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Iden%dad	de	Ciudad:	
¿Está	Cambiando	la	Iden%dad	de	las	Ciudades?	
Dr	Igor	Calzada,	MBA	
Senior	Research	Fellow	&	Lecturer...
Key reading list:
•  Brenner, N. & Keil, R. (2006) The Global Cities Reader, Routledge.
•  Brenner,	N.(2014)	Implossions	/...
'There	are	no	dangerous	thoughts,		
thinking	itself	is	dangerous'	(H.	Arendt)
IDENTIDAD
By
@icalzada
11/07/16
Page 14
This is a story about us being persuaded to spend money we don’t have, on things we
don’t need, to create...
Source: @oxmartinschool
Source: @UNHABITAT
1960	
Source: @UN
2025	
Source: @UN
Source: http://www.globalchange.umich.edu/globalchange2/current/workspace/Sect007/s7g4/findings.htm
h`p://www.globalchange.umich.edu/
globalchange2/current/workspace/Sect007/
s7g4/findings.htm	
Source:
http://www.ucar.edu/c...
Source:	h`p://www.atkearney.com/research-studies/global-ciAes-index/full-report
Liquid Identity
Networked Identity
(Un)Plugging Identity
Refugees	and	newcomers	crisis
Crisis	de	Migración/	
Refugiados/	
Re-establecimiento	de	fronteras	
Cambio	climáAco	
PolíAcas	de	Austeridad	
Conectando	Ta...
City/Place	Branding	
Awards/Compe==ons	
Resources/Devolu=on	
Smart	City/Region	
RIS3/	
Smart	SpecialisaAon	Strategies	
Par...
By @EU_H2020
To	get	out	from	the		
‘smart	city-in-the-box’		
approach
The	contemporary	city	cannot	be	JUST	reduced…
Beyond	Hyper	Connected	Socie%es	>	
Need	to	Deconstruct	the	Smart	City
@perjovschi	
Unplugging	Smart	Ci%es
1685	views	
	
7th		
Most		
Read	ArAcle
Source:	De	Jong,	M.,	et	al.,	(2015)	Sustainable-smart-resilient-low	carbon-eco-knowledge	ci=es;	making	sense	of	a	
mul=tud...
Smart	City	=		
ecosystem	of	ciAzens	>	system	of	systems	
Above	all	we	need	smart	mayors	and	smart	
ciAzens,	not	#smartci%e...
EU	Projects:		
Smart	City-Regional	ComparaAve	InternaAonal	Research		
	
EU	Project	
	
	
Cities	involved	
	
Timeframe	&	Tit...
STEEP	EU-FP7-314277	
Systems	Thinking	for	comprehensive	city	Efficient	Energy	Planning		
Smart	City	Master	Plan	for	three	EU...
STEP	UP		
EU-FP7-314679	
Energy	Planning	for	Ci:es		
Smart	City	Master	Plan	for	four	EU	Ci%es:		
	
Glasgow	(UK)	
Riga	(Lat...
By @icalzada
By @icalzada
SmartCityRegion?
Bristol	&	Glasgow		
Barcelona	&	Bilbao	
Smart City-Regional Bilbao Barcelona Bristol Glasgow
Municipalities 35 31 4 5
Surf...
By @bilbaometropoli
By @CitiesOxford
By @ifuturecities By @bristolisopen
//Bilbao//
CORPORATE
-in-transition
//Barcelona//...
H2020-SCC-EU-Lighthouse	
REPLICATE	
www.replicate-project.eu
H2020-SCC-EU-1st	Lighthouse	
REPLICATE
City-to-City		
Replicability	
based	on:		
	
1>	Adaptability		
2>	Scalability		
&		
3>	Singularity	
Lighthouse	Ci%es	 Follo...
GLOBAL CITIES:
Megaregions / Megalopolis / Global City-Regions
METROPOLITAN CITY-REGIONS:
Mid-Sized Cities/Second Tier Cities
Metropolitan City-Regions	Global Cities
h`ps://www.theguardian.com/society/2012/jan/21/rise-megacity-live		
Global	CiAes	
Metropolitan		
City-Regions
New Publicly Sponsored Agencies
Detroit
Sense of belonging
‘Glasgwegian’
Glasgow
Oresund/Greater Copenhagen?
Malmö & Copenhagen
Transport Infrastructure
Urban mobility
Commuting
Borderless region
Coordin...
Belfast
Social Inclusion & Enterprise
Metropolitan commitment
Bilbao
Dublin
District-driven urban renewal
Silicon docks
Dublin
Civic Leadership & Community Participation
Portland
Portland
h`ps://www.findingplaces.hamburg/		
Hamburgo
Sao Paulo
Rio de Janeiro
Brasilia
Moscow
Shenzhen
Johannesbourg
Mumbai
Montevideo
Reykjavik
Budapest
Randstad
Download:	
h`p://bit.ly/29CdNda
#COMPLEX	
	
