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OpenNMS Introduction
AGENDA
• What is OpenNMS
• How to install OpenNMS
• Discovery & Monitor Process

• GUI Introduction
What is OpenNMS
• world’s first enterprise grade network
management application platform developed
under the open source m...
What is OpenNMS
• Supported OS
– LinuxUnix (rpm, apt), Windows, Mac OS

• Programming Language
–
–
–
–

Java, JSP
jRobin (...
How to install OpenNMS
• JDK (Java SE)
– http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloa
ds/jdk7u9-downloads-1859576...
Discovery Process
Device
Scan
supported
protocol

ping
Discovery
Daemon
Wait 1 day to discovery

Send event

Capability
Da...
Discovery Process
• Discovery Daemon
– Use “Ping” to find all device
• Re-discovery every 24hr

– /etc/discovery-configura...
Monitor Process


Collected : data collection (/etc/connectd-configuration.xml)
– Collect the data from device
– /etc/con...
GUI introduction
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Home
Node List
Search
Outages
Path Outages
Dashboard
Events
Alarms

•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Notif...
Home
• Node with Outages
• Quick Search
• Available Over the Past 24 Hours
– /etc/categories.xml
– Outages (SurveillanceSt...
Node List
• Info Table
–
–
–
–
–
–
–

Asset Information
SNMP Attribute
Path Outages
Availability
Node Interface
General
Su...
Node List
• StrafePing
– stores the ICMP response-time of each as well as
the packet loss
– poller-configuration.xml
• <in...
Search
• Search for Nodes
– Name containing
– TCP/IP Address like
• 192.168.*.*
• 192.168.0-255.0-255
• 192.168.0,1,2,3-25...
Outages
• Current Outages
• All Outages
• Additional Query Symbol
– - :show the data not matched the selected field
– +:sh...
Path Outage
• Setting the child device below the parent device

• Admin/Configure Notifications/Configure Path Outages
– D...
Dashboard
•
•
•
•

Surveillance View: default
Alarms
Notifications
Node Status
– Add to Surveillance

• Resource Graph
Events
• Events Type
– outstanding
– acknowledged

• Advanced Search
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–

Event Text Contains
TCP/IP Address L...
Alarms
• More important Events
– The same events will correlate to one alarms
– /etc/eventconf.xml
• <alarm-data reduction...
Notifications
• Your outstanding notices
• All outstanding notices
• All acknowledge notices
• Setting the Notification
1....
Create Threshold
• /etc/threshd-configuration.xml
– Define name, IP range, service

• /etc/threshold.xml
– Thresholds type...
Assets
• All nodes with asset info
Reports
• Resource Graphs
• KSC Performance, Nodes, Domains
1. Create “Customized Report”
2. Add the “Resource Graph” to t...
Charts
Surveillance
• Use the Matrix to show the important device
Production
Test
Development
– Admin/Manage Surveillance Categor...
Maps
• Distributed Map
– Remote polling
• Server-Side
• Client-Side : to be a package (RPM, DEB, EXE) or Java WebStart pac...
Linkd
• layer 2/3 iso/osi model network topology
discovery daemon
– Bridge Forwarding Table, Spanning Tree Information
and...
SVG Map
• Map -> Admin Mode
– Map  Open, New, Save, Close, Clear, Background
– Node  Add, Add Range, Add Category, Add R...
Topology Map
• Display Linkd and VMWare network topology
– OSGi, SVG, Vaadin and D3.js
Admin
•

OpenNMS System
–
–
–

Configure Users, Groups and On-Call Roles
System Information
Instrumentation Log Reader
•

...
Admin
• Node Provisioning
– Add Interface for Scanning
– Manage Provisioning Requisitions
• DNS, FTP, HTTP, HTTPS, ICMP, I...
Reference
• http://www.opennms.org/wiki/Installation:Wi
ndows
• http://www.opennms.org/wiki/Main_Page
• http://www.opennms...
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OpenNMS introduction

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The introduce about how to install and use the OpenNMS

