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Development of Monitoring and Evaluation System for Rural Development.pptx


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Development of Monitoring and Evaluation System for Rural Development.pptx

  1. 1. MARIEL D. ARAGON Discussant Development of Monitoring and Evaluation System for Rural Development Josefina B. Bitonio Professor MPA 213 3
  2. 2. Monitoring and Evaluation for learning and performance improvement “Monitoring” refers to the systematic and continuous collection and analysis of information to give implementers and other stakeholders’ feedback on the progress and effectiveness of the PRDP as well as factors that positively and adversely affect implementation. “Evaluation” on the other hand pertains to assessment to which program development objectives have been achieved at end of program or likely to be achieved during implementation. Emphasis is about how outputs, process and resources (inputs) are actually translating to or likely to translate to results or benefits anticipated when the program was conceptualized
  3. 3. Monitoring and Evaluation for learning and performance improvement The processes of planning, monitoring and evaluation make up the Result-Based Management (RBM) approach, which is intended to aid decision-making towards explicit goals. Planning helps to focus on results that matter, while M&E facilitates learning from past successes and challenges and those encountered during implementation.
  4. 4. A successful M&E system must allocate the following: 1. sufficient budget 2. sufficient time 3. sufficient capacity and expertise 4. sufficient flexibility Monitoring and Evaluation for learning and performance improvement
  5. 5. Comparison of monitoring, review and evaluation Monitoring Review Evaluation When? On-going Regular periodic - often six monthly or annually (see Implementation support) Periodic - mid-term, completion and ex post Why? To check progress, take remedial actions when needed To review progress and adjust implementation strategy as needed To learn broad lessons applicable to other programmes/ projects and as an input to policy review. To provide accountability
  6. 6. Rural Development the process of improving the quality of life and economic well- being of people living in rural areas, often relatively isolated and sparsely populated areas.
  7. 7. Basic Elements of Rural Development 1. Necessities in Life - Includes food, shelter, clothes , basic education 3. Freedom - Economic freedom 2. Self Respect - every person seeks some sort of dignity. The deficiency of it indicates lack of development
  8. 8. Rural Problems 1. Less income 2. Low productivity 3. Absence of economic and social infrastructure 4. No capital 5. Lack of cultural and education activities
  9. 9. COMBATING POVERTY IN THE PHILIPPINES 1. Greater Access to Education - A factor of systemic poverty is a lack of access to education in impoverished areas. People gain basic skills and increased job opportunities through education, which can help to combat poverty in the Philippines 2. Greater Access to Healthcare - In an effort to improve the healthcare system, President Duterte signed the Universal Healthcare Act in February 2019. The UHC Act provides access to the full spectrum of healthcare by enrolling citizens in the National Insurance Program and granting health coverage to all.
  10. 10. COMBATING POVERTY IN THE PHILIPPINES 3. Family Aid - further efforts to support citizens, the government implemented the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) in 2007. The 4Ps is is a conditional cash transfer program for impoverished households. 4. Economic Improvement - With the goal of reducing poverty by strengthening economics, President Duterte signed the Rice Tariffication Law in February 2019, amending the Agricultural Tariffication Act of 1996.
  11. 11. COMBATING POVERTY IN THE PHILIPPINES 5. Build, Build, Build - Additionally, the Duterte administration created the “Build, Build, Build” infrastructure plan in 2017. The initial goal of the program was to complete 75 projects, but Duterte revised the plan to instead target finishing 100 projects..
  12. 12. Approach The project provides technical and funding assistance to local government units and producer groups or organizations to: (a) improve their agriculture commodity and investment planning and prioritization; (b) support the development and implementation agriculture-related infrastructure investments and agri-enterprise development subprojects; and (c) strengthen conservation and protection of selected critical coastal and marine protected areas. It also uses tools such as geotagging, value chain analysis and expanded vulnerability and suitability assessments to help guide public investments toward a modern, value-chain oriented, and climate-resilient agriculture and fisheries sector.
  13. 13. Challenge The agriculture sector contributes roughly 9 percent of the country’s GDP and continuously provides jobs to close to a quarter of working Filipinos. For many years, rural dwellers suffered from low incomes and limited opportunities for gainful employment. Many are poor and uncompetitive, due to constraints brought about by insufficient production inputs, lack of farm machineries and equipment, limited access to credit, and poor access to market, among others. Destructive weather events are also a major concern, disproportionately affecting the poor and the most vulnerable, many of whom reside in rural areas. The COVID-19 pandemic likewise increased unemployment including among those in the countryside.
  14. 14. Result Started in 2015, the project has achieved the following major accomplishments: • Provided agricultural assets and/or services to about 372,000 farmer and fisherfolk beneficiaries, 46 percent of whom are female beneficiaries. An additional 378,00 are and will be benefitting of ongoing and pipeline subprojects. • Constructed/rehabilitated over 1,000 kilometers of farm-to-market roads (and another 1,100 kilometers are underway). These resulted in reduction of travel time by 33 percent and reduction in transport costs by 22 percent.
  15. 15. Result • Provided potable water to some 6,600 households. Another 15,700 households will benefit once the remaining potable water supply systems are completed. • Provided technical and funding assistance to some 66,100 beneficiaries of agri- enterprises. These resulted to an average of 113 percent increase in real household income. • Improved technical capacity of 81 Provincial Local Government Units (PLGUs) to plan and manage subprojects for developing the agriculture sector. All the PLGUs now have Provincial Commodity Investment Plans (PCIPs) which served as the basis in prioritizing agricultural commodities and investments funded under the project.
  16. 16. Moving Forward • The PRDP tools, approaches and strategies are being mainstreamed and integrated in the regular (locally funded) programs and activities of DA. The Value Chain Analysis and PCIPs have been used in updating the Regional Agriculture Fisheries and Modernization Plans as well as in the regular programs’ planning, budgeting and monitoring and evaluation activities. Infrastructure subproject engineering and design parameters are likewise now used as guide for locally funded subprojects. Some safeguards guidelines have also been introduced for consideration in the review and implementation of other projects and programs.
  17. 17. REFERENCES https://assignmentpoint.com/principles-rural-development/ https://agriinfo.in/basic-elements-of-rural-development-1456/ https://www.slideshare.net/jobitonio/mpa-211-rural-development https://businessmirror.com.ph/2022/04/05/pandemic-sets-back-phlstargets-to-wipe-out- poverty/#:~:text=Based%20on%20the%20Upper%20middle,and%2040.9%20percent%20in%202024. https://borgenproject.org/tag/poverty-in-the-philippines/ https://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/publication/156698/adbi-dp61.pdf https://www.pledgefoundation.org/blog/importance-of-rural-development http://prdp.da.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/Monitoring-and-Evaluation-Unit.pdf https://www.fao.org/investment-learning-platform/themes-and-tasks/monitoring-and-evaluation/en/