	#DIVERSITY	
Photos	by	@icalzada	&	@flickr
FINAL	REMARKS:	
	
IdenAdad	y	su	adaptación/transformación	(cambio)	en	las	ciudades-regiones	Europeas	(e	
internacionales)	...
Dr	Igor	Calzada,	MBA	
Lecturer	&	Senior	Research	Fellow	
Urban	Transforma%ons	&	Future	of	Ci%es	
University	of	Oxford	
@ic...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School...
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'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School of the Basque Country (Spain)

Dr Calzada opened the Summer School 'Identity of (European) Cities' on 11st July 2016 in St Sebastian (Basque Country - Spain) organised by Bilbao Metropoli 30 and St. Sebastian Strategic Plan Office.

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'Is Identity in Cities Changing?' in the 'Identity of the European Cities' (St Sebastian, 11 & 12 July 2016) Summer School of the Basque Country (Spain)

  1. 1. Iden%dad de Ciudad: ¿Está Cambiando la Iden%dad de las Ciudades? Dr Igor Calzada, MBA Senior Research Fellow & Lecturer, Future of Ci%es & Urban Transforma%ons, University of Oxford Lecturer, Ins%tute for Future Ci%es, University of Strathclyde Research Fellow, Brussels Centre for Urban Studies, Vrije Universiteit @icalzada www.igorcalzada.com/about igor.calzada@compas.ox.ac.uk EHUko Udako Ikastaroak <> Cursos de Verano UPV ‘Europar Hirien Nortasuna <> La IdenAdad de las Ciudades Europeas’ DonosAa-San SebasAán 2016ko Uztailaren 11ean <> 11 Julio 2016.
  2. 2. Key reading list: •  Brenner, N. & Keil, R. (2006) The Global Cities Reader, Routledge. •  Brenner, N.(2014) Implossions / Explosions: Toward a Study of Planetary Urbaniza=on, jovis Verlag GmbH: Berlin. •  Lee, T. (2015) Global cities and climate change: the translocal relations of environmental governance: New York: Routledge. •  Acuto, M. (2013) Global cities, governance and diplomacy: the urban link. Abingdon. Oxon; New York, NY: Routledge. •  Bouteligier, S. (2013) Cities, networks, and global environmental governance: spaces of innovation, places of leadership. New York: Routledge. IdenAty CiAes Changing
  3. 3. 'There are no dangerous thoughts, thinking itself is dangerous' (H. Arendt)
  4. 4. IDENTIDAD By @icalzada
  5. 5. 11/07/16 Page 14 This is a story about us being persuaded to spend money we don’t have, on things we don’t need, to create impressions that won’t last, on people we don’t care about. (T. Jackson 2010)
  6. 6. Source: @oxmartinschool
  7. 7. Source: @UNHABITAT
  8. 8. 1960 Source: @UN
  9. 9. 2025 Source: @UN
  10. 10. Source: http://www.globalchange.umich.edu/globalchange2/current/workspace/Sect007/s7g4/findings.htm
  11. 11. h`p://www.globalchange.umich.edu/ globalchange2/current/workspace/Sect007/ s7g4/findings.htm Source: http://www.ucar.edu/communications/quarterly/summer07/president.jsp
  12. 12. Source: h`p://www.atkearney.com/research-studies/global-ciAes-index/full-report
  13. 13. Liquid Identity
  14. 14. Networked Identity
  15. 15. (Un)Plugging Identity
  16. 16. Refugees and newcomers crisis
  17. 17. Crisis de Migración/ Refugiados/ Re-establecimiento de fronteras Cambio climáAco PolíAcas de Austeridad Conectando Talento Planificación energéAca/ Escasez de recursos Virtualización ContestaAon/Indignación Hyperconnected socie=es/ Informa=onal city Re-configuración de los Estados-nación/ Nuevos centros-periferias CompeAAvidad/ Economías emergentes/ BRICS DRIVERS of CITY IDENTITY CoAdianeidad rupturista: Género/Precarización/LGBT/Millenials Deslocalización/Precarización laboral Deterioro de estado social/bienester
