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Networks for historians of science - an oldie prez from 2010

I dug up this prez from 2010 - deals with networks for historians of science, then shifts to a study of neuroeconomics (early stages of a study which was eventually published in 2012).

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Networks for historians of science - an oldie prez from 2010

  1. 1. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsnetworkshistoryeconomicthoughtbyclementlevalloisfeb. 22 2010
  2. 2. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicspresentation of network analysiscase studyNetwork analysis (NA) for historians of economic thoughtRevisiting neuroeconomics through network analysis (NA)
  3. 3. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsStyles in history of scienceCritical analysis, hermeneuticsRational reconstructionCliometricsSociological stance (post-modern?)And still others!
  4. 4. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsDifferent methods, different datasources
  5. 5. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsNetworks: tool for relational analysisEconomist AEconomist Bco-authorsJournal AJournal BcitationUniv AUniv BMovements of facultyConcept AConcept BFrequency of co-occurrenceseniorjuniorNumber ofpreviousworksNumber ofpreviousworks
  6. 6. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsNetwork analysis: tool for relationalanalysisschools of thought “Cambridge circus”evolution of an intellectual tradition “Institutional economics”influence of an economist, a concept “how quickly did the Keynesianrevolution spread?”Internationalization, interdisciplinarity in science can we learn moreabout the European economists who became refugees in the US?
  7. 7. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicssoftwares199719912002 2007 2008
  8. 8. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsPajek
  9. 9. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsExample of visualization with Gephi
  10. 10. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicssociology1961 - Anatol Rapoport (“sociograms”)1967 - Stanley Milgram (“small worlds”)1973 - Granovetter (“strength of weak ties”)
  11. 11. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsscientometrics formation of co-author networks, co-citation networks maps of science case studies of scientific disciplines study of interdisciplinarity
  12. 12. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicssocial network analysisStatistical modeling of the formation of social tiesdynamic analysis (evolution through time)theoretical research in network properties case studies: Facebook etc.
  13. 13. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsmany related fields library sciences computing sciences sociology of science history of science ? history of economic thought?
  14. 14. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsData: search for “network*” in Abstracts, for journals in J-stor.The British Journal for thePhilosophy of ScienceISISPhilosophy of SciencePSA: Proceedings of theBiennial Meeting of thePhilosophy of ScienceAssociationScience, Technology, &Human ValuesSocial Studies of Science
  15. 15. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsNetworks, searched in“history of science andtechniques”Networks, searched in“social sciences andhumanities”
  16. 16. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsEJHET, JHET and HOPE:7 results for “network” in totalIn preparation:Ross B. Emmett (Michigan StateUniversity) on workshops at Chicago(presented at HISRECO 2009, in Anvers)
  17. 17. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsResearch question:The evolving interdisciplinaryrelationships between economics andbiology
  18. 18. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics1900s 1950s 2000ssocial sciencesestablish theirindependencevis-à-vis naturalscienceslow point ofrelationships betweennatural and socialsciencesa revival?
  19. 19. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics1900-1999Occurrencesenmillièmesdutotaldesdocumentspubliés1900 1920 1940 1960 1980 2000406080100120‰ of economic publications employing an expressionborrowed from biology (“natural selection”, “physiology”, …)Y axis:
  20. 20. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics0. Neuroeconomics in two slides1. Evolutionary economics in two slides2. Picturing these fields in terms of journal coverage3. Picturing these fields in terms of department affiliations4. Intermezzo: a method to define the perimeter of a scientific field5. Evolution of interdisciplinarity through time6. Interdisciplinarity and international science
  21. 21. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics0. Neuroeconomics in two slides
  22. 22. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics
  23. 23. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics
  24. 24. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics1. Evolutionary economics in twoslides
