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URBAN DECLINE AND SUCCESS.pptx

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URBAN DECLINE AND SUCCESS.pptx

  1. 1. URBAN DECLINE AND SUCCESS PROFESSOR: DOC. JOSEFINA B. BITONIO PRESENTER: GAREY C. LAROYA SUBJECT: MPA 213
  2. 2. The Philippines is a highly urbanized nation. As early as 1980, urbanization was at 37.2%, and by 1990 it had reached 48.6%. In 2000, urban areas were home to 48.1% of the country’s 76.5 million inhabitants; by 2010, those areas accounted for 48.9% of a total population of 94 million. Although the level of urbanization has been relatively steady with some fluctuation, there has been a steep increase in total urban population during the last decade. In merely 2 decades, the national population grew from 60 million in 1990 to 94 million by 2010. REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES NATIONAL URBANIZATION ASSESSMENT
  3. 3. 1. Metro Manila 2. Metro Cebu 3. Metro Davao 4. Metro Cagayan de Oro 5. Metro Angeles 6. Metro Iloilo 7. Metro Bacolod 8. Metro Naga 9. Metro Baguio 10. Metro Batangas 11. Metro Dagupan 12. Metro Olongapo URBANIZATION The Philippine National Framework for Physical Planning (NFPP) has identified 12 metropolitan areas as the country’s leading industrial, financial, and technological centers that serve as the main hubs for international trade.
  4. 4. Growth and decline of urban areas can result in thriving areas or zones of abandonment leaving lasting effects. A need to examine common urban growth and decline factors such as housing issues, gentrification, social issues, and disamenity zones must be considered. URBAN DECLINE AND SUCCESS
  5. 5. Urban growth is the process by which a population increases, either by acquiring new land or by developing existing areas. It can result in urban sprawl, where the suburbs or outer parts of a city expand into rural areas. It's usually a consequence of educational, employment, and lifestyle opportunities. URBAN GROWTH By comparison, urban decline occurs when businesses leave an area, people lose their jobs, and residents relocate. In the process, land in some areas and neighborhoods may lose their value, resulting in zones of abandonment where empty buildings often fall prey to accumulating garbage, crime, and vandalism. URBAN DECLINE
  6. 6. (i) absence of a comprehensive national urban policy; (ii) absence of a lead agency for urban development; (iii) weaknesses in the fiscal decentralization framework; and (iv) metropolitan fragmentation and weak mechanisms for inter-jurisdictional coordination. KEY CHALLENGES FOR URBANIZATION IN THE PHILIPPINES There are a number of key challenges related to governance and institutions that are hampering successful urbanization.
  7. 7. 1. Managing urbanization for efficiency and growth. 2. Improving city competitiveness for local economic development and job creation. 3. Promoting inclusive growth by creating opportunities for the urban poor. 4. Strengthening institutions and governance of metropolitan areas for efficient service delivery and sustainable urban planning and management. 5. Improving land administration and management to open up land markets. FOSTERING COMPETITIVE, SUSTAINABLE AND INCLUSIVE CITIES Consideration for this reform are the following areas :
  8. 8. RECOMMENDATIONS 1. Strengthen the institutional framework supporting urban development through the adoption of a Philippine National Urban Policy and the establishment of a Lead Agency for Urban Development and Housing; 2. Strengthen metropolitan governance and service delivery through the Reform of Metropolitan Coordination Arrangements in the Philippines and its secondary urban areas; and 3. Strengthen accountability systems for local service delivery through Fiscal Decentralization Reforms.
  9. 9. “ In urbanization, you think big because you are thinking decades ahead.” - Kushal Pal Singh
  10. 10. REFERENCES: • https://study.com/academy/lesson/issues-of-growth-decline-in-urban-areas.html • https://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/publication/42817/philippines-national-urban- assessment.pdf • https://documents1.worldbank.org/curated/en/963061495807736752/pdf/114088- REVISED-PUBLIC-Philippines-Urbanization-Review-Full-Report.pdf
  11. 11. THANK YOU

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