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Assessment and RoundUp ActivitiesBy James Johnson and Sue Robinson We will look at: • Considerations and task types of: Asynchronous written online discussions Synchronised chat discussions • Closing activities – why and what
Assessing Asyncronised Online Discussions Considerations: •Have a set of clear criteria for the task •Develop a matrix/criteria when grading: Criteria: Excellent (5) Acceptable (3) Poor (1) Total Meeting the deadline The student made the The student made some The student did not post required posts by the of the required posts by by the required deadline deadline set. the deadline set. set. Quality of work The student has clearly The student has written The student has not thought about the material about the material, but reflected on the material, and has raised interesting has not offered or the post made is solutions and/or problems. information that was not irrelevant to the topic. already given in the text. Mechanics The post made does not The post made contains The post made contains contain grammatical or very few grammatical several grammatical spelling errors. and/or spelling errors. and/or spelling errors and is difficult to understand.Sample Rubric taken from:The Effectiveness and Development of Online Discussions by Olla Najah Al-Shalchihttp://jolt.merlot.org/vol5no1/al-shalchi_0309.htm
A set of guidelines for how to participate and expectations to meet the criteria Design tasks that encourage sharing, negotiation and skills and with a real purpose/focus Variation in task type and format should be given: video, wiki, podcast, documents, visual, spoken Tasks can be longer than synchronous chat as participant has more time to research and think. Regulate discussions/make them manageable and provide a two way dialogue Keep to a time frame/length for each task
Keep a clear record/tracking system/copy of transcript or text To give opportunity for peer feedback Think about use of video and audio to give feedback- more personal Ensure cohesion
Types of tasks: many have beenexemplified on this course Tasks to give opinion, relate experiences, evaluate and use question and answers. Responses to questions previously set/research articles Critiques/reviews of material Peer feedback and evaluation Comment on a picture/song/broadcast Shared viewing of a video
Making a video/podcast To summarise the discussion Review of case studies Students submit a study plan to the tutor-feedback from tutor Using some of the Google apps: Questionnaires on how the tasks went. This helps self-correction Get them to keep a reflective journal, this could allow for self- correction. Create an e portfolio
Assessing Synchronised ChatConsiderations To assess is difficult as how do you measure ‘chat’ ? Synchronised chat is more informal, and so can be fragmented and hard to keep consistency Issue of unreliable technology/internet connections Time zone differences between students – not all will be able to participate at the same time The chat needs to be monitored and ‘chaired’ by someone to keep the focus of the task and stop deviations from the topic. Therefore the role of the tutor is more important here. The ‘moderator‘ needs to encourage reluctant participants or stopping over dominant ones
What to assessSynchronous Chat is very difficult to assess due to the natureof a spoken text. It could, therefore, have more focus on howthey participate: This is still difficult to measure and wouldneed criteria as mentioned above to clearly identify the levelsof expected participation. Turn taking Frequency of comment and participation Does the student stay on topic Valued points that add to the discussion and are relevant Evidence of reading the course material in their contribution Acknowledging other participants in the exchange and responding to their comments
Netiquette is being followed Their participation is helping develop the conversation – asking pertinent questions Are they just ‘lurking’ – not really participating Punctuality and attendance – is there a required % Responding productively or contributing something just to be ‘on record’ Empower them - get them to act as moderator or summariser in a group chat and after a group chat
Type of tasksAs chat is sharing and talking, the tasks need to be collaborativeand either in pairs or small groups. Assessment could take anyformat: aural or text chat or through video. Tasks on slide 5-6 canbe used for both synchronised and asynchronised but thefollowing extra tasks could also be used for synchronised chats: Video conferencing Role play – to interact with other participants Use software such as Jing, GoToMeeting Space or Collaborate to present topics or share information Get them to take on a moderator role within the group/changing roles to different people
CLOSING ACTIVITIESClosing the course is very important as: Often participants feel at a loss when the course has ended as they’ve bonded with the group (particularly on longer courses) They’ve been doing it so long it’s part of their routine. So activities are a good way to bring everything to a close and sum up what’s been learnt/shared.
Examples of activities(1 and 2 from Nicky Hockley’s Blog Emoderation Station) Parting gift- specific to course (something such as a favourite website, tool, picture, video clip or program to give…) Wall wisher – to say one thing learnt from the course or what they going to do after the course Students could complete a feedback questionnaire on the course Self-evaluation questionnaire: where most improved would like to further develop
Make a montage of photos with words/phrases from each participant to be remembered Farewell messages using Podcast or video A farewell discussion forum (Scot Thornbury’s idea from Nicky’s blog) Quiz/review of course using puzzlemaker/pictures or similar Headline points! – using Fodey -something we thought at the beginning but has now changed or improved A farewell synchronised chat to review, test, say goodbye (as we did )
References The Effectiveness and Development of Online Discussions by Olla Najah Al-Shalchi http://jolt.merlot.org/vol5no1/al-shalchi_0309.htm Emoderation Station Blog Nicky Hockley Assessment in the Digital Age JISC (Ros Smith podcast) Instruction Design Tips for Online Learning by Joan van Duzer Planning an Online Course by Curt Bonk - http://www.indiana.edu/~icy/media/de_series.html The Real-time Online Tutor by Clive Shepherd