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Chapter 27:The Physical Geography of East Asia A Rugged Terrain
Landforms and Resources The Great Wall of China was built to protect China from invaders crossing the Steppes of Central Asia. It stretches from the Yellow Sea to the Gobi Desert making it thousands of miles long. It remains one of the largest building feats in history.
Mountains and Plateaus Kunlun Mts.- Located in the west of China – The source of 2 of China’s great rivers QinlingShandi Mts.- Divide the northern part of China from the south
Plateaus and PlainsGobi Desert- stretches from northwest China in Mongolia. –Covers more than 500,000 sq. miles (larger than TX and CA combined!)
Peninsulas and Islands Theeastern coast of China features several peninsulas – Shandong – Leizou – Macao- owned by Portugal until 1999 Peninsulasmake it possible for several major port cities to develop
Islands Isolation of islands has permitted them to develop in great security and peace unlike some parts of the mainland Developed trading economies Hainan Hong Kong- became independent from Britain in 1997 Japan Taiwan
River Systems Huang He (Yellow River) of northern China – starts in the Kunlun Mts. And empties into the Yellow Sea • Get their names from the yellow silt found in the river – Also called “China’s Sorrow” because of the terrible floods that it has caused
River Systems Cont’d The Chang Jiang (Yangtze River) is the longest river in all of Asia – Means “long river” – Flows about 3,900 miles from Tibet to the East China Sea – Major trade route since ancient times – Floods frequently
River Systems Cont’d TheXi Jiang (West River)-runs through south of China – Joins with 3 other rivers to form an estuary (where the river’s current meets the ocean’s tides) between Hong Kong and Macao – Important mineral resources found in the river’s valley
Resources Limited land for agriculture due to mts. Population concentrated in the East where river basins are located – Great for growing rice Large energy reserves of petroleum, coal, and natural gas River systems provide crop irrigation, hydroelectric power and transportation
High Latitude Climate Zones Severely cold, dry climates Subarctic-occur in small area along Mongolia’s and China’s northern borders w/ Russia – Cool to cold summers – Brutally cold winters Highland-found mostly in western China – Temp varies with latitude and elevation • The higher north the lat. & the higher the elev., the colder the climate
Mid-Latitude Zones Moderate climates make this area more comfortable to live in Humid Continental- NE China, N Korea, N. South Korea and N Japan – Coniferous forests – Temperate grasslands (good for grazing) Humid Subtropical-SE China, S South Korea, S Japan, & N Taiwan – Deciduous and coniferous forests
Dry Zones Not well suited for agriculture Not much settled by people Semiarid- made up of parts of the Mongolian Plateau – Short grasses-good for grazing Desert- mostly found in west central area of the mainland. – Taklimakan Desert- located in W China between the Tian Shan and Kunlun Mts – Gobi Desert- located in N China and SE Mongolia • Prime area for finding dinosaur fossils.
Tropical Zones Contain mainly wet climates Most common vegetation is the rain forest Small
The Three Gorges Dam Being built on the Chang Jiang in China Help control flooding along the river Generate power Allow ships to sail farther into China Will be the world’s biggest dam – 600ft high and a mile long At least 1,000 towns and villages will disappear under the water of the reservoir Will cost $75 billion
The Use of Urban Space in Japan Morethan 60% of the Japanese population live on only 3% of the land – Highly polluted Small houses One- BR apartments for a family of four! Landfill- a method of solid waste disposal in which trash is buried between layers of dirt
Write ½ to 1 page paper using this topic: How would your life be different if you lived in a crowded city like Tokyo, which has a population density of 9500 people/ sq. mi versus living in Friendswood? Think about transportation, housing, sanitation, etc when writing your paper