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how to design an edible landscape: unleash your inner gardener

Whether you have a tiny yard or a large lot, you can have a beautiful garden and eat it too! Edible landscapes filled with trees, shrubs, berries and perennial vegetables are a beautiful, sustainable method of growing food for yourself, increasing biodiversity, and attracting birds.

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how to design an edible landscape: unleash your inner gardener

  1. 1. Echium vulgare (Viper’s bugloss) Danny Perez Photography, flickr joyce_hostyn@yahoo.com DESIGNINGedible landscapes
  2. 2. FUTURE dreaming into being a more beautiful The ultimate goal of farming is not the growing of crops, but the cultivation and perfection of human beings. ~Masanobu Fukuoka Sami Nurmi, flickr
  3. 3. Photo: James Ransom Enjoying the flavour explosion from hundreds of varieties of vegetables
  4. 4. Walking down streets lined with fruit trees Kelly Sparrow
  5. 5. Enjoying public spaces filled with edibles instead of grass Incroyables Comestibles Montreal
  6. 6. Melinda Young Stuart Building urban sanctuaries for bees, birds & wildlife
  7. 7. Imagination Grove: Matthew Browning Designing playspaces that ignite curiosity about the natural world
  8. 8. Manutan company, France Growing, harvesting & sharing meals with co-workers
  9. 9. permavieculture.com Buying produce from a neighbourhood market gardener
  10. 10. Stefan Sobkowiak‘s Miracle Farm (Peter McCabe/Montreal Gazette) Shopping at the local permaculture orchard
  11. 11. SPARK Architects Retiring to live and help farm a vertical agri-community
  12. 12. Surrounding ourselves with nature in the centre of the city
  13. 13. Lisa Jackson Healing with herbs from a local farmacy
  14. 14. Stumbling on random acts of free edibles Incroyables Comestibles Montreal
  15. 15. Rebuilding community by sharing harvests with neighbours
  16. 16. Reji, Garfield Play Park, Danny Perez Photography NUTURE edible landscapes
  17. 17. ParabolStudio Local resilience in the face of climate change
  18. 18. Restore life to the soil
  19. 19. Carol Von Canon, flickr Leave a living legacy for future generations
  20. 20. Can we eat our landscapes...? I wondered if it was possible to take a town like Todmorden and focus on local food to re-engage people with the planet we live on, create the sort of shifts in behaviour we need to live within the resources we have, stop us thinking like disempowered victims… ~Pam Warhurst
  21. 21. WISDOM remembering Maya Forest Gardens Mesoamerican Research Center
  22. 22. Kuhikugu is a complex network of over 20 cities. Silnei L Andrade Mayan Milpa Cycle was “one of the most successful human inventions ever created” Mayan Milpa Cycle
  23. 23. Jason Ballard Medieval potagers were a tapestry of vegetables, fruits, flowers & herbs
  24. 24. Pioneer gardens blended indigenous & European practices Karen Atkins, Little House on the Prairie
  25. 25. Masanobu Fukuoka partnered with nature with his Do Nothing approach
  26. 26. DESIGN edible landscape principles
  27. 27. Listen to your inner gardener Learn from nature Sculpt the land Cultivate relationships Celebrate natural beauty Play & have fun Practice zen & the art of editing
  28. 28. LISTEN TO YOUR INNER GARDENER Discover the magic in expressing who you are
  29. 29. Gardening is all about making really good food a part of my life on a daily basis. ~Joan Caine
  30. 30. I’m not a gardener. I’ve dehydrated cacti, drowned ‘indestructible’ house plants and even obliterated my perennial oregano! BUT, growing edibles does make me immensely happy. ~Jackie, thelovenlife.com
  31. 31. I love and identify with the common and vulgar, the feral and fierce. I’m as likely to call myself a weedwife and plant lover as clinical herbalist. ~Kiva Rose
  32. 32. Our object is not to grow food. It’s to grow, harvest, and eat spectacularly delicious food - food so delicious that eating it is one of life’s great pleasures. ~Carol Deppe, The Resilient Gardener
  33. 33. I grow plants for many reasons: to please my eye or to please my soul, to challenge the elements or to challenge my patience, for novelty or for nostalgia, but mostly for the joy in seeing them grow. ~David Hobson
