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Questions Lungs

Exam Questions: Lungs
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Questions Lungs

  1. 1. Questions Lungs
  2. 2. At the root of the lung: 1 the phrenic nerve is posterior to the bronchus 2 the phrenic nerve is posterior to the inferior pulmonary vein 3 the bronchus is posterior to the superior pulmonary vein 4 the vagus is posterior to the bronchus 5 the bronchial artery is posterior to the bronchus
  3. 3. At the root of the lung: 1 the phrenic nerve is posterior to the bronchus F 2 the phrenic nerve is posterior to the inferior pulmonary vein F 3 the bronchus is posterior to the superior pulmonary vein T 4 the vagus is posterior to the bronchus T 5 the bronchial artery is posterior to the bronchus T
  4. 4. The horizontal fissure of the right lung: 1 separates the upper from the middle lobe of the lung 2 is level with the right 6th costal cartilage 3 separates the inferior lobe from the middle lobe of the lung 4 is level with the right 4th costal cartilage 5 meets the oblique fissure of the lung in the mid-axillary line
  5. 5. The horizontal fissure of the right lung: 1 separates the upper from the middle lobe of the lung T 2 is level with the right 6th costal cartilage F 3 separates the inferior lobe from the middle lobe of the lung F 4 is level with the right 4th costal cartilage T 5 meets the oblique fissure of the lung in the mid-axillary line T
  6. 6. Concerning the external features of the lung: 1 the anterior border of the lung is rounded while the posterior border is sharp (acute) 2 the apex of the lung projects above the level of the neck of the first rib 3 the left lung typically has three lobes 4 the transverse (horizontal) fissure of the left lung demarcates the lingula from the upper lobe 5 visceral pleura covers all surfaces of the lung
  7. 7. Concerning the external features of the lung: 1 the anterior border of the lung is rounded while the posterior border is sharp (acute) F 2 the apex of the lung projects above the level of the neck of the first rib F 3 the left lung typically has three lobes F 4 the transverse (horizontal) fissure of the left lung demarcates the lingula from the upper lobe F 5 visceral pleura covers all surfaces of the lung T
  8. 8. Concerning the left lung: 1 it is heavier than the right lung 2 it normally possesses twelve bronchopulmonary segments 3 the mediastinal surface of its lower lobe features a prominent cardiac indentation 4 its hilum normally transmits three pulmonary veins 5 a groove above the hilum denotes the location of the vena azygos
  9. 9. Concerning the left lung: 1 it is heavier than the right lung F 2 it normally possesses twelve bronchopulmonary segments F 3 the mediastinal surface of its lower lobe features a prominent cardiac indentation F 4 its hilum normally transmits three pulmonary veins F 5 a groove above the hilum denotes the location of the vena azygos F
  10. 10. The root of the right lung: 1 has the vena azygos arching above it 2 is crosses anteriorly by the phrenic nerve 3 has the pulmonary ligament lying above it 4 has the right pulmonary artery lying posterior to the right main bronchus 5 lies posterior to the oesophagus
  11. 11. The root of the right lung: 1 has the vena azygos arching above it T 2 is crosses anteriorly by the phrenic nerve T 3 has the pulmonary ligament lying above it F 4 has the right pulmonary artery lying posterior to the right main bronchus F 5 lies posterior to the oesophagus F
  12. 12. Concerning the apex of the left lung: 1 it is in direct contact with the trachea 2 it is situated anterior to the thoracic sympathetic trunk 3 it is situated anterior to the thoracic duct 4 the ventral ramus of the 1st thoracic nerve is an immediate topographical relation 5 its highest point is level with the clavicle
  13. 13. Concerning the apex of the left lung: 1 it is in direct contact with the trachea F 2 it is situated anterior to the thoracic sympathetic trunk T 3 it is situated anterior to the thoracic duct F 4 the ventral ramus of the 1st thoracic nerve is an immediate topographical relation T 5 its highest point is level with the clavicle F
  14. 14. The right lung differs from the left lung: 1 in having fewer bronchopulmonary segments than the left lung 2 in having more lobes than the left lung 3 in being more extensively related to the heart than the left lung 4 in being more extensively related to the oesophagus than the left lung 5 in having a greater relationship to the aortic arch than the left lung
  15. 15. The right lung differs from the left lung: 1 in having fewer bronchopulmonary segments than the left lung F 2 in having more lobes than the left lung T 3 in being more extensively related to the heart than the left lung F 4 in being more extensively related to the oesophagus than the left lung T 5 in having a greater relationship to the aortic arch than the left lung F
  16. 16. The root of the right lung: 1 lies behind the superior vena cava 2 n quiet breathing, lies at the level of the 7th, 8th and 9th thoracic vertebrae 3 in quiet breathing, lies at the level of the 5th and 6th costal cartilages 4 has the right main bronchus lying behind the right pulmonary artery 5 has the vena azygos arching above it
  17. 17. The root of the right lung: 1 lies behind the superior vena cava T 2 n quiet breathing, lies at the level of the 7th, 8th and 9th thoracic vertebrae F 3 in quiet breathing, lies at the level of the 5th and 6th costal cartilages F 4 has the right main bronchus lying behind the right pulmonary artery T 5 has the vena azygos arching above it T
  18. 18. Concerning the lungs and pulmonary tissue: 1 pulmonary alveoli are normally lined with squamous epithelium 2 bronchial arteries supply the connective tissue of the lung 3 alveoli account for a greater volume of tissue than do the bronchi 4 bronchopulmonary segments are anatomically distinct and definable entities. 5 alveoli are empty of air at the end of expiration
  19. 19. Concerning the lungs and pulmonary tissue: 1 pulmonary alveoli are normally lined with squamous epithelium T 2 bronchial arteries supply the connective tissue of the lung T 3 alveoli account for a greater volume of tissue than do the bronchi T 4 bronchopulmonary segments are anatomically distinct and definable entities. T 5 alveoli are empty of air at the end of expiration F
  20. 20. The following structures are in contact with the mediastinal pleura of the right lung: 1 Oesophagus 2 Superior vena cava 3 Descending thoracic aorta 4 right phrenic nerve 5 left ventricle
  21. 21. The following structures are in contact with the mediastinal pleura of the right lung: 1 Oesophagus T 2 Superior vena cava T 3 Descending thoracic aorta F 4 right phrenic nerve T 5 left ventricle F

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