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EMERGENCE OF URBAN COMMUNITY AND RISE OF METROPOLIS.pptx

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EMERGENCE OF URBAN COMMUNITY AND RISE OF METROPOLIS.pptx

  1. 1. EMERGENCE OF URBAN COMMUNITY AND RISE OF METROPOLIS M P A 2 1 3 - M A N A G E M E N T O F R U R A L A N D U R B A N D E V E L O P M E N T P R E S E N T E D T O : D R . J O S E F I N A B I T O N I O P R E S E N T E D B Y : K O W R E E N B . M A C A M H A Z E L R . C A R I A S O
  2. 2. URBAN AREA/COMMUNITY • a region surrounding a city. • inhabitants have non-agricultural jobs. • a developed area with a high density of population, human structures such as houses, commercial buildings, roads, bridges and railways.
  3. 3. URBANIZATION • a process whereby populations move from rural to urban areas.
  4. 4. METROPOLIS • from a Greek word meaning "mother city" • also called as metropolitan area. • a major city together with its suburbs and nearby cities, towns, and environ. • major city exercises a commanding economic and social influence. • larger metropolitan areas are dominated by EXURBS and SUBURBS.
  5. 5. EXURBAN VS. SUBURBAN • generally in the metropolitan areas, but outside the built-up urban areas. EXURBAN • are largely within the continuous built-up urban areas. SUBURBAN
  6. 6. HISTORY OF CITIES • First cities appeared thousand of years ago in areas where the land was fertile such as: ⚬ Mesopotamia - around 7500 BCE which includes Eridu, Uruk and Ur ⚬ Communities between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers (the so-called Fertile Crescent) ⚬ Along Nile river ⚬ Indus river valley in India subcontinent ⚬ Yellow (or Huang) river in China
  7. 7. PATTERN OF CITY PLANNING The importance of the Ancient World EGYPT, GREECE, ROME is that it established a long-lasting pattern of planning for cities. Cities are built upon four basis: • PHYSICAL base of the city is that visible manifestation of building, roads, parks and other features that it forms. • ECONOMIC base of the city provides a reason for existence. • POLITICAL base of the city is essential for its order. • SOCIAL base is essential for city meaning. Planning of the cities of the ancient world was the precursor of what we consider the urban pattern
  8. 8. ORIGIN OF URBANIZATION • Earliest urban life begin from Middle East (known as Iraq now) around 3.500 BC. • India, China and Mexico were the oldest urban communities. • Chang, an (known as Xian today) and Hangzhou were the world largest cities in the 13th century which had one million population. • London did not reached one million population until 1700 due to limit of foods and transportation both size and shares of world’s urban population were very low. • In 1850 London, Paris and Beijing were the home of more than millions inhibiters.
  9. 9. ORIGIN OF URBANIZATION • There were 25 largest cities • Most rapid and extensively urbanization occurred in America, Australia, and Europe during firsthalf of twentieth century. • New York become mostcongested city, while urbanization were very slow in others parts of world. • In 1950 quarter population of the world lived in urban areas, in developed countries process ofurbanization were reached at peak.
  10. 10. 7 TYPES OF URBAN PLANNING 1 STRATEGIC URBAN PLANNING ⚬ focuses on setting high-level goals and determining desired areas of growth for a city or metropolitan area. 2 LAND-USE PLANNING ⚬ largely concerns legislation and policy, adopting planning instruments like governmental statutes, regulations, rules, codes, and policies to influence land use. ⚬ Residential, commercial, industrial, municipal. 3 MASTER PLANNING ⚬ typically used for greenfield development projects, or building on undeveloped land—instead of modifying pre-existing structures or spaces, you’re starting from
  11. 11. 7 TYPES OF URBAN PLANNING 4 URBAN REVITALIZATION ⚬ focuses on improving areas that are in a state of decline. ⚬ community interaction is especially important with this urban planning concept, as local residents and business owners often have insights that can help inform and tailor planning efforts. 5 ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ⚬ identifying areas of growth to foster greater financial prosperity within the city, specifically by enticing companies to build or move offices there.
  12. 12. 7 TYPES OF URBAN PLANNING 6 ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING ⚬ a type of strategic development that emphasizes sustainability. 7 INFRASTRUCTURE PLANNING ⚬ deals with the fundamental facilities and systems that serve a city and its people, and how those facilities can support goals laid out in the strategic plan. ⚬ It covers public works infrastructure, community infrastructure, safety and transportation