  18. 18. City/Place Branding Awards/Compe==ons Resources/Devolu=on Smart City/Region RIS3/ Smart SpecialisaAon Strategies Paradiploma=c Mayors BREXIT TRENDS of CITY IDENTITY Social progressism & deliberaAve democracy
  19. 19. By @EU_H2020 To get out from the ‘smart city-in-the-box’ approach
  20. 20. The contemporary city cannot be JUST reduced…
  21. 21. Beyond Hyper Connected Socie%es > Need to Deconstruct the Smart City
  22. 22. @perjovschi Unplugging Smart Ci%es
  23. 23. 1685 views 7th Most Read ArAcle
  24. 24. Source: De Jong, M., et al., (2015) Sustainable-smart-resilient-low carbon-eco-knowledge ci=es; making sense of a mul=tude of concepts promo=ng sustainable urbaniza=on, Journal of Cleaner ProducAon (2015), h`p:// dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.02.004
  25. 25. Smart City = ecosystem of ciAzens > system of systems Above all we need smart mayors and smart ciAzens, not #smartci%es. (B. Barber)
  26. 26. EU Projects: Smart City-Regional ComparaAve InternaAonal Research EU Project Cities involved Timeframe & Title Funding Institution EU-H2020-SCC- 1st Lighthouse: REPLICATE • Bristol (UK) • St Sebastian (ES) • Florence (IT) • Laussane (CH) • Essen (DE) • Nilüfer (TR) • Bogotá (CO) • Guangzhou (CN) < 2016-2021 > REinassance of PLaces with Innovative Citizenship And TEchnology EU-H2020-SCC-Lighthouse www.replicate-project.eu EU-Marie Curie Actions- Cofund-Regional Programmes: SMART CITY-REGIONS • Bristol (UK) • Glasgow (UK) • Bilbao (ES) • Barcelona (ES) < 2015-2016 > Comparing Smart City-Regional Governance Strategies: Bilbao, Barcelona, Bristol & Glasgow EU-FP7 Marie Curie Actions- Cofund BilbaoMetropoli-30/Bizkaia Province Council www.smartcityregions.org EU-FP7-314679 STEP UP Smart City Plan • Glasgow (UK) • Riga (LT) • Gothenburg (SE) • Ghent (BE) < 2014-2015 > Energy Planning for Cities *MSc Master in Global Sustainable Cities EU-FP7 www.stepupsmartcities.eu EU-FP7-314277- STEEP Smart City Plan • Bristol (UK) • St Sebastian (ES) • Florence (IT) < 2014-2015 > Systems Thinking for comprehensive city Efficient Energy Planning EU-FP7 http://www.smartsteep.eu/
  27. 27. STEEP EU-FP7-314277 Systems Thinking for comprehensive city Efficient Energy Planning Smart City Master Plan for three EU Ci%es: St Sebas%an (Spain) Bristol (UK) Florence (Italy)
  28. 28. STEP UP EU-FP7-314679 Energy Planning for Ci:es Smart City Master Plan for four EU Ci%es: Glasgow (UK) Riga (Latvia) Gothenburg (Sweden) Ghent (Belgium) MSc Global Sustainable CiAes Master Lecturer h`p://www.stepupsmartciAes.eu/ h`p://ifutureciAes.com/
  29. 29. By @icalzada
  30. 30. By @icalzada SmartCityRegion?
  31. 31. Bristol & Glasgow Barcelona & Bilbao Smart City-Regional Bilbao Barcelona Bristol Glasgow Municipalities 35 31 4 5 Surface (km2) 500 636 139 368 Density (Inhabit/km2) 1,820 5,060 3,942 3,171 Population (Inhabit) 910,480 3,218,223 547,993 1,166,928 GDP per capita ($) 38,708 36,157 42,326 37,753 City-region Basque Catalonia Bristol Scotland City-constelations Bilbao, San Sebastian, Vitoria, Pamplona & BAB* Barcelona, Tarragona, Lleida & Girona Bristol, Bath & NESomerset, SGloucester & NSomerset Glasgow, Aberdeen, Dundee, Edinburgh, Inverness, Perth & Stirling Nation-states ES UK Devolution Fiscal autonomy Trade autonomy LEP Devo-max/Smith Taxonomy Small nation with tax autonomy