  34. 34. There is nothing we can do that is so profound a rebellion, there is no act of eating that is so potent a blow for food quality and food system sanity – as to take back the corn crop in our own backyards and grow, breed, eat, and save seed of corn based upon an entirely different set of values. ~Carol Deppe Image: Garden Anywhere Box
  35. 35. Give a man a fish, he eats for a day. Teach a man to garden and the whole neighbourhood gets tomatoes. ~Suburban Stone Age
  36. 36. LEARN FROM NATURE Practice the art of observation
  37. 37. Ask what nature will help you do
  38. 38. British Columbia’s botanical garden, Portland Monthly Look to biodiversity for pollination & natural pest control
  39. 39. Learn the art of three-dimensional layering けんたま/KENTAMA, flickr
  40. 40. Discover beautiful edibles native to our region
  41. 41. Densely fill beds with a mix of native and exotic edibles & ornamentals
  42. 42. Experiment with local alternatives to edibles we can’t grow here Graeme Anderson, flickr
  43. 43. SCULPT THE LAND cultivate place, design mini-ecosystems
  44. 44. Shape microclimates with hugelkultur
  45. 45. Capture rainwater, attract birds & increase biodiversity with ponds
  46. 46. Try your hand at edible water plants
  47. 47. Divert runoff into an edible rain garden Michael Judd, Ecologia
  48. 48. Camouflage eyesores with edible & ornamental layers
  49. 49. Think in curves, keyholes & mandalas for beauty & productivity labyrinth food forest, ediblelandscapes.com
  50. 50. Grow more in a small space using a herb spiral
  51. 51. And if all you have is a wall, grow vertical Vertiplant, Nederland
  52. 52. CULTIVATE RELATIONSHIPS one plant is just a single note
  53. 53. Plants are social beings that thrive in communities
  54. 54. Juliet Blankespoor, Chestnut School of Herbal Medicine Mimic the biodiversity found within nature’s polycultures
  55. 55. Ask of each plant “what functions does it serve?” Michael Judd, Ecologia
  56. 56. Contrast textures, colours, shapes layers and functions Hedge Garden Design
  57. 57. Even black walnuts have many friends “One plant is just a single note; no matter how beautiful on its own, it needs other notes to form a melody. That’s where the real music can begin.” ~Roy Diblik, The Know Maintenance Perennial Garden
  58. 58. CELEBRATE BEAUTY Lift spirits, provoke smiles, add magic
  59. 59. “Let the beauty we love be what we do. There are hundreds of ways to kneel and kiss the ground.” ~Rumi
  60. 60. Treat vegetables as another element in your garden design palette Saxon Holt, PhotoBotanic
  61. 61. Work with different natural materials (stone, wood, metal, brick, water) Agricultural Urbanism
  62. 62. Treat fences, paths, edging and poles as design elements Jennifer Bartley
  63. 63. Choose contrasting containers & vary their heights Squaw Valley Herb Gardens
  64. 64. Blend a riot of textures, colours & shapes into a living wall of The Hairy Bikers’ Kitchen Garden, dogwooddays
  65. 65. Curve edges to soothe spirits (& increase productive space) gaisastable.com
  66. 66. See the beauty of mess for attracting songbirds & pollinators Brigitte Fortin, ecologia.com
  67. 67. Allow foliage to spill over straight edges pinehouseediblegardens.com
  68. 68. PLAY & HAVE FUN Don’t be too serious, start simple, experiment, make mistakes
  69. 69. Start simple with something easy to grow, beautiful & edible K. Shuyler flickr
  70. 70. Add a touch of whimsy
  71. 71. Discover the possibilities in edible ornamentals you’re already growing
  72. 72. Play with stumps, stones & boulders as beautiful, natural focal points
  73. 73. Allow your imagination free reign to create what you love Veddma, Fingering Zen
  74. 74. PRACTICE ZEN & THE ART OF EDITING Allow your garden to express itself Chestnut School of Herbal Medicine
  75. 75. Edible landscapes get better every year… grow with your garden!
  76. 76. Replace invasive plants with native, edible super foods
  77. 77. Allow your vegetables to bolt for beauty, birds, insects & seeds Hedge Garden Design and Nursery
  78. 78. If trees start to shade out vegetables, cultivate mushrooms
  79. 79. Plant densely, filling gaps to form a living mulch (weeds are your friends!)