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OpenNMS introduction

  1. 1. OpenNMS Introduction
  2. 2. AGENDA • What is OpenNMS • How to install OpenNMS • Discovery & Monitor Process • GUI Introduction
  3. 3. What is OpenNMS • world’s first enterprise grade network management application platform developed under the open source model – World’s First : • From 1999/7 – Enterprise Grade : • monitor tens of thousands to ultimately unlimited devices – Application Platform • Design for “out of box” and highly customizable – Open Source • Under version 3 of the GNU General Public License (GPL)
  4. 4. What is OpenNMS • Supported OS – LinuxUnix (rpm, apt), Windows, Mac OS • Programming Language – – – – Java, JSP jRobin (RRD tool for Java)  Graph Jasper  Reports OSGi, SVG, Vaadin and D3.js  Topology Map • Commercial License – GPLv3
  5. 5. How to install OpenNMS • JDK (Java SE) – http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloa ds/jdk7u9-downloads-1859576.html • PostgreSQL – http://www.postgresql.org/download/windows/ – Not install the newest version • OpenNMS – – – – http://sourceforge.net/projects/opennms/files/OpenNMS/ standalone-'opennms-installer-X.X.X.zip Run “%OPENNMS_HOME%binopennms.bat start” http://localhost:8980/opennms
  6. 6. Discovery Process Device Scan supported protocol ping Discovery Daemon Wait 1 day to discovery Send event Capability Daemon
  7. 7. Discovery Process • Discovery Daemon – Use “Ping” to find all device • Re-discovery every 24hr – /etc/discovery-configuration.xml • capsd (Capability Daemon) – Check all service in a device – etc/ capsd-configuration.xml • Supported services : HTTP, SNMP, ICMP, FTP, … – newSuspect event ( send-event.pl ) • Received this event to scan this IP • Received trap will call this event to scan device
  8. 8. Monitor Process  Collected : data collection (/etc/connectd-configuration.xml) – Collect the data from device – /etc/connectd-configuration.xml – SNMP, WMI , OpenNMS-JVM, (NSClient, JMX, HTTP) • SNMPCollector – /etc/snmp-config.xml : community string – /etc/datacollection-config.xml, /datacollection : Supported SNMP MIB • Monitor : polling daemon – Every 5 minute to check service is responding correctly – etc/poller-configuration.xml) – Supported Service (xxxMonitor) • ICMP, DNS, SMTP, FTP, SNMP, HTTP, HTTP-8080, HTTP-8000, HTTPS, HypericAgent, HypericHQ, MySQL, SQL Server, Oracle, Postgres, SSH, IMAP, POP3, NRPE, NRPE-NoSSL, Windows-Task-Scheduler, OpenNMSJVM
  9. 9. GUI introduction • • • • • • • • Home Node List Search Outages Path Outages Dashboard Events Alarms • • • • • • • Notifications Assets Reports Charts Surveillance Maps Admin
  10. 10. Home • Node with Outages • Quick Search • Available Over the Past 24 Hours – /etc/categories.xml – Outages (SurveillanceStatus.java) • Green : 0 services down • Yellow : 1 service down • Red : more than 1 service down • Notification • Resource Graphs • KSC Reports (Key SNMP Customized)
  11. 11. Node List • Info Table – – – – – – – Asset Information SNMP Attribute Path Outages Availability Node Interface General Surveillance Category Memberships – Notification – Recent Events – Recent Outages • Link – – – – – – – – – View Events View Alarms View Outages Asset Info HTTP Resource Graphs Rescan Admin Schedule Outage • poll-outages.xml – View in Geographical Map
  12. 12. Node List • StrafePing – stores the ICMP response-time of each as well as the packet loss – poller-configuration.xml • <include-range begin="192.168.6.130" end="192.168.6.140"/>
  13. 13. Search • Search for Nodes – Name containing – TCP/IP Address like • 192.168.*.* • 192.168.0-255.0-255 • 192.168.0,1,2,3-255.* – – – – ifAlias, ifName, ifDescr + contains, equals Providing service MAC Address like Foreign Source name like • Search Asset Information – Category – Field – Containing Text
  14. 14. Outages • Current Outages • All Outages • Additional Query Symbol – - :show the data not matched the selected field – +:show the data matched the selected field – >:show items beginning before this one – <:show items beginning after this one
  15. 15. Path Outage • Setting the child device below the parent device • Admin/Configure Notifications/Configure Path Outages – Define the Critical Path • 10.1.3.254 – Current Rule • IPADDR IPLIKE 10.1.3.1-3
