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The Future of Interlibrary Loan: How Do We Get There?

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The Future of Interlibrary Loan: How Do We Get There?

  1. 1. The Future of Interlibrary Loan: How Do We Get There? Beth Posner Head of Interlibrary Loan Services Mina Rees Library The CUNY Graduate Center [email_address]
  2. 2. The Roadmap <ul><ul><ul><li>From the Past </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Values </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mission </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>History </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Through the Present </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Current Landscape </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Successes and Challenges </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wider Trends </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To the Future </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What do we want the future to look like? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What can we do to prepare? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Future is Now – NYS IDS Project </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The Past <ul><li>History of ILL </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mission </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Values </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Copyright Law </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Codes and standards </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Communications </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Delivery </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OCLC </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Present – A Complex Landscape www Catalogs DB’s FIND GET Authen- ticate Resource Sharing Interlibrary Loan DELIVERY HTTP HTTPS SIP, NCIP , LDAP , Kerberos, proprietary, Shibboleth, etc . Z39.50 , OpenURL HTTP. HTTPS NCIP ISO ILL , GSM Postal, Commercial Delivery, Email , Fax , Post, OpenURL , Ariel, Odyssey, Relais Request Transfer Message Not implemented Some implementations Widely implemented DCB Doesn’t interoperate Selective interoperation Works HTTP HTTPS OpenURL, proprietary, Z39.50 , etc . X a standard X not a standard
  5. 5. The Present – Successes <ul><ul><li>OCLC ~ 10 million transactions/year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ILLiad </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reciprocal Agreements (LVIS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IFLA voucher scheme </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Present – Challenges <ul><li>Slow </li></ul><ul><li>Expensive </li></ul><ul><li>Labor intensive </li></ul><ul><li>Confusing </li></ul>
  7. 7. Opportunities in Related Fields <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Demographics </li></ul><ul><li>Museums and archives </li></ul><ul><li>Politics </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul>
  8. 8. Trends <ul><li>Globalization </li></ul>
  9. 9. Trends <ul><li>Privacy </li></ul>
  10. 10. Trends <ul><li>Piracy </li></ul>
  11. 11. Trends <ul><li>The Long Tail </li></ul>
  12. 12. Trends <ul><li>Digitization </li></ul>
  13. 13. Trends <ul><li>Open Access Publishing </li></ul>
  14. 14. Trends <ul><li>Millenial Generation Expectations </li></ul>
  15. 15. Trends <ul><li>Mobility </li></ul>
  16. 16. Trends <ul><li>Web 2.0 </li></ul>
  17. 17. Trends <ul><li>Open Source Technology </li></ul>
  18. 18. What Do We Want the Future to Look Like? <ul><li>For ILL Staff </li></ul><ul><li>For Patrons (and non-patrons) </li></ul><ul><li>For Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>For Publishers </li></ul><ul><li>For Authors </li></ul>
  19. 19. What Can We Do To Prepare? <ul><li>Be ready for change and to be change agents </li></ul><ul><li>Keep up with hot topics </li></ul><ul><li>Look beyond libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Involve all ILL staff and ILL patrons </li></ul><ul><li>Learn about other library departments/functions </li></ul>
  20. 20. The Future is Now <ul><li>Libraries are already Rethinking Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Pay all reasonable ILL fees for patrons. </li></ul><ul><li>Lend to countries around the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Digitize items that you cannot lend. </li></ul><ul><li>Allow audiovisual material and new items to circulate to non-patrons. </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiate license language so that e-serials can be lent and borrowed, subject to the same copyright guidelines as print material. </li></ul><ul><li>Lend old bound journals. </li></ul><ul><li>Allow renewals if not needed in your library. </li></ul><ul><li>Automatic renewals. </li></ul>
  21. 21. The Future is Now <ul><li>Libraries are already Rethinking Procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Set up open url resolvers so patrons can make requests for articles or books directly. </li></ul><ul><li>Use WorldCat Direct Request and custom holdings so that ILL requests can be unmediated. </li></ul><ul><li>Use ILL management software. </li></ul><ul><li>Post interlibrary loan articles online. </li></ul><ul><li>Consider keeping basic services free and charging for quicker delivery. </li></ul>
  22. 22. The Future is Now <ul><li>Libraries are already Rethinking Services </li></ul><ul><li>Joining consortias that use shared circulation systems for book borrowing. </li></ul><ul><li>Providing online request forms. </li></ul><ul><li>Buying material from booksellers or document suppliers. </li></ul><ul><li>Paying for scanning of rare items from research libraries. </li></ul><ul><li>Home delivery. </li></ul><ul><li>Document delivery of local holdings for patrons. </li></ul><ul><li>Publicizing plug-ins that allow people to search library catalogs when they are searching online bookstores. </li></ul><ul><li>Circulate copies of your library’s dissertations. </li></ul><ul><li>Lending internationally https://www3.oclc.org/app/gac/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.bookswim.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://bookburro.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Internet archive </li></ul><ul><li>Worldcat.org </li></ul><ul><li>Worldcat local </li></ul><ul><li>Netflix </li></ul><ul><li>Worldcat Navigator </li></ul>
  23. 23. The Future is Now <ul><ul><li>Case Study – The IDS Project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Statistics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>E-licenses </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mentors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.idsproject.org/ </li></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Thank You <ul><li>Beth Posner </li></ul><ul><li>Head of Interlibrary Loan Services </li></ul><ul><li>Mina Rees Library </li></ul><ul><li>The CUNY Graduate Center </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>