  25. 25. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics
  26. 26. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics
  27. 27. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics2. Picturing these fields in termsof journal coverage
  28. 28. Rafols, Porter andLeydesdorff (2009)Cognitive Sci.Agri SciBiomed SciChemistryPhysicsEngineeringEnv Sci & TechMatls SciInfectiousDiseasesPsychologySocial StudiesClinical MedComputer SciBusiness & MGTGeosciencesEcol SciEcon Polit. & GeographyHealth & Social IssuesGlobal Map of Science, 2007221 SCI-SSCI Subject Categories
  29. 29. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics
  30. 30. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsEco, geo, politPsychologyClinicalmedicineBiomedicalsciencesCognitivesciencesChemistryComputersciences
  31. 31. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicssearch in abstract,keyword or titles1999-2009Articles and Reviews- Science Citation Index Expanded- Social Sciences Citation Index- Arts & Humanities Citation Index309 results (evo eco)277 results (neuroeco)List the “subjectcategories”of the journals wherethey appearSubject Area Record Count % of 277NEUROSCIENCES 94 33.94%ECONOMICS 55 19.86%BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES 35 12.64%MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES 31 11.19%BIOLOGY 19 6.86%… … …… … …PSYCHOLOGY, BIOLOG 10 3.61%(Leydesdorff & Rafols, 2009 & inpreparation)
  32. 32. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsVisualization in GEPHI:evolutionary eco VS neuroeco
  33. 33. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics3. Picturing these fields in terms ofdepartment affiliations
  34. 34. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics
  35. 35. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics
  36. 36. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics4. Intermezzo: a method to definethe perimeter of a scientific field
  37. 37. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics
  38. 38. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics“Who are the most influential neuroeconomists?”Survey sent to… #invitations #respondents #response rateISI authors of“neuroeconomics”422 125 30%SCOPUS authors of“neuroeconomics” 356 104 29%Members of Society forNeuroeconomics 2009169 11166%TOTAL 684 254 37%=> Survey sent by email to 684 scientists in Oct / Nov 2009
  39. 39. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics
  40. 40. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsDoes this new definition influencethe interdisciplinary spread ofneuroeconomics, in terms ofjournals?
  41. 41. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsMapping of neuroeconomics with akeyword search (“neuroeco* in title andtopic) - same graph as in section 2.Mapping of neuroeconomics after a survey
  42. 42. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics5. Evolution of interdisciplinaritythrough time
  43. 43. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics
  44. 44. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics6. Interdisciplinarity andinternational science[Credits are due to Loet Leydesdorff for a review paper (2009) on geolocalisation]
  45. 45. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics1244 articles byneuroeconomistsReprint author addressesextractedcoded by Subject categoriesGeocoderMap makingGPS Visualizer
  46. 46. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsBiomedical sciencesCognitive sciencesPsychology EconomicsClinical medicineBusiness and Management
  47. 47. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsBiomedical sciencesCognitive sciencesPsychology EconomicsClinical medicineBusiness and Management
  48. 48. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsBiomedical sciencesCognitive sciencesPsychology EconomicsClinical medicineBusiness and Management
  49. 49. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsConclusion (1/2)• Neuroeconomics and evolutionary economicsare published across natural and socialsciences• BUT there is a strong difference in terms ofwho is a practitioner.• It must be related to the nature of theinterdisciplinary relationship: analogous vsempirical
  50. 50. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsConclusion (2/2)• Neuroeconomics, as reflected by the survey, displaysa broader coverage of fields than one would suspect.=> definitions matter• Neuroeconomics seem to be relatively stablethrough time, tbc.• Strong differences in geographical coverage.=> Europe: one centre in economics! [caveat]
  51. 51. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsPerspectives
  52. 52. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomics• Qualitative analysis on small datatasets• The next frontier: J-Stor!• Networks as a tool for the diffusion of yourresearch (Flash, web-based applications)Ex: http://seinecle.110mb.com/flash/test_map/Untitled-1.html
  53. 53. Erasmus Centre forNeuroeconomicsThank you!www.clementlevallois.net