  16. 16. Dashboard • • • • Surveillance View: default Alarms Notifications Node Status – Add to Surveillance • Resource Graph
  17. 17. Events • Events Type – outstanding – acknowledged • Advanced Search – – – – – – – – Event Text Contains TCP/IP Address Like Node Label Contains Severity Service Events After/Before Sort By Number of Events Per Page
  18. 18. Alarms • More important Events – The same events will correlate to one alarms – /etc/eventconf.xml • <alarm-data reduction-key="%nodeid%" alarmtype="1" /> – reduction-key : reduce rules • NCS Alarm List – Network Communication Services – Supported by Juniper company (JunosSpace)
  19. 19. Notifications • Your outstanding notices • All outstanding notices • All acknowledge notices • Setting the Notification 1. 2. 3. 4. Create user Destination Paths Event Notifications Configure Mail • etc/javamail-configuration.properties – – org.opennms.core.utils.fromAddress=FROM-EMAIL-ADDRESS org.opennms.core.utils.mailHost=MAIL-SERVER-IP
  20. 20. Create Threshold • /etc/threshd-configuration.xml – Define name, IP range, service • /etc/threshold.xml – Thresholds type : high, low, absolute change, relative change – Example • <threshold type="high" ds-type="node" value="80.0" rearm="50.0" trigger="3" ds-label="" filterOperator="or" ds-name="avgBusy5“>
  21. 21. Assets • All nodes with asset info
  22. 22. Reports • Resource Graphs • KSC Performance, Nodes, Domains 1. Create “Customized Report” 2. Add the “Resource Graph” to the report • Database Reports – Database Reports – Performance Reports • Statistic Reports – Top 20 ifInOctets across all nodes – Weekly Top 10 response across all nodes
  23. 23. Charts
  24. 24. Surveillance • Use the Matrix to show the important device Production Test Development – Admin/Manage Surveillance Categories Routers Switches Servers
  25. 25. Maps • Distributed Map – Remote polling • Server-Side • Client-Side : to be a package (RPM, DEB, EXE) or Java WebStart package • Geographical Map – Show device node in the real map • longitude and latitude • address • Topology Map • SVG Map
  26. 26. Linkd • layer 2/3 iso/osi model network topology discovery daemon – Bridge Forwarding Table, Spanning Tree Information and IP Net To Media Table – IP Routes (Layer 3) – Cisco Discovery Protocol – Link Layer Discovery Protocol – OSPF (Layer 3) • /etc/linkd-configuration.xml – Collect SNMP data from node – Discovery network topology
  27. 27. SVG Map • Map -> Admin Mode – Map  Open, New, Save, Close, Clear, Background – Node  Add, Add Range, Add Category, Add Range, Add Neighs, Add with Neighs, Add Map – Reload  Maps, Nodes, Config • The maps Configuration File – /etc/map.properties • severity, status, icon, availability visualization properties and parameters for map elements • Changing map Style – Customize Tooltip, Context Menu, Menu, etc.. – /map/svgjavascript/ApplicationVariables
  28. 28. Topology Map • Display Linkd and VMWare network topology – OSGi, SVG, Vaadin and D3.js
  29. 29. Admin • OpenNMS System – – – Configure Users, Groups and On-Call Roles System Information Instrumentation Log Reader • • The Collecter log status Operations – – – Configure Discovery Configure SNMP Community Names by IP Configure SNMP Data Collection per Interface • – – – – – – – Manage and Un-manage Interfaces and Services Manage Thresholds Send Events Configure Notifications Scheduled Outages SNMP MIB Compile : Generate Event & Data Collection Manage Events Configuration • – collect this interface or not etc/events/xxx.events.xml Manage SNMP Collections and Data Collection Groups • etc/datacollection/xxx.xml
  30. 30. Admin • Node Provisioning – Add Interface for Scanning – Manage Provisioning Requisitions • DNS, FTP, HTTP, HTTPS, ICMP, IMAP, LDAP, NRPE, POP3, SMTP, SNMP, SSH – Import and Export Asset Information – Manage Surveillance Categories – Delete Nodes • Distributed Monitoring – Manage Applications – Manage Location Monitors
  31. 31. Reference • http://www.opennms.org/wiki/Installation:Wi ndows • http://www.opennms.org/wiki/Main_Page • http://www.opennms.org/wiki/Data_Collectio n_Configuration_How-To • http://www.opennms.org/wiki/Display_Parall el_Links_Between_Nodes

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