PROFESSOR: DOC. JOSEFINA B. BITONIO
PRESENTER: GAREY C. LAROYA
SUBJECT: MPA 213
The Philippines is a highly urbanized nation. As early as 1980, urbanization was at
37.2%, and by 1990 it had reached 48.6%. In 2000, urban areas were home to 48.1% of the
country’s 76.5 million inhabitants; by 2010, those areas accounted for 48.9% of a total
population of 94 million. Although the level of urbanization has been relatively steady with
some fluctuation, there has been a steep increase in total urban population during the last
decade. In merely 2 decades, the national population grew from 60 million in 1990 to 94
million by 2010.
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES NATIONAL
1. Metro Manila
2. Metro Cebu
3. Metro Davao
4. Metro Cagayan de Oro
5. Metro Angeles
6. Metro Iloilo
7. Metro Bacolod
8. Metro Naga
9. Metro Baguio
10. Metro Batangas
11. Metro Dagupan
12. Metro Olongapo
The Philippine National Framework for Physical Planning (NFPP) has identified 12
metropolitan areas as the country’s leading industrial, financial, and technological centers that
serve as the main hubs for international trade.
Growth and decline of
urban areas can result in thriving
areas or zones of abandonment
leaving lasting effects. A need to
examine common urban growth
and decline factors such as
housing issues, gentrification,
social issues, and disamenity
zones must be considered.
Urban growth is the process by
which a population increases, either by
acquiring new land or by developing
existing areas. It can result in urban
sprawl, where the suburbs or outer
parts of a city expand into rural areas.
It's usually a consequence of
educational, employment, and lifestyle
By comparison, urban decline
occurs when businesses leave an area,
people lose their jobs, and residents
relocate. In the process, land in some
areas and neighborhoods may lose
their value, resulting in zones of
abandonment where empty buildings
often fall prey to accumulating
garbage, crime, and vandalism.
(i) absence of a comprehensive national urban policy;
(ii) absence of a lead agency for urban development;
(iii) weaknesses in the fiscal decentralization framework; and
(iv) metropolitan fragmentation and weak mechanisms for inter-jurisdictional coordination.
KEY CHALLENGES FOR URBANIZATION IN THE
There are a number of key challenges related to governance and institutions that are hampering
1. Managing urbanization for efficiency and growth.
2. Improving city competitiveness for local economic development and job creation.
3. Promoting inclusive growth by creating opportunities for the urban poor.
4. Strengthening institutions and governance of metropolitan areas for efficient service delivery and
sustainable urban planning and management.
5. Improving land administration and management to open up land markets.
FOSTERING COMPETITIVE, SUSTAINABLE
AND INCLUSIVE CITIES
Consideration for this reform are the following areas :
1. Strengthen the institutional framework supporting urban development through the adoption of a Philippine
National Urban Policy and the establishment of a Lead Agency for Urban Development and Housing;
2. Strengthen metropolitan governance and service delivery through the Reform of Metropolitan Coordination
Arrangements in the Philippines and its secondary urban areas; and
3. Strengthen accountability systems for local service delivery through Fiscal Decentralization Reforms.
“ In urbanization, you think big because you are
thinking decades ahead.”
- Kushal Pal Singh
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