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Abstract expressionism power point

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Abstract expressionism power point

  1. 1. Abstract Expressionism<br />By: Joe Wafer<br />
  2. 2. What is it?<br />Started in New York City during the mid 1940’s<br />Applied paint rapidly to huge canvases<br />Looks as if accidental but is highly planned<br />No effort to show subject<br />Drew from Surrealist methods of unconscious generation of ideas<br />Expressive method of painting was as important as painting itself<br />
  3. 3. Types of Paintings<br />Two different types of paintings<br />Action painting and Color field painting<br /><ul><li>Action Painting
  4. 4. Wanted to show texture in the paint
  5. 5. Showing movement of the artists hand
  6. 6. Color Field Painting
  7. 7. Concerned with color and shape
  8. 8. Wanted to create peaceful and spiritual paintings
  9. 9. No representative subject matter</li></li></ul><li>Action Painting Techniques<br />Used large brushes & dribbled or splashed paint onto canvas<br />Used Large Canvases<br />Wanted to achieve spontaneous effect<br />Vigorous, sweeping brushstrokes to show emotion<br />Work placed emphasis on painting process itself rather than the finished piece<br />No representative subject matter<br />Believed spontaneity could be drawn from unconscious mind (Surrealism)<br />
  10. 10. Jackson Pollock<br />Began to study paint in 1929 at the Arts Students’ League<br />Fixed canvas on floor or wall<br />Dripped or splashed paint onto the canvas<br />Manipulated canvas with sticks, knives or towels<br />Used Surrealist methods, generating ideas and creativity through the unconscious mind.<br />
  11. 11. Jackson Pollock, Guardians of the Secret(1943)<br />
  12. 12. Jackson Pollock, Blue (Moby Dick) (1943)<br />
  13. 13. Jackson Pollock, Lavender Mist: Number 1 (1959)<br />
  14. 14. Jackson Pollock, Blue Poles: Number II (1952)<br />
  15. 15. Pollock Video<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vy6Omz1bDPg<br />
  16. 16. Willem de Kooning<br />Studied art from 1916 until 1924 at Rotterdam Academy of Arts<br />Moved to U.S. shortly after where he worked as a painter and carpenter<br />Devoted himself entirely to painting in 1935<br />Started first “Woman” paintings in 1950<br />Did abstract landscapes from 1957-1961<br />
  17. 17. Willem de Kooning, Asheville (1948)<br />
  18. 18. Asheville-Depicted<br />
  19. 19. Willem de Kooning, Woman and Bicycle, (1953) <br />
  20. 20. Willem de Kooning, Woman I (1952)<br />
  21. 21. Willem de Kooning, Woman V (1953)<br />
  22. 22. Arshile Gorky<br />No formal training, studied the work of Cezanne, Picasso and Miró<br />Influenced by Surrealist ideas and Surrealist painters<br />Moved to America by 1920 and had his first solo art showing in 1931<br />Successive tragedy; studio burning down and destroying work, surgery, car accident; led to his suicide in 1948<br />Tragedies had effect on work<br />
  23. 23. Arshile Gorky, The Artist and His Mother (1936)<br />
  24. 24. Arshile Gorky, The Liver is the Cock’s Comb (1944)<br />
  25. 25. Color Field Painting techniques<br />Broad areas of low contrast color on shallow picture plane<br />Solid areas of color cover entire painting<br />Interested in effects of vast color filling the canvas “beyond infinity”<br />Paintings are very large<br />Meant to be seen up close so viewer is immersed in color environment.<br />Used color to create different effects on canvas<br />
  26. 26. Mark Rothko<br />Visited Arts Students League of New York where he began art career.<br />Instructed by Arshile Gorky<br />Influenced by ClyffordStill<br />1928 had own showing with other young artists<br />
  27. 27. Mark Rothko, Untitled (1949)<br />
  28. 28. Mark Rothko, No. 61: Rust and Blue (1953)<br />
  29. 29. Mark Rothko, Untitled Orange and Yellow (1956)<br />
  30. 30. Mark Rothko, Red on Maroon (1959)<br />
  31. 31. ClyffordStill<br />First solo show in San Francisco Museum of Art<br />Taught at California School of Fine Arts<br />Worked with Mark Rothko<br />Stayed away from the influences of Surrealism<br />Didn’t give names to his paintings to prevent any association with a specific subject<br />
  32. 32. ClyffordStill, Untitled 1947<br />
  33. 33. ClyffordStill, Untitled 1948<br />
  34. 34. ClyffordStill, 1948-C<br />
  35. 35. ClyffordStill, Number 2 (1949)<br />
  36. 36. What You Should Know<br />Action painting and Color Field painting<br />Artists were influenced by Surrealist principle of developing unconscious ideas<br />Paint applied by rapidly with force using wide brushes, splattering, or dripping onto huge canvases<br />Used wide sweeping brush strokes—easy to follow hand movement<br />Spontaneous look was highly planned<br />Used color to show texture and other effects on canvas<br />