citizens? Acquisition of FOSS by PAs may help in: •  reducing the digital divide •  increasing internal ICT competences and forming communities among PAs, •  favoring sustainable economic and social d e v e l o p m e n t o f t h e territory
  15. 15. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015 All these goals may be better achieved with a good management of the transition … http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Ponte_del_diavolo_lug_2011.jpg/220px- Ponte_del_diavolo_lug_2011.jpg proprietary free software
  16. 16. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015 People do know their real power? J https://xena05.files.wordpress.com/2012/04/la-gente-non-conosce-il-suo-vero-potere_thumb.jpg?w=294&h=252 $ Free Open Sw
  17. 17. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015 Technologies Policies SoftwareKnowledge Technologies Efficiency Rights Freedom Horizons
  18. 18. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015 Going on… compulsory rules? •  PAs when buying software developed on their own specifications have to acquire the source code and be proprietary of it; •  PAs owning software developed on their own specifications, have to give it for free with the source code and documentation to any other PA that can adapt it to its own needs; Open by default !
  19. 19. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015 A competence center? •  Elaborating strategies for the diffusion of FOSS in the territories •  Coordinating a working team with Universities, Associations and Enterprises interested in the diffusion of FOSS platforms •  Promoting information and training activities for territorial PAs and SMEs •  Promoting experience exchange and reuse of projects and solutions with other Local PAs
  20. 20. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015 http://www.leftyparent.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/one-size-fits-all.jpg ..may be not, but...
  21. 21. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015 Why should we share? “If you have an apple and I have an apple and we exchange these apples then you and I will still each have one apple. But if you have an idea and I have an idea and we exchange these ideas, then each of us will have two ideas.” (George Bernard Shaw)
  22. 22. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015 Reac%on  to  Progress,  Technologies   and  Innova%on  –  Rule  1   “Anything that is in the world when you’re born is normal and ordinary and is just a natural part of the way the world works…  
  23. 23. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015 Reac%on  to  Progress,  Technologies   and  Innova%on–  Rule  2   Anything that's invented between when you’re fifteen and thirty-five is new and exciting and revolutionary and you can probably get a career in it… http://www.davison.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/prototyping-my-invention.jpg
  24. 24. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015 Reac%on  to  Progress,  Technologies   and  Innova%on–  Rule  3   Anything invented after you're thirty-five is against the natural order of things.”                      (Douglas  Adams)      
  25. 25. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015 But…   … after it has been in circulation for at least ten years it can be considered quite normal.   http://kannadigaworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/69.jpg
  26. 26. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015 And you… How long have you been pushing for Open Source? https://fbcdn-sphotos-d-a.akamaihd.net/hphotos-ak-xpf1/v/t1.0-9/988338_537567349653039_1586618410_n.jpg? oh=56485de8a77f1979f63de13297e6fa86&oe=55577D92&__gda__=1432055771_545128aa3dff90a0488909c43c2df1ce
  27. 27. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015 What do we still need to do? Networking among: Enterprises, Public Administrations, Associations, Communities,… http://www.nopetrolioaltairpinia.it/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/image.jpg
  28. 28. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
  29. 29. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015 http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-THBw91IDBxI/TwUIsICsF1I/AAAAAAAAAlM/UwUxAqyjz9U/s320/GlassHalfFull-s.jpg It is not a matter of going fast… It is important to keep going (Confucius) Constant dropping wears the stone (In latin: gutta cavat lapidem)
  30. 30. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015 Just for fun …don’t miss it J How many GNU/Linux users are needed to change a light bulb? •  1 to post a thread in a mailing list telling the bulb has burnt •  1 to suggest to try to turn the lamp on through command lines •  1 to complain that the user broke the thread •  1 to ask what new bulb will he install •  … http://www.gnu.org/fun/jokes/users-lightbulb.html
  31. 31. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015
  32. 32. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015 This presentation, in its original parts, is covered by the Creative Commons licence: Attribution, Share Alike http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/it/deed.it
  33. 33. FOSSinPublicAdministration Flavia MarzanoFOSSC Oman 18th – 19th February 2015 @flavia_marzano http://www.millenium.org/images/contenu/actus/Annonces/annonce-merci.jpg flavia(dot)marzano (@) gmail(dot)com it.linkedin.com/in/flaviamarzano/

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