  13. 13. URBAN DEVELOPMENT AND ITS FORMS: ORIGINS AND NEW CHALLENGES FOR THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY • In history, there is evidence of permanent human settlements at around 10 000 B.P., before the discovery of agriculture. • There was a trend of growth of population due to better territory control. • This growth of population showed some constraints as the communities of hunters and gatherers could not sustain increased pressure on the environment by human inhabitants without collapsing.
  14. 14. URBAN DEVELOPMENT AND ITS FORMS: ORIGINS AND NEW CHALLENGES FOR THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY • First form of urban space: that of a classic container: ⚬ an imposing mass of monumental buildings ⚬ usually protected by a wall and surrounded by closely built residential quarters ⚬ workshops ⚬ minor shrines or temples and markets threaded by alleys, streets, or processional ways ⚬ the whole area enclosed by one or more heavy walls, moats, and canals and entered only through massive gates
  15. 15. THE DEVELOPMENT OF PHILIPPINE CITIES BEFORE 1900 • Sustained growth of Manila and of provincial urbanism began with the rise of commercial agriculture and the stimulation of internal trade in the late eighteenth to middle nineteenth centuries. • At the end of this final segment of Spanish rule a culturally unified indigenous upper strata (the ilustrados) had evolved whose economic position generally was based on land ownership and commercial agriculture. • The growing mass of Philippine society was poor and often exploited. Because early nascent provincial urbanism faded, the patterns of urban social-spatial arrangements which evolved in the nineteenth century came to form the base on which the changes of the present century have been enacted.
  16. 16. METROPOLIS IN THE PHILIPPINES • The Philippine National Framework for Physical Planning: 2001–2030 (NFPP) has identified 12 metropolitan areas as the country’s leading industrial, financial, and technological centers that serve as the main hubs for international trade. ⚬ Metro Manila ⚬ Metro Cebu ⚬ Metro Davao ⚬ Metro Cagayan de Oro ⚬ Metro Angeles ⚬ Metro Iloilo ⚬ Metro Bacolod ⚬ Metro Naga ⚬ Metro Baguio ⚬ Metro Batangas ⚬ Metro Dagupan and ⚬ Metro Olongapo.
  17. 17. METROPOLIS IN THE PHILIPPINES • Metro Manila ranks as the most densely populated area among the identified metropolitan areas. • Metro Cagayan de Oro is the least dense area • Metro Manila, the largest urban agglomeration, has been the political and economic driver of the nation since Spanish colonial times (Figure 8)
  18. 18. 2009–2016 describes the vision for urban development as a system that facilitates economic growth, develops and strengthens local competitive advantage, and significantly improves the quality of life of its residents.
  19. 19. METROPOLITAN ARRANGEMENT IN THE PHILIPPINES • According to the Philippine Institute for Development Studies, Metropolitan arrangements vs. decentralization contemporary regional development phenomenon occurring in the Philippines is the emergence of new regional spaces through the formation of metropolitan arrangements. A metropolitan arrangement is a conglomeration of a highly urbanized city and the local government units contiguous to it, engaging in co- operative urban development ventures
  20. 20. CLASSIFICATION OF CITIES IN THE PHILIPPINES • highly urbanized cities or component cities ⚬ have a minimum population of 200,000 and an annual income of at least fifty million Philippine pesos (₱50 M) • component cities ⚬ part of the province where they are located • independent component cities ⚬ their charters prohibit their voters from voting for elective provincial officials and they are independent of the provinces where they are located
  21. 21. SAMPLE 2021 RANKINGS OF HIGHLY URBANIZED CITIES
  22. 22. REFERENCES: • https://education.nationalgeographic.org/resource/urban-area • https://www.sociologygroup.com/meaning-of-urban-community/ • https://www.conserve-energy-future.com/causes-effects-solutions- urbanization.php?fbclid=IwAR130dKAAPTxBauoiEQeVh7B6H8OQujxyJmLitwXXlY8NH_K7HDydJnnwr8 • https://www.britannica.com/topic/metropolitan-area • https://www.newgeography.com/content/005961-larger-metropolitan-areas-dominated-suburban-exurban-population • https://education.nationalgeographic.org/resource/history-cities • https://primumnilnocerefiles.files.wordpress.com/2017/06/03_plan-201-history.pdf • https://www.academia.edu/27146319/Comparative_Study_Origin_and_Growth_of_Urbanization_in_Develop_and_Developing_Worlds • https://www.clearpointstrategy.com/types-of-urban-planning/ • http://eolss.net/Sample-Chapters/C13/E1-20-03-21.pdf • https://issuu.com/ryacat/docs/pidspn9810 • https://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/publication/42817/philippines-national-urban-assessment.pdf • https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/229764393.pdf • https://www.philatlas.com/cities.html • https://cmci.dti.gov.ph/rankings-data.php?unit=Highly%20Urbanized%20Cities
  23. 23. THANK YOU

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