  80. 80. Turn hollow stumps into hugelkultur containers
  81. 81. Adam Bindslev, flickr PALETTES
  82. 82. WALNUT GROVE
  83. 83. Wild roses (Rosa spp.) Snowberry (Symphoricarpos) Serviceberry (Amelanchier canadensis) Mulberry (Morus rubra) Elderberry (Sambucus spp.) Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) Redbud (Cercis canadensis) Sweet cicely (Myrrhis odorata) Spotted beebalm (Monarda punctata) Brown-eyed susan (Rudbeckia triloba) Columbine (Aquilegia canadensis) Sweet woodruff (Galium odoratum) Daylilies (Hemerocallis spp.) Woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca) Solomon’s seal (Polygonatum biflorum) Wild ginger (Asarum canadense) Eastern waterleaf (Hydrophyllum virginianum) Virgin’s bower (Clematis virginiana)
  84. 84. EAT YOUR ORNAMENTALS Toshihiro Gamo, Alickr
  85. 85. Hostas Crabapple (Malus spp.) Linden (Tilia cordata) Redbud (Cercis canadensis) Rose of sharon (Hibiscus syriacus) Rugosa rose (Rosa rugosa) Thyme (Thymus spp.) Showy stonecrop (Hylotelephium spectabile) Solomon’s seal (Polygonatum biflorum) Daylilies (Hemerocallis spp.) Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) Nannyberry (Viburnum lentago)
  86. 86. NATIVE BOUNTY WhatsAllThisThen, Alickr
  87. 87. Black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) New Jersey Tea (Ceanothus americanus) Mulberry (Morus rubra) Bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica ) American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius) Currant (Ribes spp.) Nodding Wild Onion (Allium cernuum) Anise Hyssop (Agastache foeniculum) Eastern waterleaf (Hydrophyllum virginianum) Wild ginger (Asarum canadense) False Solomon's Seal (Maianthemum racemosum) Mountain Mint (Pycnanthemum spp.) Broad-leaved toothwort (Cardamine diphylla) Groundnut (Apios americana) American cranberry (Viburnum trilobum) Coneflower (Echinacea)
  88. 88. URBAN ORCHARD
  89. 89. Lovage (Levisticum officinale) Wild Licorice (Glycyrrhiza lepidota) Anise hyssop (Agastache foeniculum) Wild Blue Indigo, (Baptisia australis) Rhubarb (Rheum rhabarbarum) Bronze fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) Sweet cicely (Myrrhis odorata) Strawberry (Fragaria spp.) Violets (Viola spp.) Apple (Malus spp.) ‘Connell red’ ‘Reinette Simirenko’ Oregano (Origanum spp.) Golden garlic (Allium moly)
  90. 90. & Shinko) Garden sorrel (Rumex acetosa ‘Profusion’) Lupin (Lupine spp.) Coneflower (Echinacea) Goumi (Elaeagnus multiflora) Horseradish (Armoracia rusticana) Dill (Anethum spp.) Sweet woodruff (Galium odoratum) Nasturtiums (Tropaeolum) Asian pear (Pyrus pyrifolia ‘Kenko’ ‘Yonashi’ Mountain mint (Pycnanthemum spp.) Garlic (Allium spp.) Kiwi (Actinidia arguta)
  91. 91. Chestnut School of Herbal Medicine NATURE’S PHARMACY
  92. 92. Witch Hazel (Hamamelis virginiana) Prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum) Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) Sage (Salvia officinalis) Wild ginger (Asarum canadense) Motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca) Cow parsnip (Heracleum maximum) Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium) Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba) Lungwort (Pycnanthemum spp.) Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa) Stinging nettles (Urtica dioica) St. John’s Wort (Hypericum perforatum) Hawthorn (Crataegus spp.) Fringe tree (Chionanthus virginicus)
  93. 93. MEDIEVAL POTAGER Jason Ballard
  94. 94. Skirret (Sium sisarum) Parsley (Petroselinum crispum) Chaste tree (Vitex agnus-castus) Good king henry (Chenopodium bonus-henricus) Betony (Stachys officinalis) Parsnip (Pastinaca sativa) Valerian (Valeriana officinalis) Medlar (Mespilus germanica) Thyme (Pycnanthemum spp.) Fava beans (Vicia faba) Mandrake (Mandragora officinarum) Salad burnet (Sanguisorba minor) Grapevines (Vitis spp.) Lavender (Lavandula spp.)
  95. 95. ASIAN COOKING & HERBAL Steph Zabel
  96. 96. Yellowhorn (Xanthoceras sorbifolia) Cornelian Cherry (Cornus mas) Chinese cedar (Toona sinensis) Five flavour berry (Schisandra chinensis) Garlic chives (Allium tuberosum ) Angelica, Korean (Angelica gigas) Sichuan pepper (Zanthoxylum simulans) Goumi (Elaeagnus multiflora) Chinese Artichoke (Stachys affinis) Japanese Plum Yew (Cephalotaxus harringtonia ) Jujube (Ziziphus jujuba)
  97. 97. EDIBLE FENCE metrofiledguide
  98. 98. False Indigo (Amorpha fruticosa) Wild gooseberry (Ribes hirtellum) Hazelnut hedgerow (Corylus americana) Buffaloberry (Shepherdia canadensis) Snowberry (Symphoricarpos) Wild Leek (Allium tricoccum) American pokeweed (Phytolacca americana) Great angelica (Angelica atropurpurea) Woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca) Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) Wild grape (Vitis riparia) Black Raspberry (Rubus occidentalis) Witherod/Wild raisin (Viburnum cassinoides) Pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) Wild plum (Prunus americana) Prickly Wild Rose (Rosa acicularis)
  99. 99. When everybody is going the wrong way, are you brave enough to go the true way? A man can transform the world's agriculture from what he learns from an apple tree. ~Akinori Kimura, What I Learned From The Apple Trees Theophilos Papadopoulos, flickr
  100. 100. Kate Ter Haar, flickr unleash your inner gardener joyce_hostyn@yahoo.com

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