Notes de l'éditeur

  • A successful M&E system must allocate the following:
    sufficient budget (for information management, participatory monitoring activities, field visits, surveys, etc.);
    sufficient time (for a start-up phase that is long enough to establish the M&E system, conduct  a baseline survey, train staff and partners, include primary stakeholders in M&E, monitor and reflect);
    sufficient capacity and expertise (to support M&E development, skilled and well-trained people required for good quality data collection and analysis) for M&E. If appropriate, external expertise in design for a baseline study and an impact evaluation should be engaged;
    sufficient flexibility in project design enabling the M&E system to influence the project strategy during implementation.
  • Monitoring, review and evaluation all deal with collection, analysis and use of information to enable decisions to be made. There is some overlap and all are concerned with systematic learning, but broadly, the three processes can be distinguished as shown in Figure 1. Each type of data collection has defined reporting templates and essential data is consistently incorporated into a management information system (MIS, see below).
  • Rural development has traditionally centered on the exploitation of land-intensive natural resources such as agriculture and forestry. However, changes in global production networks and increased urbanization have changed the character of rural areas. Rural development is a comprehensive term. It essentially focuses on an action for the development of areas outside the mainstream urban economic system. We should think of what type of rural development is needed because the modernization of the village leads to urbanization and the village environment disappears.
  • People have certain basic needs, without which it would be impossible (or very difficult) for them to survive.  The basic necessitates include food, clothes, shelter, basic literacy, primary health care and security of life and property.  When any one or all of them are absent or in critically short supply, we may state that a condition of ‘absolute underdevelopment’ exists.  Provision of the basic necessities of life to everybody is the primary responsibility of all economies, whether they are capitalist, socialist, or mixed.  In this sense, we may claim that economic growth is a necessary condition for improvement of the ‘quality of life’ or rural people, which is rural development. 2.  Self Respect:
    Every person and every nation seeks some sort of self-respect, dignity or honour.  Absence or denial of self-respect indicates lack of development. 3.  Freedom:
    In this context, freedom refers to political or ideological freedom, economic freedom and freedom from social servitude.  As long as society is bound by the servitude of men to nature, ignorance, other men, institutions and dogmatic beliefs, it can not claim to have achieved the goal of ‘development’. Servitude in any from reflects a state of underdevelopment.
  • The Philippine Rural Development Project is a six-year (6) project designed to establish the government platform for a modern, climate-smart and market-oriented agri-fishery sector. PRDP will partner with the LGUs and the private sector in providing key infrastructure, facilities, technology, and information that will raise incomes, productivity, and competitiveness in the countryside.
    Development Objectives
    Within the six-year (6) project intervention, it is expected to provide the following outcomes:
    At least five percent (5%) increase in annual real farm incomes of PRDP in household beneficiaries
    30% increase in income for targeted beneficiaries of enterprise development
    Seven percent (7%) increase in value of annual marketed output
    Twenty percent (20%) increase in number of farmers and fishers with improved access to DA services
  • In response to the challenges due to COVID-19 lock down/enhanced community quarantine that started in March 2020, the project helped contribute to the restoration of food supply chains by mobilizing the assets and resources of the beneficiary-producer groups. The project also strengthened capacity and linked beneficiary-producer groups to e-commerce and online platforms which facilitated transportation and delivery of agricultural commodities to the markets. A Second Additional Financing is being proposed and has been retrofitted to support the Government’s economic recovery response to COVID-19 that focuses on food security.