Small nation without tax autonomy City-regional sattelite hub Tax devolutionist small-nation Smart City-Regional Governance Fragmented but very active institutional network On-going transition Open Innovation Urban Governance Smart City Strategy Not a single one iBarcelona Bristol is Open Glasgow Future City Urban solutions Energy ICT ICT/Energy ICT/Mobility Key Stakeholders www.bm30.es www.smartcities.es www.bitbarcelonamodel.com www.smartcity.bcn.cat www.bristolisopen.com www.connectingbristol.org www.bristolenergynetwork.org www.futurecity.glasglow.gov.uk www.open.glasgow.gov.uk www.scottishcities.org
  32. 32. By @bilbaometropoli By @CitiesOxford By @ifuturecities By @bristolisopen //Bilbao// CORPORATE -in-transition //Barcelona// ANTI- CORPORATE -uncertain By @SmartCityExpo //Bristol// OPEN INNOVATION -alternative //Glasgow// URBAN GOVERNANCE -transformative
  33. 33. H2020-SCC-EU-Lighthouse REPLICATE www.replicate-project.eu
  34. 34. H2020-SCC-EU-1st Lighthouse REPLICATE
  35. 35. City-to-City Replicability based on: 1> Adaptability 2> Scalability & 3> Singularity Lighthouse Ci%es Follower Ci%es Observer Ci%es
  36. 36. GLOBAL CITIES: Megaregions / Megalopolis / Global City-Regions
  37. 37. METROPOLITAN CITY-REGIONS: Mid-Sized Cities/Second Tier Cities
  38. 38. Metropolitan City-Regions Global Cities
  39. 39. h`ps://www.theguardian.com/society/2012/jan/21/rise-megacity-live Global CiAes Metropolitan City-Regions
  40. 40. New Publicly Sponsored Agencies Detroit
  41. 41. Sense of belonging ‘Glasgwegian’ Glasgow
  42. 42. Oresund/Greater Copenhagen? Malmö & Copenhagen Transport Infrastructure Urban mobility Commuting Borderless region Coordinated tax-policy Biking culture
  43. 43. Belfast Social Inclusion & Enterprise
  44. 44. Metropolitan commitment Bilbao
  45. 45. Dublin District-driven urban renewal Silicon docks Dublin
  46. 46. Civic Leadership & Community Participation Portland Portland
  47. 47. h`ps://www.findingplaces.hamburg/ Hamburgo
  48. 48. Sao Paulo
  49. 49. Rio de Janeiro
  50. 50. Brasilia
  51. 51. Moscow
  52. 52. Shenzhen
  53. 53. Johannesbourg
  54. 54. Mumbai
  55. 55. Montevideo
  56. 56. Reykjavik
  57. 57. Budapest
  58. 58. Randstad
  59. 59. Download: h`p://bit.ly/29CdNda
  60. 60. #COMPLEX #DIVERSITY Photos by @icalzada & @flickr
  61. 61. FINAL REMARKS: IdenAdad y su adaptación/transformación (cambio) en las ciudades-regiones Europeas (e internacionales) va a estar determinada por la manera en la que cada ciudad responda a transformaciones urbanas que nos afectan ya de manera interdependiente, en forma de arAculación en el corto y largo de estrategias y políAcas para: A) Riesgos globales: Sostenibilidad, resiliencia, vulnerabilidad, impredecibilidad. B) Avances tecnológicos: Smartness. •  Big data/open data: Smart CiAes como arAculación de propuestas mulAstakeholder. •  Urban Living Labs como experimentación en la gobernanza urbana. •  Mezcla entre la migración, la innovación social, barrios-pueblos y parAcipación local coordinada. •  Evolución económica de las ciudades. C) Descentralización de los poderes insAtucionales y reformas políAcas: Devolu:on.
  62. 62. Dr Igor Calzada, MBA Lecturer & Senior Research Fellow Urban Transforma%ons & Future of Ci%es University of Oxford @icalzada www.igorcalzada.com igor.calzada@compas.ox.ac.uk Skype: icalzada (0) 1865 274687 Eskerrik asko Gracias Thank you

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