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EarthCubeArchitectureWS_June2015

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Presentation that describes the experiences and insights of the IEDA data facility gained during the >10 years of building cyberinfrastructure for a long-tail community geochemistry

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EarthCubeArchitectureWS_June2015

  1. 1. Kerstin Lehnert: New Science Communities for Cyberinfrastructure - The Example of Geochemistry eResearch 2008 AGU 2012
  2. 2. Kerstin Lehnert: New Science Communities for Cyberinfrastructure - The Example of Geochemistry New Communities for CI “At the heart of the cyberinfrastructure vision is the development of a cultural community that supports peer-to-peer collaboration and new modes of education based upon broad and open access to leadership computing; data and information resources; online instruments and observatories; and visualization and collaboration services.” Dr. Arden L. Bement, Jr. Director of the US National Science Foundation
  3. 3. Kerstin Lehnert: New Science Communities for Cyberinfrastructure - The Example of Geochemistry Science Community & Culture “A community is a collection of persons sharing common values, shared goals, and similar practices.”  Scientific Approaches & Methods  Quality of Work & Evaluation  Recognition of Achievements  Publication/Sharing Culture
  4. 4. Understanding the Cultural & Social Challenges  Social & cultural standards such as norms of practice, shared terms & concepts play as much a key role in linking systems as do technical solutions.  The most significant problems that impede infrastructure development (‘Reverse Salients’) are not technical, but legal, political, social, or cultural.  Emerging infrastructures can be the site of intense conflict.  The path to infrastructure development is slow - decades, not months or years. “Robust cyberinfrastructure will develop only when social, organizational, and cultural issues are resolved in tandem with the creation of technology-based services.” “Robust cyberinfrastructure will develop only when social, organizational, and cultural issues are resolved in tandem with the creation of technology-based services.” ”History & Theory of Infrastructure: Lessons for the New Scientific Cyberinfrastructures” (P. Edwards et al., 2007)
  5. 5. Kerstin Lehnert: New Science Communities for Cyberinfrastructure - The Example of Geochemistry Community Reviews of Geochemical Database Proposals to the US NSF/GEO Culture Change in Geochemistry :1999 ““I remain skeptical that a database has everI remain skeptical that a database has ever generated any new scientific insight of greatgenerated any new scientific insight of great .significance.significance ”” :2005 ““ ,Easily accessible large databases of geochemical,Easily accessible large databases of geochemical data are vital for the continued growth of the earthdata are vital for the continued growth of the earth .sciences Funding this effort should be the highest.sciences Funding this effort should be the highest .priority.priority ”” ““In the last couple of years it has becomeIn the last couple of years it has become increasingly apparent that centralized databasesincreasingly apparent that centralized databases .are invaluable tools in the Earth Sciences This.are invaluable tools in the Earth Sciences This
  6. 6. Kerstin Lehnert: New Science Communities for Cyberinfrastructure - The Example of Geochemistry Impact of Databases  have revolutionized access to data in igneous petrology.  have changed the way science is done in igneous petrology.  have fundamentally contributed to new science.  have been embraced by the community.  triggered a culture change in geochemistry.
  7. 7. Kerstin Lehnert: New Science Communities for Cyberinfrastructure - The Example of Geochemistry Recognition “More than just a timesaver, these databases make it possible to address both global and regional questions that I would otherwise never bother to attempt. The amount of time saved is such that countless ideas cross from the realm of the totally impractical for a busy working scientist into the realm of easy to squeeze into a spare half hour. Simply put, I can now test theoretical ideas against all the world's data, and can readily compare any specific region I am working on to its global counterparts. This is a monumental benefit.” User feedback about the PetDB database, 2005
  8. 8. Kerstin Lehnert: New Science Communities for Cyberinfrastructure - The Example of Geochemistry Community Acceptance  Hundreds of citations in the literature  Thousands of unique users per month
  9. 9. Kerstin Lehnert: New Science Communities for Cyberinfrastructure - The Example of Geochemistry Culture Change  Community recognized the value of proper data management.  Community became aware of requirements for proper data curation, e.g. metadata.  Community has engaged in development of standards and best practices.  Community has started to develop and implement new policies for data sharing.
  10. 10. Kerstin Lehnert: New Science Communities for Cyberinfrastructure - The Example of Geochemistry Ingredients for Success  Systems provided substantial benefits for researchers. - Capabilities that did not exist before. - Capabilities that the individual cannot achieve.  Systems did initially not rely on contributions from the community.  Community liaison.  User friendliness.
  11. 11. IEDA Concept IN43D-07: Advancing Long Tail Data Capture and Access Through Trusted, Community-Driven Data Services at the IEDA Data Facility 11 ExpertiseExpertise ResponsivenessResponsiveness ReliabilityReliability QualityQuality UtilityUtility TrustTrust
  12. 12. 12 Responsiveness  Community liaison  Soliciting community input & feedback to IEDA  Providing input & feedback to science programs  Acting timely, reliably, & transparently on input & feedback  Providing support & guidance  Openness to collaboration & innovation IN43D-07: Advancing Long Tail Data Capture and Access Through Trusted, Community-Driven Data Services at the IEDA Data Facility 12
  13. 13. Kerstin Lehnert: New Science Communities for Cyberinfrastructure - The Example of Geochemistry Support from Professional Societies  Databases housing geochemical information should be available to the community at large. (open access)  The metadata are as important as the data.  Published data and metadata should be available in electronic format.  After final acceptance of a manuscript for publication, any new data that it contains should be submitted for entry into an established database, if an appropriate database exists.  Databases housing geochemical information should be available to the community at large. (open access)  The metadata are as important as the data.  Published data and metadata should be available in electronic format.  After final acceptance of a manuscript for publication, any new data that it contains should be submitted for entry into an established database, if an appropriate database exists.
  14. 14. Kerstin Lehnert: New Science Communities for Cyberinfrastructure - The Example of Geochemistry Support from Editors & Publishers  Joint policy approved! (2009) - Complete data publication: Authors need to present all data used in a publication (“if it is plotted it should be tabulated”). - Annotation: Authors need to provide essential metadata • Analytical procedure & data quality • Sample locations • Unique sample identifiers • Nature • Science • Earth & Planet Sci Lett • Chemical Geology • G-Cubed • Journal of Petrology • Geochim Cosmoc Acta • Geology • Contr Miner Petrology • Elsevier • GSA Publications • Springer  Editors Roundtable: Editors, Publishers, Databases  Goal: Implement Best Practices for Data ReportingBest Practices for Data Reporting
  15. 15. Goal: “Connect Earth Science publishers and Data Facilities to help translate the aspirations of open, available, and useful data from policy into practice.” 15 COPDESS (2014)
  16. 16. EarthCube RCNs  Address specific problems that will advance CI from within the science community - Need the domain science champions!  Integrate with relevant scientific communities and facilities. - Science programs, data facilities, sample repositories, analytical labs, etc.  Provide incentives to participate  Create new resources as demanded by researchers. Example of Geochemistry
  17. 17. Kerstin Lehnert: New Science Communities for Cyberinfrastructure - The Example of Geochemistry Credit: Sarah Chong, http://www.techinasia.com/we-trust-brands-on-social-networks- almost-as-much-as-we-trust-peers/

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